MADAGASCAR

The Merina (or Hova) Dynasty

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1863 - 1868 H.M. Queen Rasoherina, by the grace of God and the will of the people, Queen of Madagascar, and Defender of the laws of the country. b. at Rovan' Ambatomanoina, Fokontany of Masombahiny, 1814, as Rabodozanakandriana, daughter of H.H. Prince Andriantsalamanandriana, of Ambohitraina, by his wife, H.H. Princess Rafaramanjaka [Ramirahavavy], third daughter of Prince Andriantsalamanjaka [Andrianavalontsalama], of Ambatomanoina (see Imerina 7), educ. privately. Crowned with her husband as Queen Consort, 23rd September 1862. Proclaimed as Queen Regnant as Rasoherina, at Andohalo, Antananarivo, 12th May 1863. Crowned at Andohalo, Antananarivo, 30th August 1863. Received into the Roman Catholic Church on her deathbed. m. (first) (div. 1847), H.E. The Rt Hon Raharolahy [Raharola] (b. 1803; m. second, H.R.H. Princess Rasoananahary, of Imamo, by whom he had issue - see above), 15-Honours, Sec. to the Embassy to Great Britain 1836-1837, Second Minister for Foreign Affairs (French matters) 1862, and Minister for the Interior 1862-1864, Councillor of Government 1864-1865, Governor of Taomasina 1865, rcvd: Cdr of the Order of Radama II, son of Andriamahazonoro, Anakara Antemoro, Councillor to King Andrianampoinumerina, by his wife, Rafaravavy. m. (second) 1847, her first cousin, H.M. King Radama II  see above. m. (a) (morganatic) at Antananarivo, September 1863, Field Marshal H.E. Raharo [Rainivoninahitriniony] (b. 1824; d. at Ambohimandroso, 5th May 1868), C-in-C 1852-1862, prom. 14-Honours 1861, Minister for War 1861-1862, Minister for the Interior 1862, prom. 15-Honours 1862, and Prime Minister 1862-1864, reduced to the rank of a simple subject 14th July 1864 and exiled to the south 20th February 1865, elder son of Field Marshal H.E. Ravoninahitriniarivo [Rainihiaro], of the Tsimiamboholahy clan, 13-Honours and Officer of the Palace, sometime Prime Minister and C-in-C, by his wife, Rabodomiarana, daughter of Ramamonjy. m. (b) (morganatic) at Antananarivo, 1864, Field Marshal H.E Rainilaiarivony [Radiliferatsimanosika], Mpitaiza Andriana (b. at Ambohidralambo, 30th January 1828; m. third, at Antananarivo, 21st September 1869, H.M. Queen Ranavalona II, m. fourth, at Antananarivo, July 1883, H.M. Queen Ranavalona III, and d. in exile at the Villa des Fleurs, Algiers, 17th July 1896, bur. there, and inturred at the Fasan-dRainiharo, Ampasandrainiharo, Isoraka, in 1917), 6-Honours 1842, prom. 13-Honours 1852, Adjutant-General 1852, and First Officer of the Palace, prom. 14-Honours 1861, C-in-C 1862-1864, Minister for War for the Interior 1862-1864, Prime Minister and C-in-C 1864-1865, Supreme Director of Affairs, Grand Master of the Army & Presdt. of the Grand Council 1865-1894, rcvd: Collar of the Order of Merit, GC of the Orders of Ranavalo and Radama II, GO of the Order of the Royal Hawk, the Cross of Merit 1st class, Cdr. of the Order of the Legion of Honour of France (18.1.1887), etc., second son of Field Marshal H.E. Ravoninahitriniarivo [Rainiharo], of the Tsimiamboholahy clan, 13-Honours and Officer of the Palace, sometime Prime Minister and C-in-C, by his wife, Rabodomiarana, daughter of Ramamonjy. She d.s.p. at Amboditsiry, 1st April 1868 (bur. at the Tomb of the Queens, Rovan Antananarivo).
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1868 - 1883 H.M. Queen Ranavalona II [Ranavalo-Manjaka II], by the grace of God and the will of the people, Queen of Madagascar, and Defender of the laws of the country. b. at Rovan' Ambatomanoina, Fokontany of Masombahiny, 18th Alahamady 1829, as Ramoma, elder daughter of H.H. Prince Razakaratrimo, of Ambohitrambo, by his wife, H.R.H. Princess Rafarasoa Ramasindrazana, daughter of Prince Andriantsalamanjaka [Andrianavalontsalama], of Ambatomanoina (see Imerina 7), educ. LMS Sch., Antananarivo. Proclaimed as Queen Regnant on the death of Queen Rasoherina, 2nd April 1868. Crowned at the Temple, Rovan' Antananarivo, 3rd September 1868. Received into the Anglican communion 19th February 1869. m. (first) 1847, her first cousin, H.M. King Radama II  see above. m. (second) at Antananarivo, 21st February 1869, as his third wife, Field Marshal H.E Rainilaiarivony [Radiliferatsimanosika], Mpitaiza Andriana (b. at Ambohidralambo, 30th January 1828; m. fourth, at Antananarivo, July 1883, H.M. Queen Ranavalona III, and d. in exile at Algiers, 17th July 1896, bur. Ampasandrainiharo, Isoraka), 16-Honours and First Officer of the Palace, C-in-C 1862, Minister for War 1862-1863, and for the Interior 1863-1864, Prime Minister and C-in-C 14th July 1864-18th February 1865, Supreme Director of Affairs, Grand Master of the Army, Presdt of the Grand Council, rcvd: Collar of the Order of Merit, GC of the Orders of Ranavalo and Radama II, GO of the Order of the Royal Hawk, the Cross of Merit 1st class, Cdr. of the Order of the Legion of Honour of France (18.1.1887), etc., widower of Queen Rasoherina, and second son of Field Marshal H.E. Ravoninahitriniarivo [Rainiharo], 13-Honours and Officer of the Palace, sometime Prime Minister and C-in-C, by his wife, Rabodomiarana, daughter of Ramamonjy. She d.s.p. at Rovan' Antananarivo, 13th July 1883 (bur. at the Tranomasina, Mahandrihono, Ambohimanga, and reinterred at the Tomb of the Queens, Rovan' Antananarivo, 1897).
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1883 - 1897 H.M. Queen Ranavalona III [RanavaloManjaka III], by the grace of God and the will of the people, Queen of Madgascar, and Defender of the laws of the country. b. at at Faravohitra, Antananarivo, 22nd November 1861, as Princess Razafindrahety [Razafy], younger daughter of Andriantsimianatra, by his wife, H.R.H. Princess Raketaka, daughter of H.E. Andriantsirangy, sometime Chief Justice (see Imerina 4), educ. Sch. of the Sisters of Mercy. Proclaimed on the death of Queen Ranavalona II, 30th July 1883. Crowned at Imahamasina, 22nd November 1883. Revived and modified the Royal Order of Madagascar in 1896, and founded the Order of Ranavalona III in 1897. Forced to accept French protection under a treaty concluded after the First Franco-Malagasy War, 12th December 1887. Deposed by the French 28th February 1897. Exiled to Réunion and later to Algeria. Rcvd: GC of the Order of the Legion of Honour of France (18.1.1887). m. (first) 1877, H.H. Prince (Printsy) Ratrimoarivony (b. at Ambatomanoina, 1862; d. after a week of illness (probably poisoned), at the Favarohitra Mansion, Antananarivo, 7th May 1883, aged 21-years, bur. at Rovan’ Ambatomanoina, Fokontany of Masombahiny), educ. privately, 16-Honours and Officer of the Palace, elder son of H.H. Prince Ramahatrarivo, 13-Honours and Officer of the Palace, sometime Judge of the Supreme Court, by his wife, H.H. Princess Razafinjanahary, daughter of Razanabahoaka. m. (second) at Ambohimanga, Itsimahafotsy, Avaradrano, 30th July 1883, as his fourth wife, Field Marshal H.E Rainilaiarivony [Radiliferatsimanosika], Mpitaiza Andriana (b. at Ambohidralambo, 30th January 1828; d. in exile at Villa des Fleurs, Mustapha-Supérieur, Algiers, 17th July 1896, bur. Ampasandrainiharo, Isoraka), 16-Honours and First Officer of the Palace, C-in-C 1862, Minister for War 1862-1863, and for the Interior 1863-1864, Prime Minister and C-in-C 14th July 1864-18th February 1865, Supreme Director of Affairs, Grand Master of the Army, Presdt of the Grand Council, rcvd: Collar of the Order of Merit, GC of the Orders of Ranavalo and Radama II, GO of the Order of the Royal Hawk, the Cross of Merit 1st class, Cdr. of the Order of the Legion of Honour of France (18.1.1887), etc., widower of Queens Rasoherina and Ranavalona II, and  second son of Field Marshal H.E. Ravoninahitriniarivo [Rainiharo], 13-Honours and Officer of the Palace, sometime Prime Minister and C-in-C, by his wife, Rabodomiarana, daughter of Ramamonjy. She d.s.p. at Algiers, 23rd May 1917 (bur. there at the Saint Eugene European Cemetery, Bab-el-Oued, and reinterred at the Tomb of the Queens, Rovan' Antananarivo, 1938), having adopted the two daughters of her elder sister:
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IMERINA 1 IMERINA 2 IMERINA 3 IMERINA 4
IMERINA 5 IMERINA 6 IMERINA 7 IMERINA 8
IMERINA 9 IMAROVATANA IMERINATSIMO MADAGASCAR 1
TITLES ORDERS AND DECORATIONS MAIN
 
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