MADAGASCAR

The Merina (or Hova) Dynasty

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1612 - 1630 King Andrianjaka, King of Imerina, second son of King Ralambo, King of Imerina, by his second wife, Ratsitohinina [Ratompoandrianambavy]. Granted Ambalanirana and Ambohibato, in Alasora, as his fiefs by his father. Inherited Ambohimanga et Andringita from his grandmother. Succeeded on the death of his father, after the people refused to acknowledge his elder brother, 1612. He conqured the twelve sacred hills (Ambohitratrimo, Ambohimanga, Ilafy, Alasora, Antsahadita, Ambohimanambony, Analamanga, Ambohitrabiby, Namehana, Ambohidrapeto, Ambohijafy, Ambohimandranjaka) consolidating the Merina kingdom. He established his seat on Analamanga, where he built a palace and founded Antananarivo (town of a thousand warriors), the present national capital, in 1625. Received the first Europeans in Imerima, ca. 1620. He traded slaves for guns and firearms, which enabled him to subdue adjoining principalities. m. at Antananarivo, after 1610, Queen Ravadifo (b. at Ilazaina), daughter of a commoner from Ilazaina, whose family were ennobled as the Zana-dRalambo. He d. at the Lapan' Besakana, Rovan' Antananarivo, 1630 (bur. within the grounds of the Royal Palace, Antananarivo), having had issue (with two other still born children):
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1630 - 1650 Andriantsitakatrandriana, King of Imerina. b. at Analamanga, ca. 1613, eldest son of King Andrianjaka, King of Imerina, by his wife, Queen Ravadifo. Succeeded on the death of his father, 1630. m. (first) at Antananarivo, Queen Ravololontsimitovy, a commoner whose family were ennobled as the ZafinandriandRanando. m. (second) Queen Rafoloarivo (d. after 1650, bur. Ambohitrimanjaka). He d. at Rovan' Antananarivo, 1650 (bur. there), having had issue, one son by each of his wives:
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1650 - 1670 King Andriantsimitoviaminandriandehibe, King of Imerina, younger son of King Andriantsitakandriana, King of Imerina, by his first wife, Ravololontsimitovy. Succeeded on the death of his father, ca. 1650. m. (first) Princess Ratompoimbahoaka (d.s.p.), younger daughter of Princess Ratompoindrahondriana, daughter of Prince Andriantompokoindrindra, of Ambohimalaza. m. (second) Princess Ramahafoloarivo [Rampanananiambonitanilehibe], elder daughter of Andriandambomahatsiravina, by his first wife, a daughter of King Andrianjaka, King of Imerina. m. (third) Princess Rafaravavy Rampanananiamboninitany [Rafaravavirampanambonitany], widow of Andriandamboharihasina, and elder daughter of Princess Ratompoindrahondriana, daughter of Prince Andriantompokoindrindra, of Ambohimalaza. He d. at Rovan' Antananarivo, 1670 (bur. at the Tranomasina, Mahandrihono, Rovan' Ambohimanga), having had issue, four sons and three daughters:
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1670 - 1675 King Andrianjaka Razakatsitakatrandriana, King of Imerina. b. at Analamanga, as Lamboritakatra, eldest son of King Andriantsimitoviaminandriandehibe, King of Imerina, by his second wife, Princess Ramahafoloarivo, elder daughter of Andriandambomahatsiravina. Granted Antanarivo and the region to the west, Ambohimanga, Ambohitrabiby and the regions to the north for his fief by his father. Succeeded on the death of his father, 1670. Deposed by Andriamampandry and the senior Merina nobles in favour of his younger brother, on account of his great superstition and cruelty of character, 1675. Exiled to Imboina, in the North Sakalava country, together with his wives and ten children. m. (first) at Antananarivo, Ravololontsimitovy, of the Andriantsimitoviaminandriandehibe clan. m. (second) Rafoloarivo, of the Andriamanjakatokana clan. He had issue, ten children (born before 1675), including four sons, who married into the Sakalava Royal Family of Imboina and left descendants there.
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IMERINA 1 IMERINA 2 IMERINA 4 IMERINA 5
IMERINA 6 IMERINA 7 IMERINA 8 IMERINA 9
IMAROVATANA IMERINATSIMO MADAGASCAR 1 MADAGASCAR 2
TITLES ORDERS AND DECORATIONS MAIN
 
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Copyright Christopher Buyers, December 2001 - July 2008