MADAGASCAR

The Merina (or Hova) Dynasty

continued from Imerina 9.
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1810 - 1828 H.M. King Radama I ("Radama the Great"), King of Madagascar. b. at Ambatomanga, 1788, eldest surviving son of King Imboasalama Andrianampoinimerina, King of Imerina, by his wife, Queen Rambolamasoandro, educ. privately. Appointed as Heir Apparent by his father, invested the title of Master of Nanjakana and formally presented to the people at Andohalo, Antananarivo, May 1808. Succeeded on his death, 1810. Entered into a Treaty of Friendship and Peace with Great Britain in which he was recognised as King of Madagascar, agreeing to prohibit the export of slaves (anyone disobeying the order to be reduced to slavery!), 23rd October 1817. A great statesman and warrior, he expanded his kingdom to the limits of the island, personally engaging in combat, subduing his enemies, and conquering their territories. By these acts unifying the island into a single realm, under a single ruler, for the first time in history. He interested himself in education, encouraged the Christian missionaries to establish schools and ordered great numbers of children to obtain an education and young men to learn a trade or take up professions. He commanded the adoption of the Latin alphabet and script, in place of Arabic, 11th December 1822. Presented with the uniform of a Field Marshal in the British Army by King George IV and a Sword of Honour. m. (first) H.M. Queen Rabodonandrianampoinimerina Ranavalona I [Ranavalomanjaka I], Queen of Madagascar, eldest daughter of Andriantsalamanjaka, by his wife, Princess Rabodonandriantompo, daughter of Andriandamboranto - see below. m. (second) Ramona, daughter of Andriamary, Viceroy of West Imamo Amboatany, by his wife, Ramatoa Ralombo. m. (third) (div.) Queen Ravao (m. second, Field Marshal H.H. Prince Ramanetaka-Rivo, later Sultan of Moheli. m. third, at Jombe Fomboni, Moheli, 1843 (div.), General Ratsivandini, sometime Regent of Moheli. m. fourth, 1846, Said 'Abdu'l Rahman bin Sultan Alawi, of Anjouan, and d. by poison, at Fomboni, Moheli, 1847), daughter of Andriantsiahofa, of Imamo West. m. (a) before 1807, H.M. Queen Ranavalona I [Ramavo] - see below. m. (fourth) at Bondrony, Menabe, January 1823, H.M. Queen Rasalimo (d. 24th Asorotany 1866, bur. Menabe), placed second in rank after Ranavalona, daughter of King Ramitraho Andriamatantiarivo, the Sakalava ruler of Anboina, by his wife, Queen Ramisononaka. m. (fifth) Ramboandrenibe, from Anosimanjaka, in the West. m. (a) 1810, Rasendrasoazokiny, a widow of Radama's father who had had two daughters by him. m. (b) 1810, Rasendrasoazandriny, a widow of Radama's father. m. (c) 1810, Rasamana, a widow of Radama's father. m. (c) 1810, Ramatoaramisa, a widow of Radama's father. m. (d) 1810, Ravolamisa, sister of Ramatoaramisa, and a widow of Radama's father. m. (e) 1810, Razafitrimo, sister of Ramatoaramisa, and a widow of Radama's father. m. (f) 1810, Rafotisirabodomiralahy [Rabodomirahalahy] (d. after 1868), a widow of Radama's father who had no children by him, daughter of Rasoataolana, of Alasora and sister of General Ravalontsalama. m. (g) 1810, Rafotsirahety, a widow of Radama's father. m. (h) 1810, Razafinamboa, a widow of Radama's father. m. (i) 1810, Rasoamanaoro, a widow of Radama's father. m. (j) 1810, Ramiangaly, a widow of Radama's father. m. (k) 1810, Ravoandriana, a widow of Radama's father. m. (l) H.R.H. Princess Rangita [Ratiana]  (m. second, …, and had further issue, two sons and one daughter  see above), youngest daughter of Andriantsalamanjaka, by his wife, Princess Ratavanandriana, younger daughter of Andriandamboranto. He d. (committed suicide) at the Tranovola, Rovan' Antananarivo, 27th July 1828 (bur. at the Royal Tombs, Andohalo), having had issue, one son and one daughter:
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1828 - 1861 H.M. Queen Rabodonandrianampoinimerina Ranavalona I [Ranavalomanjaka I], Queen of Madagascar. b. at Rovan' Ambatomanoina, Fokontany of Masombahiny, ca. 1778, as Ramavo, eldest daughter of Prince Andriantsalamanjaka [Andrianavalontsalama], of Ambatomanoina, by his wife, Princess Rabodonandriantompo, daughter of Andriandamboranto (see Imerina 7). Mounted a coup d'etat after the death of her husband on 2nd August 1828. Proclaimed as Queen Regnant, at Andohalo, Antanarivo, 3rd August 1828. Assumed the reign name of Rabodonandrianampoinimerina, 13th Alakarabo 1828. Crowned at Andohalo, Antananarivo, 12th August 1829. Something of a reactionary who overturned many of her husband's progressive policies. She forbade Christian practices and was hostile to European influence. m. (first) H.M. King Radama I, King of Madagascar (b. at Ambatomanga, 1782; d. at the Tranovola, Antananarivo, 27th July 1828, bur. at the Royal Tombs, Andohalo), eldest surviving son of King Imboasalama Andrianampoinimerina, King of Imerina, by his second wife, Princess Rafotsirahisatra, daughter of Prince Ramatsimanjaka, Prince of Anosiarivo - see above. m. (a) (morganatic) at Antananarivo, 1828, Major-General H.E. Andriamihaja (k. on the orders of the Queen, following an accusation of reason and witchcraft, at Antananarivo, September 1830), 9-Honours Col. and Principal ADC to King Radama I, prom. to 11-Honours 1828, and Cdt. Gen. of the Artillery and the Voromahery dvsn. 1828-1829, First Minister 1829-1830, from the Tsimiambolahy clan of Namehana. m. (b) (morganatic) 1833, Field Marshal H.E. Ravoninahitriniarivo [Rainihiaro] (d. at Rabodomiarana, 18th October 1852, bur. Fasan-dRainiharo, Isoraka), 13-Honours and First Officer of the Palace, First Minister 1830-1832, Prime Minister and C-in-C 1832-1852, second son of Andriantsilavonandriana, Councillor to King Andrianampoinimerina, from the Tsimiambolahy clan of Ilafy. m. (c) (morganatic) 1852, Field Marshal H.E. Rainijohary [Andrianisa] (b. 1783; d. Tsiatosika, near Mananijary, 1881, bur. Befelatanana), 8-Honours 1820, prom. to 10-Honours 1824 for bravey in the Sakalava campaign, ADC to Prince Ramanetaka 1824-1826, prom. Liuet-Col and 8-Honours 1826, Gen-in-Chief of the Avaradrano Divsn. in 1829, Prime Minister 1852-1862, prom. 14-Honours 1861, exiled to Ambohimanga for his part in the plot against Radama II 1861-1862, prom. 16-Honours 1862, son of Rabefanonta, from the Tsimahafotsy clan of Ambohimanga. She d. at the Lapan' Manjakamiadana, Rovan' Antananarivo, 16th August 1861 (bur. at the Tranomasina, Mahandrihono, Ambohimanga, and reinterred at the Tomb of the Queens, Rovan' Antananarivo, 1897), having had several issue, including:
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1861 - 1863 H.M. King Radama II, by the grace of God and the will of the people, King of Madagascar, and Defender of the laws of the country. b. at the Imasoandro Palace, Antananarivo, 23rd September 1829, as Rakotosehenon-dRadama or Rakoton-dRadama, only son of H.M. Queen Rabodoandriana Impoin-i-Merina Ranavalona I, by her second husband, General H.E. Andrianisa Rainijohary, educ. privately. Proclaimed as the son of King Radama I, although born fourteen months after his death. Appointed to the rank of 12-Honours and Officer of the Palace March 1845, and prom. to 13-Honours 10 Adijudy 1852. Proclaimed as Heir Apparent with the title of Crown Prince (Printsy) and 15-Honours, at Andohalo, Antananarivo, 8th October 1860. Succeeded on the death of his mother, 16th August 1861. Crowned at Imahamasina, 23rd September 1862. Founder of the Royal Order of Radama II, 23rd September 1862. Instituted a system of nobility, creating Dukes and Counts, 1862. Presented with the uniforms of a Commodore in the Royal Navy 1855, and Field Marshal in the British Army and an Admiral in the Royal Navy 23/9/1862. Composer of the "Romance of Radama II", "My Cottage - My Wood", "Arahaba!" and other musical works. Rcvd: GC of the Order of the Royal Hawk (1845). m. (first) H.M. Queen Ranavalona II [Ramoma] (b. 18th Alahamady 1829; d.s.p. at Antananarivo, 13th July 1883, bur. there at the Royal Tombs) - see below. m. (second) 1847, his first cousin, H.M. Queen Rasoherina [Rabodozanakandriana], his principal wife (b. 1814; d.s.p. at Amboditsiry, 1st April 1868, bur. Antananarivo) - see below. m. (a) (vadykely) Mary Rasoamieja (m. at Ambohipotsy, 1863, Soamana, sometime ADC, a Hova), a former slave in his mother's service. m. (b) (vadykely) Georgine Rageory (m. second, 1863, Prince Rakoto Ratefinjanahary), daughter of Georges Lambros, by a former slave. He was k. (believed strangled during the course of a revolt by the aristocracy), at the Tranokambana, Rovan' Antananarivo, 12th May 1863 (bur. at Rovan' Ilafy, and reinterred at the Tomb of the Kings, Rovan' Antananarivo, 1897), having had issue (not in the line of succession):
He also had further issue, another natural daughter (her ninth child) by Rasoaray (d. 16th July 1879), wife of H.E. Ramaharo [Rainimaharavo] (d. at Ivato, Ambositra, 25th November 1890), 15-Honours, First Officer of the Palace, Principal Secretary of State, Minister for Finance 1862-1863, and Foreign Affars 1864-1879, Chief Secretary 1863-1864, and elder daughter of Field Marshal H.E. Ravoninahitriniarivo [Rainihiaro], 13-Honours and Officer of the Palace, sometime Prime Minister and C-in-C:
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continued on the next page.
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IMERINA 1 IMERINA 2 IMERINA 3 IMERINA 4
IMERINA 5 IMERINA 6 IMERINA 7 IMERINA 8
IMERINA 9 IMAROVATANA IMERINATSIMO MADAGASCAR 2
TITLES ORDERS AND DECORATIONS MAIN
 
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Copyrightę Christopher Buyers, December 2001 - July 2008