INDIA

The Timurid Dynasty

GENEALOGY

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1707 - 1712 H.M. Sahib-i-Qiran-i-Mu'azzam Shah 'Alamgir Sani Abu'n Nasir Sayyid Qutb ud-din 'Abdu'l-Muzaffar Muhammad Mu'azzam Shah 'Alam Bahadur Shah I Padshah Ghazi [Khuld Manzil], Emperor of India. b. at Burhanpur, 14th October 1643 n.s., second son of H.M. Al-Sultan al-'Azam wal Khaqan al-Mukarram, Abu'l-Muzaffar Muhi ud-din Muhammad Aurangzeb Bahadur 'Alamgir Padshah Ghazi, Emperor of India, by his second wife, Nawab Bai Begum Sahiba, daughter of the Raja Chatar Shena [Taj ud-din Khan], Raja of Rajauri, in Kashmir, educ. privately. Appointed to an Imperial mansab of 10,000 zat and 10,000 sowar 18th June 1658, prom. to 20,000 zat and 20,000 sowar May 1663. Cdr. of the advance division of the Imperial Army against the threat of a Persian invasion 1666, C-in-C in Afghanistan 1676-1678 and the Konkan 1683-1684. Arrested and confined 5th March 1687 to 19th May 1695. Subadar of the Deccan 23rd March 1667 to 1673 and 30th September 1678 to 31st May 1680, of Multan and Kabul and Sind 1673-1678, of Agra (Akbarabad) 24th May 1695-1696, of Lahore, Multan and Uch 24th July 1696-1699, and Kabul 4th June 1699-25th November 1706. Granted the title of Shah-i-'Alam 27th October 1676. Proclaimed at Kabul on the death of his father 22nd March 1707. Ascended the musnaid at Pul-i-Shah Daula, near Lahore, 27th April 1707 (or Peshawar, 2nd May 1707). Victorious at the Battle at Jajuwan, 18th June 1707. Ascended the musnaid for a second time at the Bagh-i-Dirah, Shahjahanabad, Delhi, 19th June 1707 n.s. m. (first) at Agra, 22nd March 1660, Nizam Bai Sahiba (d. at Delhi, 1692), daughter of Nawab Fath Yawar Jang Bahadur, of Hyderabad. m. (second) at Delhi, before 27th August 1661 n.s., Maharajkumari Amrita Bai Sahiba, daughter of Umdai Rajahai Buland Makan Maharaja Shri Rup Singh Sahib Bahadur, Raja of Kishangarh. m. (third) a daughter (d. 28th July 1673) of 'Abdu'l Mumin. m. (fourth) before 10th May 1671 n.s., Nawab Nur un-nisa Begum Sahiba (d. at Kabul, February 1701), daughter of Nawab Shuja'at Khan [Mirza Sanjar Najm-i-Sani], by his wife, Zinat-i-Alam Begum Sahiba, a grandniece of H.M. Malika-i-Jahan, Mumtaz Mahal, Arjumand Banu Qudsia Begum Sahiba. m. (fifth) Mihr un-nisa Begum Sahiba (b. before 1664; d.s.p. at Delhi, 10th January 1744, aged over eighty years), previously Bibi Mihr Parwar, sister of Shakir Khan. m. (sixth) at Attock, 1673, Amat ul-Habib Begum Sahiba (b. before 22nd February 1678 n.s.; d.s.p. at Delhi, 11th September 1735 n.s.), previously Aziz un-nisa Khanum, a former kafiri slave-girl, presented to Shah Alam by Allahdad Khweshgi, sometime Faujdar of Langar Kot. m. (seventh) before 17th November 1686 n.s., Rani Chattar Bai Sahiba (b. before 31st May 1669; d.s.p. at Agra, 1691). m. (eighth) Dil Ruba Begum Sahiba. He d. at Lahore, 27th February 1712 n.s. (bur. Moti Masjid, Delhi), having had issue, eight sons and one daughter:
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