INDIA

The Timurid Dynasty

GENEALOGY

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1760-1788 and 1788-1806 H.M. ‘Abdu’llah Jalal ud-din Abu’l Muzaffar Ham ud-din Muhammad ‘Ali Gauhar Shah-i-‘Alam II Sahib-i-Qiran Padshah-i-Ghazi, Emperor of India. b. at Delhi, 25th June 1728, eldest son of H.M. Abu’l-‘Adil ‘Aziz ud-din Muhammad ‘Alamgir II Sahib-i-Qiran Padshah-i-Ghazi, Emperor of India, by his wife, Nawab Zinat Mahal Sahiba, educ. privately. Granted the title of ‘Ali Gauhar 16th August 1754, and prom to Shah-i-‘Alam Bahadur 24th April 1756. Appointed to an Imperial mansab of 30,000 zat and 30,000 sowar 16th August 1754. Wazir ul-Mamalik-i-Hindustan 19th February 1757. Fled to Bengal in 1758. Ascended the musnaid at Gothauli, after the death of his father, 24th December 1759. Proclaimed by the Marathas after they had taken Delhi, 16th October 1760. Placed himself under the protection of the HEIC, following the defeat of the Marathas by the Afghans under Ahmad Shah Abdali in January 1761. Granted the Diwani of the provinces of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa to the HEIC 12th August 1765, and remained under their protection until he forsook the same and proceeded to Delhi in 1771. Entered the capital at an auspicious moment on 6th January 1772. Falling into the hands of Ghulam Qadir Khan Rohilla, he was deposed 30th July 1788. Blinded by the Rohilla, who stood on the Emperor’s chest and took out his eyes with his own dagger, 12th August 1788. Restored and proclaimed for a second time by the Marathas, 16th October 1788. From this date, the Marathas occupied Delhi with a permanent garrison until their eventual expulsion by Lord Lake on 14th September 1803, when the Emperor was placed under British protection. The permanent provision of 23rd May 1805 established a pension of Rs 90, 000 per mensum (raised to 100, 000 in 1809 and 125,000 in 1833), and extended British civil and judicial control over Delhi and its environs. The Emperor retaining exclusive civil and criminal jurisdiction, but not military, within the walls of the Red Fort only. A poet under the nom de plume of “Aftab”, author of the “Diwan Aftab”.  m. (first) H.H. Nawab Piari Begum Sahiba (d. at the Red Fort, Shahjahanabad, Delhi, before 4th April 1790). m. (second) H.H. Nawab Taj Mahal Begum Sahiba (d. at the Red Fort, Shahjahanabad, Delhi, 12th September 1792), sister of Mubaraq ud-Daula (or Muham ud-Daula?), Nawab Sayyid Akbar ‘Ali Khan Bahadur, Mustaqim Jang.  m. (third) H.H. Nawab Jamil un-nisa Begum Sahiba [Manjhu Begum], daughter of Shahzada Mirza Muhammad Humayun Bakht Bahadur. m. (fourth) at Miranpur, late 1758, H.H. Nawab Qudsia Begum Mubaraq Mahal Sahiba (d. at the Red Fort, Shahjahanabad, Delhi, 15th February 1816), daughter of Siraj ud-Daula, Mirza Akbar ‘Ali Khan Safawi, sometime Deputy Minister of State.  m. (fifth) H.H. Nawab Murad Bakht Begum Sahiba (d. at the Red Fort, Shahjahanabad, Delhi, after 1801, bur. there at the Dargah of Qutb Sahib). m. (sixth) H.H. Nawab Malika-i-Alam Begum Sahiba [Azizan]. m. (i) Shahabadi Mahal Sahiba (bur. Qutb). m. (ii) Muhabat Mahal Sahiba (d.s.p.) m. (a) Rawana Kasia Begum Sahiba (d.. at the Red Fort, Shahjahanabad, Delhi, before October 1831). m. (b) Rawana Kubja Begum Sahiba (d.s.p. at the Red Fort, Shahjahanabad, Delhi, May 1831). m. (c) Nur un-nisa. m. (d) Muharani (d.s.p.). m. (e) Azizabadi Mahal Sahiba (d. at the Red Fort, Shahjahanabad, Delhi, 10th December 1826). m. (f) Jam’iyat un-nisa. m. (g) Hafiz un-nisa. m. (h) Hakiya Bai Sahiba. m. (i) Agum Bai Sahiba. m. (j) Khasyta Bai Sahiba. m. (k) Hasina Bai Sahiba. m. (l) Atera Kunwar. m. (m) Jam’iyat Bai Sahiba. m. (n) Abiya Bai Sahiba. m. (o) Sarsar Kunwar Sahiba. m. (p) Rup Kunwar Sahiba. m. (q) Lal Kunwar Sahiba. m. (r) Bayat Bai Sahiba. m. (s) Muhammadi Bai Sahiba. m. (t) Jalil un-nisa. m. (u) Biyaz Bai Sahiba. m. (v) Roshan Bai Sahiba. m. (w) Niya Bai Sahiba. m. (x) Murad Bakhsh Sahiba (bur. Qutb Sahib, Mahrauli). Four ladies of his harem threw themselves into a river, when left to starve to death during Ghulam Kadir’s reign of terror, at Delhi, 27th August 1788. He d. in captivity, at the Red Fort, Shahjahanabad, Delhi, 19th November 1806 (bur. there, near the tomb of Emperor Bahadur Shah, Mahrauli), having had issue, over fifty sons and daughters, including:
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DELHI 1 DELHI 2 DELHI 3 DELHI 4
DELHI 5 DELHI 6 DELHI 7 DELHI 8
DELHI 9 DELHI 10 DELHI 11 DELHI 12
DELHI 14 DELHI 15 DELHI 16 DELHI 17
DELHI 18 DELHI 19 DELHI 20 DELHI 21
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