INDIA

The Timurid Dynasty

GENEALOGY

Amir Qutb ud-din Muhammad Timur Beg Gurghan, Sahib-i-Qiran
see Uzbekistan (Transoxania)
I
Jalal ud-din Miranshah Sultan Mirza
I
Sultan Muhammad Mirza
I
Malik ul-Islam, Sultan bin al-Sultan bin al-Sultan Abu'l Muzaffar 'Abu-Said Gurkhan, Khaka'an of Transoxania
I
'Umar Shaikh Mirza, Amir of Farghana
I
Babur
(with whom we treat)

1526 - 1530 Al-Sultan al-'Azam wal Khaqan al-Mukarram Zahir ud-din Muhammad Jalal ud-din Babur Padshah Ghazi [Firdaus-Makani], Emperor of India. b. at Samarqand, 14th February 1483 o.s., eldest son of 'Umar Shaikh Mirza, Amir of Farghana, by his second wife, Qutlaq Nigar Khanum, second daughter of Sultan Yunus Khan Jagatai, Grand Khan of Mughalistan, educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his father as Amir of Farghana, 7th June 1494. Proclaimed and installed on the musnaid at Andijan, 10th June 1494. Seized Samarkand for the first time from his cousin, 1497. Seized and lost it twice more in 1502 and October 1511 to May 1512. Assumed the title of Padshah after securing Kabul from the Aghuns in 1508. Defeated Sultan Ibrahim Husain Lodi, the Pathan ruler of Delhi, at the Battle of Panipat, 20th April 1526. m. (first) at Samarkand, before 24th December 1489 o.s. (nikah) and Khojand, March 1500 (zifaf), as his first wife (div. 1503), Aisha Sultan Begum, third daughter of Sultan Ahmad Mirza, by his wife, Qutaq Begum. m. (second) at Kabul, October 1504, Zainab Sultan Begum (d.s.p. from small-pox, before 12th May 1508), daughter of his uncle, Sultan Mahmud Mirza, King of Kunduz and Badakhskan, by his wife, Khanzada Begum Termizi. m. (third) at Herat, before 13th May 1507 o.s., Maham Begum [Hazrat Walida] (d. at Agra, 16th April 1535 o.s.), the principal wife, sister of Khwaja Muhammad ‘Ali, of Khost, from a noble family of Khorasan related to Ulugh Beg Mirza Kabuli and to al-Sultan, Zillu’llah, Padshah, Muzaffar-i-Jahan, Sahib-i-Qiran, Sultan bin al-Sultan Mu‘izz al-Sultanat wa ud-Dunya wa ud-din Shah Abu’l Ghazi Sultan Husain Baiqara Bahadur Khan, Padshah of Khorasan, granddaughter of Shaikh Ahmad Zindafil, of Jam. m. (fourth) ca 1507, Saliha Sultan Begum Sahiba [‘Aq Begum], daughter of his uncle, Sultan Mahmud Mirza, King of Kunduz and Badakhskan, by his second wife, Pasha Begum, daughter of ‘Ali Shukir Beg Baharlu, ruler of Hamadan, Dinwar, and Kurdistan. m. (fifth) at Kabul, before 1st May 1508 o.s., Masuma Sultan Begum (d. in childbirth, at Kabul, before 20th April 1509 o.s., fifth daughter of Sultan Ahmad Mirza, Khaka’an of Transoxania, by his wife, Habiba Sultan Begum, niece of Sultan Husain Aghun. m. (sixth) before 20th April 1509 o.s., Gul Rukh Begum (d. before 1545, bur. Kabul), probably a sister of Amir Sultan ‘Ali Mirza Begchick. m. (seventh) before 1510, Dildar Agha Begum [Dildar Aghacha], daughter of his uncle, Sultan Mahmud Mirza, King of Kunduz and Badakhskan, by his second wife, Pasha Begum, daughter of ‘Ali Shukir Beg Baharlu, ruler of Hamadan, Dinwar, and Kurdistan. m. (eighth) at Kehraj, 30th January 1519 o.s., Bibi Mubarika [Bega Begum] [Afghani Aghacha] (d.s.p. after February 1556), daughter of Malik Shah Mansur Yusufzai. m. (a) 1526, Nar-gul Aghacha [Naz-gul Aghacha] (d.s.p. after 27th May 1541 o.s., a Circassian slave gifted to him by Shah Tahmasp I of Persia. m. (b) 1526, Hajjah Gul-nar Aghacha [Gulnar Agha-Begum] (d. after October 1575), another Circassian slave gifted to him by Shah Tahmasp I of Persia. He d. at the Char Bagh-i-Babur,  Agra, 26th December 1530 o.s. (bur. there at the Babur Mausoleum, and transferred to the Bagh-i-Babur, Kabul, in 1539), having had issue, nine sons and nine daughters:
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