INDIA

The Timurid Dynasty

GENEALOGY

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1627 - 1658 H.M. Al-Sultan al-'Azam wal Khaqan al-Mukarram, Abu'l-Muzaffar Shihab ud-din Muhammad, Sahib-i-Qiran-i-Sani, Shah Jahan I Padshah Ghazi Zillu'llah [Firdaus-Ashiyani], Emperor of India. b. at Lahore, 5th February 1592, educ. privately. Granted the title of Shah Khurrum in 1616, and promoted to Shah Jahan Bahadur by his father, 12th October 1617. Appointed to an Imperial mansab of 8,000 5th April 1607, prom. to 10,000 1611, prom. to 12,000 1612, prom. to 15,000 1st March 1615, prom. to 20,000 1616, prom. to 30,000 12th October 1617. Succeeded on the death of his father, 8th November 1627 n.s. Installed on the musnaid at Agra, 25th January 1628 n.s. Removed his capital to Delhi (Shahjahanabad), 29th March 1647. Removed from power by his son Aurangzeb on 20th June 1658, placed in confinement at the Red Fort, Akbarabad (Agra), on 22nd June, and formally deposed on 2nd August 1658. m. (first) at Agra, 12th December 1609, Kandahari Begum Sahiba (b. at Kandahar, before 1594; bur. Kandahari Bagh, Agra), previously Kandahari Mahal, elder daughter of Muzaffar Husain Mirza Safawi, by whom he had issue, one daughter. m. (second) at Delhi, 10th May 1612, H.M. Malika-i-Jahan, Mumtaz Mahal (cre. 14th February 1628) Nawab Mahd-i-‘Aliya Begum, Arjumand Banu Qudsia Begum Sahiba (b. 1593; d. in childbirth at Burhanpur, 17th July 1631 n.s., bur. Taj Mahal, Agra), daughter of H.H. Waqil-i-Mutlaq, Yamin ud-Daula, Nawab Abu’l-Hasan Asaf Khan Bahadur, Khan-i-Khanan, Chief Minister and C-in-C under Emperor Jahangir, by his wife, Diwanji Begum Sahiba, daughter of Khwaja Ghias ud-din ‘Ali Asaf Khan Bahadur. m. (third) at Agra, 1612, a daughter of I‘tiqād Khān, son of I‘timad ud-Daula. m. (fourth) at Burhanpur, 3rd September 1617, Hasina Begum Sahiba, daughter of Nawab Shah Nawaz Khan Bahadur [Mirza Iraj], mansabdar of 5,000, son of Wakil us-Sultanat, Khan-i-Khanan, Amir ud-Daula, Nawab Mirza ‘Abdu’r Rahim Khan, sometime Subadar of Gujarat. m. (fifth) Muti Begum Sahiba. m. (sixth) Qudsia Begum Sahiba. m. (1) Bibi Sarhindi Mahal Sahiba (d. after 1650). m. (2) A’azz un-nisa Begum Sahiba [Bibi Akbarabadi Mahal Sahiba] (d. at Akbarabad (Agra), 7th February 1677 n.s., bur. there at the Akbarabadi Masjid). m. (3) Bibi Fatehpuri Mahal Sahiba (d. after 1666). m. (4) ca. 1626, Raj Kumari Shri Manbhavathi Baiji Lall Sahiba, widow of his elder brother, Sultan Muhammad Parviz Mirza, and younger daughter of Sawai Raja Sur Singhji [Suraj Mal], Raja of Jodhpur. m. (5) before 1627, Kumari Lilavati Baiji Lall Sahiba, daughter of Rao Shri Sakat Singh [Shakti], of Kharwar. m. (6) a former wife of Jamal Khan, mansabdar of 5,000 sowar. m. (7) Bibi Nawab Bai Sahiba. He d. in captivity at the Musamman Burj, Agra, 31st January 1666 (bur. there at the Taj Mahal), having had issue, six sons and twelve daughters:
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