INDIA

The Timurid Dynasty

GENEALOGY

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1530-1539 and 1555-1556 H.M. Al-Sultan al-'Azam wal Khaqan al-Mukarram, Jam-i-Sultanat-i-haqiqi wa Majazi, Sayyid al-Salatin, Abu'l Muzaffar Nasir ud-din Muhammad Humayun II Padshah Ghazi, Zillu'llah [Jannat-Ashyani], Emperor of India. b. at the Arg, Kabul, 7th March 1508 o.s., eldest son of Al-Sultan al-'Azam wal Khaqan al-Mukarram Zahir ud-din Muhammad Jalal ud-din Babur Padshah Ghazi, Emperor of India, by his wife, Maham Begum, granddaughter of Shaikh Ahmad Zindafil, of Jam, educ. privately. Appointed as Heir Apparent and granted the title of Shah-i-Firuz Qadr Bahadur by his father. Governor of Badakshan 1520-1529. Proclaimed on the death of his father, 26th December 1530. Installed on the musnaid at Agra, 30th December 1530 o.s. Defeated at Chausa 26th June 1539, and again at Kanauj 17th May 1540, by Sher Shah Suri and driven from his realm. He took Kabul and the Punjab and then defeated Sikandar Shah, 22rd June 1555. He re-entered the City of Delhi at an auspicious moment on 23rd July 1555. m. (first) ca. 1527, his cousin, Bega Begum Sahiba [Haji Begum] (d. January 1582), daughter of Yadgar Mirza Taghai. m. (second) before 1539, Gul Barg Begum Sahiba (d. after 1543; bur. Delhi), former wife of Mir Shah Husain Arghun, and daughter Khwaja Nizam ud-din ‘Ali Barlas Khalifa, sometime Vizier to Emperor Babur. m. (third) Banu Begum Sahiba (possibly a daughter of his paternal first cousin, Yadigar-i-Muhammad Nasir Mirza, sometime Governor of Patan, Bahruch and Kandahar?). m. (fourth) at Patt, Sind, 29th August 1541 o.s., Nawab Hamida Banu Begum Sahiba [Nawab Haji Begum] [Mariam Maqani] (b. before 24th August 1530 o.s.; d. at Agra, 29th August 1604 o.s., bur. Mausoleum of Emperor Humayun, Nizampur, Delhi), daughter of Shaikh ‘Ali Akbar [Mir Baba Dost], from Turbat-i-Shaikh Jam, Khorasan, by his wife, Mah Afraz Begum. m. (fifth) 1546, Mah-i-Kuchuk Begum Sahiba (k. at the Bala-i-Hisar, Kabul, by her son-in-law, Mir Abu’l-M‘aali Shah, before 29th March 1564 o.s., bur. there), an ambitious lady who threw out the Naib Subadar and ruled Kabul on her own, once leading her army in person and defeating Munim Khan at Jalalabad, sister of Bairam Oghlan of Arghun. m. (sixth) m. before 8th January 1552 (nikah) (div.), Shahzada Khanum, daughter of Sulaiman Shah Mirza, sometime Governor of Badakshan, by his wife, Khurrum Begum [Wali Nimat], daughter of Sultan ‘Uwais Qibchaq, of Kulab, sometime Governor of Badakshan. m. (seventh) before February 1556, the eldest daughter of Jamal Khan, of Mewat. m. (a) at Agra, before 19th December 1531, Meywar Jan, daughter of Khazang, a Chamberlain. m. (b) Agha Jan. m. (c) Chand Bibi (lost during the battle of Chausa, 27th June 1539, when seven months pregnant). m. (d) Shad Bibi (lost during the battle of Chausa, 27th June 1539). m. (e) ca. 1539, Bibi Gunwar. m. (f) Bibi Safia. m. (g) Bibi Sarwishahi. m. (h) Shaham Agha (d. after 1st April 1576 o.s.). m. (i) Khanish Agha, daughter of Jujuq Mirza, of Khwarizm. m. (j) before September 1542, Bhawal Anaga, who served as wet-nurse to Akbar. He d. at the Sher Mandal, Purana Qila, Delhi, 27th January 1556 o.s. after tumbling down from the second floor steps of his library, three days earlier (bur. Mausoleum of Emperor Humayun, Nizampur, Delhi), having had issue:
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