INDIA

The Timurid Dynasty

GENEALOGY

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1605 - 1627 H.M. Al-Sultan al-'Azam wal Khaqan al-Mukarram, Khushru-i-Giti Panah, Abu'l-Fath Nur ud-din Muhammad Jahangir Padshah [Jannat-Maksani], Emperor of India. b. in the hut of Shaikh Salim at Fathabad (Fatehpur Sikri), Akbarabad (Agra), 10th September 1569 o.s., as Shahzada Sultan Salim Bahadur, educ. privately. Appointed to an Imperial mansab of 10,000 sowar 17th March 1594.Succeeded on the death of his father, 15th October 1605. Installed on the musnaid at Agra, 24th October 1605. Received Sir Thomas Roe, Ambassador from King James I and V and permitted the EIC to establish their first factories at Surat, Ahmadabad and Cambay in 1612. m. (first) at Fathabad (Fatehpur Sikri), Akbarabad (Agra), 23rd February 1585 n.s. (conducted in both Hindu and Muslim rites), Shah Begum Sahiba (d. by suicide, at Allahabad, 15th May 1605, bur. there in the Sultan Khusrau Bagh), raised to the title of Shah Begum Sahiba August 1587, née Rajkumari Shri Manbhavati Baiji Kunwari Sahiba [Man Bai], daughter of Amir ul-Umara, Raja Bhagwan Das, Raja of Amber. m. (second) 1584, Phul Begum Sahiba née Rajkumari Rattan Bai Sahiba, daughter of Raja Basu, Raja of Nurpur, in Kangra. m. (third) at Mota Raja’s Palace, Fatehpur Sikri, 21st January 1586 n.s. (conducted in both Hindu and Muslim rites), Jagat Gosain Taj Bibi Sahiba [Jodh Bai] [Bilqis Makani] (b. 13th May 1573; d. at at Akbarabad (Agra), 18th April 1619, bur. Sohagpura), née Rajkumari Shri [Balmati] Manavati Baiji Lall Sahiba, who received the prothumous title of Bilqis Makani, daughter of Raja Shri Udai Singhji Sahib Bahadur, Raja of Jodhpur, by his tenth wife, Shri Rajavat Kachavahi Rani Manrang Deviji Sahiba, daughter of Raja Askaram Bhimvrajot, Raja of Gwalior. m. (fourth) at Lahore, 7th July 1586 n.s., a daughter of Maharajadhiraja Maharaja Sri Rai Singhji, Maharaja of Bikaner. m. (fifth) at Lahore, July 1586, Malika-i-Shikar Begum Sahiba (d. 1592), daughter of Sultan ‘Abu Said Khan Jagatai, Sultan of Kashghar. m. (sixth) 1586, Sahib-i-Jamal Begum Sahiba (d. at Lahore, June 1599, bur. there), daughter of Khwaja Hassan, of Herat, a cousin of Zain Khan Koka.  m. (seventh) 1587, Malika-i-Jahan Begum Sahiba (d.s.p.), daughter of Rukn ud-Daula, Maharajadhiraj Raj Rajeshwar Parama Bhattarak Shri Maharawal Ji Bairi Bhim Singh Dev Bahadur, Yadukul Chandrawhal, Muzaffar Jang, Bijaimand, Maharaja of Jaisalmer. m. (eighth) a daughter of Raja Darya Malbhas. m. (ninth) at Lahore, October 1590, Zohra Begum Sahiba, daughter of Mirza Sanjar Hazara, by his wife, a daughter of Amir ul-Umara, Khizhr Khwaja Khan Jagatai. m. (tenth) 1591, Rajkumari Shri Karamsi Baiji Lall Sahiba [Karamnasi], daughter of Raja Shri Kesho Das Rathore, of Mertia. m. (eleventh) 1591, a daughter (d.s.p. 1640) of Dost Muhammad Khwaja Jahan-i-Kabuli. m. (twelfth) a sister of Abiya Kashmiri. m. (thirteenth) at Lahore, 11th January 1592, Kanwal Rani (b. at Ladakh), youngest daughter of ‘Ali Sher Khan [‘Ali Rai], 15th Maqpon of Skardu and 1st Anchan Maqpon of Baltistan, by his wife, Gul Khatun, a Mughal lady from Kashmir. m. (fourteenth) at Srinagar, October 1592, a daughter of Sayyid Mubaraq Khan Baihaqi [Momara Khana], of Kashmir. m. (fifteenth) at Srinagar, October 1592, a daughter of Husain Chak, of Kashmir. m. (sixteenth) at Lahore, January/March 1593, Nur un-nisa Begum Sahiba (d. 1641), daughter of Ibrahim Husain Mirza, by his wife, Shahzadi Gul Rukh Begum Sahiba, daughter of Shahzada Kamran Mirza. m. (seventeenth) at Lahore, September 1593, a daughter (d. at Lahore, 13th September 1596) of Raja ‘Ali Khan Faruqi, Raja of Khandesh. m. (eighteenth) a daughter of ‘Abdu’llah Khan Baluch. m. (nineteenth) at Lahore, 28th June 1596, Khas Mahal Sahiba, daughter of Zain Khan Koka, sometime Subadar of Kabul and Lahore. m. (twentieth) at Delhi, before 1605, a daughter of Raja Moman Murad, a Muslim convert alias Thakur Man Chand, of Kotaha, in Sirmur. m. (twenty-first) 1608, Saliha Banu Padshah Begum Sahiba (d. at Srinagar, 1620), the principal wife, promoted to the rank and title of Padshah Mahal Sahiba and Padshah Banu Begum Sahiba 1610, daughter of Qasim Khan, a senior member of the Imperial Household. m. (twenty-second) at the Palace of Mariam uz-Zamani Begum, Agra, 17th June 1608 n.s.), Koka Kumari Sahiba, eldest daughter of Yuvraj Shri Jagat Singhji Bahadur, Yuvraj of Amber, by his wife, a daughter of Maharao Raja Shri Bhoj Sahib Bahadur, Maharao Raja of Haravati. m. (twenty-third) at Agra, 21st January 1610 n.s., a daughter (d.s.p.) of Sawai Raja Shri Ram Chand Ju Deo Bahadur, Raja of Orchha and Chanderi. m. (twenty-fourth) 1610, a daughter of Sawai Raja Shri Madhukar Shah Ju Deo Bahadur, Raja of Orchha. m. (twenty-fifth) 16th March 1611 n.s., Nawab Nur Jahan Padshah Begum Sahiba (b. at Kandahar, 1576; d. at Lahore, 18th November 1645 n.s., bur. there at the Mausoleum of Emperor Jahangir, Shahdera Bagh), née Mehr un-nissa Khanum, raised to the titles of Nur Mahal Begum Sahiba 25th May 1611, Ashraf un-nisa Nur Jahan Begum Sahiba 19th March 1616 o.s., and Nawab Nur Jahan Padshah Begum Sahiba 1622, granted the pargana of Boda yielding Rs 200,000 p.a. 1617, widow of ‘Ali Quli Beg Istajlu Sher Afghan Khan, and daughter of ‘Itimad ud-Daula, Mirza Ghias ud-din Muhammad Khan, sometime Grand Vizier, by his wife, ‘Asmat Banu Begum Sahiba, sometime Qadbanu (Matron) of the Harem, daughter of ‘Ala ud-Daula, Mirza Aqa Mulla. m. (twenty-sixth) 1611, a daughter of Raja Purushottam Das, Raja of Jagannathpuri. m. (twenty-seventh) Laila Begum Sahiba. m. (twenty-eighth) Ulfat Begum Sahiba (d. at Lahore, 1659). m. (twenty-ninth) Rani Rup Manjari. m. (thirtieth) 1614, the youngest daughter of Maharajadhiraja Maharaja Sri Dalpat Singhji Bahadur, Raja of Bikaner. (Emperor Jahangir m. 17 Rajput princesses in total). He d. at Chingarhsiri, 8th November 1627 n.s. (bur. Mausoleum of Emperor Jahangir, Shahdera Bagh, Lahore), having had issue, six sons and four daughters:
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