INDIA

The Timurid Dynasty

GENEALOGY

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1712 - 1719 H.M. Abu'l Muzaffar Muin ud-din Muhammad Shah Farrukh-siyar Alim Akbar Sani Wala Shan Padshah-i-bahr-u-bar [Shahid-i-Mazlum], Emperor of India. b. at Aurangabad, 20th August 1685 n.s., son of Sultan Azhar ud-din Muhammad 'Azim Mirza, 'Azim us-Shan Bahadur, sometime Subadar of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa, by his fourth wife, Sahiba Nizwan, sister of Khwaja Inayatu'llah, Shaista Khan, sometime Subadar of Kashmir, educ. privately. Proclaimed at Patna, and ascended the musnaid at Bagh-i-Afzal Khan, 7th April 1712 n.s. Defeated his uncle, Emperor Jahandar Shah, near Agra, and again ascended the musnaid in his camp, 11th January 1713 n.s. Deposed, blinded and imprisoned by his Wazir Qutb ul-Mulk, 22nd March 1719. ???????? m. (first) before 27th December 1715 n.s., Nawab Fakhr un-nisa Begum Sahiba (b. 1696), daughter of Nawab Sa'adat Khan Bahadur [Mir Muhammad Taqi Husaini], of the Marashi clan, sometime Mir Buzurg and Subadar of Kashmir, probably by his wife, Gauhar un-nisa Begum Sahiba, daughter of Mirza Masum Khan Safawi. m. (second) at the haveli of Amir ul-Umara, Delhi, 28th September 1715 n.s. (nikah) and 18th December 1715 n.s. (zifaf) Maharajkumari Shri Indira Kanwar Baiji Lal Sahiba (b. at Jodhpur, 1696), who left the harem after her husband's death, purified herself 17th July 1719 n.s. and returned to her father's household, eldest daughter of Raj Rajeshwar Maharaja Shri Ajit Singhji Sahib, Raja of Jodhpur. m. (third) 4th July 1717 n.s., a daughter of the Raja of Kishtawar, in the Kashmir hills. He was k. (strangled, beaten and stabbed to death) in captivity at the Tripoli Gate Prison, the Red Fort, Shahjahanabad, Delhi, 29th April 1719 n.s. (bur. Mausoleum of Humayun, Shahjahanabad, Delhi), having had issue, two sons and one daughter:
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1719 H.M. Abu'l Barakat Sultan Shams ud-din Muhammad Rafi' ud-Darajat Padshah Ghazi, Shahanshah-i-bahr-u-bar, Emperor of India. b. 1st December 1699 n.s., youngest son of Sultan Muhammad Rafi' ul-Qadr Mirza, Rafi' us-Shan Bahadur, sometime Subadar of Kabul, by his first wife, Nawab Raziat un-nisa Begum Sahiba, daughter of Sultan Muhammad Akbar Mirza, educ. privately. Proclaimed and seated on the musnaid on the deposition of cousin, 28th May 1719 n.s. Abdicated in favour of his elder brother, 6th June 1719 n.s. m. Nawab Inayat Banu Begum Sahiba (b. at Agra, 1701). He d.s.p. of consumption (or was murdered) at Agra, 13th June 1719 n.s. (bur. Mausoleum of Khwaja Qutb ud-din Kaki, Delhi).
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1719 H.M. Rafi' ud-Daula, Sultan Rafi' ud-din Muhammad Shah Jahan-i-Sani Padshah Ghazi, Shahanshah-i-bahr-u-bar, Emperor of India. b. June 1698, second son of Sultan Muhammad Rafi' ul-Qadr Mirza, Rafi' us-Shan Bahadur, sometime Subadar of Kabul, by his second wife, Nawab Nur un-nisa Begum Sahiba, daughter of Shaikh Baqi, educ. privately. Succeeded on the abdication of his younger brother, 6th June 1719 n.s. Installed on the musnaid at the Hall of Public Audience, Red Fort, Shahjahanabad, Delhi, 8th June 1719 n.s. He d. unm. in camp, at Bidyapur, near Fatehpur Sikri, 19th September 1719 n.s. (bur. next to his brother at the Mausoleum of Khwaja Qutb ud-din Kaki, Delhi).
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1719 H.M. Sahib-i-Qiran Muhammad Shah Neku-siyar Taimur-i-Sani Padshah-i-Zaman, Emperor of India. b. before 6th October 1679 n.s., second son of Sultan Muhammad Akbar Mirza, by his first wife, Nawab Salima Banu Begum Sahiba, daughter of Shahzada Sultan Sulaiman Shikoh, sometime Naib Subadar of Kabul., educ. privately. Imprisoned at Agra Fort 1681-1719. Proclaimed and acended the musnaid at Agra Fort, 19th May 1719. Arrested after the gates of the citadel had been opened to Ghairat Khan, 13th August 1719 n.s.. He d. at Salimgarh, Delhi, 12th April 1723 n.s. (bur. there at the Mausoleum of Khwaja Qutb ud-din Kaki).
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1720 H.M. Abu'l-Fath Zahir ud-din Muhammad Ibrahim IV Shah-i-Shahan, Emperor of India. b. 9th August 1703 n.s., youngest son of Sultan Muhammad Rafi' ul-Qadr Mirza, Rafi' us-Shan Bahadur, sometime Subadar of Kabul, by his second wife, Nur un-nisa Begum Sahiba, daughter of Shaikh Baqi. Subadar of Agra and Oudh. Appointed to an Imperial mansab of 7,000 zat and 2,000 sowar 2nd December 1707 n.s. Raised to the musnaid at Delhi, by the Sayyid brothers, 17th October 1720 n.s. Defeated by Emperor Muhammad Shah at the battle of Hasanpur and deposed, 13th November 1720. Imprisoned at Shahjahanabad, Delhi. "His day of power was short-lived, like a drop of dew on a blade of grass". He d. at the Tripoli Gate Prison, Red Fort, Shahjahanabad, Delhi, 31st January 1746 n.s. (bur. Mausoleum of Khwaja Qutb ud-din Kaki).
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1719 - 1748 H.M. Abu'l-Muzaffar Nasir ud-din Muhammad Shah Sahib-i-Qiran-i-Sani Padshah Ghazi [Firdaus Aramgah], Emperor of India. b. at Ghazni, 17th August 1702 n.s., as Shahzada Roshan Akhtar Bahadur, second son of Sultan Khujaista Akhtar Mirza, Jahan Shah Bahadur, sometime Subadar of Malwa, by his second wife, H.H. Nawab Qudsia ul-Alqab Hazrat Begum Sahiba, educ. privately. Proclaimed on the death of his cousin, 27th September 1719 n.s. Ascended the musnaid under the title of Abu'l Fath Nasir ud-din Muhammad Shah Padshah Ghazi at Tajpur, near Bidyapur, 29th September 1719. Altered his style to Abu'l Muzaffar Nasir ud-din Muhammad Shah Sahib-i-Qiran-i-Sani Padshah Ghazi, 9th August 1719. Abdicated on the defeat of the Mughal armies by Nadir Shah at Karnal, 26th February 1739. Crowned by Nadir Shah in person at Delhi, 12th May 1739. m. (first) at Delhi, 8th December 1721, H.H. Nawab Malika uz-Zamani Begum Sahiba [Padshah Begum] (b. 1703; d. at Delhi, before 21st September 1789, bur. there at the Teez Huzari Bagh), daughter of H.M. Abu'l Muzaffar Muin ud-din Muhammad Shah Farrukh-siyar Padshah-i-bahr-u-bar, Emperor of India, by his wife, Nawab Gauhar un-nisa Begum Sahiba, daughter of Sayyid Husain Sa'adat Khan, sometime Mir Buzurg of the Marashi clan. m. (second) at Delhi, 8th December 1721, H.M. Nawab Malika-i-Jahan Sahiba Mahal Begum Sahiba (d. after 1793, bur. Mausoleum of Muhammad Shah, Nizamuddin), daughter of Amir ul-Umara, Samsam ud-Daula, Nawab Sayyid Sa'adat Khan Bahadur, Zulfiqar Jang, sometime Mir Bakhshi. m. (third) at Delhi, Baijiu Sahiba Nawab Qudsia Begum Sahiba Zamaniya, Qibla-i-Alam (cre. 1748) alias Mumtaz Mahal Sahiba alias Udham Bai, a former dancing girl, a mansabdar of 50,000, imprisoned with her son, the Emperor Ahmad Shah I, on 2nd June 1754, a niece or sister of Mu'taqid ud-Daula, Nawab Aman Khan Bahadur, a mansabdar of 7,000 zat and 7,000 sowar and a former musician. m. (fourth) Nawab Safiya Sultan Begum Sahiba, daughter of Khan-i-Khanan Tarkhan Sultani, Mir Jumla Mu'azzam Khan Bahadur, Muzaffar Jang, sometime Sadar-i-Kul under his son-in-law. m. (a) Rup Bai. m. (b) Fathpuri Bai. m. (c) Roshanabadi Mahal Sahiba. He d. at the Moti Mahal, Red Fort, Shahjahanabad, Delhi, 26th April 1748 n.s. (bur. Mausoleum of Muhammad Shah, Nizamuddin Awliya), having had issue, three sons and three daughters:
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1748 - 1754 H.M. 'Abu'n-Nasir Mujahid ud-din Muhammad Ahmad Shah I Bahadur Padshah Ghazi, Emperor of India. b. at the Red Fort, Delhi, 23rd December 1725 n.s., educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his father, 26th April 1748 n.s.. Ascended the musnaid at his camp at Londara, Panipat, 29th April 1748 n.s. Crowned in the Shalimar Gardens, Red Fort, Delhi, 4th  May 1748 n.s. Deposed, blinded and imprisoned by the Grand Vizier, Imad ul-Mulk, Nawab Ghazi ud-din Khan Bahadur, 2nd June 1754. m. (first) ca. 17th December 1743, a daughter of Mahabat Khan. m. (second) H.H. Nawab Gauhar Afruz Banu Begum Sahiba, daughter of Mirza Muhammad Fatiha Kariba. m. (a) Inayatpuri Bai, his favourite wife. m. (b) Sarfaraz Mahal Sahiba. m. (c) Rani Uttam Kumari Sahiba. He d. a prisoner, 1st January 1775 (bur. Mausoleum of Mariam Makani, Delhi), having had issue:
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