EGYPT

The Muhammad 'Ali Dynasty

GENEALOGY

continued from the previous page.
Copyright© Christopher Buyers
1805 - 1848 H.H. Muhammad ‘Ali Pasha (Muhammad ‘Ali the Great), Vali of Egypt, Nubia, Darfur, Kordofan and Sennar, of Crete, Damascus, Tripoli (Lebanon), Syria, Safed, Sidon, Beirut, and Aleppo, Mutasharrif of the Sanjaks of Jerusalem, Nablus, Cania and Retimo. b. at Kavala, Macedonia, before 8th April 1769, sixteenth child of Ibrahim Agha, sometime cdt. of the fortress guarding Kavala Pass, by his wife, Zainab, daughter of Husain Agha, educ. privately. Appointed as Yol Agassi in succession to his father, prom Bulukbashi and coy. cdr. 1791, second-in-cmnd. Albanian contingent sent against Bonaparte in Egypt 1799, landed at Aboukir 14th July 1799, prom Bimbashi (Maj) 1800, Saréchesme (Brig. or Col.) of the Albanian contingent 1801-1804, Governor of Jirja 1804-1805. Invested with the title of Pasha and appointed as Governor of Jeddah, 10th May 1805. Elected and invested at Bayt al-Qadi as Vali (Governor) of Egypt by the Grand Council of Cairo, 13th May 1805 (confirmed by the ulema 8th June 1805). Confirmed by Imperial Ottoman Firman and prom to Pasha of three horse tails 9th July 1805. Formally invested on behalf of the Sultan, at Azbakiya, Cairo, 23rd March 1806. He defeated and masacred the mamluks at the Cairo Citadel 1st March 1811, thereby consolidating his control over Egypt. Conquered the Sudan in 1822-23 and occupied Syria 1831-39. Appointed as Governor of Crete 1823, and Pasha of Acre 16th January 1824. Recognised by the Sultan of Turkey as Vali of Damascus, Tripoli (Lebanon), Syria, Safed, Sidon, Beirut, and Aleppo, Mutasharrif of the Sanjaks of Jerusalem, Nablus, Cania and Retimo 15th April 1833. Confirmed in the hereditary (primogeniture to the eldest male) Pashalik of Egypt, Nubia, Darfur, Kordofan and Sennar by Imperial Ottoman Firman 13th February 1841 (confirmed anew 1st June 1841). Resigned in favour of his eldest son when he became incapacitated, 1st September 1848. Field Marshal, Imperial Ottoman Army 25/6/1832. Hon Mbr Royal Asiatic Soc of GB. Rcvd: the Order of the August Portrait (Tasvir-i Humayun Nishani), and the Order of Glory (Atiq Nishan-i-Iftikhar) 1st class of Turkey,  and GC of the Order of the Legion of Honour of France. m. (first) at Kavala, Macedonia, 1787, Amina Khanum Effendimiz (b. at Nusretli, 1770; d. at the Citadel, Cairo, 1824, bur. there at the Hosh al-Basha, Imam al-Shafi’i), widow of ‘Ali Bey Serezli, and daughter of Major ‘Ali Agha, of Nusretli, a near relation of Khalil Ahmad Agha, Governor of Drama. m. (second) Shams uz-Zafar Khanum (d. at Kasr al-Nil, near Bulaq, 1846), a former Georgain slave who bore four children (all died young). m. (third) Nuraj Khanum, a former Georgian slave, who had no children. m. (fourth) Shams-i-Nur Khanum (d. 1863, bur. Fenayi Cemetery, Scutari), a former Circassian slave previously styled Selwy Kalfa who became principal lady of the harem with the title of Khanum 1824. m. (fifth) Zépha Khanum [Um Iskander], a former Georgian slave previously styled Zépha Kalfa, subsequently raised to the status of fourth wife ca 1840. m. (sixth) Mah-Duran Khanum Effendi (d.s.p. at the Palace of Shubra, Cairo, Egypt, 1880). m. (a) Jilfidan Kadin (d. 1813). m. (b) Qamar Kadin (d. 1868). m. (c) Mumtaz Kadin (d. 9th February 1868), a former Russian slave previously styled Manthas Kalfa. m. (d) Pakiza Kadin. m. (e) Shan Shachar Kalfa, a former Circassian slave, who had one son. m. (f) Mahivash Kadin (d. 1856). m. (g) Namshaz Kadin (b. ca. 1798; d. at Istanbul, Turkey, 1864), a former slave previously styled Zeccha Kalfa. m. (h) Nur-i-Sham Kadin (d. 1869), a Circassian. m. (i) Naila Kadin. m. (j) Sania Shah Kadin [Um Nu’man] (d. 1816). m. (k) Khadija Ziba Kadin (d. 1878), a Circassian. m. (l) Ain ul-Hayat Khanum (d. 1849), raised to the courtesy title of Khanum, a former slave previously styled Sham Pazand [Schan Pezent] Kalfa, originally from Abassa, Georgia.  He d. at Moharrem Bey, near Alexandria, 2nd August 1849 (bur. at the Mosque of Muhammad ‘Ali al-Kabir, the Citadel, Cairo), having had issue, nineteen sons and thirteen daughters:
Copyright© Christopher Buyers
continued on the next page.
Copyright© Christopher Buyers
EGYPT 1 EGYPT 2 EGYPT 4 EGYPT 5
EGYPT 6 EGYPT 7 EGYPT 8 EGYPT 9
EGYPT 10 EGYPT 11 EGYPT 12 EGYPT 13
EGYPT 14 YEGHEN 1 YEGHEN 2 TITLES
GLOSSARY ORDERS & DECORATIONS MAIN
Copyright© Christopher Buyers
I would be grateful to hear from anyone who may have changes, corrections or additions to contribute. If you do, please be kind enough to send me an e-mail using the contact details at:
Copyright© Christopher Buyers
CONTACT

Copyright© Christopher Buyers, August 2000 - June 2013