1892 - 1914 H.H. (Sa’adat Sahib al-Tal’a al-vaiqa al-Khedivi al-Afkham wa’l-duari al-Akram) ‘Abbas Hilmi II, Khedive of Egypt, Sovereign of Nubia, of the Sudan, of Kordofan and of Darfur, GCB (c 10.6.1892), GCMG (23.7.1891), GCVO (28.6.1900), Royal Victorian Chain (15.6.1905). b. at the Urgunchu Palace, Alexandria, Egypt, 14th July 1874, eldest son of H.H. Muhammad Tawfik Pasha, Khedive of Egypt, etc, GCB, GCSI, by his wife, H.H. Princess Amina Najiya Khanum Effendimiz, the Valida Sultana, educ. Ali and Royal Schs, Cairo, Egypt, the Pensionnat International de La Châtelaine (Thudicum’s Boarding Sch), Geneva, Switzerland and the Theresianum, Vienna, Austria. Succeeded on the death of his father, 7th January 1892. Installed at the Citadel, Cairo, 26th March 1892. Found himself in Turkey on the outbreak of the Great War, where he had been recovering from medical treatment, and was deposed following the declaration of a British Protectorate over Egypt, 18th December 1914. Formally relinquished all his rights to the throne of Egypt, at Lausanne, Switzerland, 12th May 1931. Field Marshal Egyptian and Imperial Ottoman armies. Patron Islamic Benevolent Soc 1879-1882, Egyptian Olympic Cttee 1910-1914, Egyptian Sports Fed 1910-1914, General Sports Club (Alexandria), European Cttee of Honour Motor Yacht Club of America 1934, etc. Rcvd: the Exalted Order of the House of Osman (Hanedan-i-Ali-Osman Nishani) (9.2.1895), the Exalted Order of Honour (Nishan-i-Ali-Imtiaz), and the Imperial Orders of the Osmans (Nishan-i-Osmanieh) special class in brilliants, and Nobility (Nishan-i-Majidieh) special class in brilliants, the Medals of Distinction (Imtiyaz Madalyasi) in gold and silver, Glory (Iftikhar Madalyasi) and Merit (Liaqat Madalyasi) in gold and silver of Turkey, Knt of the Orders of St Alexander Nevsky in brilliants and St Stanislaus 1st class (non-Christian) of Russia, and the Maha Chakri of Siam (1908), GC of the Orders of the North Star of Sweden (1890), Franz Joseph of Austria (1891), Legion of Honour of France (1892), Dannebrog of Denmark (6.4.1892), the Netherlands Lion (12.8.1892), Leopold of Austria (1897), Chula Chom Klao special class of Siam (1897), Carlos III of Spain with collar, Duke Peter Freidrich Ludwig of Oldenburg, the Ducal Saxe-Ernestine House Order (30.4.1898), Albert of Saxony, Redeemer of Greece, Danilo of Montenegro, Carol I of Rumania, Pius of the Vatican, Ludwig of Hesse by the Rhine (26.3.1900), the Royal Hungarian Order of St Stephen (1905), SS Maurice & Lazarus of Italy (1911), Ludwig of Hesse by the Rhine (26.3.1900), Leopold of Belgium, Star of Ethiopia, the Sharifan Order of Alawi of Morocco (1913), Black Eagle of Albania (1914), and the Red Eagle 1st class of Prussia with collar (x.12.1914), the Order of the Exalted (Wisam al-Aliyeh) special class in brilliants of Zanzibar, etc. m. (first) at Cairo, Egypt, 19th February 1895 (nikah) (after the birth of her eldest child) (div. 1900) H.H. Princess Iqbal Khanum, Khediva Effendimiz (b. at Istanbul, Turkey, 22nd October 1876; d. at Jerusalem, Palestine, 10th February 1941), rcvd: the Order of Charity (Nishan-i-Shafakat) 1st class of Turkey, a former Circassian slave of the Khediva Mother Amina. m. (second) at Montazah Palace, Alexandria, Egypt, 1901 (private) and at Chibuklu, Bosphorus, Turkey, 28th February 1910 (public) (div. at Alexandria, Egypt, 7th August 1913) Janan Javidan KhanumEffendi [H.H. Princess Janan Javidan] (b. at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA, 15th June 1877; d.s.p. at Graz, Styria, Austria, 5th August 1968, bur. there at the St Leonard Cemetery), née Countess May Török de Szendrö, who adopted the name of Zubaida bint ‘Abdu’llah on her conversion to Islam in 1900, and received the new name and title of Janan Javidan Khanum Effendi on her public marriage, author of “Harem” (1930) and “Gülzar - der Rosengarten” (1942), younger daughter of József, 3rd Count Török de Szendrö, by his first wife, Countess Sophie, daughter of Lieutenant-Field Marshal Ferdinand, Count von Vetter & Herr von der Lilie, Baron zu Burg-Freistnitz, Imperial and Royal Austro-Hungarian Army, by his wife, Josephine, Countess Vetter von der Lilie, daughter of Josef von Wachtler auf Wsetin, sometime Imperial and Royal Austro-Hungarian Cmsnr Assessor. m. (third) 1935, … a Viennese lady. He d. at No. 5, Quai du Mont Blanc, Geneva, Switzerland, 19th December 1944 (bur. Khedive Tawfik Mausoleum, Kait Bey, Cairo, Egypt), having had issue, two sons and four daughters:
1) H.R.H. Prince Damad Muhammad ‘Abdu’l-Munim Bey Effendi. b. at the Montazah Palace, near Alexandria, 20th February 1899 (s/o Princess Iqbal), educ. Kubba Palace Sch, Cairo, Egypt, and at Fribourg, Switzerland. Heir Apparent with the title of Hereditary Prince 20th February 1899 to 18th December 1914. Head of the Al-Ahram expeditionary mission in the Libyan Desert 1934. Presdt Arab Delegation to Palestine Conference in London 1939, Mbr of the Regency Body for the infant King Ahmad Fu’ad II from 2nd August 1952, Regent from 7th September 1952 to 18th June 1953. Granted the style of HisRoyal Highness 7th September 1952. Presdt Egyptian Olympic Cttee 1934-1938, and the Arab Delegation to the Conference on the Future of Palestine in London 1939. Represented Egypt at the Coronation of King George Vi and Queen Elizabeth at Westminster Abbey in 1937. Patron & Hon Presdt Experimental Radio Soc of Egypt (ERSE). Hon The Presdt Mathematical & Physical Soc of Egypt 1936. Mbr Cairo Yacht Club (CYC) Cttee of Honour, Muhammad Ali Club, The Royal Automobile Club of Egypt (RACE), Royal Aero Club of Egypt, etc. Rcvd: the Chain of Fu’ad I, GC of the Orders of Muhammad ‘Ali, and SS Maurice & Lazarus of Italy, King George VI Coron Medal (1937), etc. m. at the Heliopolis Palace, Cairo, Egypt, 26th September 1940, H.I.H. Princess Fatima Nazlishah Sultana (b. at the Nishantashi Palace, Istanbul, Turkey, 4th February 1921; d. at Istanbul, Turkey, 2nd April 2012, bur. there at Ashiyan Cemetery, near Bebek), rcvd: the Collar of the Hanedan-i-Ali-Osman and the Order of Charity (Nishan-i-Shafakat) 1st class of Turkey,eldest daughter of Captain H.I.H. Prince Omar Faruk Effendi, of Turkey, by his wife H.I.H. Princess Rukiya Sabhia Sultana, youngest daughter of H.I.M. Sultan Muhammad VI, Grand Sultan of Turkey. He d. at Ortakoy, Istanbul, Turkey, 1st December 1979 (bur. Khedive Tawfik Mausoleum, Kait Bey, Cairo, Egypt), having had issue, one son and one daughter:
a) H.H. Prince (Sultanzada) ‘Abbas Hilmi BeyEffendi. b. at Cairo, 16th October 1941, educ. Coll de la Sainte Famille (Jésuites), Cairo, Egypt, Millfield Sch, Street, Somerset, and Christ Church, Oxford. Mbr London Stock Exchange 1970 (first non-British Subject), Assoc Partner Grieveson Grant & Co 1970-1981, Gen Mgr Schroder Asseily & Co 1981-1983, Chair Hilmi & Assocs Ltd 1983-1986, Vice-Presdt Kidder Peabody & Co Ltd and Exec Dir Kidder Peabody International Investments Ltd 1986-1989, MD Concord International Investments Group, LP (New York) since 1989-1994, Snr MD & Partner based in Egypt since 1994, Chair Swiss Egyptian Portfolio Management Co SAE since 2001. Dir & Co Sec Hilmi & assoc 1986-2011, Dir Baring Emerging Europe PLC, Concord Portfolio Management Co, Concord Misr Investments (BVI) Ltd, Concord National (BVI) Ltd, Stanhope Overseas Ltd, etc. Chair & Principal Trustee The Mohamed Ali Fndn (UK) since 1979. Chair The Assoc of Friends of Manial Palace Museum (FMPM) since 2006. Hon Sec Old Milfieldian Soc (Egypt Branch). Mbr Exec Cttee Egyptian Investment Management Assoc (EIMA) (Treasurer 2009), British Egyptian Busineess Assoc (BEBA), Canada Egypt Business Council (CEBC), The Rotary Club Cairo Champollion (CSN), Honor Roll of Donors Oriental Inst (Chicago), etc. m. at Istanbul, Turkey, 1st June 1969 (rel.) and at Kensington Register Office, London 20th June 1969 (civil) H.H. Princess Mediha [Misirli] Khanum Effendi [Mediha Momtaz Hilmi] (b. at Cairo, Egypt, 12th May 1945), Trustee The Mohamed Ali Fndn (UK), Dir Hilmi & Assocs Ltd 1991-2011, Mbr Brd of The Assoc of Friends of Manial Palace Museum (FMPM) since 2006, elder daughter of (Sahib ul-Izza) Hasan Mumtaz Bey, by his wife, Adila Khanum, daughter of (Sahib ul-Izza) Ahmad Midhat ‘Abbas Yeghen Bey. He has issue one son and one daughter:
i) Nabil Muhammad Daud ‘Abdu’l-Munim Hilmi Bey [Prince Daoud Hilmi]. b. at St Mary’s Hospital, Paddington, London, 23rd July 1979. Travel, landscape, nature and street photographer settled in Istanbul, Turkey. Trustee The Mohamed Ali Fndn (UK), Dir Citi Pads Ltd 2004-2006, and Hilmi & Assocs Ltd 2009-2011. m. at Beyoğlu Belediyesi, Istanbul, Turkey, 15th October 2016, Deniz Balci, educ. Istanbul Bilgi Univ, Istanbul, Turkey.
i) Nabila Sabiha Fatima Khanum Effendi [Princess Sabiha Fatima Hilmi]. b. at Queen Charlotte’s Hospital, London, 28th June 1974. Trustee The Mohamed Ali Fndn (UK), Dir Hilmi & Assocs Ltd 2009-2011.
2) H.H. Prince Muhammad ‘Abdu’l-Kadir. b. 12th February 1902 (s/o Princess Iqbal), educ. Kubba Palace Sch, Cairo, and Fribourg, Switzerland. He d. at Montreux, Switzerland, 21st April 1919 (bur. Khedive Tawfik Mausoleum, Kait Bey, Cairo).
1) H.H. Princess Amina Khanum Effendi. b. at the Montazah Palace, near Alexandria, Egypt, 12th February 1895 (d/o Princess Iqbal), educ. privately. She d. unm. at Chubuklu, Istanbul, Turkey, 1954.
2) H.H. Princess Atiyatu’llah Khanum Effendi. b. at Cairo, Egypt, 11th May 1896 (d/o Princess Iqbal), educ. privately. m. (first) at the ‘Abdin Palace, Cairo, Egypt, 28th March 1913 (div. 22nd July 1922), Lieutenant-General H.E. Jalal ud-din Pasha Vlora (b. in the Caucasus, 1885; d. at Istanbul, 1930), Official Representative of the Khedive in Istanbul 1913, rcvd: the Imperial Orders of the Osmans (Nishan-i-Osmanieh) 1st class and Nobility (Nishan-i-Majidieh) 1st class of Turkey, GC of the Orders of the Crown of Persia, Star of Rumania, etc fourth son of H.H. Muhammad Farid Pasha Avlonyali, sometime Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire, by his wife, Rifa’at Khanum. m. (second) at Kandili, Bosphorus, 1st May 1928, as his second wife (sep), Shaukat Bey Kibrisli (d.s.p. at Paris, France, 1950, bur Karaja Ahmad Cemetery, Istanbul, Turkey), former husband of Mavhiba Khanum Effendi, and youngest son of Lieutenant-General H.E. Mustafa Sadr ud-din Pasha Kibrisli Morali, by his wife, Khatija Atiya Khanum Effendi, daughter of Field Marshal H.H. Muhammad Amin Pasha Kibrisli, sometime Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire. She d. at Istanbul, Turkey, 1971, having had issue, two sons by her first husband:
a) Muhammad Abbas Bey Vlora. b. at Istanbul, Turkey, 1914. He d. 2000.
b) Muhammad Ayub Sinan Bey Vlora. Settled in Berne, Switzerland. m. Gulerin Khanum [Gülören Vlora Germen], elder daughter of Murad Germen, sometime Governor of Manisa. He had issue, a son:
i) Osman Numan Vlora. b. 22nd February 1967, educ. Architectural Assoc Sch of Architecture (BA), London. Architect and architectural designer. Mbr Royal Inst of British Architects (RIBA). Dir Objectif Ltd 1994-2011. m. at Kensington, London, July 1994, Annaliese Jane Courtney Stubbs (b. at Hampstead, London, January 1966), Dir Objectif Ltd since 2002, daughter of Thomas Norman George Stubbs, of The Courtneys, Casterbridge Way, Gillingham, Dorset, by his wife, Ann Courtney, daughter of Charles Bain.
3) H.H. Princess Fathiya Khanum Effendi. b. at Hulvan, Egypt, 27th November 1897 (d/o Princess Iqbal), educ. privately. m. Hami Bey Dündar (d.s.p. at Beylerbeyi, Istanbul, Turkey, 1943), grandson of H.E. Muhammad Hasib Pasha, sometime Ottoman Minister for Finance and Charitable Endowments. She d.s.p. from tuberculosis, at Beylerbeyi, Istanbul, Turkey, 30th November 1923 (bur. Khedive Tawfik Mausoleum, Kait Bey, Cairo, Egypt).
4) H.H. Princess Lutfiya Shawkat Khanum Effendi. b. Montazah Palace, near Alexandria, Egypt, 29th September 1900 (d/o Princess Iqbal), educ. privately. m. at the Mermer Konak, Moda, Istanbul, Turkey, 5th May 1925, Omar Mukhtar Bey Katircioglu (b. at Istanbul, Turkey, 1902; d. at Chamlija, Scutari, Turkey, 15th July 1935), educ. Friedrich Schiller Univ of Jena, Thuringia, and Georg-August Univ of Göttingen, Lower Saxony, Germany, third son of General H.E. Mahmud Mukhtar Pasha, sometime Turkish Ambassador to Germany, by his wife H.H. Princess Ni’matu’llah Khanum Effendi, youngest daughter of H.H. Ismail Pasha, Khedive of Egypt, GCB, GCSI. She d. at Cairo, Egypt, 17th February 1976 (bur. Khedive Tawfik Mausoleum, Kait Bey, Cairo, Egypt), having had issue, two daughters:
a) Amina Nishi-Dil Khanum [Emine Neşedil]. b. at Istanbul, Turkey, 1927. m. Recep Bülent Talî Bey Tuzcuzade, from Izmir, Turkey. She had issue, three daughters:
b) Zahra Kadria Khanum. b. at Istanbul, Turkey, 2nd March 1929. m. at Istanbul, Turkey, 1949, Ahmad Cevat Tugay (b. 25th October 1922; d. at Istanbul, Turkey, 2nd March 2010), MD Firma Sicil Bilgileri 1989-2010, son of Major Osman Asaf Bey Tugay, sometime Deputy for Central Istanbul in the Ottoman Parliament, by his wife, Nasima Ni’matu’llah Khanum, daughter of Colonel Omar Muzaffar Bey Serdaroglu. She d. at Istanbul, Turkey, 14thth May 2012 (bur. there), having had issue, four sons and one daughters:
i) Yusuf Kamil Tugay. b. 1950. m. Adviya Khanum.
ii) Muhammad Bülent Tugay. b. 1953. Dir Firma Sicil Bilgileri since 2015. m. 1985, Semra Khanum, Dir Firma Sicil Bilgileri since 2015.
iii) Davud Osman Tugay. b. 1959. m. Shengul Khanum.
iv) Muhammad Salim Tugay [Mehmet Selim Tugay]. Dir Firma Sicil Bilgileri since 1989. Co-author “Komondo Han” (2007). m. Amina Khanum [Emine Çigdem Tugay], co-author “Komondo Han” (2007).
i) Fatima Najla Khanum [Professor Dr Necla Tugay Aytekin]. b. 1951, educ. Univ of Istanbul (MD 1974). m. (first) Dr Suad Okan, educ. Univ of Istanbul (MD 1974), Istanbul, Turkey. m. (second) Professor Dr Hamdi Aytekin. She had issue, by her first husband:
(1) Ebru Okan.
(2) Zainab Okan.
Khedive ‘Abbas Hilmi II also had issue, a son (name untraced) by Princess Alexandra Khouri Averino [Afrino] (b. 1872; d. 1927), founder and editor of the magazine “Anis al-Jalis” or “Le Lotus” (1898–1908) - mentioned in the Abbas Hilmi Papers, Durham University.