TUNISIA

Copyright©Prince Rafet Bey

The Husainid Dynasty

GENEALOGY

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Copyright©Prince Rafet BeyCopyright©Christopher Buyers
1824 - 1835 Lieutenant-General H.H. Abu ‘Abdu’llah Husain II Pasha, Beylerbeyi of Tunis. b. 5th March 1784, elder son of H.H. Amir al-Umara Abu’l ‘Abdu’llah Mahmud Pasha, Beylerbeyi of Tunis, by his first wife, H.H. Princess Amina [Menana] Beya, third daughter of H.H. Amir al-Umara Abu’l Hasan ‘Ali II Pasha, Beylerbeyi of Tunis, educ. privately. Appointed as Heir Apparent and formally invested with the title of Bey al-Mahalla, 20th February 1815. Proclaimed on the death of his father, 28th March 1824. Installed at the Palace of Bardo, 30th March 1824. Agreed to the abolition of Christian slavery in a treaty with France in 1830. Appointed to the rank of Brig-Gen (Amir al-Liva) in theImperial Ottoman Army 1815, prom Maj-Gen (Amir al-Umara) 1824, and prom Lieut-Gen (Ferik)  23/12/1831. Rcvd: the Decoration of the August Portrait (Tasvir-i Humayun Nishani) of Turkey (1832). m. (first) Lalla Fatima Beya (d. before 16th June 1855). m. (second) Lalla Fatima al-Munastiri (d. in childbirth, 24th March 1827, bur. Husainid Mausoleum, Turbat al-Bey, the Madina, Tunis), widow of Si Muhammad bin Qayiji Muhammad al-Turki [Mohamed Gaïgy], sometime Bash Hamba of the Janissaries, sister of Abu’l ‘Abbas Ahmad al-Munastiri, and a descendant of Muhammad bin ‘Usman Dey. m. (third) Lalla Nafissa. m. (fourth) Lalla Saliha [Saluha], probably a former slave. m. (fifth) Lalla Hanifa, probably another former slave. He d. at the Palace of Bardo, 20th May 1835 (bur. Husainid Mausoleum, Turbat al-Bey, the Madina, Tunis), having had issue, nine sons and seven daughters:
  • 1) H.H. Muhammad [M‘hamed] Pasha, Bey and Possessor of the Kingdom of Tunis (s/o Lalla Fatima al-Munastiri) - see below.
  • 2) H.H. Muhammad as-Sadiq [Sadoq] Pasha, Bey and Possessor of the Kingdom of Tunis (s/o Lalla Fatima al-Munastiri) - see below.
  • 3) Lieutenant-General H.H. Prince (Sidi) Abu Muhammad Hammuda Bey. b. 1816 (s/o Lalla Fatima al-Munastiri), educ. privately. Invested as Heir Apparent with the title of Bey al-Mahalla and the style of His Highness, 22nd September 1859 (confirmed by the Imperial Firman 26th April 1861). Regent during the absence of the Pasha-Bey in Algiers 1860. Vice-Presdt Privy Council 1861-1863. Rcvd: the Nishan al-Ahad al-Aman, Nishan ad-Dam, and GC of the Nishan al-Iftikhar. m. (first) at the Baît al-Basha, the Palace of Bardo, 15th October 1826 (nikah) and before 9th January 1834 (zifaf), Lalla Qamar [Kmar?], a former slave girl who was raised in the household of Mahmud Pasha. m. (second) shortly before 1863, Lalla Mahbuba, another former slave girl. He d.s.p. at his mansion in La Marsa, 13th August 1863.
  • 4) H.H. Abu’l Hasan ‘Ali III Pasha, Bey and Possessor of the Kingdom of Tunis (s/o Lalla Fatima al-Munastiri) - see below.
  • 5) Prince (Sidi) Muhammad al-Ma‘mun [Mimoune] Bey. b. before 19th October 1819, educ. privately. Rcvd: the Nishan ad-Dam, and GC of the Nishan al-Iftikhar, etc. m. Lalla Fatima. He d. 16th November 1861, having had issue, an only son:
    • a) H.H. Muhammad al-Habib [Lahbib] Pasha, Bey and Possessor of the Kingdom of Tunis - see below.
  • 6) Lieutenant-General H.H. Prince (Sidi) Muhammad al-Taib Bey. b. 27th July 1822, educ. privately. Invested as Heir Apparent with the title of Bey al-Mahalla and the style of His Highness, 1st November 1882. Lieut-Gen Beylical Army 1/11/1882. Rcvd: the Nishan al-Ahad al-Aman al-Murassa (1.11.1882), Nishan ad-Dam, and GC of the Nishan al-Iftikhar, GC of the Order of the Legion of Honour of France in brilliants (x.5.1865). m. Lalla Saliha [Saluha], a former slave girl? He d. 3rd December 1898, having had issue, an only daughter:
    • a) Princess (Lalla) Saida. m. Si ‘Ali Zaccaria, sometime ADC to her father. She had issue.Copyright©Christopher Buyers
  • 7) Prince (Sidi) Muhammad al-Amin Bey. b. 23rd March 1827? (s/o Lalla Fatima al-Munastiri). He d. before 4th January 1878.
  • 8) Prince (Sidi) Muhammad al-Tahir [Tahar] Bey. b. 1828, educ. privately. Rcvd: the Nishan ad-Dam, and GC of the Nishan al-Iftikhar, etc. m. before 1st July 1859, Lalla Aziza (d. before 2nd March 1938, daughter of Si Bashir bin Sulaiman Kahiya. He d.s.p. before 25th March 1871.
  • 9) Prince (Sidi) Muhammad al-Adil [Mohamed El-Adel] Bey. b. before 11th June 1831 (s/o Lalla Saliha), educ. privately. Rebelled against his brother in 1865. Arrested and imprisoned. Rcvd: the Nishan ad-Dam, and GC of the Nishan al-Iftikhar, etc. m. before 1st July 1859, Lalla Zanaika [a.k.a. Zuleikha] (d. at a great age, January 1922), daughter of Major-General Abu Muhammad Bahram, sometime Agha Hamba, by his wife, Jenaina bint ‘Abdu’llah, née Angelina Sanna, daughter of Salvatore Sanna, a Christian captive originally from Castelsardo, Sardinia. He d. in prison of camp fever (or poisoned as reported by the American Consul), at Bardo Palace, 4th November 1867 (bur. Turbat al-Bey, the Madina, Tunis), having had issue, one son and one daughter:
    • a) Lieutenant-General H.H. Prince (Sidi) Mahmud al-Adil [Mahmoud El-Adel] Bey. b. at La Manouba, 9th October 1866, educ. privately. Invested as Heir Apparent with the title of Bey al-Mahalla and the style of His Highness, 29th February 1929. Lieut-Gen Beylical Army 29/2/1929. Rcvd: the Nishan al-Ahad al-Aman al-Murassa (29.2.1929), Nishan ad-Dam, and GC of the Nishan al-Iftikhar, GO of the Order of the Legion of Honour of France (29.2.1929), etc. m. Lalla Fatima Beya (d. November 1953), daughter of Si Muhammad Zarruq, by his wife, Princess Aziza, third daughter H.H. Abu’l Hasan ‘Ali III Pasha, Bey and Possessor of the Kingdom of Tunis. He d. 26th February 1939, having had issue, two sons and three daughters:
      • i) Prince (Sidi) Muhammad al-Munji [El-Mongi] Bey. b. 7th January 1897. Rcvd: the Nishan ad-Dam, and GC of the Nishan al-Iftikhar, etc. m. Lalla Taj ul-Bakht [Bakhta], daughter of Si Rashid Kahiya, by his wife, Princess Qamar, youngest daughter of Prince Husain Bey, Bey al-Taula. He d. at La Marsa, 5th November 1960, having had issue, three sons and three daughters:
        • (1) Prince (Sidi) Muhammad Nasir ud-din [Naceur Eddine] Bey. b. 3rd November 1916. m. Princess (Lalla) Assia [Essia], elder daughter of Prince Muhammad bin Salah Bey, by his wife, Princess Fatima, younger daughter of Prince Murad Bey. He d. ca. 1970, having had issue, two sons and four daughters:
          • (a) Prince (Sidi) Mahmud Bey. b. 9th September 1941. He d. 19xx (?).
          • (b) Prince (Sidi) Muhammad al-Munsif [Moncef] Bey. b. 1945 (?). m. Lalla Hadia [Hédia], née Zneïdi. He has issue, three sons:
            • (i) Prince (Sidi) Muhammad Nasir ud-din [Naceur Eddine] Bey. b. ca. 1972.
            • (ii) Prince (Sidi) Iskander [Skander] Bey.
            • (iii) Prince (Sidi) Murad [Mourad] Bey. Copyright©Christopher Buyers
          • (a) Princess (Lalla) Husnia [Housnia]. b. 4th January 1943. m. Si Hashmi [Hechmi] Kahiya, son of Si Khair ud-din Kahiya, by his wife, Princess Saliha, second daughter of Lieutenant-General H.H. Prince Mahmud al-Adil Bey, Bey al-Mahalla. She had issue, two sons and two daughters.
          • (b) Princess (Lalla) Traki [Traqui].
          • (c) Princess (Lalla) Qamar [Kmar].
          • (d) Princess (Lalla) Naila [Neïla].
        • (2) Prince (Sidi) Muhammad al-Adil [El Adel] Bey. b. 20th March 1927. He d.v.p. December 1928.
        • (3) Prince (Sidi) Muhammad al-Adil [El Adel] Bey. b. 21st August 1934, and named after his late brother. m. Princess (Lalla) Hadia [Hédia], younger daughter of Prince Muhammad Bey, by his wife, Princess Fatima, younger daughter of Prince Murad Bey. He d. August 1975, having had issue, two sons and three daughters:
          • (a) Prince (Sidi) Muhammad [Hamouda] Bey. b. 1955. He d. young.
          • (b) Prince (Sidi) Muhammad al-Munji [El-Mongi] Bey. b. 1962.
          • (a) Princess (Lalla) Nabra [Nebra]. b. December 1953.
          • (b) Princess (Lalla) Lama‘a. b. 8th November 1957. m. at La Marsa, 27th August 1981, Prince (Sidi) Sana‘a al-Mulk Bey (b. at La Marsa, 5th July 1953), elder son of Prince Zainal-Abidin Bey, by his third wife, Lalla Suad, daughter of Si Muhammad al-Habib. She has issue, two sons and one daughter - see below.
          • (c) Princess (Lalla) Nura [Noura]. b. 1964.
        • (1) Princess (Lalla) Ayn al-Hayat. b. 1914. m. Prince (Sidi) Muhammad Rashid [Rechid] Bey (b. at Manouba, 12th August 1907; d. 17th May 1978), youngest son of Prince Muhammad as-Said Bey, by his wife, Lalla Zainab, daughter of H.E. Sidi Ahmad Haidar, Lord Privy Seal to ‘Ali III. She d. 1st December 1992, having had issue, a son - see below.
        • (2) Princess (Lalla) Zanaika [Zeneïkha]. b. 1925. m. (first) Ibrahim al-Habib [Brahim el-Habib] (k. 1957). m. (second) Si ‘Abdu’l Kabir al-Dragut [Kbaïar Darghouth].
        • (3) Princess (Lalla) Saida. b. 1937. m. Mustafa Missoum, an Algerian national. Copyright©Christopher Buyers
      • ii) Prince (Sidi) ‘Abdu’l Rahman [Abderrahman] Bey. b. 26th October 1903. Rcvd: the Nishan ad-Dam, and GC of the Nishan al-Iftikhar. m. (first) ca. 1928 (div. 1936, remarried and div. again March 1937) Lalla Asma [Seïma] Jaouada (b. at Tunis, ca. 1895; d. at El Menzah, Tunis, 11th October 1989), daughter of Mukhtar Jaouada, a saddler, by his wife, Habiba, daughter of ‘Ali Bahram (son of Major-General Abu Muhammad Bahram, sometime Agha Hamba, by his wife, The Noble Angelina Raffo). m. (second) Lalla Henani, daughter of Si ‘Ali Lajimi [Aldjimi], by his wife, Traki El Kamel. He d. 1978 (?).
      • i) Princess (Lalla) Janaina [Dejneïna]. b. 1901. m. Si Muhammad Hadi al-Habib [Mohamed-Hedi El Habib] (b. 1903), elder son of younger son of Si Hamida al-Habib. She d. March 1959, having had issue, including two sons and three daughters:
        • (1) Si ‘Abdu’l Aziz al-Habib [Abdelaziz El Habib]. m. Princess (Lalla) Nafisa [Nefoussa Bey] (b. 11th January 1936), daughter of Prince ‘Umar Bey, by his wife, Princess Sassia, only daughter of Lieutenant-General H.H. Prince Muhammad al-Bashir Bey, Bey al-Mahalla. He had issue.
        • (2) Si Munsif al-Habib [Moncef El Habib]. m. Lalla Hédia, née Farhat.
        • (1) Lalla Sa’adia [Souad El Habib]. b. 12th February 1928. m. August 1952, as his third wife, Prince (Sidi) Zainal-Abidin [Zine-El-Abidine] Bey (b. 11th March 1921; d. at La Marsa, 22nd February 1984), son of Prince Muhammad ‘Abd’al Aziz Bey, Bey al-Taula, by his first wife, Lalla Qamar, daughter of Si Laroussi Dellagi. She d. 31st March 2009, having had issue, two sons and one daughter – see below.
        • (2) Lalla Najiba [Néjiba El Habib]. m. Si ‘Abdu’l Majid as-Sakir [Abdelmajid Esseghir]. She had issue.
        • (3) Lalla Jalila [Jalila El Habib]. m. Si ... Adhoum. She had issue, a son.
      • ii) Princess (Lalla) Saliha [Saluha]. b. 1905. m. Si Khair ud-din Kahiya, son of Si Rashid Kahiya, by his wife, Princess Qamar, fourth daughter of Prince Husain Bey, Bey al-Taula. She d. 21st April 1986, having had issue, two sons.
      • iii) Princess (Lalla) Bahija [Béhidja]. b. 1909. m. Prince (Sidi) Sulaiman [Sliman] Bey (b. at Manouba, 3rd September 1906; d. ca. 1968), fourth son of Prince Muhammad as-Said Bey, by his wife, Lalla Zainab, daughter of Sidi Ahmad Haidar, Lord Privy Seal to ‘Ali III. She d. ca. 1979, having had issue, three sons and two daughters - see below.
    • a) Princess (Lalla) Saliha [Saluha].
  • 1) Princess (Lalla) Mamia al-Kabira [Beya al-Kabira]. m. before 25th December 1821 (div. September 1837), Lieutenant-General H.E. (Sahib al-Ma’ali) Sidi Ismail Kahiya as-Saghir (d. before 5th June 1864, bur. Turbat al-Bey, the Madina, Tunis), sometime Agha of Béja, Kahiya al-Mahalla, and Minister for Marine 1863-1864, a former Georgian mamluk of Hammuda Pasha. She d. 1870, having had issue, two sons:
    • a) Si Muhammad Kahiya. m. Lalla Mahbuba [Mahbouba], younger daughter of Lieutenant-General H.E. (Sahib ud-Daula) Sidi Sulaiman Kahiya as-Saghir, sometime C-in-C and Chief Minister, by his wife, Princess Aziza, eldest daughter of H.H. Amir al-Umara Abu’l ‘Abdu’llah Mahmud Pasha, Bey of Tunis. He had issue, a son:
      • i) Si Mukhtar Kahia. He had issue, a son:  Copyright©Christopher Buyers
        • (1) Si Ali Kahiya. m. a cousin from another branch of the Kahiya family. He had issue, a son:
          • (a) Si Tahir Kahiya. m. Lalla Halluma, daughter of Si Bashir Kahiya. He had issue:
            • (i) Lalla Mamia (b. at Tunis, 9th December 1936. m. at the Palace of Carthage, 31st October 1954 (div. 1974) H.R.H. Prince (Sidi) Muhammad Ra‘fat [Rafete] Bey (b. at Carthage, 4th December 1934), eldest son of H.R.H. Prince Muhammad Bey, by his wife, Lalla Safiya. She had issue - see below.
  • 2) Princess (Lalla) Hafsia [Kafassia]. m. before 25th December 1821, Major-General Sidi Abu’l Hasan ‘Ali al-Qayiji [Allala Gaïgy] (d. 16th November 1854, son of Si Muhammad bin Qayiji Muhammad al-Turki [Mohamed Gaïgy], a Turkish officer and sometime Bash Hamba of the Janissaries, by his wife, Lalla Fatima al-Munastiri, later wife of Husain II Pasha (see above).
  • 3) Princess (Lalla) Kabira [Kabboura]. m. before 25th December 1821, Lieutenant-General H.E. (Sahib al-Ma’ali) Sidi Husain Khoja [Hassine Khodja] (d. at Tunis, before 10th August 1858, sometime Bash Mamluk and Capt. of the Guards, Chief Minister 1822-1829, né Giuseppe Certa, originally from the island of Favignana, near Sicily. She d. before 1873, having had issue, including:
    • a) Si Muhammad Shazli [Chédly]. m. Princess (Lalla) Khadija, second daughter of Field Marshal H.H. Muhammad Pasha, Bey and Possessor of the Kingdom of Tunis. He had issue, one son.
    • a) Lalla Janaina [Djeneïna]. m. Prince (Sidi) Husain [Ahsin] Bey, Bey al-Taula (b. 1836; d. at Manouba, 26th July 1890), eldest son of Field Marshal H.H. Muhammad Pasha, Bey and Possessor of the Kingdom of Tunis. She had issue, four sons and five daughters - see below. Copyright© Christopher Buyers
  • 4) Princess (Lalla) Aisha [Aïcha]. m. (first) at the Baît al-Basha, Palace of Bardo, 15th October 1826 (nikah) and 1833 (zifaf), Lieutenant-General H.E. (Sahib ud-Daula) Sidi Rashid al-Shakir Sahib at-Taba‘a (b. ca. 1795; k. (strangled) at the Palace of Bardo, 11th September 1837), a former mamluk of Hammuda Pasha-Bey of Circassian origin, sometime Ferik al-Assa, Lord Privy Seal and Chief Minister 1829-1837, Special Envoy to the Sutlan of Turkey 1835, Governor of the Coastal Region 1836-1837. m. (second) Si Kara ‘Usman [Othman] (d. 21st June 1869, a former mamluk of Lieutenant-General H.E. (Sahib ud-Daula) Sidi Sulaiman Kahiya as-Saghir. She d. after 1888, having had issue, a son by her first husband:
    • a) Sidi Muhammad ar-Rauf [Mohamed-Erraouf]. b. ca. 1834. m. Lalla Fatima, née Gaïgi. He d. after 1888, having had issue, one son and five daughters:
      • i) Si ‘Ali bin Muhammad ur-Rauf [Ali Erraouf]. m. Princess (Lalla) Kabira [Kébira] (b. before 1866), second daughter of Prince Mustafa Bey, Bey al-Taula.
      • i) Lalla Khadija Beya. b. 1858. m. 1876, H.H. Muhammad al-Hadi Pasha, Possessor of the Kingdom of Tunis (b. at the Palace of Bardo, 24th June 1855; d. at the Palace of Dermech, near Carthage, 11th May 1906, and bur. Turbat al-Bey, the Madina, Tunis), second son of H.H. Abu’l Hasan ‘Ali III Pasha, Bey and Possessor of the Kingdom of Tunis. She d. 5th December 1905, having had issue, two sons, and three daughters - see below.
      • ii) Lalla Janina Beya. m. as his first wife, H.H. Ahmad II Pasha, Bey and Possessor of the Kingdom of Tunis (b. at the Dar al-Taj Palace, La Marsa, 13th April 1862; d. at La Marsa, 19th June 1942, and bur. Turbat al-Bey, the Madina, Tunis), fourth son of H.H. Abu’l Hasan Ali III Pasha, Bey and Possessor of the Kingdom of Tunis. She d. at Tunis, 1936, having had issue from nineteen pregnancies - see below.
      • iii) Lalla Mamia. m. (first) Prince (Sidi) Sulaiman [Sliman] Bey (b. December 1867; d. at La Marsa, 28th July 1903), fifth son of H.H. Abu’l Hasan ‘Ali III Pasha, Bey and Possessor of the Kingdom of Tunis. H.H. Muhammad al-Nasir [El Naceur] Pasha, Bey and Possessor of the Kingdom of Tunis, GCMG (b. at La Marsa, 14th July 1855; d. at Dar al-Taj Palace, La Marsa, 8th July 1922, bur. Turbat al-Bey, the Madina, Tunis), younger son of Field Marshal H.H. Muhammad Pasha, Bey of Tunis. She d. 12th February 1922, , having had issue, two sons and one daughter by her first husband - see below.
      • iv) Lalla Shazliya [Chédliya].
      • v) Lalla Habiba. Copyright©Christopher Buyers
  • 5) Princess (Lalla) Mamia. m. Major-General H.E. Si Ismail as-Sunni (b. before 1802; m. second, a daughter of Kahiya, and k. (strangled on the orders of the Bey), 5th October 1867), Governor of Djerba 1855-1859, Presdt. Court of Cessation 1860-1864, cdr. of an unsuccessful exped. during the 1864 revolt. She d. March 1859, having had issue, including:
    • a) Lalla Fatima. m. at Burj Janaina, Manouba, 17th September 1875, as his first wife, H.H. Muhammad al-Nasir [El Naceur] Pasha, Bey and Possessor of the Kingdom of Tunis, GCMG (b. at La Marsa, 14th July 1855; d. at Dar al-Taj Palace, La Marsa, 8th July 1922, and bur. Turbat al-Bey, the Madina, Tunis), younger son of Field Marshal H.H. Muhammad Pasha, Bey of Tunis. She d. 1911 - see below.
  • 6) Princess (Lalla) Amina [Menana]. m. Major-General Si ‘Ali Kahiya, sometime Agha of Béja, younger son of Lieutenant-General H.E. (Sahib ud-Daula) Sidi Sulaiman Kahiya as-Saghir, sometime C-in-C and Chief Minister, by his wife, Princess Aziza, younger daughter of H.H. Amir al-Umara Abu’l ‘Abdu’llah Mahmud Pasha, Bey of Tunis. She had issue, one son and one daughter.
  • 7) Princess (Lalla) Zanukha [Zeneïkha]. m. Lieutenant-General H.E. (Sahib al-Ma’ali) Sidi Ahmad Zarruq (d. May 1881), sometime ADC to Prince Hammuda, prom. Lieut-Gen. 1856, Governor of Le Kef 1856-1857, of Djerid 1862-1865, Sousse & Monastir 1865, and of Arad 1869, cdr. of the exped. to Arad 1864, Minister for War 1865-1870, and for Marine 1877-1881, rcvd: the Nishan al-Ahad al-Aman, GC of the Nishan al-Iftikhar, etc., a former slave of Sidi Muhammad al-‘Arabi al-Zarruq [Larbi Zarrouk], sometime Treasurer. She d. 1868/1869, having had issue, one son:
    • a) Si Muhammad Zarruq [Mohamed Zarrouk]. m. (div.) Princess (Lalla) Aziza (m. second, ca. 1894, Sidi Salah Bey), third daughter H.H. Abu’l Hasan ‘Ali III Pasha, Bey and Possessor of the Kingdom of Tunis. He d. 10th November 1899, having had issue, three sons and two daughters, including: Copyright©Christopher Buyers
      • i) Lalla Fatima Beya. m. Lieutenant-General H.H. Prince (Sidi) Mahmud al-Adil [Mahmoud El-Adel] Bey (b. at La Manouba, 9th October 1866; d. 26th February 1939), only son of Prince Muhammad al-Adil Bey, by his wife, Lalla Zanaika, daughter of Major-General Abu Muhammad Bahram, sometime Agha Hamba. She d. November 1953, having had issue, two sons and three daughters - see above.
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