MALAYSIA

THE KINGS or SUPREME HEADS OF STATE

(Yang di-Pertuan Agong)

Copyright©Christopher Buyers
1957 - 1960 H.M. Paduka Sri Baginda Tuanku ‘Abdu’l Rahman ibni al-Marhum Tuanku Muhammad, by the Grace of God of the States and Territories of the Federation of Malaysia Yang di-Pertuan Agong, GCMG (1.1.1957, KCMG 14.3.1934). b. at Istana Lama, Sri Menanti, 24th August 1895, second son of Colonel H.H. Paduka Sri Tuanku Muhammad Shah ibni al-Marhum Tuanku Antah, Yang di-Pertuan Besar of Negri Sembilan, GCMG, KCVO, by his second wife, H.H. Tunku Halija binti Tunku Muda Chik, Tuanku Ampuan, daughter of Y.A.M. Tunku Aminu’llah ibni al-Marhum Tuanku Nasir ud-din, Tunku Muda Chik, educ. Malay Sch, Kuala Jempol, Malay Coll, Kuala Kangsar, and the Inner Tmple, London. Barr-at-Law 1928. Granted the title of Tunku Muda of Serting ca. 1912. Attaché Federal Secretariat Kuala Lumpur 1915-1916, cmsnd as 2nd-Lieut Negri Sembilan Btn Malay Volunteer Infantry (MVI) 1915 (as “Lieutenant Muda”), prom Lieut 1916, joined MAS as ADO at Seremban 1921, ADO at Klang 1921-1922, ADO Hulu Selangor 1922-1923, ADO Pegawai Darah 1923-1925, attaché Supreme Court 1925, ADO Tapah 1928-1930, 2nd Magistrate KL 1930-1931, Assist Registrar Ipoh 1931-1932, ADO Kuala Langat 1932-1933, DO Batang Padang 1933. Elected on the death of his father as Yang di-Pertuan Besar of Negri Sembilan 2nd August 1933. Proclaimed at Sri Menanti, 3rd August 1933. Installed at the Old Istana, Sri Menanti, 25th April 1934. Attented the Coronation of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth in London 1937. Acceded to the Malayan Union 14th November 1945 (effective) 1st April 1946 and the Federation of Malaya 21st January 1948 (effective 1st February 1948). Elected as the first King of the independent Federation of Malaya with the title of Yang di-Pertuan Agong and style of His Majesty, 31st August 1957. Installed at Istana Negara, Kuala Lumpur, 2nd September 1957. Hon Col 3rd (Negri Sembilan) Btn Federated Malay States Volunteer Force (FMSVF), 3/8/1933-1942. Rcvd: DMN (31.8.1958), Silver Jubilee (1935) and Coron medals (1937 and 1953), DK of Brunei (23.4.1959). m. (first) at Singapore, 1919 (div.) Cik Engku Maimuna binti ‘Abdu’llah (b. at Grik, Upper Perak, 28th October 1897; m. second, … Arnold, and d. at Seremban, 20th March 1981, bur. at the Royal Cemetery, Sri Menanti), née Dulcibella [Dulcie] Campbell, rcvd: BEM, PJK, former nurse at the Government Hospital in Kuala Lumpur, eldest daughter of The Hon Clement Gilroy Campbell (or Clement Kilroy Campbell, Irishman born at Allahabad in 1873, son of a Mr Kilroy, his mother marrying secondly a Mr Campbell and the son taking both surnames), sometime Forest Officer, rubber planter and writer, of Raja Alang Estate, Kajang, by his wife, Juliet Ada Roderick, an Anglo-Indian lady. m. (second) at Sri Menanti, March 1921 (div. 1923), Y.M. Tunku Mahar un-nisa binti Tengku Mambang [Maharun] (b. 1905; m. second, Y.M. Tunku Haji ‘Abdu’l Rahim bin Tunku Muda Chik, and d. 5th January 1988, bur. at the Royal Cemetery, Sri Menanti), daughter of Y.M. Tengku Mambang ibni al-Marhum Yam Tuan Tuanku ‘Abdu’llah [Mabang], of Jelebu, by his wife, Y.A.M. Tunku Aisha binti al-Marhum Tuanku Antah [Esah], Tunku Putri, daughter of H.H. Paduka Sri Tuanku Antah ibni al-Marhum Tuanku Nasir ud-din, Yang di-Pertuan Besar of Sri Menanti. m. (third) at Sri Menanti, 21st March 1929, H.R.H. Tunku Kursiah binti Tunku Besar Burhan ud-din, Tuanku Ampuan Besar (b. at the Istana Baroh, Sri Menanti, 16th May 1911; d. 2nd February 1999), educ. Malay Sch, Sri Menanti, and Govt English Sch, Kuala Pilah, invested as Tuanku Ampuan Besar with the style of Her Highness at the Old Istana, Sri Menanti, 21st April 1934, and as Raja Permaisuri Agong of Malaysia with the style of Her Royal Highness at Istana Negara, Kuala Lumpur, 2nd September 1957, Founder Women’s Inst of Negri Sembilan, Presdt National Islamic Women’s Welfare Council 1961-1999, and Negri Sembilan Girl Guides Assoc, Patron Women’s Inst of Malaya 1957-1960 and Girl Guides Assoc of Malaya 1957-1960, rcvd: DKNS (1980), DMN (5.6.1980), SMN (31.8.1958), eldest daughter of Y.A.M. Tunku Burhan ud-din ibni al-Marhum Tuanku Antah, Tunku Besar. m. (fourth) 1948, H.R.H. Tunku Zaidah binti Tunku Zakaria (b. at Sri Menanti, 27th October 1922; d. 4th February 1989, bur. at the Royal Cemetery, Sri Menanti), educ. Tuanku Muhammad Sch, Kuala Pilah, granted the personal style of Yang Teramat Mulia (Her Royal Highness) 1965, Vice-Presdt Girl Guides Assoc of Malaya, daughter of Y.B.M. Tunku Zakaria bin Tunku Mabang, by his wife, Y.M. Cik Zamiah, ward of Colonel H.H. Paduka Sri Tuanku Muhammad Shah ibni al-Marhum Tuanku Antah, Yang di-Pertuan Besar of Negri Sembilan, GCMG, KCVO. He d. at Istana Negara, Kuala Lumpur, 1st April 1960 (bur. at the Royal Cemetery, Sri Menanti), having had issue, three sons and five daughters – see Malaysia(Negri Sembilan).
Copyright©Christopher Buyers
Copyright©Christopher Buyers
1960 H.M. Paduka Sri Baginda Sultan Hisham ud-din Alam Shah al-Haj ibni al-Marhum Sultan ‘Ala ud-din Sulaiman Shah, by the Grace of God of the States and Territories of the Federation of Malaysia Yang di-Pertuan Agong, KCMG (9.6.1938). b. at Bandar Termasha, Kuala Langat, Selangor, 13th May 1898, third son of Colonel H.H. Paduka Sri Sultan Sir ‘Ala ud-din Sulaiman Shah ibni al-Marhum Yang di-Pertuan Muda Musa, Sultan and Yang di-Pertuan of Selangor, GCMG, KCVO, by his second wife, Cik Hasnah binti Pilong, educ. Malay Sch, Bandar Kuala Langat and Malay Coll, Kuala Kangsar. Presdt Sultan ‘Ala ud-din Mosque Cttee 1925, ADC to his father 1931, Presdt Arabic Schools Brd 1933, MSC Selangor 1934-1938. Granted the title of Tengku Panglima di-Raja, 1920, promoted to Tengku Laksamana in 1931. Appointed as Heir Apparent 31st October 1934 and formally installed with the title of Raja Muda, at Istana Mahkora, Klang, 20th July 1936. Succeeded on the death of his father, 31st March 1938. Installed, at Istana Mahkora, Klang, 4th April 1938. Crowned as Sultan and Yang di-Pertuan Negeri Selangor Dar ul-Ihsan, at Istana Mahkora, Klang, 26th January 1939. Summoned to King’s House, Kuala Lumpur, and deposed by the Japanese military commander, 15th January 1942. Restored on the return of the British Military Administration to Klang, 14th September 1945. Attended the Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II, at Westminster Abbey in London, 1953. Elected as the fist Deputy Head of State of the Federation of Malaya with the title of Timbalan Yang di-Pertuan Agong, 3rd August 1957. Installed at Istana Negara, Kuala Lumpur, 2nd September 1957. Became King of the Federation of Malaya with the title of Yang di-Pertuan Agung on the death of the then incumbent, 1st April 1960. Installed at Istana Negara, Kuala Lumpur, 30th July 1960. Hon Col 2nd (Selangor) Btn, FMS Volunteer Force 8/6/1938-1942. Hon Group Capt SSVAF 1/1/1941-1942. Vice-Presdt Klang Rotary Club 1931-1938. Rcvd: DMN (31.8.1958), DK of Brunei (23.9.1958), King George V Silver Jubilee (1935), King George VI Coron (1937), and Queen Elizabeth II (1953) medals. m. (first) at Istana Mahkora, Klang 1919, H.R.H. Raja Hajjah Jema’ah binti Raja Ahmad, Tengku Ampuan (b. at Bandar Termasha, Kuala Langat, Selangor, 1900; d. at Klang, 8th April 1973, bur. Sultan Sulaiman Royal Mausoleum, Klang), crowned beside her husband as Tengku Ampuan at Istana Mahkora, Klang 26th January 1939, and as Raja Permaisuri Agong of Malaysia with the style of Her Royal Highness at Istana Negara, Kuala Lumpur, 30th July 1960, Lady Visitor Kuala Lumpur Malay Hospital 1935-1937, rcvd: DK (7.6.1973), daughter of Y.M. Raja Ahmad of Selangor, by his wife, Y.M. Raja Fatima binti Raja Tahir. m. (second) 1927, Cik Puan Hajjah Kalsum binti Haji Mahmud [Che’ Som] (b. 1913; d. 6th May 1990). m. (third) H.R.H. Raja Halija binti Paduka Sri Sultan Sir Idris Murshid al-Azzam Shah Rahmatu’llah, Tengku Ampuan, daughter of Colonel H.H. Maulana Paduka Sri Sultan Sir Idris Murshid al-Azzam Shah Rahmatu’llah ibni al-Marhum Raja Bendahara Alang Iskandar, Sultan of Perak, GCMG, GCVO, by his second wife, H.H. Cik Haji Ngah Uteh Maria binti Haji Sulaiman, Tengku Permaisuri, daughter of Haji Encik’ Sulaiman. He d. at Istana Tetamu, Kuala Lumpur, 1st September 1960 (bur. Sultan Sulaiman Royal Mausoleum, Klang), having had issue, four sons and three daughters – see Malaysia (Selangor).
Copyright©Christopher Buyers
Copyright©Christopher Buyers
Copyright©Christopher Buyers
1960 - 1965 H.M. Paduka Sri Baginda Tuanku Syed Harun Putra ibni al-Marhum Syed Hasan Jamal ul-Lail, by the Grace of God of the States and Territories of Malaysia Yang di-Pertuan Agong, KCMG (31.5.1956, CMG 10.6.1948). b. at Arau, Perlis, 25th November 1920, elder son of Y.M. Tuan Syed Hasan ibni al-Marhum Tuan Syed Mahmud al-Haj Jamal ul-Lail, Bakal Raja, by his wife, Y.M. Wan Teh binti Wan Endut, educ. Malay Sch, Arau, English Govt Sch, the Hutchings Sch and Penang Free Sch, Georgetown, Penang. Appointed as Heir Presumptive with the title of Bakal Raja, 30th April 1938. Joined Perlis Govt Service 1939, Court Attaché at Kangar 1939-1940, Attaché Land Office Kuala Lumpur 1940-1941 and 2nd Magistrate in the Kuala Lumpur Criminal Court at KL 1941. Deposed as Heir Presumptive by the Perlis State Council on the orders of the Japanese, 13th January 1942. Succeeded on the deposition of his uncle, Syed Hamzah, as Raja of Perlis Indra Kayangan, 17th September 1945. Installed at the Istana di-Raja, Arau, 4th December 1945. Crowned there on 12th March 1949. Elected as Deputy Supreme Head of State of the Federation of Malaya with the title of Timbalan Yang di-Pertuan Agong 14th April 1960. Became King of the Federation of Malaya with the title of Yang di-Pertuan Agong and the style of His Majesty, 1st September 1960 (King of Malaysia from 16th September 1963). Installed at Kuala Lumpur, 4th January 1961. Completed his reign and returned to Perlis, 19th August 1965. Col the Federation Regiment 3/9/1959 -1960, Col-in-Chief the Federation Reconnaissance Corps 1/1/1960-4/6/1961, and the Royal Ranger Regt 1997-2000 (Hon Col 11/11/1971-1997), prom Hon Gen Royal Malaysian Army 11/11/1971, and Field Marshal 24/7/1984. Founded the Most Esteemed Royal Family Order of Perlis and the Honourable Order of the Crown of Perlis, 1965. Chancellor Univ Sains Malaysia (previously Penang Univ) 1972-2000. Rcvd: DK, DKM (1965), DMN (31.8.1958), SMN, SSPJ (4.12.1995), SPMP, DK of Brunei (23.9.1958), DK of Selangor, DK of Kelantan, SPMP, SPDK of Sabah (1971), DP of Sarawak, DK of Kedah, DK of Pahang (24.10.1980), the Orders of Rajamitribhorn of Thailand (20.6.1962), and Pakistan 1st class (Nishan-i-Pakistan) (28.12.1961), the Collars of the Orders of the Chrysanthemum of Japan (15.6.1964), Husain ibn ‘Ali of Jordon (24.4.1965), the Badr Chain of Saudi Arabia (3.4.1965), and the Nile of Egypt (17.4.1965), Raja of the Order of Sikatuna of the Philippines (10.2.1961), GC of the Royal Order of Cambodia (1962), and QEII Coron. medal (1953). m. (first) at Kampung Telipot, Kota Bharu, Kelantan, 7th March 1941, H.R.H. Tengku Hajjah Budriah binti al-Marhum Tengku Ismail, Raja Perampuan Besar (b. at Kuala Krai, Kelantan, 28th March 1924; d. at Kuala Lumpur, 28th November 2008, bur. Royal Mausoleum, Arau), educ. Kuala Kerai English Sch, and the Anglo Chinese Girl's Sch, Ipoh, Perak, granted the title of Raja Permaisuri 19th January 1946 and became Raja Perampuan Besar 2000, Patron Girl Guides Assoc of Malaysia 1960-1965, rcvd: DMN of Malaysia (20.6.1962, SMN 11.6.1959), SSPJ (4.12.1995), DK of Kelantan, daughter of Y.A.M. Tengku Mek Haji Ismail ibni al-Marhum Tengku Besar, of Patani, by his wife, Y.A.M. Tengku Besar Tengku Zubaida binti ibni al-Marhum Tengku ‘Abdu’l Kadir Kamar ud-din, eldest daughter of H.H. Tengku ‘Abdu’l Kadir Kamar ud-din ibni al-Marhum Sultan Sulaiman Sharif Ala ud-din Shah, Raja of Patani. m. (second) at Bangkok, Thailand, 18th July 1952, Che’ Puan Mariam binti ‘Abdu’llah (b. 23rd April 1924; d. 1985), née Riem Baedsayanawin, a Thai national of Malay ancestry who converted to Islam on her marriage, “Miss Thailand” 1940. He d. at the National Heart Institute (IJN), Kuala Lumpur, 16th April 2000 (bur. Royal Mausoleum, Arau), having had issue, five sons and five daughters by his first wife, and three sons and one daughter by his second – see Malaysia (Perlis).
Copyright©Christopher Buyers
Copyright©Christopher Buyers
1965 - 1970 H.M. Paduka Sri Baginda Tuanku Sultan Ismail Nasir ud-din Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Zainal Abidin, by the Grace of God of the States and Territories of Malaysia Yang di-Pertuan Agong, KCMG (7.6.1951, CMG 1.1.1948). b. at Kuala Trengganu, 24th January 1907, fifth son of H.H. Paduka Sri Tuanku Sultan Haji Zainal-Abidin III Mu’azzam Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Ahmad, Sultan and Yang di-Pertuan Besar of the State of Trengganu Dar al-Iman, KCMG, by his fourth wife, Encik Maimuna binti ‘Abdu’llah, educ. Malay Sch and Malay Coll, Kuala Kangsar, Perak. Granted the title of Tengku Sri Paduka Raja. Sub-Inspector Trengganu Police 1924-1925, Cadet Trengganu Civil Service 1929, Assist Controller of Land Revenue 1934-1935, MEC 1935-1941, ADC to his elder brother 1935-1945, DPP Court of Appeals 1939, Registrar High Court and Court of Appeal 1939-1941, Registrar Land Court at Kuala Trengganu 1940-1941, Sec for Islamic Affairs 1940-1941, 1st Class Magistrate 1941, Mbr Council of Ministers and Assist State Sec 1941-1943. Succeeded on the deposition of his nephew as Sultan and Yang di-Pertuan Besar of Trengganu Dar us-Iman, 29th September 1945 (confirmed by his subsequent abdication, 5th November 1945). Installed at the Istana Maziah, Kuala Trengganu, 16th December 1945. Crowned at Istana Maziah, Kuala Trengganu, 6th June 1949. Became Deputy Supreme Head of State of Malaysia with the title of Timbalan Yang di-Pertuan Agung 21st September 1960, and King of Malaysia with the title of Yang di-Pertuan Agung and style of Majesty from 19th August 1965. Completed his reign and returned to Trengganu, 20th September 1970. Col-in-Chief the Federation Reconnaissance Corps 5/6/1961-23/3/1966, the Malaysian Reconnaissance Regt 27/11/1970-19/5/1972, and the Royal Reconnaissance Regt 20/5/1972-20/9/1979. Attended the Coronation of the King-Emperor George VI and Queen-Empress Elizabeth at Westminster Abbey in London 1937. Rcvd: DK, DKM, DMN (31.8.1958), SPMT, DK of Kelantan, Selangor (12.3.1962), Perak and Pahang, Knt of the Order of Rajamitribhorn of Thailand (17.12.2528BE), Collar of the Orders of Pahlavi of Iran (17.1.1968), and the Chrysanthemum of Japan (19.2 1970), GC of the Orders of the Queen of Sheba with Collar of Ethiopia (21.5.1968), Merit (special class) of the Federal Republic Germany (9.3.1967), the Grand Order of Mugungwaha of Korea (7.2.1966), Raja of the Order of Sikatua of the Philippines (9.1.1968), the Order of the Republic 1st class or Adipurna of Indonesia (16.3.1970), King George VI (1937) and Queen Elizabeth II (1953) Coron medals. m. (first) Che’ Wan Amina binti Wan Cik (d. aged 74 years), who bore two daughters. m. (second) 1929 (div.) Y.M. Tengku Tengah Zahara binti Tengku ‘Umar (b. 1911; d. at Istana Badariah, Kuala Trengganu, 19th April 1979, bur. there at the Royal Cemetery), elder daughter of Y.A.M. Tengku ‘Umar ibni al-Marhum Sultan Sir Ahmad al-Mu’azzam Shah, Tengku Setia di-Raja, of Pahang, by his wife, Encik Engku Umaiyah binti Tun Mansur [Ku Yah], fourth daughter of Y.M. Tun Mansur bin Dato Bendahara Sri Maharaja Tun Ali, Engku Muda, of Kampung Marhum. m. (third) at Istana Maziah, Kuala Trengganu, 3rd April 1944, H.R.H.Tengku Intan Zahara binti Tengku ‘Umar, Tengku Ampuan Besar (b. at Singapore, 13th April 1928), educ. Malay Sch, Telok Kurau, and Katong Convent Sch., Singapore, styled Tengku Puan Muda from 3rd April 1944, crowned as Tengku Ampuan Besar at Istana Maziah, Kuala Trengganu, 6th June 1949, and Raja Permaisuri Agong 19th August 1965 to 20th September 1970, Patron Trengganu Girl Guides Assoc, etc., rcvd: DK of Trengganu, DMN of Malaysia (4.4.1966), SSMT, SPMT, GC of the Orders of Merit of the Federal Republic Germany (9.3.1967), Golden Heart of the Philippines (9.1.1968), Queen of Sheba of Ethiopia (21.5.1968), and the Precious Crown of Japan (19.2 1970), the Orders of Diplomatic Service Merit 1st class of Korea (7.2.1966), the Pleiades 1st class of Iran (17.1.1968), and Maha Putra 1st class of Indonesia (16.3.1970), daughter of the Y.B.M. Tengku Omar bin Tengku Osman [Hitam], Tengku Sri Setia Raja, OBE, sometime State Sec of Trengganu, by his second wife, Y.M. Raja Zainab binti Raja Alang Muhammad Nur, only daughter of Y.M. Raja Muhammad Nur bin Raja Ngah ‘Ali [Raja Alang], of Asahan. m. (fourth) Che’ Jarah binti ‘Abdu’llah, a Chinese convert to Islam, who bore one daughter. He d. at Istana Badariah, Padang Seri Negara, Mukim Batu Buruk, Kuala Trengganu, 20th September 1979 (bur. there at the Royal Mausoleum, Zainal Abidin Mosque), having had issue, four sons and seven daughters – see Malaysia (Trengganu).
Copyright©Christopher Buyers
Copyright©Christopher Buyers
1970 - 1975 H.M. Paduka Sri Baginda al-Sultan al-Mu’tasimu Billah Muhib ud-din Alhaj ‘Abdu’l Halim Mu’azzam Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Badlishah, by the Grace of God of the States and Territories of Malaysia Yang di-Pertuan Agong (first time) - see below.
Copyright©Christopher Buyers
Copyright©Christopher Buyers
1975 - 1979 H.M. Paduka Sri Baginda Sultan Yahya Petra ibni al-Marhum Sultan Ibrahim, by the Grace of God of the States and Territories of Malaysia Yang di-Pertuan Agong, GCMG (24.2.1972, CMG 5.6.1952). b. at Istana Kota Lama, Sungai Kelantan, Kota Bharu, 10th December 1917, second son of H.H. Paduka Sri Sultan Ibrahim ibni al-Marhum Sultan Muhammad IV, Sultan and Yang di-Pertuan of the State of Kelantan Dar ul-Naim, KCMG, by his third wife, Y.M. Cik Embong binti Daud, Che’ Puan Besar, educ. Francis Light Sch, Georgetown, Penang, and in England. Raised by his heirless uncle, Sultan Ismail I. Invested with the title of Tengku Temenggong 21st July 1939, and prom to Tengku Bendahara 6th February 1945. Appointed as Heir Apparent in preference to his eldest brother and granted the title of Tengku Mahkota and style of Yang Teramat Mulia, 1st February 1948. Formally invested at the Istana Balai Besar, Kota Bharu, 19th June 1948. Vice-Presdt of the Council of Religion & Malay Customs 1941-1947 (Presdt 1948-1953), Private Sec to the Sultan 1943-1944, Asst State Treasurer and Mbr Montri Sapha (Council of Ministers) 1944-1945, Territorial Chief (Ketua Jajahan) of Kota Bharu 1945-1948, Regent of Kelantan 3rd to 30th June 1953 and 12th August to 12th December 1958. Succeeded on the death of his father as Sultan and Yang di-Pertuan of the State of Kelantan Dar ul-Naim, 9th July 1960. Installed at the Istana Balai Besar, Kota Bharu, 10th December 1960, and crowned there by the Tengku Panglima Raja 17th July 1961. Became Deputy Supreme Head of State of Malaysia with the title of Timbalan Yang di-Pertuan Agong from 22nd July 1970, and King of Malaysia with the title of Duli Yang Maha Mulia Seri Paduka Baginda Yang di-Pertuan Agong and style of Majesty, 21st September 1975. Col-in-Chief the Malaysian Artillery Regt, 29/6/1966-1979. Patron The Kelantan Royal Project. Rcvd: DKM, DK (21.7.1939), DMN (17.7.1961), and SMN (31.8.1958) of Malaysia, SPMK (9.8.1950), SJMK (9.8.1959), SPSK, DK of Brunei (1961), Trengganu (23.6.1964), Selangor (21.7.1966), Kedah (5.7.1969), Pahang, and Perlis (13.2.1978), and DP of Sarawak, Queen Elizabeth II Coron Medal (1953), and Sultan Ismail of Johore Coron Medal (1960). m. (first) at the Istana Balai Besar, Kota Bharu, 4th June 1939, H.R.H. Tengku Zainab binti Tengku Muhammad Petra, Raja Perempuan (b. at Kota Bharu, 7th August 1917; d. at Istana Negeri, Kubang Kerian, 9th January 1992, bur. at the Royal Cemetery, Kampung Langgar, Kota Bharu), educ. privately, raised to the title of Tengku Ampuan Mahkota with the style of Yang Teramat Mulia 9th August 1956, crowned as Raja Perempuan with the style of Duli Yang Maha Mulia (Her Highness) at Istana Balai Besar, Kota Bharu, 17th July 1961, Presdt Kelantan Girl Guides Assoc, Organiser State Poppy Day Fund, Advisor The Kelantan Royal Project, rcvd: DK (10.7.1960), SPMK (9.8.1956), and DMN of Malaysia (28.2.1976), daughter of Y.B.M. Tengku Muhammad Petra bin Tengku Idris, Tengku Sri Utama Raja, by his wife, Y.A.M. Tengku Kembang Petri binti al-Marhum Sultan Muhammad IV, Tengku Maharani Petri, daughter of H.H. Paduka Sri Baginda Sultan Muhammad IV ibni al-Marhum Sultan Muhammad III, Sultan and Yang di-Pertuan of the State of Kelantan Da’ar ul-Na’im, KCMG. m. (second)... m. (third) Y.M. Tengku Alexandria binti Tengku Yusoff [Elekzandariah], daughter of his paternal uncle, Y.B.M. Tengku Muhammad Yusuf ibni al-Marhum Sultan Muhammad IV, Tengku Sri Laksamana, CPM, sometime Deputy Cmsnr of Police Kelantan. m. (fourth) ... He d. from heart failure at Istana Negara, Kuala Lumpur, 29th March 1979 (bur. Royal Cemetery, Kampung Langgar, Kota Bharu), having had issue, two sons and six daughters – see Malaysia (Kelantan).
Copyright©Christopher Buyers
Copyright©Christopher Buyers
1979 - 1984 H.M. Paduka Sri Baginda Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah al-Mustain Billah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Sir Abu Bakar Riayat ud-din al-Muazzam Shah, by the Grace of God of the States and Territories of Malaysia Yang di-Pertuan Agong. b. at Istana Mangga Tunggal, Bandar di-Raja Pekan, 24th October 1930, second son of Colonel H.R.H. Paduka Sri Baginda Sultan Sir Abu Bakar Riayat ud-din al-Muazzam Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Sir ‘Abdu’llah al-Muhtasim Billah Shah, Sultan and Yang di-Pertuan of the State of Pahang, GCMG, by his first wife, H.R.H. Raja Fatima binti al-Marhum Sultan Sir Iskandar Shah al-Kaddasullah, Tengku Ampuan, eldest daughter Colonel H.H. Paduka Sri Sultan Sir Alang IskandarShah II al-Kaddasullah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Sir Idris Murshid al-Azzam Rahmatullah Shah, Sultan of Perak, GCMG, KCVO, educ. Malay Sch, Pekan, Malay Coll, Kuala Kangsar, Clifford Coll, Kuala Lipis, Worcester Coll, Oxford, and Univ Coll. of South West England, Exeter, Devon. Cmsnd as 2nd Lieut 4th Btn RMR 1953, prom Maj 1963, o/c 12th Infantry Btn (TA) 1963-1965, retd as Lieut-Col 1965. Appointed as Heir Apparent with the title of Tengku Mahkota, 25th May 1944. Proclaimed at Pekan on the death of his father as Sultan and Yang di-Pertuan of the State of Pahang Dar ul-Mukmar, 7th May 1974. Crowned at the Balairong Sri, Istana Sultan Abu Bakar, Pekan, 6th May 1975. Became Deputy Supreme Head of State of Malaysia with the title of Timbalan Yang di-Pertuan Agong from 21st September 1975. Assumed the duties of King of Malaysia with the title of Yang di-Pertuan Agong on the death of the incumbent, 29th March 1979. Installed at the Istana Negara, Kuala Lumpur, 30th March 1979. Crowned there, 10th July 1980. Completed his reign and returned to Pahang, 26th April 1984. Hon Col Pahang Home Guard 19/8/1958, Col-in-Chief RMAF 18/11/1989. Constitutional Head International Islamic Univ. Malaysia since 1983. Hon D.Lit. (Univ. of Malaya), LLD (Hons. Causa Northrop Univ, USA, 1986). Presdt Kuala Lupis Golf Club (1963), Football Assoc of Pahang (FAP) (1961), Football Assoc of Malaysia (1984), etc. Patron Royal Malaysian Polo Assoc. Mbr Malayan Amateur Racing Assoc. Rcvd: DKP, DK, DKM, SSAP, SIMP, DIMO, DMN, DK of Perak (6.5.1975), Johor, Kelantan, Trengganu, Perlis, Kedah, Negri Sembilan, Selangor (16.7.1987), SPCM, SPMJ, DKMB and DK of Brunei, Badr Chain of Saudi Arabia (1982), Collar of Mubarak the Great of Kuwait, Grand Order of Mugunghwa of Korea, and the Star of the Socialist Republic of Romania 1st class (25.11.1982), Pahang Silver Jubilee medal (1957), Queen Elizabeth II Coron Medal (1953), Sultan Ismail of Johore Coron Medal (1960), etc. m. (first) at the Istana Hinggap, Kuala Lipis, 22nd April 1954, H.R.H. Tengku Hajjah Afzan binti Tengku Muhammad, Tengku Ampuan (b. at Kuala Trengganu, 4th December 1932; d. from cancer, at Istana Pahang, Kuala Lumpur, 29th June 1988), granted the title of Tengku Puan Besar 1954, and installed as Tengku Ampuan 7th May 1974, Patron Malaysian Netball Assoc 1978-1988, Chair Malaysian Islamic Ladies’ Assoc, Presdt Tengku Ampuan Pahang Badminton Assoc, and the Royal Pekan Gold Club, etc, rcvd: DMN (29.5.1979), DK (6.5.1975), SSAP, SIMP (29.5.1972), and the Order Tudor Vladimirescu 1st class of Romania (25.11.1982), daughter of Y.A.M. Tengku Muhammad ibni al-Marhum Al-Sultan Sir Ahmad Mua’azzam Shah, Tengku Panglima Parang, CBE, sometime Chief Minister of Trengganu, by his wife, Y.M. Tengku Hajjah Aisha Mandak binti Tengku Mustafa, Tengku Sri Kemala. m. (second) 14th March 1991, H.R.H. Sultana Hajjah Kalsom binti ‘Abdu’llah (b. 12th September 1951), née Anita, styled Cik Puan Kalsom from 14th March 1991, and Sultana of Pahang with the style of Her Royal Highness from 30th September 1992, Patron Kuantan Handicapped Sch, Kiwanis Club of Kuantan since 2004, Cancerlink Soc of Malaysia, etc, sometime air stewardess and former second wife of Sahibzada Akbar Liaquat Ali Khan (younger son of Quaid-e-Millat, The Hon Nawabzada Liaquat ‘Ali Khan, of Karnal, sometime Prime Minister of Pakistan). He has issue, three sons and five daughters – see Malaysia (Pahang).
Copyright©Christopher Buyers
Copyright©Christopher Buyers
1984 - 1989 H.M. Paduka Sri Baginda Sultan Mahmud Iskandar al-Haj ibni al-Marhum Sultan Sir Ismail, by the Grace of God of the States and Territories of Malaysia Yang di-Pertuan Agong. b. at Istana Semayun, Johor Bahru, 8th April 1932, third and eldest surviving son of Colonel H.R.H. Paduka Sri Sultan Sir Ismail ibni al-Marhum Sultan Sir Ibrahim, Sultan and Yang di-Pertuan of the State and Territory of Johor, KBE, CMG, by his first wife, H.R.H. Sultana Amina Ismail, educ. Ngee Heng Primary Sch and Sultan Abu Bakar English Coll, Johor Bahru, Trinity Grammar Sch, Sydney, NSW, Australia, and South Devon Tech Coll, Torquay. Joined Johor Civil Service 1956-1959 and served in various district offices, land office, state secretariat, forest office and treasury. Appointed as Heir Apparent and formally invested with the title of Tunku Mahkota at Johor Bahru, 8th May 1959. Deprived of his title and excluded from the succession by his father, 10th August 1961. Granted the title of Raja Muda, 1st December 1966 and re-instated as Heir Apparent and Tunku Mahkota, 29th April 1981. Succeeded on the death of his father as Sultan and Yang di-Pertuan of the State and Territory of Johor, 10th May 1981. Proclaimed and installed, at the Istana Besar, Johor Bahru, 11th May 1981. Became King of Malaysia with the title of Yang di-Pertuan Agung and style of Majesty, 26th April 1984. Installed at Kuala Lumpur, 15th November 1984. Completed his reign and returned to Johor, 25th April 1989. Hon Maj Johor Military Forces 1959, Private TA 1960, Col-Cdt Johor Military Forces 10/5/1981-22/1/2010, and Col-in-Chief Malaysian Special Forces Regt (Gerup Gerak Khas), prom Brig-Gen TA. Field Marshal Malaysian Army, Admiral of the Fleet Royal Malaysian Navy, and Marshal of the Royal Malaysian Air Force 24/7/1984. Hon Master Parachutist, Singapore Armed Forces 2007. Chancellor Univ Teknologi Malaysia 12/12/1981-22/1/2010. Hon. D.LL. (National Univ. of Singapore) 2007. Presdt Malaysian Golf Assoc. Hon Mbr Republic of Singapore Yacht Club, Go-Kart Club of Singapore, etc. Rcvd: DK (28.10.1959, DK II 8.5.1959), SPMJ (28.10.1967), SSIJ (28.10.1974), PIS I, BIS 1st class, Sultan Ismail Coron Medal (1960), SPDK (1972), DK of Brunei (1972), Trengganu (1982), Perak (1983), and Kelantan (1984), etc. m. (first) at Istana Bukit Stulang, Johor Bahru, 5th January 1956 (div. at Johor Bahru, 9th June 1962 and Singapore, October 1962), Y.A.M. Enche’ Besar Hajjah Kalthom binti ‘Abdu’llah (b. in England, 2nd December 1935), née Josephine Ruby Trevorrow, Presdt Johore Bahru Family Planning Assoc 1960-1962, Dir Johor Red Cross Soc 1959-1962, raised to the title of Enche’ Besar with the style of Yang Amat Mulia 22nd November 2010, rcvd: DK (22.11.2010), only daughter of Reginald Trevorrow, a textile manufacturer from Torquay, Cornwall. m. (second) at Kuala Lumpur, 20th August 1961, H.R.H. Tunku Puan Hajjah Zanariah binti al-Marhum Tengku Panglima Raja Tengku Long Ahmad [Tunku Puan Hajjah Zanariah Iskandar] (b. at Dusun Green, Pasir Mas, Kelantan, 5th July 1940), educ. Sultana Zainab Sch, Kelantan, Bukit Nanas Convent, Kuala Lumpur, Sultan Ibrahim Coll, Pasir Mas, and Upper Chime Sch, Isle of Wight, entitled Tunku Puan with the style of Yang Maha Mulia (or Her Royal Highness) from 11th May 1981, raised to the title of Sultana with the style of Royal Highness and formally installed, at the Istana Besar, Johor Bahru, 11th May 1981, styled Raja Permusairi Agung with the style of Majesty from 26th April 1984 to 26th April 1989, and Tunku Puan Hajjah Zanariah Iskandar from 16th February 2011, Chancellor Univ Technology Malaysia (UTM) until 2010, Patron Iskandar Puteri Fndn, and the Women’s Council of Johor (MAWAR) since 1982, “Miss Malaysia 1960”, rcvd: DK of Johor (28.10.1972), and Kelantan, younger sister of Sultana Nora and daughter of Y.B.M. Tengku Long Ahmad bin Tengku ‘Abdu’l Ja’afar, Tengku Panglima Raja, of Kelantan, by his wife, Che’ Puan Hajjah Fatima binti Dato ‘Abdu’l Hamid, daughter of Dato’ ‘Abdu’l Hamid bin ‘Abu Bakar (suppositious illegitimate son of Sultan ‘Abdu Bakar). He d. at Puteri Specialist Hospital, Johor Bahru, 22nd January 2010 (bur. there at the Sultan Abu Bakar Mausoleum, Bukit Mahmudiah), having had issue, two sons and eight daughters – see Malaysia (Johor).
Copyright©Christopher Buyers
Copyright©Christopher Buyers
1989 - 1994 H.M. Paduka Sri Baginda Sultan ‘Azlan Muhib ud-din Shah ibni al-Marhum Sir Yusuf Izz ud-din Rathiu’llah Shah Ghafaru’llahulahu, by the Grace of God of the States and Territories of Malaysia Yang di-Pertuan Agong, GCB (c 14.10.1989), KStJ (20.3.1990). b. at Kampung Manggis, Batu Garjah, Perak, 19th April 1928, youngest son of H.R.H. Maulana Paduka Sri Tuanku Sultan Sir Yusuf Izz ud-din Rathiu’llah Shah Ghafaru’llahulahu ibni al-Marhum Sultan Sir ‘Abdu’l Jalil Nasir ud-din Muhtaram Shah, Sultan and Yang di-Pertuan of Perak ur-Ridzwan, KCMG, OBE, by his second wife, H.H. Hajjah Cik Khadija binti Dato’ Wangsa Ahmad, Tengku Permaisuri, daughter of Dato’ Ahmad, Dato’ Sri di-Wangsa., educ. Govt English Sch, Batu Garjah, Malay Coll, Kuala Kangsar, Univ of Nottingham (Hon DCL). Barr-at-Law (Lincoln’s Inn 1954, Hon Bencher 1988). Assist State Sec Perak 1954-1955, First Class Magistrate 1955-1956, Presdt Sessions Court 1957-1959, Federal Legal Counsel and DPP for Perak 1959, Legal Advisor at Pahang1959-1961, and Johore 1961-1962, Registrar of the High Court of Malaya 1962-1963, Chief Registrar Fed. Court 1963-1965, Judge High Court 1965-1973, Chair Higher Education Advisory Council 1974-1976, Judge Federal Court 1973-1978 and Chief Justice 1979-1982, Lord Presdt High Court 1982-1984. Granted the title of Raja Kechil Bongsu 19th August 1962, prom to Raja Kechil Tengah 1st March 1963, Raja Kechil Sulong 1st January 1978, Raja Kechil Besar 1st August 1978, and appointed as Heir Apparent with the title of Tuanku Raja Muda, Wakil us-Sultan, Wazir ul-Azam 1st July 1983. Succeeded on the death of his cousin as Sultan and Yang di-Pertuan of Perak ur-Ridzwan, 31st January 1984. Proclaimed at Ipoh, 3rd February 1984. Crowned at Istana Kinta, Kuala Kangsar, 9th December 1985. Elected as Deputy Supreme Head of State of with the title of Timbalan Yang di-Pertuan Agung, 9th February 1984. Installed at Istana Negara, Kuala Lumpur, 29th April 1984. Elected King of Malaysia with the title of Yang di-Pertuan Agung and style of Majesty, 2nd March 1989. Crowned at Istana Negara, Kuala Lumpur, 26th April 1989. Completed his reign and returned to Perak, 25th April 1994. Field Marshal Malaysian Army, Admiral of the Fleet Royal Malaysian Navy, and Marshal of the Royal Malaysian Air Force 26/4/1989. Col-in-Chief Royal Regiment of Engineers (1997) and the Royal Malay Regiment (1997). Pro-Chancellor Univ Sains Malaysia 1971-1984 (Hon DLL), Chancellor Univ of Malaya 1986 (Hon D.Lit.), Hon DCL (Gajam Mada Univ, Yogyakarta, 1990; Brunei Darulssalam 1990, Chulalongkorn Univ 1990). Hon Fellow Royal Coll.of Physicians (Dublin), Royal Colls. of Surgeons of England, Edinburgh, and Dublin. Presdt Malaysian Hockey Fed 1981-2004, and the Asian Hockey Fed. Vice-Presdt International Hockey Fed. Royal Patron The Malaysian Law Soc in Great Britain and Eire, British Graduates Assoc. of Malaysia, the Acad of Medicine of Malaysia, Rotary, Lions, Royal Ipoh and Royal Perak Golf, Iskandar Polo, Ipoh, and Kuala Kangsar Golf Clubs, Malaysian Nature Soc, and the Perak Veteran Hockey Assoc. Rcvd: DK, DKM, DMN, DK of Kelantan, Trengganu (6.7.1984), Perlis, Johor, Selangor (8.11.1985), Kedah, and Negeri Sembilan, DKMB of Brunei, SSM (1983, PSM 7.6.1972), PMN, SPCM, SPTS, SPMP, SIMP, the Collars of the Orders of the Chrysanthemum of Japan (30.9.1991), and Honour of the Sudan (6.6.1991), the Badr Chain of Saudi Arabia (7.12.1991), the Order of Rajamitrabhorn of Thailand (15.12.2533BE), the Civil Order of Oman 1st class (4.12.1991), GC of the Orders of Merit of Chile with collar, and Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany special class (7.9.1992), Grand Star of the Decoration of Honour for Merit of the Republic of Austria (8.4.1992), the Star of the Republic of Indonesia Adipurna or 1st class (x.9.1990), and the Grand Order of Mungunghwa of Korea. m. at Penang, 9th December 1955, H.R.H. Tuanku Bainun binti Muhammad ‘Ali, Raja Permaisuri (b. in Penang, 7th November 1932), educ. St. George’s High Sch Penang, and Malayan Teachers’ Training Coll, Kirkby, Lancs, installed at Istana Kinta, Kuala Kangsar, as Raja Permaisuri, 9th December 1985, installed with her husband as Raja Permaisuri Agong with the style of Her Majesty, at Kuala Lumpur, 19th February 1988, rcvd: DK, DK of Selangor (11.12.2005), DMN, the GC of the Orders of the Precious Crown of Japan (30.9.1991), and Chula Chom Klao of Thailand (x.9.1990), daughter of Encik Muhammad ‘Ali. He had issue, two sons and three daughters - see Malaysia (Perak).
Copyright©Christopher Buyers
Copyright©Christopher Buyers
1994 - 1999 H.M. Paduka Sri Baginda Tuanku Ja’afar ibni al-Marhum Tuanku ‘Abdu’l Rahman, by the Grace of God of the States and Territories of Malaysia Yang di-Pertuan Agong, GCB (c 14.10.1998). b. at Klang, Selangor, 19th July 1922, second son of Colonel H.R.H. Paduka Sri Tuanku ‘Abdu’l Rahman ibni al-Marhum Tuanku Muhammad, Yang di-Pertuan Besar of Negri Sembilan, GCMG, by his second wife, Cik Engku Maimuna binti ‘Abdu’llah, BEM, PJK, educ. Sri Menanti Malay Sch, King George V Sch, Kuala Pilah, Malay Coll, Kuala Kangsar, Perak, Raffles Coll, Singapore, Univ of Nottingham (LLB), Balliol Coll, Oxford, and the London Sch of Economics (LSE), London. Malay DO Seremban 1942-1945, Asist in the District Land Office at Rembau 1946-1947, joined MCS 1953, Assist DO Parit, Perak and DO Tampin, Negri Sembilan, Assist State Sec Perak 1956, Charge d’Affaires Washington DC 1956-1957, 1st Sec Permanent Mission to the UN 1957-1958, 1st Sec and Trade Counsellor London 1958-1962, Deputy High Cmsnr London 1962-1963, Ambassador to the UAR 1963-1965, High Cmsnr to Nigeria and Ghana 1965-1967, Ambassador designate to Japan 1967. Granted the title of Tunku Muda of Serting, 1947. Proclaimed as Yang di-Pertuan Besar of Negri Sembilan on the death of his brother, 19th April 1967. Installed at the Balairong Sri, Istana Besar, Sri Menanti, 8th April 1968. Elected as Deputy Supreme Head of State of Malaysia with the title of Timbalan Yang di-Pertuan Agong, 19th June 1979 and served in that capacity until 25th April 1984. Elected as Deputy Supreme Head of State for a second time, 2nd March 1989. Elected as King of Malaysia with the title of Yang di-Pertuan Agung and style of Majesty from 16th April 1994. Crowned at Istana Negara, Kuala Lumpur, 26th April 1994. Completed his reign and returned to Negri Sembilan, 24th April 1999. Field Marshal Malaysian Army, Admiral of the Fleet Royal Malaysian Navy, and Marshal of the Royal Malaysian Air Force 26/4/1994. Col-in-Chief the Royal Signal Regiment. Chancellor National Univ of Malaysia (1996). Patron of Negri Sembilan Cricket Assoc. Hon LLD Univs of the Philippines (1995), Nottingham (1995), Santiago (1995), and Brunei Darussalam (1996). Hon Dr Ohio State Univ (1990). Founded the Negri Sembilan Royal Family Order, the Royal Family Order of Yam Tuan Radin Sunnah, and the Order of Negri Sembilan on 24th May 1979, and the Order of Tuanku Ja’afar on 18th July 1984. Rcvd: DK, DKM (27.5.1994), DMN (3.4.1968, SMN), DKMB of Brunei (10.9.1996), DK of Brunei (5.8.1968), Kelantan, Kedah, Selangor, Perlis, Johor, Pahang, Trengganu, and Perak, Knt of the Order of the Seraphim with Collar of Sweden (22.2.1996), the Grand Collars of the Orders of Merit of Chile (27.9.1995), and Independence of Cambodia, GC of the Orders of the White Rose of Finland with collar (25.1.1995), Civil Merit with collar of Spain (4.4.1995), Southern Cross of Brazil with collar (18.12.1995), Merit of Uruguay (3.7.1996), and Merit (special class) of the Federal Republic of Germany, Raja of the Order of Sikatuna of the Philippines (21.6.1995), the Grand Star of Djibouti and the Grand Order of Mugunghwa of Korea. m. 8th August 1942, H.R.H. Tunku Najiha binti Tunku Besar Burhan ud-din, Tuanku Ampuan (b. at the Istana Baroh, Sri Menanti, 11th September 1924), educ. Malay Sch, Sri Menanti, Tuanku Mohamed Sch, Kuala Pilah, and the Sch of Oriental & Arfican Studies (SOAS), London, proclaimed as Tuanku Ampuan of Negri Sembilan by her husband at the Balairong Sri, Istana Besar, Sri Menanti, 19th July 1967 and installed with him at the Balairong Sri, Istana Besar, Sri Menanti, 8th April 1968, Patron NS Girl Guides Assoc, National Islamic Women’s Welfare Council, Negri Sembilan Women’s Inst, Tuanku Ampuan Najiha Children’s Home, Malaysian Women’s Hockey Team, Malaysian Women’s Football Team, Malaysian Women’s Golf Team, Malaysian Ladies Golf Assoc (MALGA), Royal Malaysian Ikebana Soc, Presdt Tuanku Ampuan Badminton Team, Mbr Assoc of Country Women of the World, etc. Rcvd: DK, DMN, DK of Kedah, SPTJ, SPMK (11.11.1992), third daughter of Y.A.M. Tunku Burhan ud-din ibni al-Marhum Tuanku Antah, Tunku Besar, CMG. He d. in the ICU Unit of the Tuanku Ja’afar General Hospital, Seremban, 27th December 2008 (bur. at the Royal Cemetery, Sri Menanti), having had issue, three sons and three daughters – see Malaysia (Negri Sembilan).
Copyright©Christopher Buyers
Copyright©Christopher Buyers
1999 - 2001 H.M. Paduka Sri Baginda Sultan Saleh ud-din ‘Abdu’l Aziz Shah Alhaj ibni al-Marhum Sultan Hisham ud-din Alam Shah Alhaj, by the Grace of God of the States and Territories of Malaysia Yang di-Pertuan Agong. b. at the Istana Bandar Temasha, Kampung Bandar, Jugra, Kuala Langat, 8th March 1926, eldest son of Group Captain H.R.H. Paduka Sri Sultan Hisham ud-din Alam Shah al-Haj ibni al-Marhum Sultan ‘Ala ud-din Sulaiman Shah, Sultan and Yang di-Pertuan of the State of Selangor Dar ul-Ihsan, KCMG, by his first wife, H.R.H. Raja Hajjah Jema’ah binti Raja Ahmad, Tengku Ampuan, educ. Pengkalan Batu Malay Sch, Klang, Malay Coll, Kuala Kangsar, SOAS, London and Federation Mil Coll, Port Dickson. Served in State  Secretariat, Survey Dept and as Inspector of Schools Education Dept, Inspector Auxiliary Police 1949-1953, OC Kampong Home guard, Ipoh 1949-1953, cdt BRCS Ipoh and Telok Anson 1951-1953, cmsnd as 2nd-Lieut Royal Malay Regt, prom Hon Capt 1952, Presdt Regency Council 1952 and 1953, prom Maj 1960. Granted the title of Tengku Laksamana, 1st August 1946. Appointed as Heir Apparent with the title Raja Muda, 13th May 1950. Installed as Prince Regent of Selangor, 16th May 1960. Proclaimed on the death of his father as Sultan and Ruler of the State of Selangor Dar ul-Ihsan and all its dependencies, 2nd September 1960. Installed 3rd September 1960. Crowned at Alam Shah Palace, Klang, 28th June 1961. Elected as Deputy Supreme Head of State of Malaysia with the title of Timbalan Yang di-Pertuan Agong, 4th  February 1994. Installed 26th April 1994. Elected as King of Malaysia with the title of Yang di-Pertuan Agong and style of Majesty. Crowned at the Istana Negara, Kuala Lumpur, 26th April 1999. Field Marshal Malaysian Army, Admiral of the Fleet Royal Malaysian Navy, and Marshal of the Royal Malaysian Air Force 26/4/1999. Hon Group Capt RMAF 10/11/1966, and Colonel-in-Chief RMAF, Captain-in-Chief RMN 26/4/1984. Patron Royal Selangor Yacht Club 1989-2001. Chair BRCS 1953-1954. Mbr Kuala Lumpur Flying Club 1949. Rcvd: DK, DMN (28.8.1961), SPMS, SSSA, DKMB (7.8.1988) and DK I of Brunei (28.6.1961), DK of Trengganu (23.6.1964), Kelantan (10.7.1966), Perlis, Johor (8.3.1976), Kedah (9.10.1977), Negri Sembilan, and Pahang (4.7.1987), DK I of Perak (X.3.1987), SPDK of Sabah, DP of Sarawak, DUNM of Malacca (30.7.1989), PJK of Selangor (15.5.1958), Knt of the Order of Rajamitrabhorn of Thailand (24.3.2543BE), Queen Elizabeth II Coron Medal (1953), Sultan Ismail of Johore Coron Medal (1960), etc. Chancellor Agricultural Univ of Malaysia 1971-2001. m. (first) 1943 (div. at Kuala Lumpur, 11th March 1956) H.R.H. Raja Nur Saidat ul-Ihsan binti Tengku Badar Shah, Paduka Bonda Raja (b. 1923; d. at Ampang Putri Hospital, Kuala Lumpur, 1st June 2011, bur. Sultan Sulaiman Royal Mausoleum, Klang), rcvd: DK of Selangor (11.12.2002), youngest daughter of Y.A.M. Tengku Badar Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan ‘Ala ud-din Sulaiman Shah, Raja Bendahara, of Selangor, by his first wife, Y.A.M. Raja Ambin binti al-Marhum Paduka Sri Sultan Sir ‘Abdu’l-Jalil Nasir ud-din Muhtaram Shah, daughter of H.H. Maulana Paduka Sri Sultan Sir ‘Abdu’l-Jalil Nasir ud-din al-Mukhataram Shah Radiu’llah ibni al-Marhum Paduka Sri Sultan Sir Idris Murshid al-Azzam Shah Rahmatu’llah, Sultan of Perak, KCMG. m. (second) 1954 (div.) Cik Mahiran binti Muhammad Rais. m. (third) at Singapore, 11th March 1956, H.R.H. Tengku Hajjah Rahima binti al-Marhum Sultan ‘Abdu’l Aziz ‘Abdu’l Jalil Rahmat Shah (b. at Kota Dalam, Langkat, Sumatra, 4th August 1927; d. at Istana Selangor, Kuala Lumpur, 27th June 1992, bur. Sultan Sulaiman Royal Mausoleum, Klang), appointed as Raja Puan Muda 13th May 1958, crowned as Tengku Ampuan at Alam Shah Palace, Klang, 28th June 1961, rcvd: DK of Selangor (1963), SPMS (12.3.1962), SPMK of Kelantan (12.11.1988), posthumous daughter of H.H. Paduka Sri Tuanku Sultan ‘Abdu’l ‘Aziz ‘Abdu’l Jalil Rahmat Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Haji Musa al-Khalid al-Mu’azzam Shah, Sultan of Langkat, by his wife, H.H. Tengku Putri Zahra binti al-Marhum Sultan ‘Ala ud-din Sulaiman Shah, daughter of Colonel H.H. Paduka Sri Sultan Sir ‘Ala ud-din Sulaiman Shah ibni al-Marhum Yang di-Pertuan Muda Musa, Sultan of Selangor, GCMG, KCVO. m. (fourth) at Istana Mestika, Kuala Lumpur, 16th November 1961 (div. 5th February 1962), Y.M. Datuk Sri Sharifa Salma binti Sayyid Ahmad al-Kaf (b. at Singapore, 1943, m. second, at Malacca, 30th March 1964, Colonel H.R.H. Maulana Paduka Sri Tuanku Sultan Idris II al-Mutawakil Allahahi Afifu’llah Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Iskandar Shah Kadasu’llah, Sultan of Perak, CMG, by whom she had issue - see Perak), daughter of Y.M. Sayyid Ahmad bin ‘Abdu’llah al-Kaf, of Singapore. m. (fifth) 3rd May 1990, Y.A.M. Datuk Amar Siti Aisha binti Datuk Sri ‘Abdu’l Rahman, Tengku Permaisuri (b. at Kuala Lumpur, 18th November 1971), educ. Jalan Gurney Primary Sch, Titiwangsa Secondary Sch, Kuala Lumpur, and Mara Institute of Technology, Kota Bharu, granted the title of Cik Puan Besar with the style of Her Royal Highness 3rd May 1990, promoted to Tuanku and Tengku Permaisuri of Selangor 1994, became Raja Permaisuri Agong of Malaysia 26th April 1999, and demoted to Yang Amat Mulia from 30th April 2002, Patron Univ MARA Alumni Assoc, Selangor Women’s Assoc, Girl Guides Assoc of Malaysia, Selangor Girl Guides, Jantung Hatiku Soc, etc rcvd: DK of Selangor (8.3.1996), DMN, DA of Sarawak (20.6.1994), and GC of the Order of Chula Chom Klao of Thailand (27.3.2000), eldest daughter of Lieutenant-Colonel Y.Bhg. Datuk Sri Haji ‘Abdu’l Rahman bin Tan Sri Muhammad Yatim, by his wife, Y.Bhg. Datin Sri Shamshina. He d. at the Gleneagles Intan Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur, 21st November 2001 (bur. Sultan Sulaiman Royal Mausoleum, Klang), having had issue, four sons and eight daughters – see Malaysia (Selangor).
Copyright©Christopher Buyers
Copyright©Christopher Buyers
2001 - 2006 H.M. Paduka Sri Baginda Tuanku Syed Siraj ud-din ibni al-Marhum Tuanku Syed Putra Jamal ul-Lail, by the Grace of God of the States and Territories of Malaysia Yang di-Pertuan Agong. b. at Arau, 17th May 1943, eldest son of General H.R.H. Tuanku Syed Harun Putra ibni al-Marhum Syed Husain Jamal ul-Lail, Raja of Perlis Indra Kayangan, KCMG, by his first wife, H.R.H. Tengku Budriah binti al-Marhum Tengku Ismail, Raja Permaisuri, educ. Tengku Budriah Malay Sch, Arau, Wellesley Primary Sch, Westland Sch and Penang Free Sch, Georgetown, Penang, Wellingborough, Northants, and RMA Sandhurst. Cmsnd as 2nd-Lieut Malaysian Recce Regt 12/12/1965, served in anti-Communist ops on the Malaysian-Thai border and in Sarawak 1966-1967, prom Lieut 12/12/1967, prom Capt 31/12/1969, transferred as Capt TA 16/11/1970, prom Maj 1/10/1972, prom Lt-Col 1/1/1977, prom Col 1/1/1981, c/o 504th Regt TA 1981-2000, Col-in-Chief Royal Ranger Regt since 19/9/2000. Appointed as Heir Apparent with the title of Raja Muda by his father, 30th October 1960. Succeeded on his death as Raja of Perlis Indra Kayangan, 16th April 2000. Installed at the Istana di-Raja, Arau, 17th April 2000. Elected as King of Malaysia with the title of Yang di-Pertuan Agong and the style of His Majesty, 12th December 2001. Installed at Kuala Lumpur on 13th December 2001. Completed his reign and returned to Perlis 21st November 2001. Field Marshal Malaysian Army, Admiral of the Fleet Royal Malaysian Navy, and Marshal of the Royal Malaysian Air Force 13/12/2001. Chancellor Univ Sains Malaysia 2000-2001, and Univ Teknologi Mara (UiTM) 2001-2007. Hon LLD National Univ of Ireland 2003. Hon Dr (Public Admin) Univ Padjajaran (UNPAD) (Indonesia) 2006. Chair Tuanku Syed Putra Fndn 1986-2001. Presdt Perlis Putra Golf Club 1971-1986, Perlis Football Assoc (PFA) 1978-1996. Patron Perlis Football Referees Assoc since 1967, Perlis State Youth Movement, ‘Old Frees’ Assoc (OFA) since 2000. Hon Mbr Royal Selangor Golf Club (RSGC). Rcvd: DKM (13.12.2001), DMN (17.4.2000), DK of Negri Sembilan (19.7.2001), DK of Kedah (21.1.2002), DK of Selangor (14.12.2002), DK of Trengganu, DK of Kelantan (2002), DK of Perak, DK of Pahang (26.10.2005), SSPJ (4.12.1995), SPMJ, SPCM, SSMT (8.10.1998), DKMB of Brunei (11.8.2002), the Collar of the Order of the Chrysanthemum of Japan (7.3.2005), Grand Order of King Tomislav of Croatia, Grand Collar of the National Order of Independence of Cambodia (16.12.2002), GC of the Orders of the Sacred Treasure of Japan (22.2.1970), Royal Order of Cambodia (16.12.2002), and the Orders of Merit of the Republic of Italy with collar (9.6.2003), Omayyad of Syria (7.5.2004), Legion of Honour of France (8.5.2004), and the White Rose of Finland with collar (19.9.2005), the Order of Temasek of Singapore (11.4.2005), etc. m. at Kota Bharu, Kelantan, 15th February 1967, H.R.H. Tuanku Fauziah binti al-Marhum Tengku ‘Abdu’l Rashid, Raja Perempuan (b. 6th June 1946), educ. Zainab English Sch, Kota Bharu, styled Raja Puan Muda from 30th April 1968, and Raja Perempuan from 17th April 2000, Chancellor Univ. Sains Malaysia since 2001, Patron Malaysian Girl Guides Assoc. 2001-2007, Chair Perlis Muslim Women’s Welfare Brd, Presdt Perlis Girl Guides Assoc, Vice-Presdt Taman Asuhan Dar ul-Farah Tengku Hajjah Budriah Perlis, rcvd: DK (13.12.2001), DK of Pahang (26.10.2005), DK of Kelantan, SSPJ (4.12.1995), SPMP (15.2.1967), SPMJ, DMN (13.12.2001), and GC of the Royal Order of Cambodia (16.12.2002), and the Orders of Merit of the Republic of Italy (9.6.2003), Isabella the Catholic of Spain (x.5.2004), and the Precious Crown of Japan (7.3.2005), and the Order of the Sacred Treasure 2nd class of Japan (22.2.1970), eldest daughter of Y.A.M. Tengku ‘Abdu’l Rashid ibni al-Marhum Sultan Suleiman Badr ul-‘Alam Shah, of Trengganu, by his wife, Y.A.M. Tengku Petri binti al-Marhum Sultan Ibrahim, second daughter of H.H. Paduka Sri Sultan Ibrahim IV ibni al-Marhum Sultan Muhammad, Sultan of Kelantan, KCMG. He had issue, one son and one daughter - see Malaysia (Perlis).
Copyright©Christopher Buyers
Copyright©Christopher Buyers
2006 - 2011 H.M. Paduka Sri Baginda Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin al-Wathiqu Billah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Mahmud al-Muktafi Billah Shah, by the Grace of God of the States and Territories of Malaysia Yang di-Pertuan Agong. b. at Istana Al-Muktafi, Kuala Trengganu, 22nd January 1962, eldest son of Colonel H.R.H. Paduka Sri tuanku Sultan Mahmud al-Muktafi Billah Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Ismail Nasir ud-din Shah, Sultan and Yang di-Pertuan Besar of the State of Trengganu Dar al-Iman, KStJ, by his second wife, Datuk Sri Sharifa Nong Fatima binti Sayyid ‘Abdu’llah, Tengku Besar, educ. Sultan Sulaiman Primary & Secondary Schs., Kuala Trengganu, Geelong Grammar Sch., Victoria, Australia, Army Sch of Languages, RMA Sandhurst, and US International Univ-Europe (BA 1988), London. Appointed as Heir Apparent with the title of Yang di-Pertuan Muda 16th November 1979. Assist Collector of Land Revenue at Kuala Trengganu 1981-1982, Admin Officer State Econ Planning Unit (UPEN) 1988-1991, Presdt State Islamic Council 1991-1995. Proclaimed on the death of his father as Sultan and Yang di-Pertuan Besar of Trengganu Dar us-Iman, at the Dewan Pemasyuran, Istana Maziah, Kuala Trengganu, 16th May 1998. Installed at Istana Maziah, Kuala Trengganu, 26th May 1998. Crowned there, 4th March 1999, Became Deputy Supreme Head of State with the title of Timbalan Yang di-Pertuan Agong, 26th April 1999. Acting Yang di-Pertuan Agong from 21st November to 13th December 2001. Re-elected for a second term as Timbalan Yang di-Pertuan Agong, 13th December 2001. Installed as King of Malaysia with the title of Yang di-Pertuan Agung and style of His Majesty at Parliament House, Kuala Lumpur, 13th December 2006. Completed his reign and returned to Trengganu 12th December 2011. Cmsnd as Hon Lieut Royal Cavalry Corps 1/3/1984, Hon Lieut Royal Armoured Corps (KAD) 8/12/1986, prom Lt-Col 1/9/1997, Col-in-Chief the Royal Armoured Corps since 15/51998, and the Royal Ordnance Corps since 2004. Field Marshal Malaysian Army, Admiral of the Fleet Royal Malaysian Navy, and Marshal of the Royal Malaysian Air Force 13/12/2006. Chancellor Malaysia Trengannu Univ Coll of Science & Technology (KUSTEM) 2001-2007, and Univ Teknologi MARA (UiTM) since 2007. Patron and Chair Sultan Mizan Royal Fndn since 2005. Rcvd: DKM (5.4.2007), DKR (6.7.2000), DKT (15.5.1998), DK (9.3.1981), SSMT (12.2.1989), SPMT (6.3.1982), SSMZ (6.7.2001), SUMZ (26.5.2005), DMN (27.2.1999), DK (28.5.1998), and SMN (27.2.1999) of Malaysia, DK of Perlis (28.5.1998), DK and SPMJ of Johor (8.4.1986), DK of Negri Sembilan (19.7.2001), Kedah (21.1.2002), Kelantan (30.3.2002), Selangor (10.4.2003), and Perak, DKMB of Brunei, Knt of the Order of Rajamitrabhorn of Thailand (9.3. 2009), GC of the Order of Independence of Qatar (13.12.2010), the Order of the Republic 1st class or Adipurna of Indonesia (17.10.2011), and Cdr of the Order of the Legion of Honour of France. m. (first) at Istana Maziah, Kuala Trengganu, 28th March 1996, H.R.H. Sultana Nur Zahirah (b. at Alor Star, Kedah, 7th December 1973), née Rozita Adil Bakeri, educ. Sekolah Rendah Jenis Kebangsaan, and St Nicholas’ Convent, Alor Star, raised to the title of Encik Puan Sri 28th March 1996, and prom to Permaisuri together with the title of Tuanku and style of Duli Yang Maha Mulia (Her Royal Highness) 12th July 1998, and Sultana with the style of Duli Yang Maha Mulia (Her Royal Highness) 5th June 2006, Patron Yayasin Tuanku Nur Zahirah since 2007, Hon Dr (Management) Malaysia Trengannu Univ Coll of Science & Technology (KUSTEM) 2006, rcvd: DK (16.1.1999), SSMT (9.7.1998), SSMZ (6.7.2001), DMN (5.4.2007), elder daughter of Y.Bhg. Dato’ Sri Haji Omar bin Haji Ahmad, by his wife, To’ Puan Seri Nur Rahma binti Haji Muhammad Zain. m. (second) a Thai lady. He has issue, two sons and two daughters - see Malaysia (Trengganu).
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Copyright©Christopher Buyers
1970 – 1975 & since 2011 H.M. Paduka Sri Baginda al-Sultan al-Mu’tasimu Billahi Muhib ud-din Tuanku Alhaj ‘Abdu’l Halim Mu’azzam Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Badlishah, by the Grace of God of the States and Territories of Malaysia Yang di-Pertuan Agong, GCB (c 22.2.1972), KStJ (14.9.1972). b. at Istana Anak Bukit, Kedah, 28th November 1927, second son of Colonel H.H. Sultan Badlishah ibni al-Marhum Sultan ‘Abdu’l Hamid Halim Shah, Sultan of Kedah, KCMG, KBE, by his first wife, Y.M. Tunku Sofiah binti Tunku Mahmud, daughter of Colonel H.H. Tunku Mahmud ibni al-Marhum Sultan Ahmad Taj ud-din Mukarram Shah, KBE, CMG, sometime Regent and Presdt of the State Council, educ. Malay Sch, Titi Gajah and Sultan ‘Abdu’l Hamid Coll, Alor Star, and Wadham Coll, Oxford. Appointed as Heir Apparent with the title of Raja Muda, 6th August 1949. Cadet Kedah Civil Service 1955, Attaché Alor Star District Office 1955-1957, and State Treasury 1957-1958. Regent of Kedah, 9th March 1957 to 13th July 1958. Succeeded on the death of his father as Sultan and Yang di-Pertuan of the State of Kedah Dar ul-Aman, 13th July 1958. Proclaimed 14th July 1958 and formally installed at the Balai Besar, Kota Star Palace, Alor Star, 20th February 1959 (in a ceremony held for the first time since 1710). Elected as Deputy Supreme Head of State of Malaysia with the title of Timbalan Yang di-Pertuan, 21st September 1965. Became King of Malaysia with the title of Yang di-Pertuan Agong and style of His Majesty, 21st September 1970. Installed as Deputy Supreme Head of State for a second time with the title of Timbalan Yang di-Pertuan, 13th December 2006. Installed at Kuala Lampur, 20th February 1971. Completed his reign and returned to Kedah, 21st September 1975.  Installed for a record second time as Yang di-Pertuan Agung with the style of His Majesty at Parliament House, Kuala Lumpur, 13th December 2011. Field Marshal Malaysian Army, Admiral of the Fleet Royal Malaysian Navy, and Marshal of the Royal Malaysian Air Force 13/12/2011. Col-in-Chief the Royal Malay Regt. 23/9/1975, the Federation Reconnaissance Corps 24/3/1966-16/9/1970, and the Malaysian Reconnaissance Corps 16/9/1970-26/11/1970. Chancellor Univ Uttara Malaysia 1984. Presdt Kedah AAA; Patron Kedah Dance Assoc, Boy Scouts Assoc, Kedah Camera Club, Oxford & Cambridge Soc of Malaysia, etc. Rcvd: DK (21.2.1964), DKH (x.1.1973), DKM (x.2.1971), DUK (x.7.1958), DMN (19.2.1959), DK of Kelantan (x.7.1959), Pahang (14.7.1987), Selangor (x.9.1978), Perlis (x.6.1980), Negri Sembilan (x.8.1982), Johor (x.9.1983), Trengganu (x.3.1985), and Perak (x.5.1986), DP Sarawak (x.4.1977), DUNM, SPMK (21.2.1964), SSDK (x.1.1973), DHMS (x.7.1983), the Collar of the Orders of the Chrysanthemum of Japan (19.2.1970), and Pahlavi of Iran (1971), the Star of Mahaputra 1st class of Indonesia (16.3.1970), the Order of Rajamitrabhorn of Thailand (1973), GC with Collar of the Order of Carlos III of Spain (1974) and the Order of Pakistan 1st class (Nishan-i-Pakistan) (1974). m. (first) at the Istana Besar, Sri Menanti, 9th March 1956, H.R.H. Tuanku Sultana Hajah Bahiyah binti al-Marhum Tuanku ‘Abdu’l Rahman, Sultana of Kedah (b. at Sri Menanti, 24th August 1930; d. at Istana Kuala Chegar, Alor Star, 24th August 2003, and bur. Royal Cemetery, Langgar), installed as Sultana of Kedah 20th February 1959, Queen Consort of Malaysia as Raja Permairusi Agong with the style of Her Majesty 21st September 1970 to 21st September 1975, installed at Kuala Lampur 20th February 1971, Chancellor of Univ of Malaya 1972-1986, Hon Dr. in Educ (Univ of Malaya 1979), Presdt Kedah Women’s Group and "Ikatan Perkhidmatan Perempuan"; Patron Kedah Netball Assoc, Kedah Orchid Soc, Kedah Children’s Welfare Soc, Kedah Family Planning Assoc, Kedah Blood Donation Body, the Muslim Women Welfare Brd., Kulim Lioness Club, Univ Utara Malaysia Graduates’ Assoc, Nottingham Univ Assoc, Kedah Soc for the Handicapped, Kedah Thallassaemia Org., Sekolah Menengah Sultanah Bahiyah, Sultana Bahiyah Fndn. (YSB) 1996-2003, etc. rcvd: DK (29.2.1964), DKH (x.1.1976), and SPMK (19.2.1971), DK of Kelantan, and Negri Sembilan (x.8.1996), DK 1st class of Johore (x.2.1989), DMN (19.2.1971, SMN 19.2.1959), of Malaysia, GC of the Orders of the Sacred Treasure of Japan (29.2.1970), and Chula Chom Klao of Thailand (1973), the Star of Mahaputra 1st class of Indonesia (16.3.1970), and the Order of the Pleiades 1st class of Iran (1974), eldest daughter of Colonel H.R.H. Tuanku ‘Abdu’l Rahman ibni al-Marhum Tuanku Muhammad, Yang di-Pertuan Besar of Negri Sembilan, GCMG, by his fourth wife, H.R.H. Tunku Kurshiah binti Tunku Besar Burhan ud-din, Tunku Ampuan Besar, daughter of Y.A.M. Tunku Burhan ud-din ibni al-Marhum Tuanku Antah, Tunku Besar, CMG, of Sri Menanti. m. (second) 25th December 1975, H.R.H. Tuanku Sultana Hajah Haminah binti Hajji Hamidun, Sultana of Kedah (b. at Bagan Serai, 15th July 1953), styled Che’ Puan Kedah, granted the title of Sultana of Kedah 21st November 2003 and formally installed at the Istana Anak Bukit, Alor Star, 9th January 2004, installed as Queen Consort of Malaysia as Raja Permairusi Agong with the style of Her Majesty at Parliament House, Kuala Lumpur, 13th December 2011, rcvd: DK of Kedah (9.1.2004), DKH (16.7.2008), daughter of Haji Hamidun bin Thaib, of Kampung Matang Jelutong, Bagan Serai, Perak. He had issue, an only daughter by his first wife (with whom he also adopted two further daughters) - see Malaysia (Kedah).
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