SELANGOR

BRIEF HISTORY

The Royal House of Selangor are descended from the Yang di-Pertuans of Riau, Indonesia (see that family). They are Bugis, originating from Luwu in the islands of the Celebes. Raja Lumu, second son of Raja Chelak, the 2nd Yang di-Pertuan Muda of Riau, conquered Selangor and established his legitimacy by being installed by the Sultan of Perak in 1766. Frequently at odds with the Dutch and native Malay rulers, his son Ibrahim, was expelled from Selangor in 1786. Ibrahim eventually reached an accommodation with the Dutch and was allowed to return, two years later.  Rich tin deposits had been discovered during the sixteenth century, this lead to increasing numbers of Chinese immigrants to work the mines. Fighting between the Bugis and Chinese immigrants and the indigenous Malays became more frequent. Eventually this led to British intervention, and the imposition of a British Resident in 1874. Selangor joined the fledgling federation, known as the Federated Malay States in 1897. The land for the new federal capital at Kuala Lumpur, being donated by the Sultan of Selangor. Economic development was quite rapid with the introduction of rubber cultivation and port facilities. The Japanese occupied the state in 1941 and deposed the ruling Sultan, in favour of his disinherited elder brother. He was deposed on the return of British troops at War's end, and the rightful Sultan restored. The State joined the Federation of Malaya on 1948. In 1974, the Federal capital area, consisting of Kuala Lumpur and certain surrounding areas, were permanently ceded to the Federal government.
 

STYLES AND TITLES:
The ruling prince: Duli Yang Maha Mulia Sultan dan Yang di-Pertuan Negara Selangor Dar ul-Ihsan, i.e. Sultan and Ruler of the State of Selangor Dar ul-Ihsan and all its dependencies, with the style of His Royal Highness.
The Royal consort of the ruling prince: Duli Yang Maha Mulia Tengku Ampuan, with the style of His Royal Highness.
The non-Royal consort of the ruling prince: Che' Puan Besar.
The Heir Apparent: Duli Yang Teramat Mulia Raja Muda Selangor Dar ul-Ihsan, i.e. the Heir Apparent of Selangor, with the styled of His Highness.
The Royal consort of the Heir Apparent: Duli Yang Teramat Mulia Raja Puan Muda Selangor Dar ul-Ihsan, i.e. the Raja Puan Muda of Selangor, with the style of Her Highness.
The non-Royal consort of the Heir Apparent: Duli Yang Teramat Mulia Che' Puan Muda Selangor Dar ul-Ihsan, i.e. the Che' Puan Muda of Selangor, with the style of Her Highness.
The Regent: Duli Yang Teramat Mulia Pemangku Raja Selangor Dar ul-Ihsan, i.e. the Prince Regent of Selangor, with the style of His Highness.
The other sons of the ruling prince: Yang Amat Mulia Tengku (personal name) ibni (father's titles and name).
The daughters of the ruling prince: Yang Amat Mulia Tengku (personal name) binti (father's titles and name).
The grandsons of the ruling prince, in the male line: Yang Mulia Tengku (personal name) bin Tengju (father's name)*.
The granddaughters of the ruling prince, in the male line: Yang Mulia Tengku (personal name) binti (father's name)*.
The junior wives of the ruling prince, the Heir Apparent and other princes: Yang Mulia Che' (personal name) binti (father's title and name).
Other male members of the Royal family, descended in the male line: Yang Mulia Raja (personal name) bin Raja (father's name).
Other female members of the Royal family, descended in the male line: Yang Mulia Raja (personal name) binti Raja (father's name).

* Although the titles were officially changed from Raja to Tengku in 1898, it is clear that for a period vefore this the official title for the sons and daughters of the sultan had been changed to Tunku. The headstones and plaques on the graves of the sons and daughters of Sultan 'Abdu'l Samad at the Royal Mausoleum in Jugra, testify to this fact.

The senior male members of the Royal family usually receive a princely title of honour, in addition to those by right of birth. The order of precedence of such titles is as follows:
1) (Duli) Yang Amat Mulia Tengku Laksamana.
2) (Duli) Yang Amat Mulia Tengku Bendahara.
3) (Duli) Yang Amat Mulia Tengku Besar Putra.
4) Yang Amat Mulia Tengku Panglima di-Raja.
5) Yang Amat Mulia Tengku Panglima Besar.
6) Yang Amat Mulia Tengku Andika Sri Amar di-Raja.
7) Yang Amat Mulia Tengku Orang Kaya Mentri.
8) Yang Amat Mulia Tengku Sri Paduka Shahbandar.
9) Yang Mulia Engku Maha Kurnia.
10) Yang Mulia Engku Maharaja Lela.
The Royal wives of the holders of these titles are styled: Yang Amat Mulia Tengku Puan (husband's title).
The non-Royal wives of the holders of these titles are styled: Yang Amat Mulia Che' Puan (husband's title).

RULES OF SUCCESSION:
Male primogeniture amongst the male line descendants of Sultan Salah ud-din Shah.

ORDERS & DECORATIONS:
See link below.


GLOSSARY:

See under Malaysia, main page.

SOURCES:
Buyong bin 'Adil. Sejarah 'Alam Melayu. Penggal V (Perak, Selangor, Negeri Sembilan Dan Pahang). Chetakan Yang Pertama. Department of Education, SS & F.M.S., Singapore, 1940.
Haji Buyang bin Adil. Sejarah Selangor. Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka, Kuala Lumpur, 1971.
Ensiklopedia Sejarah dan Kebudayaan Melayu, Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, 1995.
The Leaders of Malaya and Who's Who 1957-1958, J. Victor Morais, Kuala Lumpur, 1958.
J.M. Gullcik. Glimpses of Selangor 1860-1898. Monograph No. 25. The Malaysian Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, Kuala Lumpur, 1993.
Dr. Mohd Yussoff Hashim, SSA, BCM, ASA. The 30 Year Rule of His Royal Highness The Sultan on the Throne of Selangor Darul Ehsan (1960-1990). Penerbitan Sarjana (M) Sdn. Bhd., 1990.
Khoo Kay Kim. the Western Malay states 1850-1873: The Effects of Commercial Development on Modern Malay Politics. East Asian Historical Monographs, Oxford University Press, Kuala Lumpur, 1972.
Malaya: The Journal of the British Association of Malaya 1948-196x. London 1948-196x.
Sentausa Ketakhtaan Selangor 1898-1937, United Press, Penang, 1937.
Who's Who in Malaysia and guide to Singapore, J. Victor Morais, Kuala Lumpur, 1967-1978.
Who's Who in Malaysia and Singapore, Kuala Lumpur, 1979-1980.
R.O. Windstedt, CMG, MA, D.Litt (Oxon), A History of Selangor, Journal of the Malayan Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, Vol XII, Part 3, 1934.
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