1845 - 1893 H.M. Sia'osi Taufa'ahau Tupou [George Tupou I], By the grace of God, King of Tonga. b. at Niu'ui, Lifuka, Ha'apai, 4th December 1797, as Maeakafa Nginigini Ofolanga, only surviving son of H.H. Tupouto'a, 17thTu'iKonokupolo, by his first wife, Taufa Ho'amofaleono, daughter of Malu'otaufa, 4thMa'afu-'o- Tukui'aulahi, of Vaini. Given the name of Taufa'ahau, after he was saved from a serious illness by the deity Taufa'itahi, of 'Ahau. Appointed as Tu'iHa'apai by his father in 1820, and continued to hold that territory after his death. Defeated Laufilitonga, the Tu'i Tonga, at the battle of Velata in 1826. Baptised with the name of Sia'osi (George), in honour of the late King George III, 7th August 1831. Succeeded his father-in-law as Tu'iVav'au 1833. Proclaimed the end of serfdom in his domains in 1835. Published the Vava'u Code 16th May 1838, and publicly promulgated at Pouono, Neiafu, 20th November 1839, the first written laws in Tonga. Succeeded on the death of his uncle as the 19thTu'iKonokupolo, 19th November 1845 (confirmed by the chiefs 2nd December 1845). Installed at the Pangai Green, Kolovai, Hihifo, taking the title of Tupou, 4th December 1845. Recognised as 'O Tu'i Tonga thereafter. Established his capital at Nuku'alofa. Removed the capital to Lifuka in 1847 but returned to Nuku'alofa in 1851. Defeated the last of his opponents at Bea and consolidated his position as undisputed ruler of all Tonga, 10th August 1852. Visited Australia and New Zealand in 1853. Abolished serfdom throughout Tonga (the Edict of Emancipation) and established the first Parliament 4th June 1862. Installed at Vav'au as the 40thTu'iTonga, 1865. Confirmed as 'O Tu'i Tonga (King of All Tonga) on the establishment of the first written constitution, 4th November 1875. Entered into treaty relations with France (1855), Germany (1876), Britain (1879) and the USA (1886). Established the Wesleyan Free Church and made it the state church, 1885. Founded the Order of George I. m. (first) ca. 1823 (repudiated 1834) Finau Kaunanga, eldest daughter of Finau-'Ulukalala-'i-Pouno-Tuapasi'i Sefaria, Tu'iVava'u and 3rdFinau-'Ulukalala, by his first wife, Tupouto'a, daughter of H.H. Tupou Lahisi', 10thTu'iKonokupolo. m. (second) 1833 (pagan rite) and 27th March 1834 (Christian rite), Salote Lupe Pau'u [H.M. Queen Charlotte] (b. 1811; d. at the Royal Palace, Nuku'alofa, Tongatapu, 8th September 1889, bur. Mala'e Kula, Tongatapu), former wife of H.H. Samuelio Fatafehi Laufilitonga, 39thTu'i Tonga, younger daughter of Tamatau'hala, Makamalohi, by his wife Hala'evalu Mohe'ofo, daughter of Finau-'Ulukalala-'i-Feletoa, Tu'iVava'u and 2ndFinau-'Ulukalala. He had previously married several secondary wives (a) ca. 1823 (repudiated 1834) Kalolaine Fusimatalili, of the Fusitua line (m. second, Tu'ia Pakai, by whom she had further issue). m. (b) ca. 1826 (repudiated 1834) Pasikole. m. (c) (repudiated before 1832) Salata, daughter of High Chief Matetau, of Monono, Samoa. He d. at the Royal Palace, Nuku'alofa, Tongatapu, 18th February 1893 (bur. Mala'e Kula, Tongatapu), having had issue, four sons:
1) H.R.H. Crown Prince Tevita 'Unga Motangitau'. b. ca. 1824 (s/o Kalolaine). Baptised with the name of Tevita (David), 7th August 1831. Legitimated and named as CrownPrince under the terms of the first written constitution, 4th November 1875. Governor of Vava'u 1875-1876. Appointed as the first Prime Minister of Tonga 1st January 1876. Composer of "Koe Fasoi Oe Tu'I Oe Out Tonga", the Tongan National anthem, adopted in 1874. m. (first) Fifita Vav'au (b. 1835; d. 1860), second daughter of Liufau, Tu'iHa'angana Ngata, by his second wife, Hulita Tu'ifua, daughter of Finau Tupouni'ua, sometime Governor of Vav'au. m. (second) Teisa Palu, daughter of Mahe'uli'uli, 1stFangupo, by Levave. He d. at Auckland, New Zealand, 18th December 1879 (bur. Mala'e Lahi, 'Uiha), having had issue, two sons and one daughter:
a) H.R.H. Crown Prince 'Uiliamu 'Uelingatoni Ngu Tupou-Malohi. b. 3rd August 1854 (s/o Fifita Vav'au). Raised to the title of Prince and the style of His Royal Highness, 4th November 1875. ADC to the King 1875-1877, Governor of Ha'apai and Vav'au 1877-1885. Succeeded his father as Heir Apparent, 22nd December 1879. m. Asupa Funaki (d. 1931), daughter of Babanga Moala. He d.s.p.l. at Nuku'alofa, Tongatapu, 11th March 1885, having had issue, two natural sons and a daughter by Ana Seini Loiloi, daughter of Ratu Sione Faupula, by his wife, Haliote:
i) Seteone Hopoate Fua'atonga. b. at Mua, Tongatapu, 1877. m. 1899, Milise Kaufoou (d. 17th August 1908?), daughter of Lolomanaia. He d. 10th July 1966, having had issue:
(1) Felemi Hopoate. b. at Mua, Tongatapu, 1900.
(2) Sosaia Lausi' Hopoate. b. at Mua, Tongatapu, 10th November 1902 (d/o Kaufo'ou). m. 1944, Mele Tatafu Lango. He d. 20th May 1971, having had issue, a daughter:
(a) Menitela Katoone Hopoate. She d. 1946.
(3) Pita Vaisima Hopoate. b. at Mua, Tongatapu, 1903 (s/o Kaufo'ou). He d. 1980, having had issue, a son:
(a) Lausi' Hopoate.
(4) Lomano Tupouniua Hopoate. b. at Mua, Tongatapu, 1905 (s/o Kaufo'ou). He d. at Mua, Tongatapu, 8th July 1910.
(5) Sipukako Hopoate. b. at Mua, Tongatapu, 1907 (s/o Kaufo'ou). He d. at Mua, Tongatapu, 21st July 1930 (bur. there).
(7) 'Anamalia Kato'one Veiongo. b. at Mua, Tongatapu, 1906 (d/o Kaufo'ou). m. at Nuku'alofa, Tongatapu, 1927, Sioeli 'Alokuo'ula Kaho (b. 1905; d. 1997). She had issue, two sons and seven daughters:
(a) Toutai Tokotaha. He had issue, a daughter:
(i) Anamalia Kato'one Veiongo Lata i Holeva Kaho. Student Mentor The Village Community Services Trust, New Lynn, Auckland, NZ.
(b) Soane Hopoate Fua'atonga Kaho. b. 23rd November 19xx. m. January 1972, Mele Lotolua, daughter of Tevita Setefana 'Alatini, by his wife, Mele Tonga Tatafu. He d. 2001, having had issue, four children, including a son:
(i) Sosiua Kaho. b. at Vaiola Hospital, Tofoa, Tongatapu, 11th October 1976. He d. 6th September 1980.
(a) Tu'imala Kaho. b. at Nuku'alofa, Tongatapu, 6th May 1928. The celebrated Tongan singer and songwriter, known as 'the Nightingale of the Pacific'. m. 1958, The High Chief Matagialalua Tavana Salmon Anderson, of Tahiti. She had issue, a daughter:
(i) Seiloni Heimata'ula Kaho [The Hon Heimata'ula Ma'atu]. b. at Honolulu, Oahu, Hawaii, 12th February 1957. m. at Honolulu, Oahu, Hawaii, 21st July 1980, as his first wife, The Hon Fatafehi 'Alaivahamama'o Tuku'aho, Ma'atu (b. at the Royal Palace, Nuku'alofa, Tongatapu, 17th December1954; m. second, 11th July 1989, Alaile'ula Jungblut, and d. at Vaiola Hospital, Nuku'alofa, 17th February 2004, bur. Mala'e Kula), second son of H.M. Sia'osi Taufa'ahau Tupou IV, King of Tonga, GCMG, GCVO, KBE, KStJ, by his wife, H.M. Queen Halaevalu Mata'aho, eldest daughter of The Hon Tevita Manu-'o-pangai, 'Ahome'e, sometime Governor of Vav'au and Ha'apai and Minister for Police. She d.s.p. from cancer, at Vaiola Hospital, Nuku'alofa, Tongatapu, 19th September 1985 (bur. Loamamu) - see below.
(8) Ana Seini Takipo Hopoate. b. at Mua, Tongatapu, 1909 (d/o Kaufo'ou). She d. 1980.
(9) Okaleti Hopoate. b. at Mua, Tongatapu, 1911 (d/o Kaufo'ou).
ii) Tutoe Unga.
iii) Nau Halaevalu.
b) H.R.H. Crown Prince Nalesoni Laifone. b. 1859 (s/o Fifita Vav'au). Raised to the title of Prince and the style of His Royal Highness, 4th November 1875. Succeeded his brother as Heir Apparent, 11th March 1885. Governor of Vav'au 1885-1889. m. H.R.H. Crown Princess Luseane Anga-'ae-fonu (b. 1871; d.s.p. 16th May 1941), eldest daughter of The Hon 'Inoke Fotu, sometime Judge of Vava'u, by his first wife, Princess Lavinia Veiongo Mahanga, daughter of H.H. Samuelio Fatafehi Laufilitonga, 39thTu'i Tonga. He d.s.p.l. at Vav'au, 6th June 1889, having had issue, two natural daughters, by The Hon Mele Seini (b. 2nd July 1859), daughter of The Hon Tupou Tevita, 'Ahome'e, of Ha'avakatolo, sometime Chief Justice, by his wife, The Hon Lavinia Longoa'ame'e 'Ahome'e:
i) Liliani Tu'itu'ivao Mafile'o (d/o Mele Seini). m. 'Alipate Tutae Tupoulahi Mafile'o (d. 19th October 1932), third son of The Hon Sunia 'Akaveka Mafile'o, sometime Treasurer and Minister for Finance, by his second wife, The Hon Fane Tupouvava'u Mafile'o, younger daughter of Finau-'Ulukalala-'i-Pouno-Tuapasi'i Sefaria, Tu'iVava'u and 3rdFinau-'Ulukalala. She d. 1920, having had issue - see above.
a) H.R.H. Princess Elisiva Fusipala Tauki'onetuku. b. 18th May 1850 (d/o Fifita Vav'au). Raised to the title of Princess and the style of His Royal Highness, 4th November 1875. Became Heiress Presumptive, on the death of her younger brother, 6th June 1889. m. 1870, as his first wife, H.H. Prince Sia'osi Fatafehi Toutaitokotaha, 4thTu'iPelehake (b. 2nd July 1842; m. second, Lepetimalo, and d. in the influenza epidemic, 20th November 1912, bur. Mala'e Kula, Nuku'alofa), Assist. Governor of Vava'u 1877, Minister for Lands 1897-1903, and Finance 1903-1904, Prime Minister 1904, only son of H.H. Prince Filia'ipulotu, 3rdTu'iPelehake, Governor of Ha'apai, by his wife, H.R.H. Princess Salote Pilolevu Mafileo, daughter of H.M. King Sia'osi Taufa'ahau Tupou I, by his wife Finau Kaunanga, eldest daughter of Finau-'Ulukalala-'i-Pouno-Tuapasi'i Sefaria, Tu'iVava'u and 3rdFinau-'Ulukalala. She d. at Nuku'alofa, Tongatapu, September 1889, having had issue, an only son:
i) H.M. Sia'osi Taufa'ahau Tupou II, King of Tonga - see below.
2) Sia'osia Tu'uakitau Tupou. b. 1839 (s/o Queen Salote). He d. young, before 1842.
3) H.R.H. Prince Sia'osi Vuna Takitakimalohi Tupou, Prince of Ha'afaluhao. b. 12th February 1841 (s/o Queen Salote). He d.s.p. at the Royal Palace, Nuku'alofa, Tongatapu, 2nd January 1862.
1) H.R.H. Princess Salote Pilolevu Mafileo. b. 1824 (d/o Finau Kaunanga). Baptised with the name of Salote (Charlotte), 7th August 1831. Exiled to Fiji for her refusal to join the Wesleyan Free Church 1887-1890. m. at The Chapel Royal, Nuku'alofa, 14th May 1837, H.H. Prince Filia'ipulotu, 3rdTu'iPelehake, Governor of Ha'apai, son of 'Uluvalu, 2ndTu'iPelehake, by his first wife, Tupou Veiongo, daughter of H.H. Mumui'i Topou'ila Mapatongiamanu, 13thTu'iKonokupolo. She d. at Nuku'alofa, Tongatapu, 18th September 1891, having had issue, one son - see above.
4) 'Isileli Tupou. b. at Ha'apai, 15th August 1827 (s/o Selia Pasikole). Baptised with the name of 'Isileli 7th August 1831. m. (first) ca. 1852, Veisinia Moalapau'u (b. ca. 1825), daughter of Onetangata Kemoe'atu, Fulivai, by his second wife, 'Ilaisa'ane Tupou'ahau, younger daughter of Palu Ma'eliu'aki Fatukimotulalo. m. (second) Princess Lavinia Veiongo Mahanga (b. at Ha'apai, 10th November 1828; d. at Nuku'alofa, 7th April 1907, bur. Langi Paepae-'o-Tele'a, Lapaha, Mu'a), former wife of The Hon 'Inoku Fotu, and daughter of H.H. Samuelio Fatafehi Laufilitonga, 39thTu'i Tonga, by his second wife, Luseane Halaevalu Mata'aho, Mohe'ofo, daughter of Tupouto'a, 17thTu'iKanokupulu. He d.v.p. at sea, before 1893, having had issue, one son and one daughter:
i) Ema Luisa Manu. b. at Felemea, Ha'apai, 21st August 1879. m. 1904, Herbert James Hozier Brown (b. at Auckland, New Zealand, 5th November 1872; m. second, at Nuku'alofa, 1923, Tina Katalina Tofaeono, and d. at Pangai, Ha'apai, 30th October 1951), son of William Thomas Brown, by his wife, Elizabeth Charlotte, daughter of George William White, of Matata, Bay of Plenty, New Zealand. She d. 14th April 1972, having had issue, nine children.
a) Tupou Moheofo. b. at Mua, 20th July 1871 (d/o Princess Lavinia Veiongo). m. (first) the Tu'i Cakau, of Cakaudrove (**). m. (second) Viavia Sueuga Manuma, of Tutuila, Samoa, by whom she had one son. m. (third) Siale 'Ataongo [Charles Ma'afu], only son of Ratu Enele Ma'afu'o-Tu'itonga, Tu'iLau, by his wife, Adi Elenoa Gataialupe, daughter of The Hon Lutui, Fakatulolo. She d. in the influenza epidemic, 24th November 1918 (bur. Mu'a), having had issue, one daughter by her first husband, one daughter by her second, and a son by King George II - see above and below.
i) Adi Salote Fisi (d/o Tu'i Cakau). She d. after January 1955.
'Isileli Tupou, had further issue, a natural son and daughter by Nanise Lepolo:
b) 'Uiliami Lausi'i Tupou. b. ca. 1850. m. (first) Pau Taisia. m. (second) 1931, Ngakiloumaile Alipete (b. 30th September 1910), natural daughter of The Hon Solomone 'Otukolo, 'Ahome'e of Ha'avakatolo, by Mele. He had issue, a son:
i) Tevita Lausi'i Tausinga. b. 18th June 1880 (s/o Pau Taisia). He d. 26th February 1953.
c) Lepolo Tupou. b. ca. 1852.
2) Milika Tupou. b. ca. 1821 (d/o Selia Pasikole).
** Although it has proved impossible to identify this individual properly, the only Tu'i Cakau during this period was: Ratu The Hon Josefa Lalabalavu, Tu'i Cakau. b. 1st November 1860, elder son of Ratu Quleanavanua, Tu'i Cakau, of Cakaudrove, by his wife, Adi Elenoa, a daughter of King Cakobau, educ. Morven Coll., Double Bay, Sydney, NSW. Appointed as Roko Tui Cakaudrove 1880, MLC April-June 1905. m. 1880, Adi Furi (d. 1903), a lady from "the Royal House of Tonga". He d. at Somosomo, Taveuni, 6th June 1905 (bur. there), having had issue, one son and two daughters by Adi Furi:
1) Ratu Glanville Wellington Lalabalavu. b. ca. 1896. Appointed as Roko Tui Cakaudrove 1925. m. Adi Susu (d. at Suva, 5th April 1961). He d. 1946, having had issue, one son:
a) Ratu Josefa Ratavo Lalabalavu. Appointed as Roko Tui Cakaudrove 1946. He had issue, two sons:
i) Ratu Glanville Wellington Lalabalavu, Tu'i Cakau. b. 1929. Installed as 15thTu'i Cakau 1993. He d. at Suva, 29th October 1999 (bur. Somosomo, Taveuni), having had issue, a son:
(1) Ratu The Hon Naiqama Lalabalavu. Installed as 16thTu'i Cakau, of Cakaudrove, 8th May 2001. MP for Cakaudrove 2001-2005, Minister for Lands & Minerals 2001-2005.