SURAKARTA

The Kartasura Dynasty

ORDERS & DECORATIONS

Bintang Kanjeng Kyai Suryawasesa: founded by Susuhanan Prabhu Sri Paku Buwana X as the highest ranking and most exclusive decoration of his realm. Conferred only on those holding the rank of Pangeran Adipati Anum or higher. A sixteen-rayed bejewelled gold star, eight rays long and eight rays short, with spaces between the long and short rays. In the centre, a large and naturally cut polished saphire surrounded by a wide band of diamonds. Each of the eight short rays embellished with a red carbunckle at the base, towards the centre.

Bintang Kanjeng Kyai Suryawasesa - breast star.

Bintang Kasenapaten: founded by Susuhanan Prabhu Sri Paku Buwana V in the middle of the nineteenth century.n eighteen-rayed bejewelled star, nine of which are long with nine shorter rays between them, no spaces. Awarded in two classes.

Bintang Kompeni - breast star.

Bintang Kumpeni (the Star of the Company): founded by Susuhanan Prabhu Sri Paku Buwana IV to celebrate the alliance between Surakarta and the VOC. An eight-pointed star with ball-finials at the tips of each point. The points are straight but shallow, the inner "V" not extending very far inwards. A central round medallion containing a letter, similar to a stylised "eight" possibly the VOC symbol, and surrounded by a tight band of jewels. An outer band of large and small individual jewels half-way between the central medallion and the inner "V" of the star points.

Bintang Daendels - breast star.

Bintang Daendels (the Star of Daendels): founded by Susuhanan Prabhu Sri Paku Buwana IV and named after Marshal H.W. Daendels, Governor-General of the Indies during the French occupation. An eight-pointed star in cut-silver, of shallow, rounded points, plain and without finials. An ounter circular band of tight jewels at the base of the "V" points of the star; within, four square gems: north, south, east and west; four round gems between the square ones. An inner circular medallion also with a stylised letter within.

Bintang Sri Kabadya: Bintang Sri Kabadya: instituted by Susuhanan Prabhu Sri Paku Buwana X as the principal award for members of the Royal Family and for meritorious service by Surakarta subjects. Awarded in four classes (1. First Class or Bintang Sri Kabadya Pangkat I, 2. Second Class or Bintang Sri Kabadya Pangkat II, 3. Third Class or Sri Kabadya Pangkat III, and 4. Fourth Class or Sri Kabadya Pangkat IV).The first class is conferred on all sons and daughters of the Susuhanan and is worn on a special chain or necklace suspended from the neck. The order was in existence by 1903 and was probably established before 1900.

         

Bintang Kraton - First Class in gold (L) and Second Class in silver (R).

Bintang Kraton (The Kraton Star): instituted by Susuhanan Prabhu Sri Paku Buwana X  on 21st January 1932 to commemorate the 40th Javanese anniversary jubilee of his coming of age and installation with full ruling powers. Awarded in three classes (1. First Class in gold, 2. Second Class in silver, and 3. Third Class in bronze). Inscribed Tanggal 12 Ramelan Tahun JE, 1822-1862.

Bintang Sri Nugraha (The Star of Honour): instituted by Susuhanan Prabhu Sri Paku Buwana X 16th September 1904 in substitution for the award of the Pujung Sri Nugraha (Umbrella of Honour) to two Dutch citizens on 8th April 1900 after the Dutch authorities objected to the “insult”. Awarded in five classes (1. First Class or Bintang Sri Nugraha Pangkat I, 2. Second Class or Bintang Sri Nugraha Pangkat II, 3. Third Class or Bintang Sri Nugraha Pangkat III, 4. Fourth Class in bronze or Medali Sri Nugraha Pangkat IV, and 5. Fourth Class in copper or Medali Sri Nugraha Pangkat V) usually to kraton officials and state servants. According to the regulations of 8th August 1907, recipients of the first three classes were entitled to state umbrellas. 

Bintang Sri Nugraha - Fourth Class.

Bintang 200 Tahun Kraton Surakarta (Kraton Surakarta 200 Anniversary Star): instituted by Susuhanan Prabhu Sri Paku Buwana XI to commemorate the two-hundred anniversary of the foundation of the new capital and state at Surakarta on 7th March 1940. Awarded in two classes (1. First Class in gold, and 2. Second Class in silver).

Paku Buwana X Silver Jubilee Medal: instituted by Susuhanan Prabhu Sri Paku Buwana X to commemorate the 25th anniversary of his accession to the throne on 3rd January 1929. Awarded in three classes (1. First Class in gold, 2. Second Class in silver, and 3. Third Class in bronze).

Paku Buwana X Silver Jubilee Medal - First Class in gold, obverse  (L) and Second Class in silver, reverse (R).

Medali Gusti Radin Ayu Sekar Kedaton (Princess Sekar Kedaton Medal):  instituted by Susuhanan Prabhu Sri Paku Buwana X to commemorate the coming of age of his most senior ranking daughter, Princess Kuswinayah, and her elevation to the title of Gusti Kanjeng Ratu Pembayun on 2nd October 1934. Awarded in two classes (1. First Class in gold, and 2. Second Class in silver). Inscribed Gusti Radin Ayu Sekar Kedaton Kuswinayah tumbuk yuswo 16 tahun, Selasa Wage tanggal 22 Jumadilakir tahun wawu 1849-1865, 25.3.1919 – 2.10.1934.

         

Gusti Raden Ayu Sekar Kedaton Medal - First Class in gold, obverse  (L) and Second Class in silver, reverse (R).

Copyright© Christopher Buyers
SURAKARTA 1 SURAKARTA 2 SURAKARTA 3 SURAKARTA 4
SURAKARTA 5 SURAKARTA 6 SURAKARTA 7 SURAKARTA 8
SURAKARTA 9 MAIN YOGYAKARTA
Copyright© Christopher Buyers
I would be grateful to hear from anyone who may have changes, corrections or additions to contribute. If you do, please be kind enough to send me an e-mail using the contact details at: Copyright© Christopher Buyers
Copyright© Christopher Buyers
CONTACT

Copyright©Christopher Buyers, October 2001 - August 2009