KEDAH

GENEALOGY

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1778 - 1797 H.H. al-Azizzu ul-Mulk al-Qadir al-Ghalib Ghahr al-Maghlub, us-Sultan Khalifatu’llah ‘Ala Da’irah Kedah, Paduka Sri Sultan ‘Abdu’llah al-Mukarram Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Muhammad Jiwa Zain al-’Adilan Mu’azzam Shah [Al-Marhum Kota Star al-Thani], Sultan and Yang di-Pertuan of the State of Kedah Dar ul-Aman. b. before 22nd April 1750 (aged 20 in April 1722), third son of H.H. Paduka Sri Sultan Muhammad Jiwa Zain al-’Adilan Mu’azzam Shah II Khalifat ul-Rahman ibni al-Marhum Sultan ‘Abdu’llah al-Mu’azzam Shah, Sultan and Yang di-Pertuan Besar of the State of Kedah Dar ul-Aman, by his third wife, a commoner, educ. privately. Adopted or fostered by H.H. Tunku Putri, Raja Permaisuri, the second and Royal wife of his father. Granted the rank of deputy ruler as Yang di-Pertuan Muda and invested with the personal title of Sultan, 6th April 1760. Granted control over Alor Star, Limbong and Anak Bukit. Unpopular with his relatives, his appointment induced many to form an alliance with the Bugis to depose him, leading to their invasion and capture of Kuala Kedah in March 1771. Succeeded on the death of his father, 23rd September 1778. Accepted Siamese sovereinty and dispatched the first “Bunga Mas” in 1781. Caught between a contest for power between Burma and Siam, he sought help from the HEIC against Siam. Leased Pulau Pinang (Prince of Wales Island or Penang) to them on 17th July 1786. Failing to regain the island by force, he was compelled to recognise its perpetual lease to the company, for as along as it wished, 21st April 1791. m. (first) at Kuala Selangor, April 1767 (nikah) (div. ca March 1769), H.H. Tengku Puneh binti al-Marhum Sultan Saleh ud-din Shah, Tengku Besar (m. second, at Kuala Selangor, 1769 (div. ca. 1780), H.H. Paduka Sri Sultan ‘Ali ‘Ala ud-din Shah bin Raja Kambodja [Raja Ali I], Yang di-Pertuan Muda of Riau. m. third, at Selangor, July 1780, Arung To’ Mojong, of Bone), eldest daughter of H.H. Paduka Sri Sultan Saleh ud-din Shah ibni al-Marhum Raja Chelak, Sultan and Yang di-Pertuan of Selangor, by his first wife, a younger daughter of H.H. Paduka Sri Sultan ‘Ala ud-din Ri’ayat Shah bin Daeng Rilaga, Yang di-Pertuan Muda of Riau. m. (second) Y.M. Wan Mek. m. (third) ca. 1772, Y.M. Wan Kamaliah, Tuan Mas, daughter of the Dato’ Sri Paduka Raja Laksamana of Kedah, by whom he had three sons and six daughters. m. (fourth) Y.M. Che’ Puan Paduka Bonda, a princess from Patani (daughter of Sultan Muhammad ‘Abdu’l Jalil Karimu’llah Mualim Shah, Raja of Patani?), by whom he had three sons and one daughter. m. (fifth) Y.M. Che Fatima Dewi, Che Mas (d. before 1845), by whom he had one son. m. (sixth) Y.M. Che’ Chandra Sari, by whom he had two sons and two daughters. m. (seventh) Y.M. Che’ Bida Sari, by whom he had two daughters. He d. at the Istana Baginda, Alor Star, 10th March 1798 (bur. there at the Royal Cemetery, Kota Langgar), having had issue, ten sons and eleven daughters, including:
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1797 – 1803 H.H. al-Azizzu ul-Mulk al-Qadir al-Ghalib Ghahr al-Maghlub, us-Sultan Khalifatu’llah ‘Ala Da’irah Kedah, Paduka Sri Sultan Zia ud-din Mukarram Shah II ibni al-Marhum Sultan Muhammad Jiwa Zain al-’Adilan Mu’azzam Shah [Al-Marhum Kayang al-Thani], Sultan and Yang di-Pertuan of the State of Kedah Dar ul-Aman. b. 1754 (aged 18 in April 1722), second son of H.H. Paduka Sri Sultan Muhammad Jiwa Zain al-’Adilan Mu’azzam Shah II Khalifat ul-Rahman ibni al-Marhum Sultan ‘Abdu’llah al-Mu’azzam Shah, Sultan and Yang di-Pertuan Besar of the State of Kedah Dar ul-Aman, by his second and Royal wife, H.H. Tunku Putri, educ. privately. Appointed as second heir to his brother Abdullah and invested with the title of Raja Muda, 6th April 1760. Appointed as Heir Presumptive and invested with the title of Sultan and Yang di-Pertuan Muda of Perlis and Kedah, with the style of Duli Yang Maha Mulia, and granted Perlis, Kubang Pasu, Setul and Langu in fief, 1770. Succeeded on the death of his elder half-brother, 1st September 1797. Ceded Sebarang Perai (Province Wellesley) to the HEIC in return for an annual stipend, 7th July 1800. Concluded a treaty of friendship and alliance with the HEIC on 6th June 1800. Forced by the King of Siam to abdicate in favour of his nephew and made ruler of the province of Perlis (Kayangam) with the title of Raja Muda Kayang, September 1803. m. Wan Tam, daughter of the Dato’ Sri Paduka Lela Putra. He d. at Kota Indira Kayangan, 25th January 1815 (bur. there), having had issue, three sons and one daughter:
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