1887 - 1943 General
H.H. Sri Raj Rajeshwar Maharajadhiraj Narendra Maharaja
Shiromani Sir Ganga Singh Bahadur, Maharaja of Bikaner,
GCSI (12.12.1911, KCSI 24.6.1904), GCIE (1.1.1907, KCIE
24.7.1901), GCVO (1.1.1919), GBE (m 1.1.1921), KCB (m
1.1.1918), KIH 1st Class (23.5.1900). b. at
Bikaner, 13th October 1880, third son of
Maharaj Sri Lall Singh Sahib Bahadur, by his second wife
H.H. Maji Sri Chandrawatiji Sahib, educ. Mayo
Coll., Ajmer. Succeeded on the death of his brother and
adopted father, 19th August 1887. Ascended the
gadi at the Karan Mahal, Junagarh, Bikaner, 31st
August 1887. Received administrative training 1896-1898.
Reigned under a Council of Regency until he came of age
and was invested with full ruling powers, 16th
December 1898. Attached as acting 2nd-Lieut.
the Deoli Regt., IA 1898, cmsnd. as Hon. Maj. 13/6/1900,
served in the China expedition in cmnd. Ganga Risala 1901
(rcvd: MID, KCIE, China medal), prom. Hon.
Lieut-Col. 1/1/1909, and Hon. Col. 3/6/1910, served in
Great War in France and Flanders 1914-1915 (rcvd:
MID twice, KCB), prom. Hon. Maj-Gen. 1/8/1917, Hon.
Lieut-Gen. 1/8/1930, and Hon. Gen. 5/11/1937. Hon. Col. 2nd
Royal Lancers (Gardner's Horse), IA 30/12/1919 and Hon.
Col. 1st/141st (Bikaner) Infantry
IA 10/1/1919. Colonel-in-Chief Ganga Risala (Bikaner
Camel Corps), and the Sadul Light Infantry. Hon. Extra
ADC to the King-Emperors George V 3/6/1910-1936 (and as
Prince of Wales 2/8/1902-1910), Edward VIII 1936, and
George VI, 23/9/1936-1943. Attended the Coronations of
the King-Emperors Edward VII 1902, George V 1911 and
George VI 1937, and the Silver Jubilee Celebrations of
George V in 1935. Visited the War front in WW2. Hon.
Sec-Gen. Princes' Conference 1916-1921, Mbr. Imperial War
Cabinet 1917-1919 (signed the Treaty of Versailles on
behalf of India 28th June 1919), Chancellor of the
Chamber of Princes 1921-1926, Indian representative at
the Imperial Conferences in London 1917, 1919, 1922 &
1930, and at the League of Nations in Geneva 1924, Leader
of Indian delegation to the League of Nations 1930, and
Indian States representative at Round Table Conferences
of 1930 & 1931. Founded the Badge of Honour (later
the Order of the Star of Honour) on 30th
October 1937. Pro-Chancellor Benares Hindu Univ.
1922-1929, and Chancellor 1929-1943. Hon. LL.D. (Cantab.
1911, Edinburgh 1917, Benares Hindu Univ. 1927, and
Osmania Univ., Hyderabad), Hon. DCL (Oxon. 1919), Freeman
of the Cities of London, Edinburgh, Manchester and
Bristol (all 1917). Patron Sri Bharat Dharam Mahamandal;
Vice-Presdt. East India Assoc., and the Royal Colonial
Institute; Hon. Life Mbr. American Museum of Natural
History (New York); Mbr. Indian Red Cross Soc., Indian
Army Temperance Assoc., Gen. Cncl. of Mayo and Daly
Colls., Indian Soc. of Oriental Art, Bombay Natural
History Soc., Indian Soc. (London), Marlborough, Western
India Turf, Willingdon Sports (Bombay), Rajputana (Mount
Abu), and Indian Gymkhana Clubs, etc. Rcvd: DGBStJ
(25.11.1914), China (1901), Coron. (1902), Delhi Durbar
gold (1903), Coron. (1911 with Durbar bar), 1914 Star,
British War and Allied Victory medals (1918), Silver
Jubilee (1935) and Coron. (1937) medals, 39/45 and Africa
stars, British War and IGS medals (posthumously 1945), GC
of the Orders of Philip the Magnanimous of Hesse
(3.2.1903), and the Nile of Egypt (1918). m.
(first) at Partabgarh, 7th July 1897, H.H.
Maharani Ranawatiji Sri Vallabh Kunwarji Sahib (d.
at Lakshmi Niwas, Lallgarh Palace, Bikaner, 19th
August 1906), eldest daughter of H.H. Maharawat Sri Sir
Raghunath Singh Bahadur, Maharawat of Partabgarh, KCIE,
by his first wife, H.H. Pisangan Maharani Bapu Sahiba Sri
Ugam Kunwarji Sahib, elder daughter of Raja Sri Pratap
Singh, Thakur of Pisangan, in Ajmer. m. (second)
at Keri, 26th May 1899, H.H. Tanwarji Maharani
Sahib (d.s.p. at Lakshmi Niwas,
Lallgarh Palace, Bikaner, 21st June 1922),
daughter of Thakur Sri Sultan Singh, of Sanwatsar, in
Bikaner state. m. (third) 3rd May 1908,
H.H. Bhatianji Maharani Sri Ajab Kanwarji Sahib, CI
(1.1.1935) (d. at the Lallgarh Palace, Bikaner, 21st
November 1945), rcvd: GC of the Order of the Star
of Honour (30.10.1937), Delhi Durbar (1911), Silver
Jubilee (1935), Coron. (1937), Sadul Singh Golden Jubilee
(1937), and Accession (1943) medals, daughter of Thakur
Sri Bahadur Singh, of Bikamkore, in Marwar. He d.
at Bikaner House (Devi Bhavan), Bombay, 2nd
February 1943 (cremated at Devi-Kund-Sagar,
Bikaner), having had issue, four sons and two daughters:
son. b. and d. at Junagarh,
Bikaner, July 1898 (s/o the Ranawatiji
Sri Raj Rajeshwar Maharajadhiraj Narendra
Maharaja Shiromani Sir Sadul Singh Bahadur,
Maharaja of Bikaner (s/o the Ranawatiji
Maharani) - see below.
Captain Maharaj Sri Bijey Singhji Bahadur, of
Chhatargarh. b. at Lakshmi Niwas, Lallgarh
Palace, Bikaner, 28th March 1909 (s/o
the Bhatianji Maharani), educ. Mayo Coll.,
Ajmer. Appointed as head of the family of Maharaj
Sri Lal Singh Sahib and succeeded to his estates,
9th December 1912*. Attended his
father at the League of Nations, the Imperial
Conference and the 1st India Round
Table Conference in London 1930. m. at
Jaisalmer Fort, 26th April 1927, Rani
Manohar Kanwar Sahiba, rcvd: GC of the
Order of the Star of Honour (30.10.1937), Sadul
Singh Golden Jubilee (1937), and Accession (1943)
medals, daughter of a family descended from the
house of Jaisalmer. He k. himself, at
Bikaner, 11th February 1932, having
had issue, three daughters:
Rajkumari Jai Kanwarji Sahiba [Rajmata
Rani Shri Jaya Kumari Devi Sahiba of
Jashpur]. b. January 1928. Rcvd:
Sadul Singh Golden Jubilee (1937), and
Accession (1943) medals. m. at the
Har Mandir, Junagarh, Bikaner, 20th
November 1945, Raja Shri Vijay Bhusan
Singh Deo, Raja of Jashpur (b. at
Jashpur, 11th January 1926;
d. at Vijay Vihar Palace, Jashpur, 4th
October 1982), eldest son of Raja Shri
Deo Saran Singh Deo, Raja of Jashpur, by
his junior Rani. She had issue, two sons
and three daughters - see India
Rajkumari Dev Kanwarji Sahiba [H.H. the
Maharani of Dungarpur]. b. January
1932. Rcvd: Sadul Singh Golden
Jubilee (1937), and Accession (1943)
medals. m. at the Har Mandir,
Junagarh, Bikaner, 3rd May
1955, H.H. Rai-i-Rayan, Mahimahendra,
Maharajadhiraj Maharawal Sri Mahipal
Singh Sahib Bahadur, Maharawal of
Dungarpur (b. at Dungarpur, 14th
August 1931), eldest son of H.H.
Rai-i-Rajgan, Mahimahendra Maharajadhiraj
Maharawal Sri Sir Lakshman Singh Bahadur,
Maharawal of Dungarpur, GCIE, KCSI, by
his second wife, H.H. Rathoji Maharani
Sri Manhar Kanwar Ba Sahiba, second
daughter of Lieutenant-Colonel H.H. Umdai
Rajahae Buland Makan Maharajadhiraj
Maharaja Sir Madan Singh Sahib Bahadur,
Maharaja of Kishangarh, KCSI, KCIE. She
had issue, one son - see India (Dungarpur).
Maharaj Sri Bijey Singhji Bahadur, also adopted
the younger son of his elder brother:
Lieutenant-Colonel Maharaj Sri Amar
Singhji Bahadur - see below.
Maharajkumar Sri Vir Singhji Bahadur. b.
at Lakshmi Niwas, Lallgarh Palace, Bikaner, 7th
October 1910 (s/o the Bhatianji Maharani).
He d.v.p. 27th
Maharajkumari Sri Chand Kanwarji Baisa Sahib. b.
at Junagarh, Bikaner, 1st July 1899 (d/o
the Ranawatiji Maharani). She d. at
Bhowali Sanatorium, near Naini Tal, 31st
Maharajkumari Sri Shiv Kanwarji Baisa Sahib [H.H.
Maharani Shivkumari Sahiba, Rajmata of Kotah]. b.
at Lakshmi Niwas, Lallgarh Palace, Bikaner, 1st
March 1916 (d/o the Bhatianji Maharani)), educ.
privately, MLA for Khanpur in the Rajasthan sate
assembly 1967-1971, Presdt. Rajasthan Kshatriya
Maha Sabha, Vice-Presdt. All India Kshatriya Maha
Sabha, and the Brd. of Governors of Maharani
Gayari Devi Girls' Sch. (Jaipur) since 1949, Life
Mbr. National Rifle Assoc. of India, Indian
National Trust for Art, Culture & Heritage
(INTACH), Delhi Commonwealth Women's Assoc.
(DCWA), etc. Rcvd: GC of the Order of the
Star of Honour (30.10.1937), Sadul Singh Golden
Jubilee (1937), and Accession (1943) medals. m.
at the Har Mandir, Junagarh, Bikaner, 30th
April 1930, Brigadier H.H. Maharajadhiraj
Maharaja Mahimahendra Maharao Raja Shri Sir Bhim
Singhji II Sahib Bahadur, Maharao Raja of Kotah,
KCSI (b.14th September
1909; d. 20th July 1991),
eldest son of Colonel H.H. Maharajadhiraj
Maharaja Mahimahendra Maharao Raja Sri Sir Umed
Singh Sahib Bahadur, Maharao Raja of Kotah, GCSI,
GCIE, GBE, by his third wife, H.H. Kachhawahiji
Maharani Sahiba, a sister of
Lieutenant-Colonel Raja Shri Sawai Singhji, Raja
of Isarda, in Jaipur. She had issue, one son and
one daughter - see India (Kotah).
succession of Maharajkumar Bijey Singhji is viewed by
some adherents of the family as a formal
"adoption" and given as a reason for excluding
his line from the succession. However, the sole purpose
of the exercise was to distribute the property of the
late Maharaj Lal Singhji, who had died intestate. There
were no members of Maharaj Lal Singhji's family capable
of making an adoption alive at the time and Bijey
Singhji's eligibility for the succession remained
unaffected by the procedure. His father, Maharaja Ganga
Singhji expressly stated this in his communications to
the Government of India at the time. This is further
confirmed by the events of 1926. The Maharaja then
intended naming Bijey Singhji as his heir and successor,
following recent disagreements with his elder son, who
had recently resigned from all his public offices. The
Maharaja and members of the State Council, including
several of the most senior nobles of the state and bayads
of the Royal family, signed the documents sent to the
Government of India for that purpose. This could not have
been considered, had an actual adoption occurred.