ETHIOPIA

SHOA

The Solomonic Dynasty

GENEALOGY

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1682 - 1703 Abeto Negassi Krestos [Negassi II], Lord of Manz. b. at 'Amadwasa, Agancha, in Manz, son of Abeto Lebsa Qal, of Gerameder, in Manz, by his wife Woizero Sanabalt, daughter of Dejazmatch Faris, of Arademma, sometime Governor of Manz and Gese, and a granddaughter of a daughter of the House of Solomon, descended from Emperor Fasiladas. Made himself ruler of Shoa and was recognised as such with the title of Abeto by Emperor Iyasu I 1682. He d. from smallpox at Gondar, 1703, having had issue:
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1703 - 1719 Meridazmatch Sebestyanos [Sebeste] [Asfa Wossen I], Meridazmatch of Shoa, youngest son of Abeto Negassi Krestos, Lord of Manz, educ. privately. Proclaimed by the nobles of Manz, on the death of his father as Abeto, in preference to his elder brothers, 1703. Adopted the title of Meridazmatch. Established his capital at Doqaqit and founded the town of Ankobar in 1707. m. Woizero Tagunestiya, daughter of Mamma Rufa'el, of Manz, sometime Governor of Mamameder. He was k. 6th March 1719 (bur. Gondi), having had issue, a son and a daughter:
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1719 - 1744 Meridazmatch Abboye, Meridazmatch of Shoa. b. as Qadame Qal, son of Meridazmatch Sebestyanos, Meridazmatch of Shoa, by his wife, Woizero Tagunestiya, educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his father, 6th March 1719. Made himself autonomous from the central government at Gondar. Established his capital at Arramba. He was k. fighting against the Karaye Oromo, 23rd February 1744 (bur. Arramba), having had issue, two sons:
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1744- 1775 Meridazmatch Amha Iyasus, Meridazmatch of Shoa. b. at Arramba, ca. 1710, elder son of Meridazmatch Abboye, Meridazmatch of Shoa, educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his father, 23rd February 1744. Established his capital at Salalhula. Recovered Ankobar from the Galla chief and removed his capital there. Received by the Emperor at Gondar and formally invested by Emperor Takla Haymanot in 1771. m. (first) a sister of H.H. Ras Goshu Wodago, sometime Governor of Amhara and Viceroy (Enderase) of the Empire. m. (second) Woizero Etsubna ['Ezub]. He d. at Ankobar, 6th February 1775 (bur. there at the Church of Giyorgis), having had issue, two sons and one daughter by his second wife:
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NB: Fanot Qal (d. after 1783), said to have governed Shoa before Asfa Wosen.
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1775 - 1807 Meridazmatch Asfa Wossen II, Meridazmatch of Shoa. b. ca. 1724, as Lij Tewodros, elder son of Meridazmatch Amha Iyasus, Meridazmatch of Shoa, by his second wife, Woizero Etsubna, educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his father, 6th February 1775. Reunited the traditional provinces of Shoa, established central authority and divided his principality into four governments and thirty-nine provinces. He rebelled against the Emperor in May 1783, and attempted to place a mere commoner on the Imperial throne, but later submitted. m. (first) Woizero Atmotchuno [Atmosh-Ekuno], daughter of Woizero Tehun, a close relative of the Solomonic Emperors of Gondar. m. (second) a lady from the Afro Aygaba clan, in Manz. He d. at Ankobar, 30th July 1807 (bur. there at the Mariam Church), having had issue, including three sons:
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1807 - 1813 Ras Wossen Seggad [Wolde Giyorgis], Prince of Shoa, elder son of Meridazmatch Asfa Wossen [Tewodros], Meridazmatch of Shoa, by his first wife, Woizero Atmotchuno, educ. privately. Abagaz of Efrata and then conquered Marabete, Salala, and southern Wallo, during his father's reign. Succeeded on the death of his father, 30th July 1807. Established his independence from the central Imperial authorities and assumed the title of Ras. Established his capital at Kundi. He harboured Imperial ambitions, but was killed by his dignitaries before he could embark on his enterprise. m. (first) Woizero Zannaba Worq, a widow, daughter of Walansa Gwale, a Balabat of Afqara, and granddaughter of Golie Koafara, a Balabat of Manz. m. (second) a daughter of H.M. Elect of God, Emperor Newaya Seggad [Egwala Seyun], King of Kings of Ethiopia. He d. from stab wounds receved from a paid assasin and slave, at Qundi, 7th June 1813 (bur. there at the Giyorgis Church), having had issue:
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continued on the next page.
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SHOA 1 SHOA 3 SHOA 4 SHOA 5
SHOA 6 SHOA 7 SOLOMON BEGAMEDER
GOJJAM HARRAR TEWODROS TIGRAY
ZAGWE ORDERS & DECORATIONS MAIN
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I would be grateful to hear from anyone who may have changes, corrections or additions to contribute. If you do, please be kind enough to send me an e-mail using the contact details at:
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Copyrightę Christopher Buyers, May 2001 - March 2009