OMAN

The Al-Busaid Dynasty

GENEALOGY

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1744 - 1783 H. H. Sayyid Ahmad bin Sa’id bin Muhammad bin Khalaf bin Sa’id Al-Busaidi Al-Azdi Al-Ammani Al-Ibadhi (so styled on his grave), Imam of Oman. b. at Adam, 1710, son of Sayyid Sa’id bin Muhammad Al-Busaidi, educ. privately. Appointed as Governor of Sohar under the Ya’rubi Imams in 1737. He repulsed the Persian attack upon Sohar, later defeated and expelled them from Muskat and assumed control over Oman, in late 1744. Elected as Imam, at Rustaq, 9th June 1749. Relinquished his personal control over day-to-day administrative affairs to his son, retaining his position as Imam, 1st February 1775. m. (first) an Indian lady. m. (second) before 1741, Sayyida Ghani bint Khalfan Al-Busaidiyah, daughter of H.E. Sayyid Khalfan bin Muhammad Al-Busaidi, sometime Governor of Muscat. m. (third) ca 1749, Sayyida Ya’arubin bint Saif, daughter of Imam Saif II bin Sultan, of the former Yarubid Dynasty. m. (fourth) a sister of Shaikh Muhammad bin Nasir al-Jabry al-Ghafiry, of Zhahirah, a prominent leader of the Nizariyah faction and sometime Governor of Bahrain under the Yarubi. He d. at Al-Batinah Fort, Rustaq, 15th December 1783 (bur. there at the Western Fort, near the Great Mosque), having had issue, seven sons and three daughters:
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1783 – 1811 Al-Wasiq Billah al-Samad Imam al-Musliman Sayyid Sa’id bin Al-Imam Ahmad bin Sa’id Al-Busaidi, Imam of Oman. b. 1741, second son of Sayyid Ahmad bin Sa’id bin Muhammad bin Khalaf bin Sa’id Al-Busaidi Al-Azdi Al-Ammani Al-Ibadhi, by his wife, Sayyida Ghani bint Khalfan Al-Busaidiyah, daughter of H.E. Sayyid Khalfan bin Muhammad Al-Busaidi, educ. privately. Assumed control over administrative affairs from his father January 1775. Proclaimed as Imam, after the death of his father, at Rustaq 15th December 1783. He relinquished his personal control over day-to-day administrative affairs to his third son, Hamad, the Governor of Muscat, who assumed the regency by 1789. At Hamad’s death in 1792, he resumed direct control oncemore, but retreated to a life of indolence and allowed his surviving sons and other relations almost total freedom to govern as they saw fit. He remained the traditional capital in Rustaq and continued to hold the title of Imam until his death, the last of the Busaidi family to enjoy that position and rank. He d. at Al-Batinah Fort, Rustaq, 1811 (bur. there), having had issue, four sons:
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