RIAU

The Vice-Regal or Bugis Dynasty

BRIEF HISTORY

The Vice-Regal house of Riau claim descent from the rulers of Luwu, in the Celebes. Leaders of the powerful Bugis maritime and military community, they came into prominence during the rise to power of Sultan 'Abdu'l-Jalil Rahmat Shah. He is bettwe known to history as Raja Kechil, the putative posthumous child of last Malacca Sultan of Johor, Sultan Mahmud II. Allying themselves with Kechil's rivals, the Bugis princes succeeded in driving him to Siak and restoring the Bendahara dynasty (see Malaysia-Johor and Indonesia-Lingga). At the conclusion of hostilities in 1722, several marriage alliances were forged between the two families. The settlement of the debt of honour included a joint system of government between the Bugis immigrants and the indigenous Malays. The Bugis leaders received the titles of Yang di-Pertuan Muda (deputy ruler or Viceroy) and Raja Tua (principal prince), enjoying the second and third highest offices in the realm. Although the latter title and office fell into disuse, the Viceroyalty prevailed until the merging of sovereignty of the two Royal dynasties in 1899.

Other branches of the family established themselves in Mampawa and Sambas in Borneo, the Bugis settlements in Cambodia, and the sultanate of Selangor in Malaysia. They also made several prominent marriage alliances in some of the other sultanates of Malaya and Sumatra.

SALUTE:
13-guns.

STYLES & TITLES:
The ruling prince: Yang di-Pertuan Muda of Riau, with the style of His Highness. In earlier days, the ruling prince also received the personal title of Sultan and a reign name.
The principal consort of the ruling prince:
The Heir Apparent: Raja (personal name) bin Raja (father's name), Raja Muda.
The sons, grandsons and other male descendants of the ruling prince, in the male line: Raja (personal name) bin Raja (father's name).
The daughters, granddaughters and other female descendants of the ruling prince, in the male line: Raja (personal name) binti Raja (father's name).

RULES OF SUCCESSION:
Appointment by the Sultan of Riau, Lingga and its dependencies.

ORDERS & DECORATIONS:
None.

GLOSSARY:
See under Malaysia main page.

SOURCES:
Raja 'Ali Haji ibn Ahmad, The Precious Gift (Tuhfat al-Nafis): An annotated translation by Virginia Matheson and Barbara Watson Andaya. Oxford University Press, Kuala Lumpur, 1982.
Bijdragen tot de geschiedenis van het rijk van Lingga en Riouw", Tijdschrift voor Indische Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde, Deel IV (Nieuwe Serie, Deel I), Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen, Batavia, 1855. pp. 411-422.
Mohd. Yusof Md. Nor, Salasilah Melayu dan Bugis. Penerbit Fajay Bakti Sd. Bhd., Petaling Jaya, 1984.
S. Samad Ahmad, Kerajaan Johor-Riau. Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka Kementerian Pelajaran Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, 1985.
Leonard Y Andaya, The Kingdom of Johor 1641-1728. Oxford University Press, Kuala Lumpur, 1975.
Fritz Schulze, Die Chroniken von Sambas und Mempawah. Julius Groos Verlag, Heidelberg, 1991.
Shaharil Talib, After its own Image, The Trengganu Experience 1881-1941. Oxford University Press, Singapore, 1984.

SPECIAL ACKNOWLEDGEMENT:
Tengku 'Abdu'l-Rahman bin Tengku Muhammad Yusuf, Head of the Royal House of Lingga

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS:
Raja Habibah Raja Hassan

Md. Mokhtar Abdul Aziz 
Kartina Paris.
Raja Mohammad Said, Singapore
D.P. Tick, Pusat Dokumentasi Kerajaan-Kerajaan di Indonesia "Pusaka".
Warisan KeRaja'an dan KeSultanan RiauLingga.
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RIAU 7 LINGGA SELANGOR JOHOR MAIN
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CopyrightęChristopher Buyers, December 2001 - September 2008