house of Riau claim descent from the rulers of Luwu, in
the Celebes. Leaders of the powerful Bugis maritime and
military community, they came into prominence during the
rise to power of Sultan 'Abdu'l-Jalil Rahmat Shah. He is
bettwe known to history as Raja Kechil, the putative
posthumous child of last Malacca Sultan of Johor, Sultan
Mahmud II. Allying themselves with Kechil's rivals, the
Bugis princes succeeded in driving him to Siak and
restoring the Bendahara dynasty (see Malaysia-Johor
and Indonesia-Lingga). At the conclusion of
hostilities in 1722, several marriage alliances were
forged between the two families. The settlement of the
debt of honour included a joint system of government
between the Bugis immigrants and the indigenous Malays.
The Bugis leaders received the titles of Yang di-Pertuan
Muda (deputy ruler or Viceroy) and Raja Tua (principal
prince), enjoying the second and third highest offices in
the realm. Although the latter title and office fell into
disuse, the Viceroyalty prevailed until the merging of
sovereignty of the two Royal dynasties in 1899.
Other branches of the family established themselves in
Mampawa and Sambas in Borneo, the Bugis settlements in
Cambodia, and the sultanate of Selangor in Malaysia. They
also made several prominent marriage alliances in some of
the other sultanates of Malaya and Sumatra.
STYLES & TITLES:
The ruling prince: Yang di-Pertuan Muda of Riau, with the
style of His Highness. In earlier days, the ruling
prince also received the personal title of Sultan and a
The principal consort of the ruling prince:
The Heir Apparent: Raja (personal name) bin Raja (father's
name), Raja Muda.
The sons, grandsons and other male descendants of the
ruling prince, in the male line: Raja (personal name)
bin Raja (father's name).
The daughters, granddaughters and other female
descendants of the ruling prince, in the male line: Raja
(personal name) binti Raja (father's name).
RULES OF SUCCESSION:
Appointment by the Sultan of Riau, Lingga and its
ORDERS & DECORATIONS:
See under Malaysia main page.
Raja 'Ali Haji ibn Ahmad, The Precious Gift (Tuhfat
al-Nafis): An annotated translation by Virginia
Matheson and Barbara Watson Andaya. Oxford University
Press, Kuala Lumpur, 1982.
Bijdragen tot de geschiedenis van het rijk van Lingga en
Riouw", Tijdschrift voor Indische Taal-, Land- en
Volkenkunde, Deel IV (Nieuwe Serie, Deel I),
Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen,
Batavia, 1855. pp. 411-422.
Mohd. Yusof Md. Nor, Salasilah Melayu dan Bugis. Penerbit
Fajay Bakti Sd. Bhd., Petaling Jaya, 1984.
S. Samad Ahmad, Kerajaan Johor-Riau. Dewan Bahasa dan
Pustaka Kementerian Pelajaran Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur,
Leonard Y Andaya, The Kingdom of Johor 1641-1728. Oxford
University Press, Kuala Lumpur, 1975.
Fritz Schulze, Die Chroniken von Sambas und Mempawah.
Julius Groos Verlag, Heidelberg, 1991.
Shaharil Talib, After its own Image, The Trengganu
Experience 1881-1941. Oxford University Press, Singapore,
Tengku 'Abdu'l-Rahman bin Tengku Muhammad Yusuf, Head of
the Royal House of Lingga
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS: Raja Habibah Raja Hassan
Mokhtar Abdul Aziz
Raja Mohammad Said, Singapore
D.P. Tick, Pusat Dokumentasi Kerajaan-Kerajaan di
Warisan KeRaja'an dan KeSultanan RiauLingga.
I would be
grateful to hear from anyone who may have changes,
corrections or additions to contribute. If you do, please
be kind enough to send me an e-mail using the contact
details at: Copyrightę Christopher Buyers