MURSHIDABAD

 

The Afshar Dynasty

GENEALOGY

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1727 - 1739 Mu'tamad ul-Mulk, Shuja ud-Daula, Nawab Muhammad Shuja Khan Bahadur, Asad Jang, Nawab Nazim of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa. b. at Burhanpur, Deccan, as Mirza Shuja ud-din Muhammad Khan [Mirza Deccani], son of Nawab Jan Muhammad Khan [Mirza Nur ud-din Muhammad], educ. privately. Subadar of Orissa 1719. Appointed as Nazim of Bengal and Orissa, July 1727. Subadar of Bihar 1731. m. (first) Zainab un-nisa Begum Sahiba, daughter of Mu'tamad ul-Mulk, 'Ala ud-Daula, Nawab Ja'afar Khan Bahadur, Asad Jang, Nawab Nazim of Bengal and Orissa. m. (second) before 1712, Azmat un-nisa Begum Sahiba [Zinat un-nisa], eldest daughter of Mu'tamad ul-Mulk, 'Ala ud-Daula, Nawab Ja'afar Khan Bahadur, Asad Jang, Nawab Nazim of Bengal and Orissa, by his wife, Nasiri Banu Begum Sahiba. m. (third) Durdana Begum Sahiba. He d. at Murshidabad, 26th August 1739 (bur. Roshnibagh), having had issue, two sons and two daughters:
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1740 - 1756 H.H. Shuja ul-Mulk, Husam ud-Daula, Nawab Muhammad Alahvirdi Khan Bahadur, Mahabat Jang, Nawab Nazim of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa. b. as Mirza Muhammad 'Ali, in the household of Prince Muhammad 'Azam Shah-i-'Ali Jah, in the Deccan, before 10th May 1671, second son of Shah Quli Khan [Mirza Muhammad Madani], by his wife, a daughter of Nawab 'Aqil Khan Afshar, educ. privately. Supt. of Gold Embroidery and Elephant Stables to Prince Muhammad 'Azam Shah-i-'Ali Jah. Moved to Cuttack after the death of his patron in 1707. Entered the service of Nawab Shuja ud-Daula and was appointed to an Imperial mansab of 600 zat 1720, thanadar of Sawantrapur (santrapur) 1720-1727, Faujdar of Rajmahal 1728-1733, Naib Subadar of Bihar 1733. Granted the titles of Muhammad Alahvirdi Khan 1720 and Mahabat Jang. Wazir to Nawab Nazim Sarfaraz Khan 1739-1740. Killed the Nawab Nazim Sarfaraz Khan and seized the government, 29th April 1740. Raised to the titles of Husam ud-Daula November 1740, and Shuja ul-Mulk 31st March 1744. m. Nawab Begum Sahiba, sister of Sayyid Ahmad Najafi, and daughter of Sayyid Husain Najafi, sometime Lord Steward to Emperor Aurangzeb. He d. at Murshidabad, 9th April 1756 (bur. next to his mother, at Khushbagh), having had issue, three daughters:
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1756 - 1757 H.H. Mansur ul-Mulk, Siraj ud-Daula, Nawab Sayyid Mahmud 'Ali Khan Bahadur, Mahabat Jang, Nawab Nazim of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa. b. as Mirza Muhammad, at Rajmahal, before 6th August 1728, son of Itiram ud-Daula, Nawab Zain ud-din Ahmad Khan Bahadur, Haibat Jang, sometime Naib Nazim of Patna, by his wife, Amina Begum Sahiba, youngest daughter of H.H. Shuja ul-Mulk, Husam ud-Daula, Nawab Muhammad Alahvirdi Khan Bahadur, Mahabat Jang, Nawab Nazim of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa, educ. privately. Supt. of the Naval Flotilla 1740, Subadar of Bihar 1748 and Faujdar of Hughli 1749, General of the Artillery 1749. Appointed as Heir Apparent by his grandfather, before 7th November 1752. Succeeded on the death of his maternal grandfather, 10th April 1756. Installed on the Khahar Balish at Murshidabad, 15th April 1756. Taking offence at the English soon afterwards, he attacked and took Calcutta on 20th June 1756. He imprisoned 146 prisoners in a small military prison, infamous to history as the "Black Hole". Lost Calcutta to Lord Clive 2nd January, and completely routed by him at the Battle of Plassey, 23rd June 1757. Deposed in favour of Mir Ja'afar, 29th June 1757. Treacherously seized and murdered by Mir Miran, the son of Mir Ja'afar. m. (first) at Murshidabad, before 22nd March 1745, H.H. Nawab Umdat un-nisa Bahu Begum Sahiba (d. 10th November 1793), daughter of Nawab Mirza Muhammad Iraj Khan Bahadur, grandson of Nawab Mustafa Quli Khan, sometime Wazir to Prince Muhammad Azam Shah. m. (second) Lutf un-nisa Begum Sahiba (k. June 1760, bur. Khushbagh), née Raj Kanwar, a former Hindu slave and dancer. He was k. on the orders of Mir Miran, at Jaffragang Deori, Murshidabad, 4th July 1757 (bur. beside Alahvirdi Khan, at Khushbagh), having had issue, an only daughter:
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