KAPURTHALA

The Ahluwalia Dynasty

GENEALOGY

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1877 – 1949 Major-General H.H. Farzand-i-Dilband Rasikh-al-Iqtidad-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia, Raja-i-Rajagan, Maharaja Sir Jagatjit Singh Sahib Bahadur, Maharaja of Kapurthala, GCSI (12.12.1911, KCSI 22.6.1897), GCIE (1.1.1921), GBE (c 29.11.1927). b. at the Royal Palace, Kapurthala, 24th November 1872, only son of H.H. Farzand-i-Dilband Rasikh al-Iqtidad Raja-i-Rajgan Raja Kharak Singh Sahib Bahadur, Raja of Kapurthala, by his wife, H.H. Rani Anand Kaur Sahiba, educ. privately. Became Heir Apparent with the title of Sri Tikka Sahib Bahadur, at birth. Succeeded on the death of his father, 3rd September 1877 and ascended the gadi at the Royal Palace, Kapurthala, 16th October 1877. Reigned under a Council of Regency until he came of age and was invested with full ruling powers, 24th November 1890. Advanced to the hereditary title of Maharaja, 12th December 1911. Indian Representative at the League of Nations General Assembly Geneva 1926, 1927 and 1929. Attended the Indian Round Table Conference, London, 1931. Celebrated his Golden Jubilee 29th November 1927, his Diamond Jubilee 24th November 1937, and his Platinum Jubilee 24th November 1947. Mbr Indian Defence Council 1941-1945. Signed the instrument of accession to the Dominion of India, 16th August 1947. Concluded a merger agreement with his fellow rulers in East Punjab to form the Patiala and Eastern Punjab States Union (PEPSU), 5th May 1948 (with effect from 20th August 1948, after which date he ceased to enjoy sovereign powers). Installed as Uprajpramukh at Patiala, 15th July 1948. Vice-Presdt Patiala and Eastern Punjab States Union (PEPSU) Council of Rulers 1948-1949. Cmsnd as Hon Lieut-Col IA 1/1/1918, attached as Hon Officer 3rd Btn (Rattray’s Sikhs), 11th Sikh Regt 31/12/1922, prom Hon Col 19/6/1926, Hon Brig 12/1/1943, and Hon Maj-Gen 20/6/1948. Hon Col 3rd Btn (Rattray’s Sikhs), 11th Sikh Regiment, 18/6/1925-1945, Hon Col 3rd Btn The Sikh Regiment (Rattray’s) 1/11/1945-1949, Col-in-Chief Kapurthala State Forces 1923-1949. Granted a permanent salute of 13-guns and a personal salute of 15-guns 1st January 1918, and a local salute of 15-guns, 1st January 1921. Attended the Diamond Jubilee celebrations of the Queen-Empress Victoria at St Paul’s Cathedral in London 1897, the Coronation of the King-Emperor George V at Westminster Abbey 1911, and his Silver Jubilee celebrations at St Paul’s Cathedral in 1935, and the Coronation of the King-Emperor George VI at Westminster Abbey 1937. Attended the Delhi Durbars of 1903 and 1911. Patron Empire of India Exhibition (London) 1895, Benares Hindu Univ, Circle Litteraire (Bombay), Indian Gymkhana Club 1920, All-India Oriental Conference 1930, etc. Vice-Presdt East India Assoc (London). Vice-Patron Indian Science Congress. Past Grand Warden (Past SGW) Empire Lodge of Antient Freemasons 1897. Delegate of the Acad Diplomatique Internationale (Paris). Hon Mbr Touring Club de France 1918. Mbr European Cttee of Honour Motor Yacht Club of America 1934. Assoc Mbr International Lawn Tennis Club of GB 1931. Author of “My Travels in China, Japan, and Java” (1903), and “My tour in South, Central, and North America” (1926). Founded the Nishan-i-Shahi (the Decoration of Kings) in 1898, and Nishan-i-Iftikhar (the Decoration of Honour) in three other classes 1914. Rcvd: Diamond Jubilee medal (1897), Durbar gold medals (1903 & 1911), Coron (1911), Silver Jubilee (1935), Coron (1937), and Indian Independence (1948) medals, GC of the Orders of the Crown of Prussia 1st class (1911), Menelik of Ethiopia (1924), Nile of Egypt (31.3.1924), SS Maurice & Lazarus of Italy (24.5.1924), the Sharifan Order of Alaoui of Morocco (17.11.1924), Glory (Nishan-i-Iftikhar) of Tunis (1925), Merit of Chile (3.9.1925), Sun of Peru (1925), Red Cross of Honour and Merit of Cuba (10.10.1925), Crown of Rumania (civil 1926), Merit of Hungary (1926), St Sava of Yugoslavia (1928), Carlos III of Spain (15.10.1928), the Royal Order of Cambodia (1.12.1929), Crown of Iran (10.8.1930), Star of Rumania (civil 13.8.1935), St Agatha of San Marino (31.8.1935), St Silvester of the Vatican (2.9.1935), and the Legion of Honour of France (23.2.1948, GO 7.7.1924), the Order of the White Lion of Czechoslovakia 1st class (1934), Nishan-i-Iqbal 1st class of Rampur (1926), etc. m. (first) at Paprola, Kangra, 16th April 1886, H.H. Maharani Habans Kaur Sahib (b. at Paprola, 1872; d. from heart failure, at Chateau Kapurthala, St Helens, Mussoorie, 17th October 1941, crem. at Shalimar Gardens, Kapurthala), daughter of Mian Ranjit Singh Gularia, of Paprola, in the Kangra district of the Punjab. m. (second) at Kautach, 1891, H.H. Maharani Parvati Kaur Sahiba (d. after an illness of four months, at Kapurthala, 20th February 1944, crem. at Shalimar Gardens), daughter of the Katauch Sardar. m. (third) 1892, H.H. Maharani Lachmi Kaur Sahiba (d. at the Elysee Palace, Kapurthala, 1959, crem. at Shalimar Gardens), from Barsail in Bashahr. m. (fourth) 1895, Rani Kanari Sahib (d. ca. 1910), daughter of the Dewan of Jubbal. m. (fifth) at Paris, France, 1904, Rani Prem Kaur Sahiba (b. at Malaga, Spain, 8th February 1890; d. at Madrid, Spain, 7th July 1962, bur. there at the Sacramental de San Justo), née Ana Delgado y Briones [Anita Delgado], author of “Impressions de mes voyages aux Indes” (1915), daughter of Ángel Delgado y de los Cobos, proprietor of the “La Castaña” café, by his wife, Candelária Briones y Delgado. m. (sixth) at Kapurthala, 9th September 1942, Rani Tara Devi Sahiba (b. in Vienna, Austria, 1912; k. herself by jumping off the Qutb Minar, Delhi, 9th December 1946, bur. there at the Nicholson Cemetery, near St James’s Church), née Eugenie-Marie Grossupova, a Czech theatre actress, daughter of Mme. Nina Marie Grossupova, apparently by an unnamed Hungarian Count. He d. at the Taj Hotel, Bombay, 19th June 1949 (crem. at Shalimar Gardens, Kapurthala), having had issue five sons and one daughter:
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1949 - 1955 Colonel H.H. Farzand-i-Dilband Rasikh-al-Iqtidad-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia, Raja-i-Rajagan, Maharaja Shri Paramjit Singh Bahadur, Maharaja of Kapurthala. b. 19th May 1892, eldest son of Major-General H.H. Farzand-i-Dilband Rasikh-al-Iqtidad-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia, Raja-i-Rajagan, Maharaja Sir Jagatjit Singh Bahadur, Maharaja of Kapurthala, GCSI, GCIE, GBE, by his first wife, H.H. Maharani Habans Kaur Sahiba, educ. Cheam Sch, Thatcham, Berkshire, Harrow Sch, Middlesex, St Paul’s High Sch, Kensington, London, Lyceé Janson de Sailly, and Univ of Paris, La Sorbonne, Paris, France. Became Heir Apparent with the title of Sri Tikka Sahib Bahadur, at birth. Raised to the title of Sri Tikka Raja Sahib Bahadur and granted the personal style of His Highness (the latter discontinued 1st October 1917). MSC and MEC 1949, Presdt Kapurthala State Council 1939-1944 and 1948-1949 (Vice-Presdt 1944). Succeeded on the death of his father, 19th June 1949 (confirmed by the Governor-General of India, 8th July 1949). Installed at Jagatjit Palace, Kapurthala, 25th June 1949. Col-in-Chief Kapurthala State Forces 1949 and Hon Col 2nd Kapurthala Paramjit Infantry 1923-1949. Attended the Coronations of the King-Emperor George V at Westminster Abbey in London 1911, and King-Emperor George VI 1937. Mbr Royal Automoble Club of France, St Cloud Country Club (Paris), European Cttee of Honour Motor Yacht Club of America 1934, etc. Rcvd: British War and India Service Medals (1945), Coron Medals (1911 with Durbar clasp 1911, 1937), Silver Jubilee (1935), and Indian Independence (1948) medals, the Nishan-i-Iftikhar 1st class (civil 1915), and Diamond Jubilee medal (1937) of Kapurthala, GC of the Orders of Civil Merit of Spain (23.10.1928), Glory (Nishan-i-Iftikhar) of Tunis, Star of Rumania (13.8.1936), and the Legion of Honour of France (1950, GO 25.10.1936, Cdr x.6.1934), GO of the Order of the Nile of Egypt (31.3.1924). m. (first) at Kapurthala, 2nd February 1911 (sep.), H.H. Maharani Brinda Devi Sahiba (b. at Jubbal, 11th January 1890; d. at Woodville Palace, Simla, May 1962), née Brinda Mati, educ. privately at Kapurthala, India, and Paris, France, author of “Maharani: Souvenirs de la Princesse Brinda de Kapurthala” (1956), third daughter of Kanwar Gambhir Chand, of Jubbal, by his second wife. m. (second) at the Elysee Palace, Kapurthala, 1932, H.H. Tikka Rani Lilavati Devi Sahiba (b. 1912; d. at Chateau Kapurthala, St Helens, Mussoorie, 21st September 1942), from a Rajput family of Kangra. m. (third) at the Sikh Gurdwara, London, July 1937, H.H. Maharani Narinder Kaur Sahiba (b. at Beckenham, Kent, 13th October 1904; d. at St Stephen’s Hospital, Delhi, 23rd February 1984, bur. there at the Prithviraj Road Cemetery), née Astella Alice Mudge, educ. Coburn Grammar Sch for Girls, Bow, Guildhall Sch of Music, and Miss Maclaren’s Sch of Dancing, London, alias Stella Mudge or Astella Villiers, former dancer with the Folies Bergere in Paris, second daughter of Joseph Mudge, sometime Councillor of Bow and Bromley, and proprietor of the “Earl of Ellesmere” public house, Bethnal Green, by his wife, Emily, Mrs Mudge, MBE, sometime Councillor of Bow and Bromley, daughter of Frederick Denby, from a farming family of Ilkley, Yorks. He d. at Chateau Kapurthala, St Helens, Mussoorie, 19th July 1955 (crem. at Shalimar Gardens, Kapurthala), having had issue, one son and five daughters:
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1955  Brigadier H.H. Farzand-i-Dilband Rasikh-al-Iqtidad-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia, Raja-i-Rajagan, Maharaja Sukhjit Singh Sahib Bahadur, Maharaja of Kapurthala, MVC (11.12.1971). b. at Bangalore, 15th October 1934, only son of Colonel H.H. Farzand-i-Dilband Rasikh-al-Iqtidad-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia, Raja-i-Rajagan, Maharaja Paramjit Singh Sahib Bahadur, Maharaja of Kapurthala, by his second wife, H.H. Tikka Rani Lilavati Devi Sahiba, educ. the Doon Sch, and the Prince of Wales’s Royal Indian Military Coll (RIMC), Dehra Dun, Indian Staff Coll, Wellington, and Joint Services Staff Coll, Latimer, Buckinghamshire. Became Heir Apparent with the title of Sri Tikka Raja Sahib Bahadur 17th June 1949. Cmsnd as 2nd-Lieut IA 6/6/1954, attached 14th Horse (The Scinde Horse), IAC, served in Indo-Pakistan War of 1965 at Battle of Dera Baba Nanak, prom Lt-Col, GSO 1 Operations MO Directorate Army HQ, cdt 14th Horse (The Scinde Horse) 1971, served in the Indo-Pakistan War of 1971 at Battle of Malakpur (rcvd: MID, MVC), prom Brig, cdr Mountain Bde in Arunanchal Pradesh, retd 1977. Succeeded on the death of his father, 19th July 1955 (confirmed by the President of India, 4th August 1955). The GOI amended the Indian Constitution to remove his position as a “ruler” and his right to receive privy-purse payments, 28th December 1971. Publisher “Blizzard” weekly since 1961. Author of “The Punjab-1993” in “Indian Defence Review” (1993). Patron-in-Chief Kapurthala Heritage Soc since 2001. Dir-Gen Governing Council of Centre for Training & Employment of Punjab Youth (C-PYTE) since 2008. Trustee 14th Scinde Horse Charitable Trust. Mbr Sikh Forum, Patiala Heritage Soc since 2002, Punjab Sainik Brd since 2003, Punjab Biodiversity Brd since 2004, Harivallabh Sangeet Samelan, The Punjab Biodiversity Brd (PBB) Panel of Experts since 2004, India International Centre Exec Cttee (Delhi) since 2008, Cavalry Officers Assoc (Palinum Cavalier), Delhi Gymkhana Club, etc. Hon Mbr Brd of Governors The Punjab Public Sch (Nabha). Rcvd: Samar Seva (1965), and Paschimi (1971) stars, Raksha (1965), Samgram (1971), Sainya Seva (1960), GSM, 25th Independence Anniversary (1972) medals etc. m. at New Delhi, 21st April 1958 (sep. 1976), H.H. Maharani Gita Devi Sahiba (b. at Jasdan, 21st March 1936), Mbr World Wildlife Fund (WWF) (India), Women’s International Club (New Delhi), etc, daughter of Meherban Mukhlisan, Sadakat Va Ekhlasinisan Mahobat Hun, Darbar Shri Ala Vajsur Khachar II Sahib, Darbar Sahib of Jasdan, CIE, by his second wife, Rani Madvi Devi Sahiba, daughter of Rajkumar Gambhir Chand, of Jubbal. He had issue, two sons and two daughters:
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END.
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