KAPURTHALA

The Ahluwalia Dynasty

GENEALOGY

Bhai Ganda Singh, son of Bhai Wadhava Singh. Entered the Mughal forces and served at Multan under Dilawar Khan. Granted the villages of Ahlu-Hollo, Sado, Toor, and Chak in recognition of his bravery. He had issue, several sons, including: Copyright© Christopher Buyers
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1777 - 1783 Sultan ul-Qaum Nawab Jassa Singh Ahluwalia, Dharamvir. b. at Ahlu, 3rd May 1718, only son of Sardar Badar Singh Ahluwalia, by his wife, the eldest  sister of Sardar Bagh [Bhagu] Singh Hallovalla, educ. privately at Delhi. Presented with a sword, a bow with one quiver, a club, a shield, and a silver mace by Mata Sundari, widow of the Guru Gobind in 1718, and later received the mace of that Guru himself in 1753. Succeeded to his father’s properties after his death in 1722. Succeeded to his maternal uncle’s lands 1731. Cdr of the Dal Khalsa, the armies of the Sikh confederacy, in succession to Nawab Kapur Singh, who had adopted him as his son. Invested with the personal title of Nawab, at the Guru Mata, Amritsar, 10th April 1754. Proclaimed as Head of the Sikh Confederacy with the title of Sultan ul-Qaum following the capture of Lahore, November 1761. Defeated by Ahmad Shah Abdali at the Battle of Barnala, 10th February 1762. Captured Kapurthala Fort from Rai Ibrahim Bhatti in 1777. Resigned his commands and retired to Amritsar, 1780. A great Sikh general and elder statesman. m. Sadarni Raj Kaur Sahib. He d.s.p.m. at Amritsar, 20th October 1783 (cremated at the Dera Baba Attal), having had issue, three daughters:
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1783 - 1801  Nawab Bhag Singh Ahluwalia. b. 1747, son of Sardar Ladha Singh Ahluwalia, educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his cousin as ruler of Kapurthala and commander of the Ahluwalia misl, 20th October 1783. He d. at Mai Deori, Fatehabad Fort, 1801, having had issue, one son and one daughter:
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1801 - 1837  Raja Fateh Singh Ahluwalia Bahadur, Raja of Kapurthala. b. at Kapurthala Fort, 1784, only son of Sardar Bhag Singh Ahluwalia, educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his father as ruler of Kapurthala and commander of the Ahluwalia misl, 1801. Assumed the hereditary title of Raja in 1801. Entered into a military alliance with Maharaja Ranjit Singh at Fatehabad in 1802. He entered into treaty relations with the HEIC as a joint signatory together with Maharaja Ranjit Singh, in the first treaty between the Sikhs and the British, 1st January 1806. Participated in the campaigns that won Jhang and Kasur in 1807, Kangra 1809, Attock 1813, Multan 1818, Kashmir 1819 and Mankera in 1821. Granted the districts of Dakha, Kot, Jagraoh, Talvandi, Naraingarh and Raipur, in reward for his many military victories. Fled to British territory, fearing Ranjit Singh’s increasing power and threat of encroachment on his lands, 27th December 1825. Settled at Jagran. Returned to Kapurthala in 1827, after being reassured by the Maharaja that he would not molest him or seize his territories. Removed his capital from Fatehabad to Kapurthala. m. several wives. He d. from malaria, at Kapurthala Fort, 20th October 1837, having had issue, two sons:
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 1837 - 1852 H.H. Raja Nihal Singh Bahadur, Raja of Kapurthala. b. at Kapurthala Fort, 10th March 1817, elder son of Raja Fateh Singh Ahluwalia Bahadur, Raja of Kapurthala, educ. privately. Became Heir Apparent with the title of Tikka Sahib at birth. Succeeded on the death of his father, 20th October 1837. Participated in the battles of Baddoval and Aliwal. Granted Nur Mahal and Kalal Majra, in reward for his military services. Remained neutral during the 2nd and 3rd Anglo-Sikh wars and lost all his territories south of the Sutlej to the HEIC. m. (first) H.H. Rani … Kaur Sahib, sister of Sardar Shamsher Singh, Rais of Fatehabad. m. (second) at Kapurthala Fort, 5th March 1835, H.H. Rani … Kaur Sahib. He d. at the Nihal Palace, Kapurthala, 13th September 1852, having had issue, three sons and one daughter:
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continued on the next page.
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