Mahadji Scindia, Patil of Kanherkheda
(with whom we treat)
Shrimant Changoji Scindia, Patil of Kanherkheda. He had issue, two sons:
1) Shrimant Dattaji Scindia, Patil of Kanherkheda. He had issue, one son:
a) Shrimant Jankoji Scindia, Patil of Kanherkheda. Entered the service of Balaji Biswanth. He had issue:
i) Shrimant Sardar Ranoji Scindia, Patil of Kanherkheda - see below.
2) Shrimant Janoji [Hangoji] Scindia. Said to have been a distinguished Maratha officer who served under Chimnaji Appa Sahib in the wars against the Portuguese 1733-1739, and captured Tarapur from the Portuguese in 4th February 1739. He had issue, two sons:
i) Shrimant Sardar Kedarji Rao Scindia. He had issue:
(1) Shrimant Sardar Swarupji Rao Scindia. A distinguished general under his cousin Jayappa Scindia. Fought at the Battle of Badri Sadri in January 1747. He had issue:
(a) Shrimant Sardar Changoji Rao Scindia. He had issue:
(i) Shrimant Sardar Bhivaha Rao Scindia. He had issue:
1. Shrimant Sardar Navroji Rao Scindia. He had issue, two sons:
a. Shrimant Sardar Hariba Rao Scindia.
b. Shrimant Sardar Govind Rao Scindia. He adopted his cousin, Mugat Rao Scindia.
b) Shrimant Khaloji Scindia [Raoloji]. He is said to have been a distinguished Maratha officer who served under Chimnaji Appa Sahib, and captured Sirgão from the Portuguese in January 1739. He had issue:
i) Shrimant Sardar Manaji Rao Scindia. Said to have been a distinguished Maratha officer who served under Chimnaji Appa Sahib in the wars against the Portuguese 1737-1740, during which he is said to have killed Generals Martinho de Silveira de Menezes (but in the Portuguese sources he fell to a Maratha bullet while reconnoitring the tower Reme Deos, in Bassein Fort, 15th April 1739) and Martial Pedro de Mello (but in the Portuguese sources he was k. from a cannon shot while attacking the fort of Reis, in Thana, 4th December 1738. He had issue, three sons:
(1) Shrimant Sardar Apaji Rao Scindia. A distinguished general under his cousin Jayappa Scindia. Fought at the Battle of Himmatnagar in February 1748. He had issue:
(i) Shrimant Sardar Hanuwant Rao Scindia [Babaji]. m.a sister of Shrimant Sardar Devrao [Mama Sahib] Jadhav, sometime Presdt of the Council of Ministers, by whom he had issue, one son and one daughter:
1. Shrimant Kumar Bhagirath Rao Scindia. Adopted by Maharani Tarabai Raje and ascended the gadi as H.H. Ali Jah, Umdat ul-Umara, Hisam us-Sultanat, Mukhtar ul-Mulk, Azim ul-Iqtidar, Rafi-us-Shan, Wala Shikoh, Muhtasham-i-Dauran, Maharajadhiraj Maharaja Shrimant Sir Jayaji Rao Scindia Bahadur, Shrinath, Mansur-i-Zaman, Fidvi-i-Hazrat-i-Malika-i-Mua'zzama-i-Rafi-ud-Darja-i-Inglistan, Maharaja Scindia of Gwalior - see below.
(2) Shrimant Janoji Rao Scindia, m.Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Daryabai Sahib (d. after 1854). He had issue:
(a) Shrimant Kondaji Rao Scindia. He had issue:
(i) Shrimant Sardar Patloji Rao Scindia. m. (first) a sister of Ihtiram ud-Daula, Imarat Mahal, Sardar Krishnaji Rao Kadam [Mama Sahib], Muzaffar Jang Bahadur, sometime Chief Minister of Gwalior. m. (second) Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Daryabai Scindia (d. after 1854). He d. at Lashkar, Gwalior, 9th August 1836, having had issue, one son by his first wife:
Sardarni Daryabai, widow of Sardar Patloji Rao Scindia, adopted a son and successor on his behalf in 1854:
2. Major Shrimant Sardar Ranoji Rao [Kaka Sahib] Scindia. b. 1833, educ. privately. Adopted by Sardarni Daryabai in 1854. Maj Gwalior Bodyguard 1855, served in the Indian Mutiny at Agra 1857 (rcvd: Certificate of Honour), OC and Adj-Gen State Forces 1891. Invested with the Sardarship, 22nd January 1874. Rcvd: KIH silver medal (1877), and Delhi Durbar silver medal (1903). He d. 3rd June 1909, having had issue, six sons:
1731 - 1745 Shrimant Sardar Ranoji Rao Scindia Bahadur, Subedar of Malwa, son of Shrimant Jankoji Scindia, Patil of Kanherkheda, in Satara. Succeeded on the death of his father as Patil of Kanherkheda, a village in the Satara district, an officer in the service of Balaji Biswanth. Raised as a playmate of Bajirao, he entered the Maratha service allegedly as a slipper bearer to Peshwa Balaji Baji Rao, who later appointed him to a command in his paigarh (bodyguard). Having fought with distinction at the Battle of Sakharkheda and been wounded at Amzera, he rose to the first rank among the sardars in the Peshwa’s army. During the invasion and conquest of Malwa in 1723, Ranoji served as one of the three most senior commanders under Balaji. Granted an equal share in the revenues from the Maratha possessions in southern Malwa by the Peshwa, and formally invested with the joint government alongside Holkar, at Poona, 2nd November 1731 (confirmed as 35% of the total revenues 20th December 1731). Established his seat at Ujjain in 1735, which remained the capital of the Scindias until 1810. A distinguished soldier throughout his life, he took part in all the major Maratha campaigns of his day, including Delhi in 1736 and Bassein in 1739. m. (first) in the Deccan, Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Nimbabai Sahib Scindia [Mainabai Sahib], a lady from his own tribe. m. (second) ca. 1727, Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Chimabai Sahib Scindia, a Rajput lady from Malwa. He d. at Shujalpur, Malwa, 19th July 1745, having had issue, three sons and four daughters by his first wife and two sons and three daughters by his second wife:
2) Meherban Shrimant Sardar Dattaji Rao Scindia Sawai Bahadur. b. 1723 (s/o Mainabai), educ. privately. Regent for his nephew from 1755 until his death. A distinguished Maratha general who was one of those responsible for the conquests in the Punjab in 1758. m.at Shrigonde, near Ahmadnagar, 1758, Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Bhagirathibai Sahib Scindia. He was defeated and slain at Buradi ghat, on the plain of Rudhir, near Delhi, 10th January 1760.
3) Meherban Shrimant Sardar Jyotiba Rao Scindia. b. 1726 (s/o Mainabai), educ. privately. He d. at Kumbher, near Deeg, January 1760.
4) Meherban Shrimant Sardar Tukoji Rao Scindia [Baba Sahib]. b. after 1727 (s/o Chimabai). m. (first) .... m. (second) after the birth of their third son, Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Lakshmibai Sahib Scindia, daughter of Devaji Takpir (Devji Ravji Takpir?). He was k. at the Battle of Panipat, 14th January 1761, having had issue, four sons:
a) Shrimant Kumar Khaloji Rao Scindia. He d.v.p.
b) Meherban Shrimant Sardar Kedarji Rao Scindia [Raolaji Sahib] (s/o Lakshmibai) - see below.
c) Meherban Shrimant Sardar Ravaloji Rao Scindia (s/o Lakshmibai). m. Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Godubai Sahib Scindia, daughter of Meherban Shrimant Sardar Raghoji I Angre, Vazarab Maab, Sawar Sar Khel Bahadur, of Kolaba.
d) Meherban Shrimant Sardar Anand Rao Scindia [Madaji Sahib]. (born before the celebration of his parents’ marriage) (s/o Lakshmibai). Subedar of Chaul fl 1776-1780. m. Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Mainabai Sahiba (d. at Shahjahanpur, 22nd July 1817), daughter of Shrimant Sardar Yesaji Rao Angre, of Alibeg, sometime Regent of Kolaba. He had issue, two sons, including:
i) H.H. Ali Jah, Naib Vakil-i-Mutlaq, Amir ul-Umara, Mukhtar ul-Mulk, Maharajadhiraja, Maharaja Daulat Rao Scindia Bahadur, Maharaja Scindia of Gwalior - see below.
1745 - 1755 Meherban Shrimant Sardar Jayappaji Rao Scindia Bahadur [Jayappa Dada Sahib]. b. ca 1720, eldest son of Shrimant Sardar Ranoji Rao Scindia Bahadur, Subedar of Malwa, by his first wife, Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Nimbabai Sahib Scindia alias Mainabai Sahib, educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his father as Sardar of the Scindias, 19th July 1745. Appointed as C-in-C of the Maratha forces, February 1746. Received a grant for the parganas Adilabad and Lohari 1754. m. Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Sakhubai Sahib (d. after 1791). He was k. by two Rathore Rajput adherents of Maharaja Bijai Singh of Jodhpur, before the walls of Nagore, in Rajasthan, 25th July 1755, having had issue, two sons and four daughters:
4) Shrimant Lakshmibai Scindia [H.H. Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Rani Lakshmibai Raje Bhonsle, Rani Sahib of Sawantwadi] (d/o Sakhu Bai), Regent of Sawantwadi 6th October 1803 to 1807. m. 1763, H.H. Raja Shrimant Khem Sawant III Bhonsle Bahadur, Sir Desai of Sawantwadi (b. at Wadi, 1749; d. there, 6th October 1803), eldest son of Shrimant Ramchandra Sawant I Bhonsle Bahadur, Sir Desai of Sawantwadi, by his wife Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Janakibai Sahib. She d. at Wadi, 1808, having had issue, one son - see India (Sawantwadi).
1755 - 1761 Meherban Shrimant Sardar Jankoji Rao Scindia Bahadur [Baba Sahib], younger son of Meherban Shrimant Sardar Jayaji Rao Scindia Bahadur [Jayappa Dada Sahib], by his wife, Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Sakhubai Sahib. b. 1745, educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his father, 25th July 1755. Reigned under the Regency of his uncle, Dattaji, until the latter’s death, 10th January 1760. m. Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Kashibai Sahib Scindia. He was captured and k. after the battle of Panipat, 15th January 1761.
1763 - 1764 Meherban Shrimant Sardar Kadarji Rao Scindia Bahadur [Raolji Sahib], son of Shrimant Sardar Tukoji Rao Scindia [Baba Sahib], and grandson of Shrimant Sardar Ranoji Rao Scindia, Patil of Kanherkheda, by his wife, Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Lakshmibai Sahib Scindia. Recognised by the Peshwa as the Sardar of the Scindias, 25th November 1763, but he refused to assume the position. Remained nominal Sardar until the appointment of Manaji, 10th July 1764. Subsequently served under his brother, Mahadji, as his first officer. m. (first) Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Anandibai Sahib Scindia, daughter of Sabaji Supekar. m. (second) Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Sakubai Sahib Scindia. He d. after 30th January 1778.
1764 - 1768 Meherban Shrimant Rajashri Manaji Rao Scindia Bahadur [Manaji Phakde], grandson of Meherban Shrimant Sardar Sabaji Scindia [Sahebji], of the senior line of the Scindia family of Kanherkheda, who was ousted from Peshawar and Lahore by Ahmad Shah Abdali in August 1759 (Sabaji had a son, Bayaji Scindia [Bayajibaba]. Recognised by the Peshwa as the Sardar of the Scindias at the request of Sakhubai, widow of Jayappa, 10th July 1764. Deposed in favour of Mahadji Scindia, 18th January 1768. Cdr of 10,000 horse in the army of the Peshwa , who defected to Hyder ‘Ali at the Battle of Raravi in December 1777. One of only three heroes in the Maratha annals to earn the suffix of Phakde, for his many acts of gallantry and courage in the face of the enemy. He d. January 1800, having had issue, a son:
1) Meherban Shrimant Sardar Anand Rao Scindia. He speared Tuljojirao [Sakharam] Rao Ghatge, Sarjerao, in open durbar, at Gwalior, 26th July 1809.