HAITI

SOULOUQUE

GENEALOGY

Copyright© Christopher Buyers

Copyright© Christopher Buyers
Emperor Faustin I promulgated Statute No. 7, dated 3rd November 1849, in which he admitted his younger brother, nephews and nieces as Princes and Princesses of the Blood Imperial. They took the given names of Prince Jean-Joseph as their surname. At the same time, he also admitted to membership of the Imperial family, the parents, full brothers and sisters and the aunts of the Empress and conferred on them lesser titles of nobility. The legitimated children of Prince Dèrival took his given name as their surname.
Copyright© Christopher Buyers
Marie-Catherine Soulouque. b. at Port-au-Prince, Saint-Domingue, 1744. A black slave of the Mandingo race. m. ... (d. at Petit-Goâve, before 1819, bur. there alongside his wife). She d. at Port-au-Prince, 9th August 1819 (bur. alongside her husband at Petit-Goâve), having had issue, two sons:
Copyright© Christopher Buyers
Michel Lévêque, who had issue, two sons and five daughters:
Copyright© Christopher Buyers
1847 - 1859 H.I.M. The Most High, the Most Glorious and Most August Emperor Faustin I, by the grace of God and the Constitutional Law of the Empire, Emperor of Haiti. b. at Vialet, Petit-Goâve, 15th August 1782 as Faustin-Élie Soulouque, son of Marie-Catherine Soulouque. Freed by Felicite Sonthonax 29th August 1793. Fought in the War of independence as a private soldier 1803, prom Sgt 24th Regt 1805, Maréchal des logis of the Guides 1807, served during the Môle Saint-Nicolas campaign 1807 against King Henry, prom Chief Maréchal des logis 1808, cmsnd as Sub-Lieut 1808, ADC to Gen Lamarre 1808-1809, prom Lieut of Cavalry 1811, prom Capt 1820, cdr personal guard of Marie-Madeleine Lachenais [Joute] 1820-1836, prom Capt & Adjutant-Maj 1st Sqd of Chasseurs 1836, prom Maj 1840, sqd cdr 1st Northern Bde 1840-1842, prom Lt-Col 1842, cdt of the of the parish of Plaisance 1842-1843, Col des Chasseurs-a-Cheval 1843-1844, cdt of the commune of Limbé 1844, prom Brig-Gen 1844, cdt of the of the parish of Plaisance 1844-1846, prom Lt-Gen 1846, Cdt of Port-au-Prince Military District 1846, supreme cdr Garde Présidentielle 1846-1847. Became President of the Republic of Haiti, 1st and took the oath of office before the National Assembly, Port-au-Prince, 2nd March 1847. Offered the Imperial crown of Haiti by the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies 25th August 1849 (following a vast popular petition addressed to them by a number of military and civilian bodies on 20th August 1849). Proclaimed as Emperor of Haiti with the reign name of Faustin I together with the style of His Imperial Majesty at the National Palace, Port-au-Prince, 26th August 1849. Crowned at the renamed Imperial Palace on the same day. Consecrated at the old Cathedral of Notre Dame de l’Assomption, Port-au-Prince, 2nd September 1849. Promulgated a new Constitution 20th September 1849. Crowned at the Champ de Mars, Port-au-Prince, in the presence of the Vicar-General Monsignor Cessens according to Episcopalian (Franc-Catholique) rites, 18th April 1852. Attempted to conquer, but failed to take, Santo Domingo in 1856. Capt of the Corps Imperial d’Artillerie à Cheval et à Pied, Chevau-Légers de l’Empereur, Grenadiers-a-Cheval de la Garde de l’Empereur, Grenadiers à Pied de la Garde de l’Empereur, Chasseurs-Légers de la Garde de de l’Impératrice, and the Chasseurs à Pied de la Garde de de l’Impératrice 31/10/1849-1859. Chief Sovereign, Grand Master and Founder of the Imperial and Military Order of St Faustin and the Imperial Civil Order of the Legion of Honour 21st September 1849, and of the united Orders of St Mary Magdalen and St Anne 31st March 1856, all in three classes. Grand Protector of the Franc-Masonic Order 1850-1859. Patron Collège Faustin 1848-1859. Founder of the Imperial Academy of Arts in 1856. General Geffrard, his erstwhile supporter and friend mounted a rebellion and proclaimed a republic at Gonaives on 22nd December 1858, then made a slow advance through the countryside. The Imperial army were unable to halt the rebels outside the capital, and the rebel forces entered Port-au-Prince on 15th January 1859. The Emperor fled to the French legation seeking asylum where he was persuaded to abdicate on the same day, in return for secure passage into exile. The Imperial family and their supporters embarked aboard HMS Melbourne for Jamaica 20th January 1859. The Haitian government subsequently issued a proclamation of banishment against Faustin, the Imperial family and their supporters 23rd May 1859, and confiscated their property and assets in Haiti 20th July 1859 (rescinded by the National Assembly 19th December 1879). Governor Eyre expelled him from the colony in 1865, on the grounds of an imaginary conspiracy to murder all the whites in Jamaica. He subsequently settled at St Thomas in the Danish Virgin Islands, then at Curaçao under Dutch protection 1866, before eventually receiving an invitation to return to his native land following the overthrow of General Geffrard. Arrived in Haiti and settled at Petit-Goâve 27th July 1867. m. at the National Palace, Port-au-Prince, 31st December 1847, H.I.M. Empress Adélina (b. at Manegue, Arcahaie, 26th July 1820; d. from cancer of the breast, at Port-au-Prince, 12th October 1878, bur. Vieux Chaudière, Petit-Goâve), née Elisabeth Anne Justine [Adélina] Lévêque, raised to the title of Empress of Haiti with the style of Her Imperial Majesty 26th August 1849, Crowned by her husband with a wreath of laurel at the Imperial Palace, Port-au-Prince, 26th August 1849, and formally Crowned beside him on the Champ-de-Mars, Port-au-Prince, 18th April 1852, Grand Mistress of the Order of St Anne 31st March 1856, went into exile with her husband and the rest of the Royal Family 20th January 1859, returned to Haiti with her husband and daughter 27th July 1867, settled at Petit-Gove, exiled again after the fall of Salnave December 1868 but later permitted to return to Port-au-Prince 1871, rcvd: GC of the Orders of St Mary Magdalen and of St Anne (31.12.1856), elder daughter of H.S.H. Prince Dérival Lévêque, by his wife, H.S.H. Princess Marie Michèl, daughter of Michèl Jacques. He d. seven days after suffering a stroke, at Petit-Goâve, 6th August 1867 (bur. there at Fort Soulouque), having had issue, two daughters:
Emperor Faustin had further issue by Sanite Léon, wife of Colonel Louis Lubin Hudicourt, of Bizoton, Haiti, sometime ADC to Emperor Jacques I, a son:
Emperor Faustin had a further daughter:
Copyright© Christopher Buyers
END.
Copyright© Christopher Buyers
SOULOUQUE 1 DESSALINES CHRISTOPHE
ORDERS MAIN HOME
Copyright© Christopher Buyers
I would be grateful to hear from anyone who may have changes, corrections or additions to contribute. Please contact me at:
Copyright© Christopher Buyers
CONTACT

Copyright© Christopher Buyers, August 2000 - August 2016