HAITI

DESSALINES

STYLES & TITLES:
The sovereign: by the grace of God and the Constitutional Law of the State, Emperor of Haiti, with the style of His Majesty.
The wife of the sovereign: Empress of Haiti, with the style of Her Majesty.
The widow of former sovereigns: Princess Dowager.
The sons of the sovereign: Prince (personal name) (family name).
The daughters of the sovereign: Princess (personal name) (family name).

NOBILITY:
None.

RULES OF SUCCESSION:
The Constitution of 20th May 1805 declared Jean-Jacques Dessalines as Emperor and made the Imperial Dignity non-hereditary. The reigning Emperor enjoyed the right of nominating his successor from the principal general officers of the army commanding the provinces.

ORDERS & DECORATIONS:
None.
 

GENEALOGY

 
xxx Duclos, who adopted the name of his proprietor and had issue, at least three sons:
1) Jean-Jacques Dessalines, né Duclos, who ascended the throne as H.I.M. Jacques I, Emperor of Haiti - see below.
2) Louis Dessalines, né Duclos. Adopted the name of Dessalines along with his brothers. He had issue, a son:
  • a) Maréchal de Camp Monsieur Raymond (Dessalines), Baron de Louis Dessalines (cre. 8th April 1811). ADC to King Henry I, PC, Sec-Gen. Ministry of War 1811-1820, Mbr. Royal Chamber of Public Instruction 1818-1820. Rcvd: Knt. of the Order of St Henry (1.5.1811). He was k. by the revolutionaries, at Cap-Henry, 10th October 1820.
3) Joseph Dessalines, né Duclos. Adopted the name of Dessalines along with his brothers. He had issue, a son:
  • a) Maréchal de Camp Monsieur … (Dessalines), Baron de Joseph Dessalines (cre. 1816), Chamberlain to Prince Jacques-Victor Henry, the Prince Royal of Hayti, Maj. grenadiers de la garde. Rcvd: Knt. of the Order of St Henry (28.10.1815).
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1804 - 1806 H.M. Jacques I, by the grace of God and the Constitutional Law of the State, Emperor of Haiti. b. at Cormier Plantation, Grande Riviere du Nord, 20th September 1758. Lt-Gen. cdg. Southern and Western divisions 1801-1802, cdt. at Saint Marc 1802, General French Army, Governor of the Southern Provinces, Captain-General of the North 1802-1804. Proclaimed the Independence of Haiti at the Place d'Armes, Gonaïves and assumed the office of Captain-General and Governor-General of Haiti, 1st January 1804. Proclaimed as Emperor of Haiti, 2nd September 1804. Enthroned at the Church of Champ-de-Mars, Le Cap by Pere Corneille Brelle, later His Grace Monseigneur the Archbishop of Haiti, Duke de l'Anse, and Grand Almoner to King Henry I, 8th October 1804. Promulgated the Constitution of Haiti 20th May 1805. m. at Léogâne, 2nd April 1800, H.M. Empress Marie-Claire Heureuse Félicité (b. at Léogâne, 1758; d. at Ville de l'Indépendance, St Marc, 8th August 1858, bur. there), Crowned with her husband at the Church of Champ-de-Mars on 8th October 1804, styled Princess Dowager after 17th October 1806, daughter of Bonheur Guillaume, by his wife, Marie Élisabeth, née Sainte Lobelot, widow of Pierre Lunic, sometime master-cartwright to the Brothers of Saint-Jean de Dieu. He was k. at Pont-Rouge, 17th October 1806 (bur. in an unmarked grave at the City Cemetery, Port-au-Prince), having had issue, including:
Emperor Jacques I also left several natural issue, by different mothers, including:
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END.
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