LIBYA

The Sanussi Dynasty

GENEALOGY

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1902 - 1916 Field Marshal H.H. Sayyid Ahmad as-Sharif Pasha bin Sayyid Muhammad as-Sharif al-Sanussi, 3rd Grand Sanussi. b. at Jaghbub, November/December 1873, eldest son of Sayyid Muhammad as-Sharif bin Sayyid Muhammad al-Sanussi, by his third wife, Khadija bint Abu Musa Umran al-Fituri, educ. Proclaimed as Head of the Sanussi Order after the death of his brother, 2nd June 1902. Returned the capital to Kufra in 1902. Accepted Turkish protection I 1908. Libya was granted full autonomy by the terms of the Treaty of Lausanne in 1912, the Caliph then appointing Sayyid Ahmad as his representative in Africa. Resigned in favour of his nephew, 1916. Imperial Ottoman Governor of Tripolitania July 1915 to 21st August 1918. Granted the title of Pasha-wiya by the Sultan of Turkey, 1918. Elected as King of Iraq by the Turkish assembly at Ankara in April 1921, but was passed over by the Iraqi National Assembly in Baghdad. Field Marshal Imperial Ottoman Army, 1916. Rcvd: the Imperial Orders of the Osmans (Nishan-i- Osmanieh) 1st class (1918) and the Nobility (Nishan-i-Mecidieh) of Turkey (1916), also a German military Order. m. (first) at Jaghbub, 1893, Masuda (d. at Abu Rawwash, 1942), a Sudanese. m. (second) at Jaghbub, 1895, Khadija, daughter of Ahmad al-Rifi. m. (third) at Jaghbub, 1895, Aisha (d.s.p. at Kufra, 1909), daughter of Mustafa al-Mahjub. m. (fourth) at Jaghbub, 1896, Hawa al-Quraniyya (b. ca. 1870; d. at Mersa Matruh, 1934). m. (fifth) Kufra, 1903, Hawa al-Quraniyya. m. (sixth) at Kufra, 1904, Maryam al-Tariqiyya. m. (seventh) at Kufra, 1904, Khaira (d. at Kufra, 1910), daughter of Muhammad al-Hani al-Akrami. m. (eighth) at Kufra, 1913, Zainab al-Quraniyya. m. (ninth) in the Hijaz, 1928, his cousin, Sayyida Safiyya  binti Sayyid Muhammad al-Mahdi al-Sanussi (b. at Jaghbub, 1883; d.s.p.), eldest daughter of Sayyid Muhammad al-Mahdi bin Sayyid Muhammad al-Sanussi, 2nd Grand Sanussi, by his first wife, Fatima, daughter of Abu Musa Umran bin Barakat al-Fituri,  He d. at Medina, 10th March 1933, having had issue, seven sons and six daughters:
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