PATIALA

The Phulkian Dynasty

GENEALOGY

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1714 - 1765 H.H. Yadu Vansha Vatans Bhatti Kul Bushan Sri Maharaja Ala Singh, Mahendra Bahadur, Maharaja of Patiala. b. at Rampura, 1695, third son of Sardar Rama Singh [Ram Chand], by his wife, Sadarni Sabi Kaur Sahib, illiterate. Granted the rank and title of Chaudhuri, 1714. Conquered Samana and Barnala, founded Longowal and built the fortress of Patiala in 1753. Recognised as an independent ruler by firman of Ahmad Shah Durrani, King of Afghanistan, 29th March 1761. Raised to the hereditary titles of Raja 1748, and Maharaja 1764 Afghan Governor of Sirhind 1764-1765. Received Emperor Muhammad Shah at Sanaur Fort. m. 1711, as his only wife, H.H. Maharani Sri Fateh Kaur Sahiba [Mai Fatto] (b. at Kaleke, 1702; d. at Patiala Fort, 1773), daughter of Chaudhuri Kala Singh [Khanan Fatto], of Kaleke near Dhanula. He d. at Patiala Fort, 22nd August 1765 (cremated at Qila Mubarak), having had issue (the Alavi Brar Sidhu), three sons and one daughter:
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1765 - 1781 H.H. Sri Raja-i-Rajgan, Maharaja Amar Singh, Mahendra Bahadur, Yadu Vansha Vatans Bhatti Kul Bushan, Bhandi Chhor, Maharaja of Patiala. b. 6th June 1748, younger son of Maharajkumar Sri Sardul Singh Sahib, Tikka Sahibji, by his first wife, Sri Tikka Rani Hukman Kaur Sahiba, educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his grand father, 22nd August 1765. Invested with the hereditary title of Raja-i-Rajgan Bahadur, granted the right to mint his own coinage, and recognised as an independent ruler, by Ahmad Shah Durrani in 1767. In 1767 during Abdalis ninth invasion of India, Amar Singh paid a sum of Rs. 2 lakh to set free, thirty thousand Indians captured by Abdali. For this benevolent act he was given the name of Bhandi Chhor (Liberator of the Slaves). m. (first) H.H. Maharani Sri Raj Kaur Sahib. m. (second) 1774, a widow of his half-brother, Mian Himmat Singh. m. (third) H.H. Maharani Sri Khem Kaur Sahib (d. at Patiala Fort, June 1821), sister of Sardar Ala Singh Bhikhi. He d. from dropsy, at Patiala Fort, 5th February 1781, having had issue (the Amari Brar Sidhu), two sons and one daughter:
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1781 - 1813 H.H. Sri Maharaja-i-Rajgan, Maharaja Sahib Singh, Mahendra Bahadur, Yadu Vansha Vatans Bhatti Kul Bushan, Maharaja of Patiala. b. 26th March 1774, younger son of H.H. Sri Raja-i-Rajgan, Maharaja Amar Singh, Mahendra Bahadur, Yadu Vansha Vatans Bhatti Kul Bushan, Maharaja of Patiala, by his third wife, H.H. Maharani Khem Kaur Sahib, educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his father, February 1781. Signed a treaty of alliance with the HEIC in 1808, and came under British protection 9th February 1809. Granted the hereditary title of Maharaja-i-Rajgan, 1810. m. (first) 1787, H.H. Maharani Shi Ratan Kaur Sahiba (d.s.p.), daughter of Sardar Gandar Singh Bhangi. m. (second) 1792, H.H. Maharani Shi Aus Kaur Sahiba (b. at Chattar, 1772; d. at Bhiriam after 1823), Administrator of Patiala from 26th March 1813, and Regent from 4th June 1813, daughter of Sardar Gurdas Singh Sekhon, of Chattar. m. (third) H.H. Maharani Sri Nand Kaur Sahiba, daughter of Chaudhari  Karan Singh Chahal. m. (fourth) H.H. Maharani Sri Pratap Kaur Sahiba (d.s.p.). He d. at Patiala Fort, 26th March 1813, having had issue (the Sahibi Brar Sidhu), two sons and three daughters:
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1813 - 1845 H.H. Raj Rajeshwar Yadu Vansha Vatans Bhatti Kul Bushan Sri Maharaja-i-Rajgan, Maharaja Karam Singh, Mahendra Bahadur, Maharaja of Patiala. b. at Patiala Fort, 16th October 1797, eldest son of H.H. Yadu Vansha Vatans Bhatti Kul Bushan Sri Maharaja-i-Rajgan, Maharaja Sahib Singh, Mahendra Bahadur, Maharaja of Patiala, by his second wife, H.H. Maharani Shri Aus Kaur Sahib, sometime Maharani Regent of Patiala, educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his father, 26th March 1813. Installed on the gadi at the City Palace, Patiala Fort, 30th June 1813. Reigned under the Regency of his mother until 1823, when he was invested with full ruling powers. A loyal supporter of the British during the Anglo-Nepalese War in 1814, he received sixteen districts of the annexed territories in reward. Supported the British during the First Anglo-Sikh War. Raised to the hereditary title of Raj Rajeshwar. Acquired the hill station of Simla in 1830, in exchange for lands in Baranli. m. at Moonak, H.H. Maharani Sri Karam Kaur Sahiba, daughter of Sardar Bhanga Singh Thanesar, of Pahowa. He d. at Patiala Fort, 23rd December 1845 (cremated at Qila Mubarak), having had issue (the Karami Brar Sidhu), two sons:
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PATIALA 1 PATIALA 2 PATIALA 4 PATIALA 5
PATIALA 6 ORDERS & DECORATIONS PATIALA 7
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