PATIALA

BRIEF HISTORY

The family claims descent from the Bhatti founder of Jaisalmer, Jaisal. His third son Rai Hem, left the family domains after the usual quarrel and carved out a small principality for himself around Bhatinda and Bhatner. His successor in the fourth degree, Khiwa, fell on hard times ad was forced to move to Kot Ladwa, where he married a girl from the Jat Basehra caste, against the clan traditions of the Rajputs. Thereafter many quarrels ensued between his descendants at the Bhattis. The Mughals appointed his descendant Mehraj in 1526. This office became hereditary amongst his descendants until Phul, the Sikh ancestor of the dynasty, which came to rule over Patiala, Jind and Nabha.

SALUTE:
17-guns.

ARMS:
Ermine, a target sable bossed or; in chief saltirewise two daggers gules hilted of the third, in base a sword of the like tincture and a musket proper, in saltire. Crest: An elephant. Supporters: A lion and bay horse, each ensigned with an annulet argent. Motto: "Phularka Kirana Prabha" (Of the sun Phul, the rays are glorious). Lambrequins: Argent andsable.

STYLES & TITLES:

The ruling prince: Farzand-i-Khas-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia, Mansur-i-Zaman, Amir ul-Umara, Maharajadhiraja Raj Rajeshwar 108 Sri Maharaja-i-Rajgan, Maharaja (personal name) Singh, Mahendra Bahadur, Yadu Vansha Vatans Bhatti Kul Bushan, Maharaja of Patiala, with the style ofHis Highness.
The consorts of the ruling prince ("Class A"): Maharani Sri (personal name) Sahiba and (family name or clan) Sri Maharani Sahib-ji, with the style of Her Highness.
The morganatic consorts of the ruling prince ("Class B"): Maharani Sri (personal name) Sahiba and (family name or clan) Sri Maharani Sahib-ji.
The Heir Apparent: Sri Yuvraj Sahib-ji.
The consort of the Heir Apparent: Sri Yuvrani Sahib-ji.
The younger sons of the ruling prince, by senior wives, at birth: Maharajkumar Sri (personal name) Singh.
The younger sons of the ruling prince, by senior wives, on attaining majority: Rajadhiraj Sri (personal name) Singh.
The sons of the ruling prince, by secondary wives and concubines, at birth: Rajkumar Sri (personal name) Singh.
The sons of the ruling prince, by secondary wives and concubines, on attaining majority *: Raja Sri (personal name) Singh.
The daughters of the ruling prince, by senior wives: Maharajkumari Bibiji (personal name) Kaur/Kumari-ji Sahiba.
The daughters of the ruling prince, by secondary wives and concubines: Rajkumari Bibaji (personal name) Sahiba.
The daughters-in-law of the ruling prince: Rani (personal name) Sahiba.
The sons of the Heir Apparent: Yuvrajkumar Sri (personal name) Singh.
The other grandsons of a ruling prince, in the male line: Rajkumar Sri (personal name) Singh.
The daughters of the Heir Apparent: Yuvrajkumari Bibaji (personal name) Kaur/Kumari-ji Sahiba.
The other granddaughters of a ruling prince, in the male line: Rajkumari Bibaji (personal name) Kaur/Kumari-ji Sahiba.

*Prior to the reign of Maharaja Bhupender Singh, the usual title conferred on such sons was Rao Raja.


RULES OF SUCCESSION:
Male primogeniture, but limited to the legitimate male issue of Sikh mothers.

ORDERS & DECORATIONS:
See separate page, link below.

GLOSSARY:

Farzand-i-Khas-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia: Favoured son of the English nation.
Mansur-i-Zaman: Victorious of the Age.
Amir ul-Umara: commander/prince of the nobility.
Maharajadhiraja: great prince of princes.
Raj Rajeshwar: superior prince.
Yadu Vansha Vatans Bhatti Kul Bushan: ornament of the Bhatti clan.
Maharaja-i-Rajgan: Great Prince amongst Princes.


SOURCES:
Sirdar Attar Singh, Chief of Bhuddour. The House of Phool, Being a Genealogical Table of the Family of the Cis Sutledge Chiefs of the Punjab. September 1872 (BL 85/14000 R 23).
Bhagat Singh. A History of the Sikh Misals. Publication Bureau, Punjabi University, Patiala, 1993.
G.L. Chopra. Chiefs and Families of Note in the Punjab. 3 Volumes. Superintendent of Government Printing, Lahore, 1940.
Major W.L. Conran and H.D. Craik. Chiefs and Families of Note in the Punjab. 3 Volumes. Government of the Punjab, Lahore, 1910-1911.
Duleep Singh Papers, India Office Records (MSS. Eur. E337), Oriental and India Office Collection, British Library, London.
Sir Lepel Henry Griffin. The Panjab Chiefs: Historical and Biographical Notices of the Principal Families in the Territories Under the Panjab Government. Lahore, 1865.
Sir Lepel Henry Griffin & Charles Francis Massy (ed). The Panjab chiefs : historical and biographical notices of the principal families in the Lahore and Rawalpindi divisions of the Panjab. Civil and Military Gazette Press, Lahore, 1890.
S. Ranga Iyer. Diary of Late Maharaja of Nabha. Indian Daily Telegraph, Lucknow, 1924.
List of Ruling Princes and Chiefs, Leading Men and Principal Officials. Punjab States Agency. Manager of Publications, Delhi, 1938.
Memoranda of Information regarding certain Native Chiefs. Volume II, Madras, Bengal, North-West Provinces, Punjab. IOR (L/PS/20/F76/2), Oriental & India Office Collection, British Library, St Pancras, London.
Kirpal Singh. Life of Maharaja Ala Singh of Patiala and His Time, Based on original sources. Sikh History Research Department, Khalsa College, Amritsar, 1954.
Nahar Singh. Raja-i-Rajgan Maharaja Amar Singh of Patiala, etc. Lahore, 1935.
K. Natwar Singh. The Magnificient Maharaja. Harper Collins Publishers India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, 1998.
Northern India Who's Who. Lahore, Punjab, 1942.


SPECIAL ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS:
Father Lawrence Ober, SJ.
Hanuwant Singh.
Raja Dr. Mrigender Singh.
Pardeep Kumar
Rajkumari Bibaji Ramneetinder Kaur.
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