MINGRELIA

 

The Dadiani Dynasty

(Chikovani)

GENEALOGY

continued from the previous page.
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1846 - 1853 Colonel His Splendour The Pious Prince of High Rank Davit Dadiani, Duke of Dukes of Mingrelia. b. at Chakvinji Castle, 20th January 1812 o.s., eldest son of Lieutenant-General His Splendour The Pious Prince of High Rank Levanti V Grigori Dadiani, Duke of Dukes of Mingrelia, Mtavar and Possessor of Odich, and of the Abkhazia, of Svania, and of Letchkumi, by his first wife, Her Splendour The Pious Princess of High Rank Nina Dadiani, eldest daughter of Major-General His Splendour The Pious Prince of High Rank Zurabi Kaikushru Tsereteli, sometime Lord Chamberlain of the Court of Imereti, educ. privately by V.O. Bebutov and G.V. Rozen. Recognised as Heir Apparent by Imperial ukase 30th May 1831 o.s. Cmsnd as 2nd-Lieut Cossacks of the Guard 1829, later Col of the regt, retd 1840. Deputy Ruler and Chief Minister to his father 1833-1838. Appointed as sole Governor of Mingrelia, after his father transferred full political control to him, 11th May 1840. Succeeded as sovereign and Prince of Mingrelia on his death, 30th July 1846. A great reformer, who overhauled the judiciary and the court system, removed the clergy from direct state control, prohibited the traditional system of dowries and human trafficking, and endowed scholarship and promoted education. He also stimulated the economy by promoting the cigar, strawberry and silk industries. m. (first) at Kutaisi, Imereti, 1831 (div. 1835) Princess Darejan (m. second, 1835, Prince Davit Abkhaz), daughter of H.S.H. Prince Nikolaoz Dadeshkeliani [Tsiokh Bey], Prince of Svaneti, by his wife, H.S.H. Princess Mariami [Zharum Khanum Begum]. m. (second) at Kashueti Church, Tbilisi, 15th May 1839 o.s, Her Splendour The Pious Princess of High Rank Kethevan Dadiani (b. at Tifles, 19th March 1816 o.s.; d. at the Dadiani Palace, Gori, Kartli, 25th August 1882, bur. there at St George’s Church), Regent for her minor son Nikolaoz 1853-1857, sometime Maid of Honour and Dame à Portrait to The Empress of Russia, rcvd: GC of the Order of St Catherine of Russia (1853), daughter of Lieutenant-General H.H.E. Prince Aleksandri Garsevani Shavshavadze, by his wife, Princess Salomea, daughter of Major-General H.E. Prince Ioani Davit Orbeliani. He d. at Zugdidi, Mingrelia, 30th August 1853 o.s. (bur. Martvili Monastery, Gordi), having had issue, three sons and two daughters:
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1853 - [1903] Major-General H.S.H. Nikolaoz Davit Dadiani, Duke of Dukes of Mingrelia. b. at Tbilisi, Kartli, 23rd December 1846 o.s., elder son of Major-General His Splendour The Pious Prince of High Rank Davit Dadiani, Duke of Dukes of Mingrelia, by his second wife, Her Splendour The Pious Princess of High Rank Ekaterina Dadiani, educ. privately by K.A. Borozdin in Moscow, and at Paris, France. Cmsnd at birth as Cornet Russian Army 4/1/1847, prom Lieut 23/4/1850, ADC to the Emperor of Russia 26/8/1856, enrolled in the Caucasian Sqd of the Emperor’s Own Escort 22/10/1856, prom Staff Capt 4/1/1868, transf Emperor’s Life Guard Cavalry 1875, served under Adjutant-Gen Gurko at Tirnoi, Chainkia, Kanoro, Uflani, Shipki, and Eni-Zagre, prom Col 30/8/1877, served in the Russo-Turkish War 1877-1878 with distinction at Shipka Pass and around Sofia, prom Maj-Gen on reserve for conspicuous service 30/8/1878, retd Oct 1889. Succeeded on the death of his father, 30th August 1853 o.s. Reigned under the regency of his mother. Ottoman forces invaded the country during the Crimean War, occupying the capital for a period 1854-1856, until driven out by Russian forces. A popular uprising against the Dadianis then disturbed the peace of the country further, inducing the Russians to divest his mother of the regency and assume control in 1857. The prince and his family were then induced to live outside Mingrelia, at St Petersburg and later in Western Europe. Abdicated in favour of the Emperor, 4th January 1867 (when the principality was formally annexed by Russia). Created a Prince of the Russian Empire with the hereditary title of Prince of Mingrelia and the style of His Highness, 4th January 1867 o.s. and granted the surname of Dadiani-Mingrelsky (Dadiani of Mingrelia) 30th August 1874 o.s. Russian candidate for the throne of Bulgaria in 1886. Rcvd: Knt 2nd class of the Orders of St Anne and St Stanislaus, Knt 4th class of the Order of St Vladimir with swords & band (1875), and a gold sword of honour “for courage”, Russo-Turkish War Medal 1877-1878, etc. m. at St Petersburg, Russia, 14th April 1874 o.s., H.S.H. Princess Maria Dadiani, Princess of Mingrelia (b. at Tzarskoie Sélo, Russia, 10th June 1849; d. at Paris, France, 27th March 1926), née Countess Maria Alexandrovna Adlerberg, sometime Lady-in-Waiting to The Empress of Russia 1870-1881, only daughter of General H.H.E. Alexander Vladimirovitch, 2nd Count Adlerberg, sometime Minister of the Imperial Court, ADC General to the Emperor, by his wife, Countess Ekaterina Nikolaevna, daughter of Count Nikolai Petrovitch Paltavzov. He d. at St Petersburg, Russia, 6th February 1903 (bur. there), having had issue, one son and two daughters:
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H.S.H. Nikolaoz Davit Dadiani, Duke of Dukes of Mingrelia, had further issue, a natural daughter by Princess Kesaria Chikovani:
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[1903 - 1919] H.S.H. Prince Nikolaoz II Dadiani of Mingrelia. b. at St Petersburg, Russia, 12th December 1876, only son of Major-General H.S.H. Nikolaoz Davit Dadiani, Duke of Dukes of Mingrelia, by his wife, H.S.H. Princess Maria Dadiani, Princess of Mingrelia, educ. at St Petersburg, Russia. Gentleman of the Bedchamber to the Emperor of Russia 1914, Attaché Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Succeeded on the death of his father as Head of the Royal House of Mingrelia, 6th February 1906. He d.s.p.l. in a Bolshevik Prison Hospital, St Petersburg, March 1919 (bur. there in the grunds of an unrecorded Georgian Church by his fiancè, Princess Elena Eristavi)
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END.
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