ETHIOPIA

Tigray

GENEALOGY

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1871 - 1889 H.M. Elect of God, Yohannes IV, King of Seyun, King of Kings of Ethiopia. b. at May Beha, Temben, 11th July 1837, as Lij Kassa Mirtcha, younger son of Dejazmatch Mirtcha Wolde Kidane, Shum Temben, by his wife, Woizero Sillas [Amata Selassie], educ. privately. Succeeded his father as Shum Temben, 1863. Raised to the personal title of Balambaras 1863, prom to Dejazmatch November 1865, prom to Ras October 1867, and finally to Reese Masafint 1868. Installed as Prince and Governor of Tigray October 1867. Replaced Tirinya as the official language of Tigray with Amharaic. Fought and defeated Emperor Takla Giyorgis II at Asem and proclaimed as Emperor Yohannes IV, at Axum, 11th July 1871. Crowned at the Cathedral of St Mary of Zion, Axum, 21st January 1872 (the last Emperor to be crowned there). Established his capital at Mekelle. Founded the Order of the Seal of Solomon in 1874. m. (first?) ca. 1866, Woizero Tebaba Selassie (d. at Mekelle, September 1869, bur. Axum), an Afar Muslim lady from the Teltal, who converted to Christianity on her marriage. m. (second) Woizero Mestira Selassie (same as Tebaba Selassie?). He was k. at Metemma, while fighting against the Mahdists, 9th March 1889 (bur. Axum), having had issue, a son:
Emperor Yohannes IV, also recognised as his own son, on his deathbed:
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1882 - 1888 H.H. Negus Araya Selassie [Sahle Selassie], King of Tigray. b. before September 1867, son of H.M. Elect of God, Yohannes IV, King of Seyun, King of Kings of Ethiopia, educ. privately. Raised to the title of Ras 1872. Granted the kingdom of Tigray with the title of Negus as his dowry, by his father in October 1882. Confirmed as Heir Apparent to the Empire of Ethiopia by his father, June 1884. Governor of Enderta 1872-1882, Governor-General of Wollo 1882-1886, and of Begamber and Dembiya 1886-1888. Rcvd: the Order of the Seal of Solomon 2nd class (1875). m. (first) at Borumeda, 24th October 1882, H.I.M. Empress Zawditu (see Shoa). m. (second) Emet Negest Sendek, daughter of Welde Tatios Merid, by his wife, Woizero Gelebe, a descendant of a niece of Emperor Galawdewos. He d. from smallpox at Mekelle Castle, 10th June 1888 (bur. there at the Medhane Alem Church), having had issue, a son:
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1888 - 1889 H.E. Dejazmatch Seyun Gabre Kidane [Abba Gubaz]. Governor of Tigray. He d. 1890.
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1889 - 1899 H.H. Ras Mangasha Yohannes, Prince (Mesfin) of Tigray. b. 1865, as Lij Mangasha Gugsa, son of Woizero Walatta Takla Haymanot, wife of Dejazmatch Gugsa Mirtcha, educ. privately. Raised to the personal title of Dejazmatch and prom to Ras January 1889. Recognized by the Emperor Yohannes IV as his son and appointed as Heir Apparent on his deathbed, 9th March 1889. Governor of Tigray 1889-1896. Submitted to Emperor Menelik, February 1899. Imprisoned at Addis Ababa 1899-1902, and at Mount Alis, in Ankobar 1902-1906. m. (first) ... m. (second) at Adowa, March 1896, Woizero Kafay (m. third, April 1903, her first husband for the second time, Ras Nado. m. fourth, Ras Getachew Abate), former wife of Ras Nado, and elder daughter of H.E. Ras Wale Betul [Abba Tattan], Viceroy of Tigray. He d. in internal exile at Ankobar, Shoa, 29th December 1906, having had issue, one son and four daughters:
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1900 - 1903 H.E. Ras Wale Betul [Abba Tattan], Viceroy of Tigray, son of Dejazmatch Betul Haile Mariam, sometime Governor of Semien, educ. privately. Imprisoned at Magdala 1857-1867. Governor of Yejju 1876, and of Wadla, Lasta, Begameder and Dambea 1889-1900 and 1916-1918, and Viceroy of Tigray January 1900-1903. Raised to the personal titles of Dejazmatch 1876, and prom. to Ras 1889. m. (first) Imabet Mulu, daughter of Dejazmatch Nadaw. m. (second) Woizero Desta Avigaz. m. (third?) Woizero Menen Haile Selassie. He d. 14th June 1918, having had issue, two sons and two daughters:
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1903 - 1906 H.H. Ras Makonnen Wolde Mikael, KCMG, Viceroy of Tigray - see Ethiopia (Shoa).
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1906 - 1921 H.H. Le'ul Ras Seyun Mangasha, Prince of Tigray (first time) - see below.
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[1914 - 1916 included in the Kingdom of Zion (comprisong Tigray, Gondar, Gojjam and of Semien) under Negus Mikael, of Wollo]
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TIGRAY 1 TIGRAY 2 TIGRAY 3 TIGRAY 4
TIGRAY 5 TIGRAY 7 BEGAMEDER GOJJAM
HARRAR SHOA SOLOMON TEWODROS
ZAGWE ORDERS & DECORATIONS MAIN
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