ZANZIBAR

The Al Bu-Said Dynasty

GENEALOGY

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1888 - 1890 H.H. Sultan Sayyid Khalifa I bin Sa’id, Sultan of Zanzibar and its dependencies, GCMG (13.6.1888). b. at the Bait al-Mtoni, Unguja, Zanzibar, 1852, thirteenth son of H.H. Sayyid Sa’id bin Sultan bin Imam Ahmad, Sultan of Muscat, Oman and Zanzibar, by an Ethiopian suri, educ. privately. His elder half-brother, Sayyid Barghash, regarded him as a potential rival and placed him in prison soon after he succeeded to the throne in 1870. Released from confinement in 1873. Proclaimed on the death of his brother as Sultan of Zanzibar and its dependencies, 26th March 1888. Installed at the Bait al-Ajaib, Stone Town, Unguja, Zanzibar, 27th March 1888. He entered into a treaty with the Deutsch Ostafrika Gesellschaft granting them the right to collect customs duties and taxes along the coast of Africa in 1888. Granted and indemnity of £ 200,000 Sterling in exchange for recognising German sovereignty over Tanganyika, and £11,000 Sterling p.a. from the East Africa Company in exchange for their control over Mombasa and the northern portions of his dominions on the coastal strip. Sovereign of the Order of the Brilliant Star of Zanzibar (Wisam al-Kawkab al-Durri al-Zanzibari). He d. at Marhubi Palace, Unguja, Zanzibar, 13th February 1890 (bur. Makusurani Cemetery), having had issue, an only surviving son:
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1890 - 1893 H.H. Sultan Sayyid ‘Ali I bin Sa’id, Sultan of Zanzibar and its dependencies, GCSI (8.11.1890). b. at Muscat, Oman, before 24th September 1854, as Sayyid Menin, fifteenth son of H.H. Sayyid Sa’id bin Sultan, Sultan of Muscat, Oman and Zanzibar, by Nur us-Sabah, an Ethiopian suri, educ. privately. His father changed his name from Menin to 'Ali, in commemoration of his much loved and recently deceased elder brother. Appointed as Heir Apparent with the title of Prince and style of His Highness, 27th March 1888. Proclaimed on the death of his brother as Sultan of Zanzibar and its dependencies, 13th February 1890. Installed at the Bait al-Ajaib, Stone Town, Unguja, Zanzibar, 18th February 1890. He sold his mainland possessions along the Tanganyika coast to the German government 17th October 1890. Accepted a British Protectorate over his island territories of Zanzibar island, Pemba, Mafia, Lamu, and Pate, the islets of Manda, Faza, Tarkwa, and his remaining mainland territories as far north as Kisimayu, 7th November 1890. Accepted a constitutional form of government in 1891, including the creation of the first Council of Ministers and separate departments of administration. Sovereign of the Order of the Brilliant Star of Zanzibar (Wisam al-Kawkab al-Durri al-Zanzibari). He d. at the Bait al-Sahel, Stone Town, Unguja, Zanzibar, 5th March 1893 (bur. Makusurani Cemetery), having had issue, one son and four daughters:
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1893 - 1896 H.H. Sultan Sayyid Hamad bin Thuwaini, Sultan of Zanzibar and its dependencies, GCSI (23.2.1894). b. at Muscat, Oman, 1857, seventh and youngest son of H.H. Sayyid Thuwaini bin Sa’id, Sultan of Muscat and Oman and dependencies, by his wife, Sayyida Ghaliya bint Salim Al-Sa’idiyah, daughter of H.H. Sayyid Salim bin Sultan, Sultan of Muscat and Oman and dependencies, educ. privately. Proclaimed on the death of his uncle as Sultan of Zanzibar and its dependencies, 15th March 1893. He accepted an Italian protectorate over the ports of Barawa, Merka, Mogadishu and his other dominions on the North-East African and Somali coasts, 16th July 1893. Sovereign of the Order of the Brilliant Star of Zanzibar (Wisam al-Kawkab al-Durri al-Zanzibari). Rcvd: GC of the Orders of the Crown of Italy (1893), the Red Eagle 1st class of Prussia (12.1.1895), etc. m. (first) at Unguja, Zanzibar, November 1873 (div. 1874) Sayyida Turkiya bint Turki Al-Sa’idiyah (b. at Muscat, Oman. m. second, the elder brother of her first husband, Sayyid Harub bin Thuwaini Al-Sa’id, of Muscat, by whom she had issue, an only son - see above), eldest daughter of H.H. Sayyid Turki bin Sa’id, Sultan of Muscat and Oman and dependencies, GCSI. m. (second) at Unguja, Zanzibar, Sayyida Nunu bint Barghash Al-Sa’idiyah (b. at Unguja, Zanzibar), daughter of H.H. Sultan Sayyid Barghash bin Sa’id, Sultan of Zanzibar and its dependencies, GCMG. He d.s.p. at the Bait al-Sahel, Stone Town, Unguja, Zanzibar, 25th August 1896 (bur. Makusurani Cemetery).
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