ZANZIBAR

The Al Bu-Said Dynasty

GENEALOGY

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1896 - 1902 H.H. Sultan Sayyid Hamud bin Muhammad bin Sa’id , Sultan of Zanzibar and its dependencies, GCSI (20.4.1898). b. at Sumail, Oman, 1853, eldest surviving son of H.E. Sayyid Muhammad bin Sa’id Al-Sa’id, sometime Governor of Sumail, Minister of the Interior and Head of the Civil Administration of Muscat and Oman, by his wife, Sayyida Ziana bint Muhammad Al-Sa’idiyah [Zuzzu], youngest daughter of H.E. Sayyid Muhammad bin Salim bin Sultan Al-Sa’id, sometime Regent and Governor of Muscat and Sohar, educ. privately. Proclaimed Sultan of Zanzibar and its dependencies by the British authorities, after they had defeated Sayyid Khalid bin Barghash, 27th August 1896. Installed at the Customs House, Stone Town, Unguja, 31st August 1896. At his accession he owned no slaves, and immediately took steps to abolish the remaining laws and regulations recognising the legal status of slavery, which he accomplished within eight months on 6th April 1897 (though still retaining certain ‘mild’ forms of domestic and household slavery). Sovereign of the Order of the Brilliant Star of Zanzibar (Wisam al-Kawkab al-Durri al-Zanzibari). Founder of the family Order of the Praisworthy (Wisam al-Hamudieh) in four classes, 1897.m. (first) (div. before 1896), a sister of Sayyid Serhan bin Nasr Al-Sa’id, MBE, sometime Wali of M’Wera, a cousin. m. (second) at Unguja, Zanzibar, H.H. Sayyida Khanfora bint Majid Al-Sa’idiyah (d. at Stone Town, Unguja, Zanzibar, 2nd July 1940, bur. Makusurani Cemetery), only daughter of H.H. Sultan Sayyid Majid bin Sa’id, Sultan of Zanzibar and its dependencies. He d. after celebrating the marriage of his son, at the Bait al-Ajaib, Stone Town, Unguja, 18th July 1902 (bur. Makusurani Cemetery), having had issue, six sons and four daughters by his second wife:
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1902 - 1911 H.H. Sultan Sayyid ‘Ali II bin Hamud, Sultan of Zanzibar and its dependencies. b. at Zanzibar, 7th June 1884, eldest son of H.H. Sultan Sayyid Hamud bin Muhammad, Sultan of Zanzibar and its dependencies, GCSI, by an African suri, educ. Harrow Sch, Mdsx. Appointed as Heir Apparent with the title of Prince and style of His Highness, 31st August 1896. Proclaimed on the death of his father as Sultan of Zanzibar and its dependencies, at the Baraza, Stone Town, 20th July 1902. Reigned under the Regency of A.S. Rogers until he came of age and was invested with full ruling powers, at the Bait al-Ajaib, Stone Town, Unguja, 7th June 1905. Promulgated a decree abolishing all remaining vestiges of slavery, including domestic slavery, effective 6th July 1909. Sovereign of the Orders of the Brilliant Star of Zanzibar (Wisam al-Kawkab al-Durri al-Zanzibari) and the Praisworthy (Wisam al-Hamudieh). Founder and Sovereign of the Order of the Exalted (Wisam al-Aliyeh) in four classes and a silver medal on 7th June 1905. He abdicated in favour of his cousin and brother-in-law, due to failing health, 9th December 1911. Thereafter resided in Switzerland and in France. Attended the Coronation of King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra at Westminster Abbey in London 7th June 1903. Rcvd: King Edward VII (1902) and George V (1911) Coron Medals, the Imperial Order of the Osmans (Nishan-i-Osmanieh) special class in brilliants of Turkey (1905), GC of the Orders of the Red Eagle 1st class of Prussia (1905), Our Lady of the Conception of Vila Viçosa of Portugal, and the Crown of Italy. m. (first) at Chukwani Palace, Zanzibar, 18th July 1902 (div. and remarried 1904), H.H. Sultana Sayyida ... bint Faisal Al-Sa’idiyah (b. at Muscat, 1888; m. second, at Stone Town, Zanzibar, 1904 (div. 1904) the brother-in-law of her husband, before remarrying Ali II), a daughter of H.H. Sayyid Faisal bin Turki, Sultan of the Saidi State of Muscat and Oman and dependencies, GCIE. m. (second) Bibi Sakina bint ‘Abdu’l Rahman Gamali (m. second, at Cairo, Egypt, ‘Abdu’l Mabud al-Tohami, and d. at Zanzibar, 1991, leaving a son and daughter by her second husband only), second daughter of ‘Abdu’l Rahman bin Tuki Gamali, from Syria, by his second wife, Siti Um al-Khair bint Kadir, a lady originally from the Yemen. m. (a) Bibi Ruzuna binti Tamim [Rusoona] (m. at Zanzibar, 1913, ‘Ali bin Muhammad Ba-Kashmar Al-Abbassy, and d. 1955, having by him a further daughter), a former concubine, by whom he had three children. He d. at Paris, France, 20th December 1918 (bur. there at Père Lachaise Muslim Cemetery), having had issue, two sons and two daughters:
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