IRAN

The Pahlavi Dynasty

GENEALOGY

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1925 - 1941 H.I.M. Reza Shah Pahlavi, Shahanshah of Iran. b. at Alasht, Savad Kuh district, Mazandaran, 16th March 1878, youngest son of Major ‘Abbas ‘Ali Dadash Beg Savadkuhi, of the 7th Savad Kuh Regt, by his fifth wife, Nush Afarin Khanum, educ. privately. Placed under the guardianship of his maternal uncle Colonel ‘Abu’l Qasim Beg Ayramlu 1878-1885, then his paternal uncle Brigadier Nasru’llah Khan 1885-1890. Enlisted in the 7th Savad Kuh Regt 1892, transf Persian Cossack Bde 1900, prom through the ranks to Sergt Maj 1903, cmsnd as 2nd Lieut 1911, prom 1st-Lieut 1912, prom Capt Machine-Gun Coy 1913, prom Maj Machine-Gun Coy 1915, Lt-Col Hamadan Infantry Atriad 1916, c/o of a Cossack regt at Teheran 1917, prom Col 1917, cdr of a Cossack regt at Kermanshah 1918, prom Brig 1919, cdr of the infantry force sent against Bolshevik insurgents at Enzeli 1920, declared himself cdr of the Cossack Bde and prom Brig-Gen November 1920. Staged a coup d’etat 21st February 1921 and established a new government with himself as Minister for War, Field Marshal and C-in-C of the Army. Became Prime Minister in addition to his other offices, and granted the personal style of His Serene Highness (Janab-i-Ashraf), 28th October 1923. Induced parliament to grant him dictatorial powers and assumed the style of His Highness (Hazrat-i-Ashraf), February 1925. Became provisional Head of State and Supreme Commander of the Imperial Iranian Armed Forces, 31st October 1925. Declared Shah by parliament, 12th and took the oath of office 15th December 1925. Crowned at the Hall of Mirrors of the Gulistan Palace, Teheran, 25th April 1926. Abdicated in favour of his son and heir, at the Marble Palace, Tehran, 16th September 1941. Exiled to Mauritius and later to South Africa. Hon Patron International Exhibition of Persian Art (London) 1931. Founded the Nishan-i-Pahlavi (the Order of Pahlavi) in 1932, Nishan-i-Liaqat (the Order of Merit), and Nishan-i-Iftikhar (the Order of Glory) in 1937, the Nishan-i-Aryamehr (the Order of the Light of the Aryans) and the Nishan-i-Humayun (the Order of the August) on 15th February 1939. Rcvd: the Commander of the Faithful Decoration, the Decoration of the Imperial Portrait 1st class (28.10.1923), the Nishan-i-Aqdas 1st class, 2nd degree (28.10.1923), and the Orders of the Lion & Sun 1st class (mil 1921), and Zulfiqar 3rd class (1925) and 4th class (1921), Third Isfandyar Decoration 1st class (1928), the Military Order (Nishan-i-Sipah) 1st class (1924), the Order of Merit (Nishan-i-Liaqat) 1st class, Knt of the Orders of the White Eagle of Poland (1.6.1927), Seraphim of Sweden (10.11.1934), Elephant of Denmark (20.1.1937), and the Annunziata of Italy (23.4.1939), the Chain of Fuad I of Egypt (25.4.1939), and the Collar of the Order of Muhammad ‘Ali of Egypt (1932), the Grand Collar of the Order of the Supreme Sun of Afghanistan (9.6.1928), the Grand Order of the Hashimites of Iraq (26.4.1932), GC of the Orders of Leopold of Belgium (mil 28.9.1928), the Legion of Honour of France (9.8.1937), SS Maurice & Lazarus and the Crown of Italy (23.4.1939), the Order of the White Lion 1st class with collar of Czechoslovakia (15.3.1935), Knt of the Order of St Stanislaus 2nd class (for non-Christians) (mil with sword) of Russia, etc. m. (first) at Alasht, Savad Kuh district, Mazandaran, before 20th March 1896, Maryam Khanum (b. at Alasht, Savad Kuh district, Mazandaran, before 12th February 1881; d. in childbirth, before 21st March 1905), a cousin. m. (second) at Hamadan, 1903, Tajmah Khanum (d. at Tehran, 30th June 1912), a lady from Hamadam. m. (third) (temp.) at Hamadan, 1913 (div. 1914), Safiah Khanum, a lady from Hamadam. m. (fourth) 29th May 1915, Tamam Taj Khanum, Taj ul-Mulk [H.I.M. The Empress Mother Taj ul-Mulk Pahlavi] (b. at Baku, Azerbaijan, 26th April 1897; m. second, At Tehran, 1948, H.E. Mirza Ghulam Husain Khan, Sahib-i-Divan [Gholam Hossein Sahibdivani], and d. from leukemia, at Acapulco, Mexico, 10th March 1982), raised to the title of Queen (Malika Taj ul-Mulk Pahlavi) with the style of Her Majesty and granted equal rank with Ismat ul-Mulk 25th April 1926, raised to the title of Empress Mother with the style of Her Imperial Majesty 29th September 1967, rcvd: the Orders of Aryamehr 1st class (1939), the Pleiades 1st class (1957), Coron (26.10.1967), 25th Anniversay (14.10.1971), and 2,500 Anniversary (15.10.1971) medals, and the Decoration of al-Kamal in brilliants of Egypt (25.4.1939), etc, second daughter of Brigadier-General Taimur Khan Ayramlu [Iramloo], Tadf ul-Mulk, late Persian Cossack Bde, a Caucasian émigré from Russia, by his wife, Zahra Khanum. m. (fifth) at Teheran, 11th March 1922 (div. at Teheran, April 1924) Malak Turan Khanum, Sulaiman us-Sultana alias Qamar ul-Mulk (b. at Teheran, 4th February 1905; m. second, at Tehran, 1942, Sayyid Zabihu’llah Malikpur, and d. in an old people’s nursing home near Paris, France, 1993), daughter of H.E. ‘Isa Muhammad Khan Amirsoleymani, Majd us-Saltana and grand-daughter of Major-General H.H. Haji Mahdi Quli Khan-e Qajar Quyunlu, Majd ud-Daula, KCMG. m. (sixth) at Teheran, 1924, Ismat ul-Mulk [H.M. Queen Ismat ul-Mulk Pahlavi](b. before 22nd March 1906; m. second, 1989, as his second wife, H.E. Muhsin Rais, GCVO, sometime Iranian Ambassador at the Court of St James’s, and d. at the CD Hospital, Tehran, 24th July 1995, bur. there at the Behesht-e Zahra Cemetery), raised to the title of Queen (Malika Ismat ul-Mulk Pahlavi) with the style of Her Majesty and granted equal rank with Taj ul-Mulk 25th April 1926, rcvd: the Orders of Aryamehr 1st class (1939), Coron (26.10.1967), 25th Anniversay (14.10.1971), and 2,500 Anniversary (15.10.1971) medals, youngest daughter of H.H. Shahzada Ghulam ‘Ali Mirza Dowlatshahi, Mujalal ud-Daula, sometime Governor-General of Khorasan, by his wife, H.H. Shahzadi Mubtahaj ud-Daula, daughter of H.H. Shahzada Haji Abu’l Nasir Mirza, Hisam us-Sultana, sometime Governor-General of Arabistan. He d. at Johannesburg, South Africa, 26th July 1944 (bur. Reza Shah Mausoleum, Ray, Iran, 1950), having had issue, seven sons and four daughters:
Reza Shah Pahlavi, is also supposed to have had a further son, from a fourth or temporary wife, Zahra Khanum (d. from tuberculosis, during the infancy of her son), a lady from Savud Kuh:
  • 8) Sadiq Kidwai. b. at Hamadan, before 22nd March 1918. Given the surname of his step-father. He d. at Tehran, 12th January 1990.
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continued on the next page.
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PAHLAVI 1 PAHLAVI 2 PAHLAVI 4 ORDERS PERSIA
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