1941 - 1979 H.I.M. Muhammad Reza Pahlavi, Shahanshah of Iran, Aryamehr, GCB (c 13.5.1942), Royal Victorian Chain (21.7.1948). b. at Teheran, 26th October 1919, eldest son of H.I.M. Reza Shah Pahlavi, Shahanshah of Iran, by his fourth wife, Nimtaj Khanum, Tajul-Mulk [H.I.M. The Empress Mother], educ. Institut Le Rosey, Switzerland, and Iranian Military Acad, Teheran. Cmsnd as 2nd-Lieut Imperial Iranian Army 1938, aptd to the Army Inspectorate Dept, Personal ADC to the Shahanshah 1938-1941, prom Gen 1940, GOC Army Corps of Defence 1940, Inspector-Gen of the Army 1940-1941. Invested by his father at the Museum Hall of the Gulistan Palace, Teheran, as Heir Apparent with the title of ValiAhad-i-Iran, 24th April 1926. Succeeded on the abdication of his father, 16th and took the oath at the Majlis, 17th September 1941. Granted the title of Aryamehr (‘Light of the Aryans’) by an extraordinary session of the joint Houses of Parliament, 15th September 1965. Crowned at Teheran, 26th October 1967. Left the country and went into exile in Egypt, 16th January 1979. Deposed on the proclamation of the Islamic Republic, 1st April 1979. Colonel-in-Chief 1st (Pahlavi) Guards Regt 1931-1941. Supreme Commander of the Imperial Iranian Armed Forces. Hon Air Chief Marshal, RAF 1959. Hon Dr Univ of Peshawar (Pakistan) (1967). Hon Mbr Club Royal Egyptien de Chasse (CREC), and Royal Central Asian Soc 1965-1975 and Royal Soc for Asian Affairs 1975-1980. Presdt National Assoc for Physical Education 1935. Hon Chair Abolfath Mahvi Educational Fndn. Patron Seventh Asian Games 1974. Founded the Nishan-i-Kidmat (the Order of Honour) in 1949, Nishan-i-HaftPaykar (the Order of the Pleiades) in 1957, and the Nishan-i-Aryamehr (the Order of Light of the Aryans) on 26th September 1967. Rcvd: Grand Collar of the Order of Pahlavi (1932), GC of the Orders of the Zulfiqar (1949), and Crown of Iran (24.4.1926), Knt of the Orders of the Golden Spur of the Vatican (20.8.1948), Elephant of Denmark (14.5.1959), Seraphim (29.4.1960) with Collar (4.9.1967) of Sweden, and Maha Chakri of Thailand (22.1.1968), the Grand Order of the Hashimites of Iraq (18.10.1957), the Grand Collar and Chain of the Order of Solomon Ethiopia (14.9.1964), the Grand Collars of the Orders of Carlos III (19.4.1975) and Yoke and Arrows of Spain (22.5.1957), Supreme Sun of Afghanistan, the Nile of the Republic of Egypt, the Liberator San Martin of Argentina (x.5.1965), the Aztec Eagle of Mexico (1975), and Scanderbeg of Albania (1975), the Collars of the Orders of Muhammad ‘Ali of Egypt (16.3.1939), Husain ibn ‘Ali of Jordan (28.7.1949), Idris I of Libya, Chrysanthemum of Japan (13.5.1958), Muhammad of Morocco (x.6.1964), Mubarak the Great of Kuwait, al-Khalifa of Bahrain, and Independence of the State of Qatar, the Badr Chain of Saudi Arabia, and the Chain of Honour of the Sudan, GC of the Orders of the Legion of Honour of France (1939), Propitious Clouds of China special grade (3.6.1946), Renaissance of Jordan special class (28.7.1949), Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany special class (25.2.1955), Merit of the Lebanon special class (17.10.1956), Merit of the Republic of Italy with collar (26.8.1957), the Netherlands Lion (19.5.1959), Redeemer of Greece, Leopold of Belgium (mil 11.5.1960), St Olav of Norway with collar (17.5.1961), Independence of Tunisia with collar (15.3.1965), Southern Cross of Brazil with collar (3.5.1965), Two Rivers of Iraq (13.2.1967), the Infant Dom Henrique with collar of Portugal (27.7.1967), the Lion of Finland with collar (1970), and Fidelity of Albania (1975), the Orders of the White Lion 1st class with collar of Czechoslovakia (x.12.1943), Pakistan 1st class (Nishan-i-Pakistan) (9.11.1959), Ojaswi Rajanya of Nepal (3.7.1960), Yugoslavian Grand Star of Yugoslavia (3.6.1966), Star of the People’s Republic of Rumania 1st class (13.5.1967), and the State Crown of Malaysia (DMN) (16.1.1968), the King Abdul Aziz Decoration 1st class of Saudi Arabia (mil 9.8.1955 or 12.3.1957), the Grand Star of the Decoration of Honour for Merit of Austria (15.3.1958), the Military Order of Oman 1st class (1970), Chief Cdr of the Legion of Merit of the USA (x.10.1947), and the Croix de Guerre with palm of France (1945). m. (first) at the Abidin Palace, Cairo, 16th March 1939 (Shi’ite rite) and at the Gulistan Palace, Teheran, 25th April 1939 (Suni rite) (div. at Teheran, 20th October 1948) H.R.H. Princess Fawzia (b. at the Ras el-Tine Palace, Alexandria, Egypt, 5th November 1921; m. second, at the ‘Abdin Palace, Cairo, Egypt, 28th March 1949, Colonel H.E. (Sahib ul-Izza) Ismail Husain Shirin Bey, by whom she had a further son and daughter, and d. at Alexandria, Egypt, 2nd July 2003, bur. Shirin Mauroleum, Cairo, Egypt), became an Iranian national and granted the title of Princess (Shahdokht) with the style of HerImperial Highness 15th March 1939, and enjoyed that of Queen (MalikaFawziaPahlavi) with the style of HerMajesty 17th September 1941-20th October 1948, Colonel-in-Chief 2nd (Fateh) Regt of Cavalry (Princess Fawzia’s) 25/4/1939-1948, Patron Child Welfare Assoc. 1940-1948, rcvd: the Decoration of al-Kemal in brilliants (16.3.1939), and GC of the Order of Pahlavi of Iran (27.10.1940) becoming the first woman to receive that honour, second daughter of H.M Fuad I, King of Egypt, Sovereign of Nubia, of the Sudan, of Kordofan and of Darfur, GCB, Royal Victorian Chain, by his second wife, H.M. Queen Nazli, daughter of H.E. ‘Abdu’l Rahim Sabri Pasha. m. (second) at the Marble Palace, Teheran, 12th February 1951 (div. at Teheran, 14th March 1958) H.I.H. Princess Soraya (b. at the English Missionary Hospital, Isfahan, 22nd June 1932; d. at Paris, 25th October 2001), granted the title of Queen (MalikaSorayaPahlavi) with the style of HerMajesty 12th February 1951, and Princess with the style of HerImperialHighness 14th March 1958, rcvd: the Order of the Pleiades 1st class (1957), GC of the Orders of Merit (special design) of Germany (25.2.1955), and Isabella the Catholic of Spain (22.5.1957), and the Grand Decoration of Honour for Merit in gold with sash of Austria (15.3.1958), daughter of Khalil Khan Esfandiari Bakhtiari, of Gafarog, by his wife Eva, eldest daughter of Herr Franz Karl, of IG Farben and AEG, of St Petersburg. m. (third) in the Hall of Mirrors, at the Marble Palace, Teheran, 21st December 1959, H.I.M. Empress (Shahbanu) Farah (b. at the American Mission Hospital, Teheran, 14th October 1938), educ. Razi Coll, Teheran, École Jeanne d’Arc and École d’architecture, Paris, France, granted the title of Queen (MalikaFarahPahlavi) with the style of HerMajesty 21st December 1959, and crowned as Empress (Shahbanou) with the style of HerImperialMajesty at Teheran, 26th October 1967, Rcvd: the Orders of Aryamehr 1st class (26.9.1967) and the Pleiades 1st class (21.12.1959), Knt of the Orders of the Elephant of Denmark (3.5.1963), and Maha Chakri of Thailand (22.1.1968), Mbr of the Order of the Seraphim of Sweden (29.4.1960), GC of the Orders of the Renaissance of Jordan special class (x.5.1960), Leopold of Belgium (civ 26.11.1961), Netherlands Lion (26.9.1963), Legion of Honour of France (16.10.1963), Queen of Sheba of Ethiopia with collar (14.9.1964), St Olav of Norway (8.1.1965), Independence of Tunisia (15.3.1965), Southern Cross of Brazil (3.5.1965), the Liberator San Martin of Argentina (x.5.1965), Merit (special design) of the Federal Republic of Germany (27.5.1967), Isabel the Catholic of Spain (3.10.1969), Merit of the Republic of Italy (15.12.1974), and the Precious Crown of Japan, the Grand Decoration of Honour for Merit in gold with sash of Austria (30.9.1965), Merit of the Republic of Italy (15.12.1974), and the Precious Crown of Japan, the Grand Decoration of Honour for Merit in gold with sash of Austria (30.9.1965), and the Orders of the Crown of Malaysia (DMN) (x.2.1968), and White Lion 1st class with collar of Czechoslovakia (1977), etc, only child of Captain Suhrab Khan Tabatabai Ala’a al-Diba [Sohrab Diba], an officer in the Iranian Army, by his wife, Farida Khanum [Farideh Ghotbi], daughter of H.E. Shaikh Baqir Khan, Amjad us-Sultan [Shaikh Baqir Khan [Amjad us-Sultan] bin Shaikh Ismail [Shaikh ul-Islam] bin Muhammad Reza bin Shaikh ‘Abdu’l Wahab bin Shaikh Baqir bin Shaikh Ja’afar bin Shaikh Qutb ud-din Muhammad bin Shaikh ‘Ali bin Shaikh ‘Abdu’l Wahab bin Shaikh al-Faqih bin Shaikh Ismail], of Lahijan, Gilan, a descendant of the Sufi scholar Shaikh Qutb ud-din Muhammad Sharif Lahiji, interpreter of the Koran. He d. at the Ma’adi Military Hospital, Cairo, Egypt, 27th July 1980 (bur. ar-Rifai Mosque, the Citadel, Cairo), having had issue, two sons and three daughters:
1) H.I.H. Crown Prince Reza Cyrus Pahlavi, who assumed the style of H.I.M. Reza Pahlavi Ii, Shahanshah of Iran (s/o Empress Farah) - see below.
2) H.I.H. Prince (Shahpur) ‘Ali Reza Pahlavi. b. at Teheran, 28th April 1966 (s/o Empress Farah), educ. Reza Pahlavi Sch, Niavaran Palace, Teheran, St David's Sch, New York City, Mount Greylock Regional High Sch, Williamstown, Massachusetts, Columbia Univ, New York (BA 1992), and Harvard Univ, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA. m. (a) (common law) Ms Raha Didevar (b. 10th September 1973), to whom he was affianced at the time of his death, Dir Raha Didevar in Kenya. He d. unm. from self-inflicted gun-shot wounds, after suffering from a prolonged period of depression after the death of his sister, at South End, Boston, Massachusetts, USA, 4th January 2011, having had issue an only daughter:
a) H.I.H. Princess (Shahdokht) Iryana Leila Pahlavi. b. posthumously, Boston, Massachusetts, USA, 26th July 2011.
1) H.I.H. Princess (Shahdokht) Shahnaz Pahlavi [Hajar Alavi]. b. at the Sa’adabad Palace, Teheran, 27th October 1940 (d/o Princess Fawzia), educ. privately. Rcvd: the Orders of Aryamehr 2nd class (26.9.1967) and the Pleiades 2nd class (11.10.1957). m. (first) at the Gulistan Palace, Teheran, 11th October 1957 (div. 24th September 1964), H.E. Ardeshir Zahedi, GCVO (b. at Teheran, 17th October 1928), educ. American Univ of Beirut, Lebanon, and Utah State Univ, Logan, Utah, USA (BSc 1950), Treasurer Iran America Cmsn, Deputy Dir Point Four Programme, Chamberlain of the Imperial Household 1953-1954, Head Iranian Student Programme 1954-1959, Ambassador to the USA 1959-1961 & 1973-1979 (conc to Mexico 1973-1976, Cuba, Venezuela and the Bahamas), and at the Court of St James’s 1962-1966, Minister for Foreign Affairs 1966-1973, rcvd: GC of the orders of the Crown of Iran (1975), Humayun, Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany (1967), Sacred Treasure of Japan (1969), Aztec Eagle of Mexico (1976), etc, only son of Lieutenant-General H.E. Fazlu’llah Khan Zahedi, Bashir-i-Divan, sometime ADC General and Prime Minister, by his wife Khadija ul-Mulk, daughter of H.E. Mirza Husain Khan Pirnia, Mu’tamin ul-Mulk, sometime Speaker of the Iranian Parliament (Majlis), by whom she had issue one daughter – see below. m. (second) at the Iranian Embassy, Paris, February 1971 (div.), H.H. Shahzada Khushrau Khoban Mirza [Khosro Khoban Djahanbani] [Khosrow Jahanbani] (b. at Tehran, 27th February 1941), educ. Lodi Union High Sch, Lodi, and California State Univ (Sacramento State Coll) (BA), Sacramento, California, and the Univ of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA, artist, settled in Switzerland after the Islamic revolution, youngest son of Lieutenant-General H.H. Shahzada Amanu’llah Mirza [Amanollah Jahanbani], sometime Governor-General of Azerbaijan, by his third wife, Helen Khanum, daughter of Dr Alexander Kasminsky, of St Petersburg, Russia. by whom she had further issue, one son and one daughter – see Persia (Qajar). m. (third) at Reno, Clark, Nevada, USA, 11th October 1992 (div. there, 21st October 1993), Roman Mestur Lebedowicz (b. 18th May 1952):
a) H.H. Princess (ValaGohari) Zahra Mahnaz Zahedi. b. at Teheran, 2nd December 1958 (d/o Ardeshir Zahedi).
2) H.I.H. Princess (Shahdokht) Yasmin Farahnaz Pahlavi. b. at Teheran, 12th March 1963 (d/o Empress Farah), educ. Reza Pahlavi Sch, Niavaran Palace, Teheran.
3) H.I.H. Princess (Shahdokht) Leila Pahlavi. b. at the Military Hospital, Teheran, 27th March 1970 (d/o Empress Farah), educ. Reza Pahlavi Sch, Niavaran Palace, Teheran. She d. unm. at the Leonard Hotel, London, 10th June 2001 (bur. Passy Cemetary, Paris).
 H.I.M. Reza Pahlavi II, Shahanshah of Iran. b. at the Mothers’ Aid Society Hospital, Teheran, 31st October 1960, as Prince Reza Cyrus Pahlavi, elder son of H.I.M. Muhammad Reza Pahlavi, Shahanshah of Iran, Aryamehr, GCB, Royal Victorian Chain, by his third wife, H.I.M. Empress Farah, educ. Reza Pahlavi Sch, Niavaran Palace, Joint Air Force Acad, Colorado Springs, Reese Air Force Base, Lubbock, Texas, Williams Coll, Williamstown, Massachusetts, and the Univ of Southern California (USC), Los Angeles, California, USA (BA). Cmsnd as 2nd-Lieut Imperial Iranian Air Force, and served as a fighter pilot 1978-1979. Appointed as Heir Apparent with the title of ValiAhd-i-Iran (Crown Prince of Iran), 26th October 1967. Succeeded on the death of his father as Head of the Imperial House of Pahlavi and assumed the titles of Shahanshah together with the style of HisImperialMajesty Reza Pahlavi II, at the Kubba Palace, Cairo, Egypt, 27th July 1980. He lived in Egypt and Morocco before settling in the USA in 1984. Chancellor Bo Ali Univ Univ. Presdt Iran Sports Organization. Patron of the Iran Scouts, of the Best Workers Organization, Royal Royal Horse Soc (RHS) 1970-1979, and of the Rural Cultural Centre. Presdt Medina Development Co. Author of “Gozashteh va Ayandeh” (2000), “Winds of Change: The Future of Democracy in Iran” (2002), and “Iran: L’heure du Choix” (2009). Rcvd: the Grand Collar of the Order of Pahlavi (26.9.1967), Coron (1967), 25th Anniversay (1971), and Persepolis (1971) medals, Knt of the Order of the Seraphim of Sweden (24.11.1970), GC of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Italy (15.12.1974), Isabel the Catholic of Spain with collar (19.4.1975), the Grand Decoration of Honour for Merit in gold with sash of Austria (1976), etc. m. at Connecticut, USA, 12th June 1986, H.I.H. Princess Yasmina Pahlavi (b. at the Pars Hospital, Teheran, 26th July 1968), educ. George Washington Univ, Washington DC, USA (BA, JD), Attorney at Law 1998, Presdt Foundation for the Children of Iran 1991, employed with the Children’s Law Center in Washington DC since 2001, daughter of ‘Abdu’llah Amini, by his wife, Forough, née Etemadi. He has issue, three daughters:
1) H.I.H. Princess (Shahdokht) Noor Pahlavi. b. in the USA, 3rd April 1992, educ. Lycée Rochambeau, Washington DC, USA.
2) H.I.H. Princess (Shahdokht) Iman Pahlavi. b. in the USA, 12th September 1993, educ. Lycée Rochambeau, Washington DC, USA.
3) H.I.H. Princess (Shahdokht) Farah Pahlavi. b. at Washington DC, USA, 17th January 2004.