IRAN

The Pahlavi Dynasty

GENEALOGY

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1941 - 1979 H.I.M. Muhammad Reza Pahlavi, Shahanshah of Iran, Aryamehr, GCB (c 13.5.1942), Royal Victorian Chain (21.7.1948). b. at Teheran, 26th October 1919, eldest son of H.I.M. Reza Shah Pahlavi, Shahanshah of Iran, by his fourth wife, Nimtaj Khanum, Taj ul-Mulk [H.I.M. The Empress Mother], educ. Institut Le Rosey, Switzerland, and Iranian Military Acad, Teheran. Cmsnd as 2nd-Lieut Imperial Iranian Army 1938, aptd to the  Army Inspectorate Dept, Personal ADC to the Shahanshah 1938-1941, prom Gen 1940, GOC Army Corps of Defence 1940, Inspector-Gen of the Army 1940-1941. Invested by his father at the Museum Hall of the Gulistan Palace, Teheran, as Heir Apparent with the title of Vali Ahad-i-Iran, 24th April 1926. Succeeded on the abdication of his father, 16th and took the oath at the Majlis, 17th September 1941. Granted the title of Aryamehr ('Light of the Aryans') by an extraordinary session of the joint Houses of Parliament, 15th September 1965. Crowned at Teheran, 26th October 1967. Left the country and went into exile in Egypt, 16th January 1979. Deposed on the proclamation of the Islamic Republic, 1st April 1979. Colonel-in-Chief 1st (Pahlavi) Guards Regt. 1931-1941. Supreme Commander of the Imperial Iranian Armed Forces. Hon Air Chief Marshal, RAF 1959. Founded the Nishan-i-Kidmat (the Order of Honour) in 1949, Nishan-i-Haft Paykar (the Order of the Pleiades) in 1957, and the Nishan-i-Aryamehr (the Order of Light of the Aryans) on 26th September 1967. Rcvd: Grand Collar of the Order of Pahlavi (1932), GC of the Orders of the Zulfiqar (1949), and Crown of Iran (24.4.1926), Knt of the Orders of the Golden Spur of the Vatican (20.8.1948), Elephant of Denmark (14.5.1959), Seraphim (29.4.1960) with Collar (4.9.1967) of Sweden, and Maha Chakri of Thailand (22.1.1968), the Grand Order of the Hashimites of Iraq (18.10.1957), the Grand Collar and Chain of the Order of Solomon Ethiopia (14.9.1964), the Grand Collars of the Orders of Carlos III (197x) and the Yoke and Arrows of Spain (22.5.1957), Supreme Sun of Afghanistan, the Nile of the Republic of Egypt, the Liberator San Martin of Argentina (x.5.1965), and the Aztec Eagle of Mexico (1975), the Collars of the Orders of Muhammad 'Ali of Egypt (16.3.1939), Husain ibn 'Ali of Jordan (28.2.1949), Idris I of Libya, Chrysanthemum of Japan (13.5.1958), Muhammad of Morocco (11.6.1966), Mubarak the Great of Kuwait, al-Khalifa of Bahrain, and Independence of the State of Qatar, the Badr Chain of Saudi Arabia, and the Chain of Honour of the Sudan, GC of the Orders of the Renaissance of Jordan special class (28.2.1949), Propitious Clouds of China special grade (3.6.1946), Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany special class (25.2.1955), Merit of the Lebanon special class (17.10.1956), Merit of the Republic of Italy with collar (26.8.1957), the Netherlands Lion (19.5.1959), Redeemer of Greece, Leopold of Belgium (mil 11.5.1960), St Olav of Norway with collar (17.5.1961), Independence of Tunisia with collar (15.3.1965), Southern Cross of Brazil with collar (3.5.1965), and the Lion of Finland with collar (1970), the Orders of the White Lion 1st class with collar of Czechoslovakia (x.12.1943), Pakistan 1st class (Nishan-i-Pakistan) (9.11.1959), Ojaswi Rajanya of Nepal (3.7.1960), Yugoslavian Grand Star of Yugoslavia (3.6.1966), and the State Crown of Malaysia (DMN) (x.2.1968), the Grand Star of the Decoration of Honour for Merit of Austria (15.3.1958), the King Abdul Aziz Decoration 1st class of  Saudi Arabia (mil 9.8.1955 or 12.3.1957), the Military Order of Oman 1st class, Ch. Cdr. of the Legion of Merit of the USA (x.10.1947), and the Croix de Guerre with palm of France (1945). m. (first) at the Abidin Palace, Cairo, 16th March 1939 (Shi'ite rite) and at the Gulistan Palace, Teheran, 25th April 1939 (Suni rite) (div. at Teheran, 20th October 1948) H.R.H. Princess Fawzia (b. at the Ras el-Tine Palace, Alexandria, Egypt, 5th November 1921; m. second, at the ‘Abdin Palace, Cairo, Egypt, 28th March 1949, Colonel H.E. (Sahib ul-Izza) Ismail Husain Shirin Bey, by whom she had a further son and daughter, and d. at Alexandria, Egypt, 2nd July 2003, bur. Shirin Mauroleum, Cairo, Egypt), became an Iranian national and granted the title of Princess (Shahdokht) with the style of Her Imperial Highness 15th March 1939, and enjoyed that of Queen (Malika Fawzia Pahlavi) with the style of Her Majesty 17th September 1941-20th October 1948, Colonel-in-Chief 2nd (Fateh) Regt of Cavalry (Princess Fawzia's) 25/4/1939-1948, Patron Child Welfare Assoc. 1940-1948, rcvd: the Decoration of al-Kemal in brilliants (16.3.1939), and GC of the Order of Pahlavi of Iran (27.10.1940) becoming the first woman to receive that honour, second daughter of H.M Fuad I, King of Egypt, Sovereign of Nubia, of the Sudan, of Kordofan and of Darfur, GCB, Royal Victorian Chain, by his second wife, H.M. Queen Nazli, daughter of H.E. 'Abdu'l Rahim Sabri Pasha. m. (second) at the Marble Palace, Teheran, 12th February 1951 (div. at Teheran, 14th March 1958) H.I.H. Princess Soraya (b. at the English Missionary Hospital, Isfahan, 22nd June 1932; d. at Paris, 25th October 2001), granted the title of  Queen (Malika Soraya Pahlavi) with the style of Her Majesty 12th February 1951, and Princess with the style of Her Imperial Highness 14th March 1958, rcvd: the Order of the Pleiades 1st class (1957), GC of the Orders of Merit (special design) of Germany (25.2.1955), and Isabella the Catholic of Spain (22.5.1957), and the Grand Decoration of Honour for Merit in gold with sash of Austria (15.3.1958), daughter of Khalil Khan Esfandiari Bakhtiari, of Gafarog, by his wife Eva, eldest daughter of Herr Franz Karl, of IG Farben and AEG, of St Petersburg. m. (third) in the Hall of Mirrors, at the Marble Palace, Teheran, 21st December 1959, H.I.M. Empress (Shahbanu) Farah (b. at the American Mission Hospital, Teheran, 14th October 1938), educ. Razi Coll, Teheran, École Jeanne d'Arc and École d'architecture, Paris, France, granted the title of  Queen (Malika Farah Pahlavi) with the style of Her Majesty 21st December 1959, and crowned as Empress (Shahbanou) with the style of Her Imperial Majesty at Teheran, 26th October 1967, Rcvd: the Orders of Aryamehr 1st class (26.9.1967) and the Pleiades 1st class (21.12.1959), Knt of the Orders of the Elephant of Denmark (3.5.1963), and Maha Chakri of Thailand (22.1.1968), Mbr of the Order of the Seraphim of Sweden (29.4.1960), GC of the Orders of Netherlands Lion (26.9.1963), the Legion of Honour of France (16.10.1963), Queen of Sheba of Ethiopia (14.9.1964), Leopold of Belgium (civ 17.11.1964), St Olav of Norway (8.1.1965), Independence of Tunisia (15.3.1965), Southern Cross of Brazil (3.5.1965), the Liberator San Martin of Argentina (x.5.1965), Merit (special design) of the Federal Republic of Germany (1967), Merit of the Republic of Italy (15.12.1974), Isabella the Catholic of Spain (197x), and the Precious Crown of Japan, the Order of the Yugoslav Star 1st class (3.6.1966), the Grand Decoration of Honour for Merit in gold with sash of Austria, and the Order of the Crown of Malaysia (DMN) (x.2.1968), daughter of Captain Sohrab Diba, Imperial Iranian Army, by his wife Farideh, née Ghotbi. He d. at the Maadai Military Hospital, Cairo, Egypt, 27th July 1980 (bur. ar-Rifai Mosque, the Citadel, Cairo), having had issue, two sons and three daughters:
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[1980] H.I.M. Reza Pahlavi II, Shahanshah of Iran. b. at the Mothers' Aid Society Hospital, Teheran, 31st October 1960, as Prince Reza Cyrus Pahlavi, elder son of H.I.M. Muhammad Reza Pahlavi, Shahanshah of Iran, Aryamehr, GCB, Royal Victorian Chain, by his third wife, H.I.M. Empress Farah, educ. Reza Pahlavi Sch, Niavaran Palace, Joint Air Force Acad, Colorado Springs, Reese Air Force Base, Lubbock, Texas, Williams Coll, Williamstown, Massachusetts, and the Univ of Southern California (USC), Los Angeles, California, USA (BA). Cmsnd as 2nd-Lieut Imperial Iranian Air Force, and served as a fighter pilot 1978-1979. Appointed as Heir Apparent with the title of Vali Ahd-i-Iran (Crown Prince of Iran), 26th October 1967. Succeeded on the death of his father as Head of the Imperial House of Pahlavi and assumed the titles of Shahanshah together with the style of His Imperial Majesty Reza Pahlavi II, at the Kubba Palace, Cairo, Egypt, 27th July 1980. He lived in Egypt and Morocco before settling in the USA in 1984. Sometime Chancellor Bo Ali Univ Univ, Presdt Iran Sports Organization, Patron of the Iran Scouts, of the Best Workers Organization, Royal Royal Horse Soc (RHS) 1970-1979, and of the Rural Cultural Centre, etc. Author of “Gozashteh va Ayandeh” (2000), “Winds of Change: The Future of Democracy in Iran” (2002), and “Iran: L’heure du Choix” (2009). Rcvd: the Grand Collar of the Order of Pahlavi (26.9.1967), Coron (1967), 25th Anniversay (1971), and Persepolis (1971) medals, Knt of the Order of the Seraphim of Sweden (24.11.1970), GC of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Italy (15.12.1974), Isabel the Catholic of Spain with collar (1975), the Grand Decoration of Honour for Merit in gold with sash of Austria (1976), etc. m. at Connecticut, USA, 12th June 1986, H.I.H. Princess Yasmina Pahlavi (b. at the Pars Hospital, Teheran, 26th July 1968), educ. George Washington Univ, Washington DC, USA (BA, JD), Attorney at Law 1998 , Presdt Foundation for the Children of Iran 1991, employed with the Children's Law Center in Washington DC since 2001, daughter of 'Abdu'llah Amini, by his wife, Forough, née Etemadi. He has issue, three daughters:
  • 1) H.I.H. Princess (Shahdokht) Noor Pahlavi. b. in the USA, 3rd April 1992, educ. Lycée Rochambeau, Washington DC, USA.
  • 2) H.I.H. Princess (Shahdokht) Iman Pahlavi. b. in the USA, 12th September 1993, educ. Lycée Rochambeau, Washington DC, USA.
  • 3) H.I.H. Princess (Shahdokht) Farah Pahlavi. b. at Washington DC, USA, 17th January 2004.
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PAHLAVI 1 PAHLAVI 2 ORDERS PERSIA
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