IRAN

The Pahlavi Dynasty

GENEALOGY

Captain Murad ‘Ali Khan, of the Bavani Palani tribe, 7th Savad Kuh Regt. He was k. at the siege of Herat, 1856, having had issue, seven sons, including:
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1925 - 1941 H.I.M. Reza Shah Pahlavi, Shahanshah of Iran. b. at Alasht, Savad Kuh district, Mazandaran, 16th March 1878, son of Major Abbas Quli Khan [Dadash Beg], Savad Kuh Regt. educ. privately. Enlisted in the Savad Kuh Regt 1892, transf Persian Cossack Bde 1900, prom through the ranks to Sergt Maj 1903, cmsnd as 2nd Lieut 1911, prom Lieut 1912, Maj Machine-Gun Coy 1915, Lt-Col Hamadan Infantry Atriad 1916, Cdt of a Cossack Regt at Teheran 1917, prom Col 1917, c/o of a Cossack Regt at Kermanshah 1918, prom Brig 1919, Cdr of the infantry force sent against Bolshevik insurgents at Enzeli 1920, declared himself cdr of the Cossack Bde and prom Brig-Gen November1920. Staged a coup d’etat 21st February 1921 and established a new government with himself as Minister for War, Field Marshal and C-in-C of the Army. Became Prime Minister in addition to his other offices, together with the style of His Serene Highness (Janab-i-Ashraf), 28th October 1923. Induced parliament to grant him dictatorial powers and assumed the style of Hazrat-i-Ashraf, February 1925. Became provisional Head of State, 31st October 1925. Declared Shah by parliament, 12th and took the oath of office 15th December 1925. Crowned at the Museum Hall of the Gulistan Palace, Teheran, 25th April 1926. Deposed by the Allies and forced to abdicate in favour of his appointed heir 16th September 1941. Exiled to Mauritius and later to South Africa. Supreme Commander of the Imperial Iranian Armed Forces. Founded the Nishan-i-Pahlavi (the Order of Pahlavi) in 1932, Nishan-i-Liaqat (the Order of Merit), and Nishan-i-Iftikhar (the Order of Glory) in 1937, and the Nishan-i-Humayun (the Order of the August) on 15th February 1939. Rcvd: the Decoration of the Imperial Portrait 1st class (28.10.1923), the Nishan-i-Aqdas 1st class, 2nd degree (28.10.1923), and the Order of the Lion & Sun 1st class (mil 1921), Knt of the Orders of the White Eagle of Poland (24.4.1929), Seraphim of Sweden (10.11.1934), Elephant of Denmark (20.1.1937), and the Annunziata of Italy (23.4.1939), the Chain of Fuad I of Egypt (25.4.1939), and the Collar of the Order of Muhammad ‘Ali of Egypt (1932), the Grand Collar of the Order of the Supreme Sun of Afghanistan (6.6.1928), the Grand Order of the Hashimites of Iraq (26.4.1932), GC of the Orders of Leopold (mil) of Belgium (28.9.1928), the Legion of Honour of France (9.8.1937), and SS Maurice & Lazarus of Italy (23.4.1939), the Order of the White Lion 1st class with collar of Czechoslovakia (1935), etc. m. (first) 1895, Maryam Khanum (d. 22nd February 1904), a cousin. m. (second) 1903 (div. 1904), Tajmah Khanum (d. 30th June 1912), a lady from Hamadam. m. (third) at Hamadan, 1913 (div. 1914), Safiah Khanum. m. (fourth) 29th May 1915 , Tamam Taj Khanum, Taj ul-Mulk [H.I.M. The Empress Mother Taj ul-Mulk Pahlavi] (b. at Baku, Azerbaijan, 17th March 1896; m. second, H.E. Mirza Ghulam Husain Khan, Sahib-i-Divan [Gholam Hossein Divani], and d. at Acapulco, Mexico, 10th March 1982), styled Queen (Malika Taj ul-Mulk Pahlavi) and Her Majesty from 25th April 1926, and Empress Mother and Her Imperial Majesty from 29th September 1967, rcvd: the Orders of Aryamehr 1st class (1939), the Pleiades 1st class (1957), the Decoration of al-Kamal in brilliants of Egypt (25.4.1939), etc, second daughter of Brigadier-General Taimur Khan Ayramlu, Tadf ul-Mulk, a Caucasian émigré from Russia, by his wife, Zahra Khanum. m. (fifth) at Teheran, 11th March 1922 (div. at Teheran, April 1924) Malak Turan Khanum, Sulaiman us-Sultana alias Qamar ul-Mulk (b. at Teheran, 4th February 1905; m. second, at Tehran, 1942, Sayyid Zabihu’llah Malikpur, and d. in an old people’s nursing home near Paris, France, 1993), daughter of H.E. ‘Isa Khan Amirsoleymani, Majd us-Saltana and grand-daughter of Major-General H.H. Haji Mahdi Quli Khan-e Qajar Quyunlu, Majd ud-Daula, KCMG. m. (sixth) at Teheran, 1923, H.H. Ismat ul-Mulk (b. 1905, m. second, 1989, as his second wife, H.E. Muhsin Rais, GCVO, sometime Iranian Ambassador at the Court of St James’s, and d. at the CD Hospital, Tehran, 24th July 1995, bur. there), youngest daughter of H.H. Shahzada Ghulam ‘Ali Mirza Dowlatshahi, Mujalal ud-Daula, sometime Governor-General of Khorasan, by his wife, H.H. Shahzadi Mubtahaj ud-Daula, daughter of H.H. Shahzada Haji Abu’l Nasir Mirza, Hisam us-Sultana, sometime Governor-General of Arabistan. He d. at Johannesburg, South Africa, 26th July 1944 (bur. Reza Shah Mausoleum, Ray, Iran, 1950), having had issue, seven sons and four daughters:
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continued on the next page.
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PAHLAVI 1 PAHLAVI 3 ORDERS PERSIA
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