IRAN

The Pahlavi Dynasty

GENEALOGY

Captain Murad 'Ali Khan, of the Bavani Palani tribe, 7th Savad Kuh Regt. He was k. at the siege of Herat, 1856, having had issue, seven sons, including:
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1925 - 1941 H.I.M. Reza Shah Pahlavi, Shahanshah of Iran. b. at Alasht, Savad Kuh district, Mazandaran, 16th March 1878, son of Major 'Abbas Quli Khan [Dadash Beg], Savad Kuh Regt. educ. privately. Enlisted in the Savad Kuh Regt. 1892, transf. Persian Cossack Bde. 1900, prom.through the ranks to Sergt. Maj. 1903, cmsnd. 2nd Lieut. 1911, prom. Lieut. 1912, Maj. Machine-Gun Coy. 1915, Lt-Col. Hamadan Inf. Atriad 1916, Cdt. of a Cossack Regt at Teheran 1917, prom. Col. 1917, cdr. of a Cossack Regt. at Kermanshah 1918, prom. Brig. 1919, Cdr. of the infantry force sent against Bolshevik insurgents at Enzeli 1920, declared himself cdr. of the Cossack Bde. and prom. Brig-Gen. November1920.  Staged a coup d'etat 21st February 1921 and established a new government with himself as Minister for War, Field Marshal and C-in-C of the Army. Became Prime Minister in addition to his other offices, together with the style of His Serene Highness (Janab-i-Ashraf), 28th October 1923. Induced parliament to grant him dictatorial powers and assumed the style of Hazrat-i-Ashraf, February 1925. Became provisional Head of State, 31st October 1925. Declared Shah by parliament, 12th and took the oath of office 15th December 1925. Crowned at the Museum Hall of the Gulistan Palace, Teheran, 25th April 1926. Deposed by the Allies and forced to abdicate in favour of his appointed heir 16th September 1941. Exiled to Mauritius and later to South Africa. Supreme Commander of the Imperial Iranian Armed Forces. Founded the Nishan-i-Pahlavi (the Order of Pahlavi) in 1932, Nishan-i-Liaqat (the Order of Merit), and Nishan-i-Iftikhar (the Order of Glory) in 1937, and the Nishan-i-Humayun (the Order of the August) on 15th February 1939. Rcvd: the Decoration of the Imperial Portrait 1st class (28.10.1923), the Nishan-i-Aqdas 1st class, 2nd degree (28.10.1923), and the Order of the Lion & Sun 1st class (mil), Knt. of the Orders of the White Eagle of Poland (24.4.1929), Seraphim of Sweden (10.11.1934), Elephant of Denmark (20.1.1937), and the Annunziata of Italy (23.4.1939), the Chain of Fuad I (1939), the Grand Collar of the Order of the Supreme Sun of Afghanistan (6.6.1928), and the Collar of the Order of Muhammad 'Ali of Egypt, the Grand Order of the Hashimites of Iraq (26.4.1932), GC of the Orders of Leopold (mil) of Belgium, the Legion of Honour of France (9.8.1937), SS Maurice & Lazarus of Italy (23.4.1939), etc. m. (first) 1895, Maryam Khanum (d. 22nd February 1904), a cousin. m. (second) 1903 (div. 1904), Tajmah Khanum (d. 30th June 1912), a lady from Hamadam. m. (third) 1913 (div. 1913), Safiah Khanum. m. (fourth) 1915, Nimtaj Khanum, Taj ul-Mulk [H.I.M. The Empress Mother] (b. at Tehran, 17th March 1896; d. at Acapulco, Mexico, 10th March 1982), styled Queen (Malika Taj ul-Mulk Pahlavi) and Her Majesty from 25th April 1926, and Empress Mother from 29th September 1967, rcvd: the Orders of Aryamehr 1st class (1939), the Pleiades 1st class (1957), the Decoration of al-Kamal in brilliants of Egypt (1939), etc., daughter of Brigadier-General Taimur Khan Ayramlu, Tadf ul-Mulk. m. (fifth) 1922 (div. at Teheran, April 1924) Turan Khanum, Sulaiman us-Sultana alias Qamar ul-Mulk (b. 1904; d. 1995), daughter of 'Isa Khan Amirsoleymani, Majd us-Saltana and grand-daughter of Major-General H.H. Haji Mahdi Quli Khan-e Qajar Quyunlu, Majd ud-Daula, KCMG. m. (sixth) at Teheran, 1923, H.H. Ismat ul-Mulk (b. 1905, m. second, as his second wife, H.E. Muhsin Rais, GCVO, sometime Iranian Ambassador at the Court of St James's, and d. 24th July 1995), youngest daughter of H.H. Shahzada Ghulam 'Ali Mirza Dowlatshahi, Mujalal ud-Daula, sometime Governor-General of Khorasan. He d. at Johannesburg, South Africa, 26th July 1944 (bur. Reza Shah Mausoleum, Rei, Iran, 1950), having had issue, seven sons and four daughters:
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continued on the next page.
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PAHLAVI 1 PAHLAVI 3 ORDERS PERSIA
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