CHINA

The Manchu Dynasty

(Ta Ch'ing Ch'ao )

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1850 - 1861 H.I.M. Emperor Hsien-fÍng [WÍn Tsung Hsien Huang Ti] [Hsieh T'ien I YŁn Chih Chung Ch'ui Mu Mou TÍ ChÍn Wu ShÍng Hsiao YŁan Kung Tuan JÍn K'uan Ming Hsien], the Great Illustrious Emperor of the Great Ch'ing Dynasty, Son of Heaven, Lord of Myriad Years, etc. b. in the Hall of Clear Tranquility, Garden of Perfection and Brightness, Peking, 17th July 1831, as Yi Ning, educ. privately. Appointed as Heir Apparent (secret) 7th August 1846. Succeeded on the death of his father, 25th February 1850. Proclaimed 9th March 1850. m. twenty-eight wives, including (first) 1848, H.I.M. Empress Hsiao Te-hsien (b. 1835; d. 24th January 1850), raised to the rank of Empress of the West with the title of Hsiao Tung Kong Hsi Kung Huang Hou, raised to the posthumous title of Hsiao Te-hsien Huang Hou 10th March 1850, elder daughter of Muyangga, of the Sakota clan, sometime First Sec of a Labour Tribunal, and sister of Empress Tzu An. m. (second) 26th June 1852, H.I.M. Empress Hsiao Cheng-hsien (b. 1837; d. at Peking, 9th April 1881), granted the title of Chen Pin14th July 1852, prom. to Chen Kuei Fei, and to Empress with the title of Hsiao Chen Hsien Huang Hou and style of Her Majesty 28th November 1852, prom. to Empress Dowager with the title of Huang T'ai Hou Tzu An in November 1861, Co-Regent 22nd August 1861- April 1881, and received the posthumous titlea of Hsiao Cheng-hsien Huang Hou 19th April 1881 and Jian Ching He Jing Cheng Jing Yi Tian Zuo Sheng Hsien 13th November 1908, younger daughter of Muyangga, Duke Yujiyang, of the Niuhuru clan. m. (third) 26th June 1852, H.I.M. the Grand Empress Dowager Tzu Hsi [Yi] (b. 17th November 1834 or 29th November 1835; d. at Peking, 15th November 1908, bur. Dzunhua Mausoleum, Hebei), granted the titles of Yi Ta Ying 26th June 1852, prom. to Yi Kuei Jen 13th January 1854, prom. to Yi Shou Fei 27th January 1857, Yi Kuei Fei 27th December 1856, Empress with the title of HsiiKung Huang Hou and style of Her Majesty November 1861, to Empress Dowager with the title of Huang T'ai Hou Tzu Hsi, to Grand Empress Dowager 13th November 1908 with the title of T'ai Huang T'ai Hou, and the posthumous title of Hsiao Chin Hsien Huang Hou Tuan-YŁ-K'ang-I-Chao-YŁ Chuang-Cheng-Shou-Kung-Ch'in-Hsien-Ch'ung-Hsi, Co-Regent 22nd August 1861- November 1881, and sole Regent November 1881-4th March 1889 and 22nd September 1898-15th November 1908, rcvd: GC of the Order of the Precious Crown of Japan, daughter of Captain Kuei Siang, Duke Hui-cheng, of the Ye'honala clan. m. (a) YŁ Fei (d.s.p. at Peking, 3rd June 1885). He d. in the Hall of Refreshing Mists and Waves, Imperial Summer Palace, Jehol, 22nd August 1861 (bur. Ting-ling Mausoleum, Hebei), having had issue, two sons and two daughters:
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MANCHU 1 MANCHU 2 MANCHU 3 MANCHU 4 MANCHU 5
MANCHU 6 MANCHU 7 MANCHU 8 MANCHU 9 MANCHU 10
MANCHU 11 MANCHU 12 MANCHU 13 MANCHU 15 MANCHU 16
MANCHU 17 MANCHUKUO ORDERS & DECORATIONS TITLES
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