HIJAZ

Al-Hashimi Dynasty

GENEALOGY

continued from MECCA 5.
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1908-1916 and 1916-1924 Al Munquiz Al A'zam H.M. Hussein ibn ‘Ali, Caliph al-Islam, King of the Hijaz, Commander of the Faithful, Grand Sharif and Amir of Mecca, GCB (c 11.3.1920). b. at Mecca, 1854, eldest son of Sharif ‘Ali bin Muhammad, by his wife, Salha, educ. privately at Istanbul. Mbr Turkish Council of State 1893-1908. Appointed by the Sultan of Turkey as Grand Sharif and Amir of Mecca 1st November 1908. Proclaimed the Arab Revolt at Mecca, Taif, Jeddah and other towns 10th June 1916. Deposed as Grand Sharif and Amir by the Sultan of Turkey 1st July 1916. Proclaimed the independence of the Arabs 29th October 1916. Proclaimed at the Holy Mosque, Mecca as Malik al-Bilad al-’Arabiyya and Amir al-Mumenin (King of the Arabs and Commander of the Faithful) and assumed the style of His Majesty, 2nd November 1916. Recognised by the allied powers only as King of the Hijaz, Commander of the Faithful, Grand Sharif and Amir of Mecca, 6th November 1916 (confirmed publicly 3rd January 1917). Founded the Orders of the Renaissance in 1917 and Independence in 1921. Proclaimed as Caliph al-Islam, 7th March 1924. Abdicated the temporal crown in favour of his eldest son, 3rd October 1924. Rcvd: the Collar of the Order of Muhammad ‘Ali of Egypt, and GC of the Orders of the Legion of Honour of France, and Leopold of Belgium, the Imperial Orders of Glory (Atiq Nishan-i-Iftikhar) 1st class (29.10.1908), the Osmans (Nishan-i-Osmanieh) 1st class and Nobility (Nishan-i-Majidieh) 1st class of Turkey, and the Great Imtiyaz Medals in gold and silver of Turkey. m. (first) at Mecca, 1879, Sharifa Abidiya Khanum (d. at Istanbul, Turkey, 1888, bur. there), eldest daughter of his paternal uncle, H.H. Amir ‘Abdu’llah Kamil Pasha, Grand Sharif of Mecca. m. (second) Madiha Khanum, a Circassian. m. (third) at Mecca, 1882, Sharifa Khadija Khanum (b. 1866; d. at Amman, Transjordan, 4th July 1921), daughter of daughter of H.H. Amir ‘Abdu’llah Kamil Pasha, Grand Sharif of Mecca. m. (fourth) at Istanbul, Turkey, 1895, H.M. Queen Adila Khanum (b. at Istanbul, Turkey, 1879; d. at Larnaca, Cyprus, 12th
July 1929, bur. there at the Hala Sultan (Umm Haram) Tekke), daughter of Salah Bey, a Circassian, and grand-daughter of H.H. Mustafa Rashid Pasha, sometime Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire. He d. at Amman, Jordan, 4th June 1931 (bur. outside the western wall of the Haram as-Sharif, Jerusalem), having had issue five sons and three daughters:
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1924 - 1925 H.M. ‘Ali ibn Hussein, King of the Hijaz and Grand Sharif of Mecca, GBE (m11.3.1920). b. at Mecca, 1879, eldest son of H.M. Hussein ibn ‘Ali, Caliph al-Islam, King of the Hijaz, Commander of the Faithful, Grand Sharif and Amir of Mecca, GCB, by his first wife, Sharifa Abidiya Khanum, eldest daughter of H.H. Amir ‘Abdu’llah Kamil Pasha, Grand Sharif of Mecca, educ. at Ghalata Serai Coll, Istanbul, Turkey. He joined his father in the Arab Revolt against Turkish rule and served as C-in-C of the Harb Army 1915-1916, C-in-C Arab Southern Army 1916-1919, Grand Vizier of the Hijaz 1916-1924, and C-in-C Hijaz Arab Army 1919-1924. Appointed as Amir of Medina 1918. Proclaimed as King of the Hijaz and Grand Sharif of Mecca, at Medina and Mecca, following the abdication of his father, 3rd October 1924. Forced to abdicate when the forces of ‘Ibn Saud’ overran the Hijaz, 19th December 1925. Went into exile in Iraq and later Transjordan. Served as Regent of Transjordan during the absence of his younger brother, King ‘Abdu’llah, on several occasions when the latter went out of his realm. Rcvd: GC of the Orders of the Renaissance (1917) and Independence (1921), the Ma’an Medal (1918), and Medal of Independence (1921) of the Hijaz, the Grand Order of the Hashimites (1932), and the Orders of Faisal I (1933), and the Two Rivers 1st class of Iraq (1922), GC of the Order of Leopold of Belgium (15.3.1930), etc. m. at Yenikoy, Bosphorus, Turkey, 1906, as his only wife, H.M. Queen Nafissa Khanum (b. at Istanbul, Turkey, 1886; k. by the military plotters outside the Qasr al-Rihab, Baghdad, Iraq, 14th July 1958), second daughter of H.H. Amir ‘Abdu’l-Ilah bin Muhammad Pasha, Grand Sharif and Amir of Mecca. He d. at Baghdad, Iraq, 13th February 1935 (bur. Royal Mausoleum, Adhamiyah), having had issue, one son and four daughters:
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END.
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MECCA 1 MECCA 2 MECCA 3 MECCA 4
MECCA 5 IRAQ JORDAN MAIN
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