CUTCH

The Jadeja Dynasty

GENEALOGY

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1698 - 1715 Rao Shri Pragmulji I Sahib, Rao of Cutch, third son of Rao Rayadhanji II Sahib, Rao of Cutch, educ. privately. He feigned illness and seized the capital while his brothers and nephew were attending to the funeral rites of his father. Dispossessed his nephew, Haloji, and his elder brother, Ravoji, and ascended the gadi, 1698. Alienated all his brothers and many of his clansmen, who refused to acknowledge his rule and who administered their lands independently. m. several wives. He d. at Bhuj, 1715, having had issue, including five sons:
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1715 - 1719 Rao Shri Ghodji I Sahib, Rao of Cutch, son of Rao Shri Pragmalji I Sahib, Rao of Cutch, educ. privately. Assisted his father in his conspiracy to wrest the throne from the rightful heir in 1698. Succeeded on the death of his father, 1715. m. several wives. He d. at Bhuj, 1719, having had issue, including five sons:
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1719 - 1752 Rao Shri Daisulji I Sahib, Rao of Cutch, son of Rao Shri Ghodji I Sahib, Rao of Cutch, educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his father, 1719. Constructed the Fort of Bhuj in 1719, after seeing-off Mozim Beg, who attempted to levy tribute on behalf of the Emperor. Succeeded again when another army under Kesar Khan attacked Nalia and attempted to do the same in 1721. He oversaw the defeat of a third Mughal army under the command of the Viceroy, Sher Buland Khan, by Devkaran Seth, in 1723-1730. Fortified the towns of Anjar, Mundra nd Rapar, in order to deter further attacks on his dominions. Seized and imprisoned by his elder son, who then assumed ruling powers in his name, 1741. m. several wives, including (a) Waghela Rani Shri Ma Kunverba Sahib. He d. in confinement, at Bhuj, 1752, having had issue, two sons:
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1752 - 1760 H.H. Maharajadhiraj Mirza Maharao Shri Lakhpatji Sahib Bahadur, Rao of Cutch. b. at Bhuj, 1717, as Daisulji, elder son of Rao Shri Daisulji I Sahib, Rao of Cutch, elder son of Rao Shri Ghodji I Sahib, Rao of Cutch, by his wife, Waghela Rani Shri Ma Kunverba Sahib, educ. privately. Seized and imprisoned his father and assumed effective power, 1741. Succeeded as Rao on his father's death, 1752. Granted the titles of Maharajadhiraj, and Mirza by Emperor Alamgir II in 1757, and Maharao Shri from Ahmad Shah Durrani of Afghanistan. The first of his race to introduce a durbar and Mughal state ceremonial into his court. A learned and curious individual, he became fascinated by accounts of Ramsingh Malam travels in Europe. This prompted the Maharao to establish a foundry, the silk industry, clock manufacture and glass works, thereby laying the foundations for the high reputation for mechanical skill amongst Cutchi craftsmen. A learned scholar with a great interest in Vraj, he founded a famous school to spread knowledge of that language. m. nine wives including (a) Jhaliji Rani Shri Ra Kunverba Sahib. m. (b) Jhaliji Rani Shri Ratnaji Kunwarba Sahib, younger daughter of H.H. Shri Shaktimant Jhaladap Mahamandleshwar Maharana Shri Raj Jaswantsinhji Sahib Bahadur, Maharana Raj Sahib of Halvad. He d. at Bhuj, 1761 having had issue, four sons and a daughter:
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1761 - 1778 H.H. Maharajadhiraj Mirza Maharao Shri Ghodji II Sahib Bahadur, Rao of Cutch. b. at Bhuj, 1734, as Ghodjisinhji Lakhpatj, eldest son of H.H. Maharajadhiraj Mirza Maharao Shri Lakhpatji Sahib Bahadur, Rao of Cutch, by his wife, the Jhala Rani Ra Kunverba Sahib, educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his father, 1761. After falling out with his minister, Punja Seth, he faced two invasions by Ghulam Shah Kalhora of Sind, who plundered and burnt the country. Retired to Mandvi, abandoning state affairs, after being humiliated by a band of Sidis, who had temporarily confined him in his palace. He faced two further invasions by the successors of Ghulam Shah, finally defeating them in 1775. m. ten wives including (a) H.H. Jhaliji Rani Shri Raj Kunverba Sahib. m. (b) H.H. Rani Shri Immaba Sahib. m. (c) at Dhrangadhra, 1771, H.H. Jhaliji Rani Shri Adiba Sahib, eldest daughter of H.H. Shri Shaktimant Jhaladap Mahamandleshwar Maharana Shri Raj Gajsinhji II [Bhabhoji] Raisinhji Sahib Bahadur, Maharana Raj Sahib of Halvad, by his wife, H.H. Raniji Ba Shri Jijiba Kunwarba Sahib, sometime Maharani Regent of Dhrangadhra, daughter of the Thakore Sahib of Varsoda, in Maha Kanthia. m. (d) H.H. Jhaliji Rani Shri Raj Sahib. He d. at Bhuj, 1778 having had issue, including two sons:
1778 - 1786 H.H. Maharajadhiraj Mirza Raja Sawai Shri Rayadhanji II Sahib Bahadur, Rao of Cutch (first time) - see below.
1786 - 1801 H.H. Maharajadhiraj Mirza Maharao Shri Prithvirajji Sahib Bahadur, Rao of Cutch, younger son of H.H. Maharajadhiraj Mirza Maharao Shri Ghodaji II Lakhpatji Sahib Bahadur, Rao of Cutch, by his wife, H.H. Rani Shri Immaba Sahib, educ. privately. Succeeded as a minor after the deposition of his elder brother, 1786. Reigned under a council of regency headed by Meghji Seth. Temporarily deposed in the confusion that followed his brother's escape from confinement. Restored after Fateh Muhammad Notiar took control of affairs. He d. suddenly, at Bhuj, 1801, having had issue, an only son:
1778 - 1786 and 1801 - 1813 H.H. Maharajadhiraj Mirza Raja Sawai Shri Rayadhanji II Sahib Bahadur, Rao of Cutch. b. at Bhuj, 1763, elder son of H.H. Maharajadhiraj Mirza Maharao Shri Ghodji II Sahib Bahadur , Rao of Cutch, by his wife, H.H. the Jhala Rani Bai Shri Raj Kunverba Sahib, educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his father 1778. He began to show signs of madness, at one point even becoming something of an Islamic zealot. Great indignation mounted amongst his officers and subjects when he attempted the forcible conversion of Hindus. Arrested by Meghji Seth of Anjar and deposed in favour of his younger brother 1786. Escaped after being freed by the regency council from physical confinement, causing much confusion and mayhem in the state. Placed in confinement again until released and restored, after the death of his brother in 1801. Confined and released or escaped several time. The HEIC entered into two treaties with the state, one with the Wazir Fateh Muhammad and another with the Diwan Hansraj, 26th October 1809. m. ten wives including (a) H.H. Sodhiji Rani Surruba Kunverba Sahib, of the Soda family of Nawanagar state. m. (b) H.H. Rani Jithi Kunverba Sahib. He d. at Bhuj, 30th October 1813, having had issue, a son and a daughter:
1813 - 1819 H.H. Maharajadhiraj Mirza Maharao Shri Bharmulji II Sahib Bahadur, Rao of Cutch. b. at Bhuj, 1798, as Kumar Shri Mansinhji Sahib, natural son of H.H. Maharajadhiraj Mirza Raja Sawai Shri Rayadhanji II Sahib Bahadur, Rao of Cutch, educ. privately. Chosen as successor to his late father, by Ibrahim and Husain Miyan, 6th November 1813. Ascended the gadi, 13th January 1814. Reigned under the control of the Miyan brothers until placed in control of affairs by Shibraj, son of the late Diwan Hansraj. Dismissed the government agent and supported an attack by Vagad bandits on the British camp. Compelled to accept a British Resident at his court after his defeat by a joint force composed of British and Gaekwad troops from Baroda. Angered his Jadeja relatives by his murder of Ladhubha and his encroachments on their lands and rights, prompting them to join the British in deposing him in favour of his only son, 25th March 1819. Placed in confinement but released in 1830. m. five wives including (a) H.H. Sodhiji Rani Shri Tajuba Sahib, of the Soda family of Nawanagar state. He d. at Aina Mahal, Bhuj, 1846, having had issue, an only son:
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CUTCH 1 CUTCH 2 CUTCH 4 CUTCH 5 MAIN
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