ETHIOPIA

The Solomonic Dynasty

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1382 - 1412 Elect of God, Emperor Dawit II [Anbasa], King of Kings of Ethiopia. b. as Prince Qirqos, second son of Elect of God, Emperor Saifu Ar'ad [Niwaya Krestos I], King of Kings of Ethiopia, educ. privately. Baptised as Ba'eda Mariam. Succeeded after deposing his elder brother, 1382. Crowned as Emperor Dawit II. m. (first) Empress (Itege) Dengal Mogassa, Gara Ba'altihat, baptised as Dengal Sawana. m. (second) Empress (Itege) Seyun Mogassa, Kagn Ba'altihat (bur. Maqdasa Mariam, near Dabra Berhan), previously Woizero Seyun. m. (third) Woizero Igzi-Kebra (bur. at Dabra Nagadgad Monastery). He d. 6th October 1412 (bur. at Dabra Nagadgad Monastery), having had issue, seven sons and three daughters:
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1412 - 1413 Elect of God, Emperor Wolde Anbasa [Tewodros I], King of Kings of Ethiopia. b. as Prince Tewodros, eldest son of Elect of God, Emperor Dawit II, King of Kings of Ethiopia, by his second wife, Empress Seyun Mogassa, Kagn Ba'altihat, educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his father, 6th October 1412. He was k. in battle, at Adal, 23rd June 1413 (bur. St Stephen's Monastery, Daga, Lake Tana, and reburied at St George's Church, Atronsa Egzeetna Mariam Monastery, Saynt, Amhara).
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1413 - 1430 Elect of God, Emperor Gabre Maskal II, King of Kings of Ethiopia. b. as Prince Yishaq, second son of Elect of God, Emperor Dawit II, King of Kings of Ethiopia, educ. privately. Succeeded his elder brother, 23rd June 1413. He was k. in battle, before 29th August 1430 (bur. at the Mariam Church, Tadbaba, Amhara), having had issue, three sons and a daughter:
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1430 - 1431 Elect of God, Emperor Iskander, King of Kings of Ethiopia. b. as Prince Andreyas, elder son of Elect of God, Emperor Gabre Maskal II, King of Kings of Ethiopia, educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his father, 29th August 1430. Crowned as Iskander. Reigned for six or seven months. He d. 1431 (bur. at the Mariam Church, Tadbaba, Amhara).
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1431 - 1433 Elect of God, Emperor Hirzb Nan, King of Kings of Ethiopia. b. as Prince Takla Mariam, third son of Elect of God, Emperor Dawit II, King of Kings of Ethiopia, educ. privately. Succeeded his nephew, ca. February 1431. Crowned as Hirzb Nan ('he who lavishes the people'). He d. May 1433, having had issue, two sons:
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1433  Elect of God, Emperor Mihreka Nan, King of Kings of Ethiopia. b. as Prince Sarwa Iyasus, eldest son of Elect of God, Emperor Takla Mariam, King of Kings of Ethiopia, educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his father, May 1433. Crowned as Miherka Nan ('he who lavishes spoils'). Reigned for four months, then deposed in favour of his son by the military, September 1433. He had issue, a son:
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1433 - 1434 Elect of God, Emperor Badel Nan, King of Kings of Ethiopia. b. as Prince 'Amda Iyasus, younger son of Elect of God, Emperor Takla Mariam, King of Kings of Ethiopia, educ. privately. Succeeded his elder brother, as a minor, September 1433. Crowned as Badel Nan ('he who lavishes victories'). Reigned for eight months.
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1434 - 1468 Elect of God, Emperor Qwastantinos I ‘Amda Seyun, King of Kings of Ethiopia. b. at Fatagar, 1399, as Prince Zara Yakob, fourth son of Elect of God, Emperor Hasei Dawit II, King of Kings of Ethiopia, by his third wife, Woizero Igzi-Kebra, educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his nephew, ca. May 1434. Crowned at Axum, Tigray, as ‘Amda Seyun (‘the pillar of Zion’), 1439. Adopted the reign name of Qwastantinos in imitation of the Byzantine Emperor. Founder of the Ethiopian Orthodox Monastery of San Stefano di Rotundis in Rome, ca. 1442. He sent several embassies overseas, to Rome, Egypt, Avignon and Georgia. m. (first) Empress Jan Hayla, Gara Ba’altihat, née Woizero Fere Mariam. m. (second) before 1441, H.M. Empress (Itege) Jan Zala [Eleni], Kagn Ba’altihat (d.s.p. at Endotna, April 1522, bur. Amba Gechena), a Muslim convert, granted the reign name of Eleni in imitation of the Byzantine Empress, granted the title of Empress (Itege) by her step-son Ba’eda Mariam at his accession in 1468*, Guardian and Mbr of the Council of Regency for her step-grandson 1507-1515, authoress of two works on theology and benefactrix of the once huge Mertule Maryam Church, daughter of Sultan Muhammad Garad of Hadiya. m. (third) ca. 1445, Empress Seyun Mogassa (b. ca. 1437; k. for attempting to usurp power, ca. 1462, bur. Dabra Berhan). m. (third) Jan Kalala, née Woizero Seyun Worq (same as Seyun Mogassa?). m. (fourth) Bar Zala. He d. 26th August 1468 (bur. at Debre Negodgwad Monastery, Lake Hayk, and reburied in 1497 at Dega Estifanos, Lake Tana), having had issue, fifty four children, including:
* Ba’eda Mariam’s own mother having died in 1462, he raised his step-mother to the rank of Itege, the title and role traditionally occupied by the mother of the King of Kings. Thereafter, he treated her in every respect as his own mother. The equivalent European title being Empress, coupled with her extreme longevity and influence at court for half a century after the death of her husband, led many western writers to erroneously assume that Emperor Ba’eda Mariam married his step-mother. There is no contemporary evidence for such a marriage, only speculation by writers 350 years later.
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SOLOMON 1 SOLOMON 2 SOLOMON 3 SOLOMON 5
SOLOMON 6 SOLOMON 7 SOLOMON 8 SOLOMON 9
SOLOMON 10 SOLOMON 11 SOLOMON 12 SOLOMON 13
BEGAMEDER GOJJAM HARRAR SHOA
TEWODROS TIGRAY ZAGWE MAIN
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