ETHIOPIA

The Solomonic Dynasty

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Mkhbara Widam [Mahbere-Widam], King of Kings of Ethiopia, son of Dil Na'od, King of Kings of Ethiopia, educ. privately. Fled from the capital and was received in Bulga, where he was acclaimed as King by the Showan nobility. He settled there and raised a family, following Yudit's final defeat of the Shoan army at Tehuledere*. She never subdued that province, and his descendants may have continued to rule there as kings, for some time afterward. He had issue:

Agba Seyun [Yakob] (b. at Bulga, Shoa)
I
Sinfa Ar'ad
I
Negus Zaré
I
Asfiha
I
Yakob
I
Bahr Seggad
I
Adam Asgad [Widma Asgad]
I
Tasfa Iyasus
I
Yekonu Amulak
(with whom we treat)

Note: Yudit, leader of the Beta Israel, was originally named Aster, but took the name of Yodit after destroying the Monastery of Dabra Dabo. She finally returned to her capital at Dembiya, after defeating the Shoans, and had herself proclaimed as Empress Isat. For the next forty years, she and her descendants ruled over Tigray, Begameder and Gojjam, but were unable to subdue Lasta or Shoa. m. Seomon, previously a Christian named of Zara Yakob. She was k. by lightening, at an uncertain date.
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1268 - 1285 Elect of God, Emperor Yekonu Amulak, King of Kings of Ethiopia. b. at Arbageno, Tara, Shoa, son of Tasfa Iyasus, of Shoa, educ. Estifanos Monastery near Amba Sel. Adopted or raised by Azzaz Kela.
According to legend, the Ethiopian Saint Takla Haymanot, persuaded Emperor Harbe II of the Zagwe dynasty to relinquish power in favour of Yekonu Amulak, a descendant of King Salomon and the Queen of Sheba. Crowned as Tasfa Iyasus, at Dabra Berhan, Shoa, 10th August 1270. Established his capital at Tegalet in Shoa. m. (?) a daughter of Emperor Harbe II, of the Zagwe dynasty. He d. at Dabra Berhan, Shoa, 19th
June 1285 (bur. St George’s Church, Atronsa Egzeetna Mariam Monastery, Saynt, Amhara), having had issue, seven sons and several daughters, including:
.
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1285 - 1294 Elect of God, Emperor Salomon [Yagba Seyun], King of Kings of Ethiopia, eldest son of Elect of God, Emperor Yekonu Amulak, King of Kings of Ethiopia, educ. privately. Succeeded his father, 1285. Crowned with the reign name of Salomon. He d. 1294, having had issue, five sons (who each agreed to reign for a year):
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1294 - 1295 Elect of God, Emperor Sinfa Asgad, King of Kings of Ethiopia, eldest son of Elect of God, Emperor Salomon [Yagba Seyun], King of Kings of Ethiopia, educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his father, 1294. Crowned as Sinfa Asgad ('he who is adored by beyond the horizon'). Abdicated in favour of his younger brother, 1295. Arrested and imprisoned with his brothers on Mount Gesen, 1299.
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1295 - 1296 Elect of God, Emperor Hizba Asgad, King of Kings of Ethiopia, second son of Elect of God, Emperor Salomon [Yagba Seyun], King of Kings of Ethiopia, educ. privately. Succeeded on the abdication of his elder brother, 1295. Crowned as Hizba Asgad ('he who is adored by by the people'). Abdicated in favour of his younger brother, 1296. Arrested and imprisoned with his brothers on Mount Gesen, 1299.
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1296 - 1297 Elect of God, Emperor Qidma Asgad, King of Kings of Ethiopia, third son of Elect of God, Emperor Salomon [Yagba Seyun], King of Kings of Ethiopia, educ. privately. Succeeded on the abdication of his elder brother, 1296. Abdicated in favour of his younger brother, 1297. Arrested and imprisoned with his brothers on Mount Gesen, 1299.
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1297 - 1298 Elect of God, Emperor Jan Asgad, King of Kings of Ethiopia, fourth son of Elect of God, Emperor Salomon [Yagba Seyun], King of Kings of Ethiopia, educ. privately. Succeeded on the abdication of his elder brother, 1297. Crowned as Jas Asgad ('he who is adored by kings'). Abdicated in favour of his younger brother, 1298. Arrested and imprisoned with his brothers on Mount Gesen, 1299.
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1298 - 1299 Elect of God, Emperor Saba Asgad I, King of Kings of Ethiopia, youngest son of Elect of God, Emperor Salomon [Yagba Seyun], King of Kings of Ethiopia, educ. privately. Succeeded on the abdication of his elder brother, 1298. Crowned as Saba Asgad ('he who is adored by men'). Abdicated in favour of his uncle brother, 1299.
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1299 - 1314 Elect of God, Emperor Wadim Ar'ad, King of Kings of Ethiopia, second son of Elect of God, Emperor Yekonu Amulak, King of Kings of Ethiopia, educ. privately. Succeeded on the abdication of his nephew, 1299. Crowned as Wadim Ar'ad ('he who makes the forests tremble'). He dispatched an Embassy to Spain. m. several wives, including, Jan Mangesha (m. second, ca. 1314, Emperor 'Amda Seyun I - see below). He d. 1314, having had issue, a son:
Emperor Wadim Ar'ad, also acknowledged the son of his younger brother, Prince Qidma Seggada, by one of his own wives:
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1314 - 1344 Elect of God, Emperor Gabre Maskal I, King of Kings of Ethiopia. b. as Prince 'Amda Seyun, son of Prince Qidma Seggada, by one of the wives of Emperor Wadim Ar'ad, educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his father, 1344. Crowned as Gabre Maskal ('servant of the cross'). Also known as Harabi Asfari ('he who frightens the Arabs'). m. (first) ca. 1314, Jan Mangesha, Gara Ba'altihat, a widow of his father. m. (second) Belen Saba Ba'altehat. He d. 1344, having had issue, five sons:
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continued on the next page.
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SOLOMON 1 SOLOMON 3 SOLOMON 4 SOLOMON 5
SOLOMON 6 SOLOMON 7 SOLOMON 8 SOLOMON 9
SOLOMON 10 SOLOMON 11 SOLOMON 12 SOLOMON 13
BEGAMEDER GOJJAM HARRAR SHOA
TEWODROS TIGRAY ZAGWE MAIN
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