PERSIA

The Safawi Dynasty

GENEALOGY

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1694 - 1722 H.M. Al-Sultan al-‘Adil al-Kamil al-Hadi al-Wathiq ‘Abu’l Muzaffar al-Sultan bar al-Sultan Shah Sultan Husain Padshah Khan bin Shah Sulaiman al-Husaini al-Musavi al-Safawi Bahadur Khan, Sahib-i-Qiran, Shahanshah of Persia. b. ca. 1668, eldest son of H.M. Zillu’llah ‘Abu’l Muzaffar ‘Abu’l Mansur Shah Sulaiman bin Shah ‘Abbas II al-Safawi al-Husaini al-Musavi Bahadur Khan, Sahib-i-Qiran, Shahanshah of Persia, educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his father, 29th July 1694. Crowned at the Ayinakhana in Sa’adatabad Palace, Isfahan, 6th August 1694. A man of great piety and devotion. Forced to abdicate after the Afghan invasion, 23rd October 1722. m. several wives, including (first) 1694, a daughter of Vahshatu Sultan, Safi Quli Khan. m. (second) a daughter of H.M. Vakhtang V [Shah Nawaz Khan II], King of Kartli. m. (third) 1710, …Begum (m. second, ca. 1727, the Khan of Erevan), daughter of H.M. Kaikushru, King of Kartli and C-in-C of the Persian army. m. (fourth) (div.) Amina Begum, alias Khair un-nisa Khanum (m. second, ca. 1713, H.H. Amir Fath 'Ali Bahadur Khan-e Qajar Quyunlu, Nai'b us-Sultana), daughter of Husain Quli Agha. He was k. at Isfahan on the orders of Ashraf Shah, ca. November 1726, having had issue, fourteen sons and twelve daughters:
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1722 - 1726 H.M. Zillu’llah ‘Abu’l Muzaffar Shah Tahmasp Shah II bin Shah Sultan Husain al-Safawi al-Husaini al-Musavi Bahadur Khan, Sahib-i-Qiran, Shahanshah of Persia (first time) - see below.
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1726 - 1728 H.M. Ahmad Shah, Shahanshah of Persia. b. as Mirza Sayyid Ahmad al-Husaini al-Marashi, eldest son of Mirza ‘Abu’l Qasim al-Husaini al-Marashi. Seized the provinces of Fars and Kerman, on behalf of Shah Tahmasp II in 1139. Crowned at Kerman, under the name of Ahmad Shah, 8th November 1726. Defeated and captured by Ashraf Shah Ghalzai, 1728. He was k. (executed) on the banks of the Zayanda Rud, near Oul-i-Khwaju, by Ashraf Shah Ghalzai, August 1728.Copyright© Christopher BuyersCopyright©
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1722 – 1726 and 1729 – 1732 H.M. Zillu’llah ‘Abu’l Muzaffar Shah Tahmasp Shah II bin Shah Sultan Husain al-Safawi al-Husaini al-Musavi Bahadur Khan, Sahib-i-Qiran, Shahanshah of Persia. b. ca. 1704, third son of H.M. Al-Sultan al-‘Adil al-Kamil al-Hadi al-Wathiq ‘Abu’l Muzaffar al-Sultan bar al-Sultan Shah Sultan Husain Padshah Khan bin Shah Sulaiman al-Husaini al-Musavi al-Safawi Bahadur Khan, Sahib-i-Qiran, Shahanshah of Persia, educ. privately. Proclaimed as Heir Apparent with the title of Vali Ahad, 26th March 1722. Escaped to Isfahan during the Afghan siege, 7th June 1722. Proclaimed at Qazvin, 24th November 1722. Defeated by the Afghans and driven to Tabriz in 1725, forced out by the Turks to Teheran, defeated again by the Afghans and expelled from that city to Mazandaran, December 1725. Captured Mashhad with the aid of Nadir Quli Beg-e Afshar, 11th December 1726. Recaptured Isfahan and was Crowned there, December 1729. Deposed by Nadir Shah, 2nd September 1732. m. several wives, including Shahpuri Begum, widow of Mirza Muhammad Husain al-Husaini al-Marashi, and granddaughter of H.M. ‘Abu’l Muzaffar Shah Sulaiman Safi II, Shahanshah of Persia. He was k. on the orders of Nadir Shah, at Sabzavar, together with his sons, February 1740 (bur. Mashhad), having had issue, three sons and one daughter:Copyright© Christopher BuyersCopyright©
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1732 – 1736      H.M. Zill-u'llah ‘Abu’l Muzaffar Shah ‘Abbas III bin Shah Tahmasp II al-Safawi al-Husaini al-Musavi Bahadur Khan, Sahib-i-Qiran, Shahanshah of Persia. b. at Isfahan, January 1732, second son of H.M. ‘Abu’l Muzaffar Shah Tahmasp Shah II bin Shah Sultan Husain al-Safawi al-Husaini al-Musavi Bahadur Khan, Sahib-i-Qiran, Shahanshah of Persia, educ. privately. Succeeded on the deposition of his father, 2nd September 1732. Invested at the Talar-i-Tawila Palace, Isfahan, 7th September 1732. Reigned under the Regency of Nadir Quli Beg-e Afshar until deposed by him, 8th March 1736. He was later k. at Sabzavar, together with his father and brother, on the orders of Nadir Shah, February 1740 (bur. Mashhad).Copyright© Christopher Buyers
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1736 - 1749 see Persia (Afshar dynasty).Copyright© Christopher Buyers
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1749 - 1750 H.M. Zillu’llah ‘Abu’l Muzaffar ‘Abu’l Mansur Sulaiman Shah II, Shahanshah of Persia. b. at Isfahan, 18th June 1714, youngest son of Sayyid Muhammad Daud Mirza al-Husaini al-Marashi, by his wife, Princess Shahbanu Begum, daughter of H.M. Zillu’llah ‘Abu’l Muzaffar ‘Abu’l Mansur Shah Sulaiman bin Shah ‘Abbas II al-Safawi al-Husaini al-Musavi Bahadur Khan, Sahib-i-Qiran, Shahanshah of Persia educ. privately. Mutawali of the Shrine of the Imam Reza at Mashhad in succession to his father. Proclaimed there after deposing and blinding Shahrukh Shah Afshar, 17th December 1749. Crowned, 14th January 1750. Deposed after a reign of barely forty days, 9th February 1750. m. (second) 1731, his cousin, Princess (Shahzadi ‘Alamiyan) Khan Aga Begum, daughter of H.M. Al-Sultan al-‘Adil al-Kamil al-Hadi al-Wathiq ‘Abu’l Muzaffar al-Sultan bar al-Sultan Shah Sultan Husain Padshah Khan bin Shah Sulaiman al-Husaini al-Musavi al-Safawi Bahadur Khan, Sahib-i-Qiran, Shahanshah of Persia. He d. at Mashhad, 19th May 1763, having had issue, five sons and three daughters:
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1750  H.M. Zill-u'llah Ismail Shah III, Shahanshah of Persia (first time) - see below.
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1750 - 1752 H.M. Zill-u'llah ‘Abu’l Muzaffar Muhammad Husain Shah III, Shahanshah of Persia. At Mazandaran. Deposed 1757.
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1750 and 1752-1761 H.M. Zill-u'llah Ismail Shah III, Shahanshah of Persia. b. at Isfahan, ca. 1733, son of Sayyid Murtaza Khalifa Sultani, by his wife, Princess (Shahzadi ‘Alamiyan) Maryam Begum, daughter of H.M. Al-Sultan al-‘Adil al-Kamil al-Hadi al-Wathiq ‘Abu’l Muzaffar al-Sultan bar al-Sultan Shah Sultan Husain Padshah Khan bin Shah Sulaiman al-Husaini al-Musavi al-Safawi Bahadur Khan, Sahib-i-Qiran, Shahanshah of Persia, educ. privately. Proclaimed on the deposition of Sulaiman Shah II, 9th January 1750. Deposed later the same year but was restored, 1752. Removed from any part of the active government of the country, 1756 and thereafter continued as nominal ruler. He d. at Abada, 1773, having had issue, one son and a daughter:
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1786 H.M. ‘Abu’l Fath Sultan Muhammad Mirza Bahadur Khan Safavi, a Turk who pretended to be the son of Shah Tahmasp II. b. before 6th April 1772. Proclaimed at Isfahan by Aga Muhammad Khan, 1786. Fled to Sind in 1791 and settled at Lucknow 1796, eventually becoming a pensioner of the HEIC. He d. in India, 1796, having had issue at least two daughters:Copyright© Christopher BuyersCopyright©
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END.
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SAFAWI 1 SAFAWI 2 SAFAWI 3 SAFAWI 4 PERSIA
 
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