MUSTANG

GENEALOGY

dMag-dpon Shres-rab bla-ma ("sixth successor of the dynasty of Nam-lha Mi-rje Gung-rgyal"), belived to be a descendant of dMag-dPon Byir-ma, sometime provincial governor of Kailash under the Gung-thang kings. A military commander in the service of Gung-thang, he was appointed rDzong-dpon of Lo, but ruled virtually independently. Retired after 1380. He had issue, two sons:
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1440 - 1447 Chos-rgyal Ama-dPal bzang-po rgyal-mtshan, Lo rGyal-po. b. 1387, as dBang-phyug yon-tan, younger son of dPon-po Tshang-chos-skyong-'bum, rDzong-dpon of Lo. Succeeded his father as rDzong-dpon ca. 1425. Ordained as a monk in 1427 when he assumed the name Ama-dPal bzang-po rgyal-mtshan. Defeated the Zhang-pa army, declared his independence and enthroned as rGyal-po 1440. Recognised willingly as and independent ruler by the Gung-thung king, and assumed the title of Chos-rgyal. Transferred his capital from Tsarang to sMonthang, which he established as his rGyal-sa. Conquered and subjugated Guge and Purang, in western Tibet. Founded the Thub-bstan bshad-'grub dar-rgyas-gling Monastery at Tsarang, which accommodated over 2,000 resident monks and served as a major centre of religious learning and worship. Venerated as a Bodhisattva by his people. He d. at the bKra-shis dge-'phel Palace, sMonthang, 1447, having had issue, three sons:
 
1447 - 1482 Chos-rgyal bKra-shis bzang-po [A-mgon] [Tenzing Zampo], Lo rGyal-po. b. 1419, eldest son of Chos-rgyal Ama-dPal bzang-po rgyal-mtshan [rDzong-dpon], Lo rGyal-po, educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his father, 1447. An enlightened ruler, who patronised literature and religion, reorganised the administration and developed the economic welfare of the kingdom, during a reign that was largely peaceful and prosperous. He ca. 1482, having had issue, four sons:
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1482 - 1513 Chos-rgyal bKra-shis-mgon [Tshang-chen-bKra-shis-mgon-dpal-bzang-po], Lo rGyal-po. b. before 1445, eldest son of Chos-rgyal bKra-shis bzang-po [A-mgon] [Tenzing Zampo], Lo rGyal-po, educ. privately. Appointed as Heir Apparent with the title of rGyal-chung. Served as Drung-pa chen-po during his father's retreats to monasteries. Succeeded on the death of his father, ca. 1482. He d. ca. 1513, having had issue, three sons:
 
1513  A-ham mGon-po rgyal-myshan Grags-pa-mtha'-yas, Lo rGyal-po, second son of Chos-rgyal bKra-shis-mgon-dpal-dzang-po [Tshang-chen-bKra-shis-mgnon], Lo rGyal-po, educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his father, ca. 1513. The growing power of Jumla saw a contraction of his hegemony to little more than the traditional areas of Lo, eventually losing his independence ca. 1544. m. a joint wife with his younger brother, rGyal-sras rGyal-po brTan-pa'i rgya-mtsho. He had issue, three sons:
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1544 - 1560 Interregnum, Lo divided into separate districts ruled by the sons of mGon-po rgyal-myshan Grags-pa-mtha'-yas, under Jumla sovereignty until ca. 1560.
 
1560 - 15xx Chos-rgyal A-ham rGya-hor-dpal-bzang, Lo rGyal-po, elder son of rGyal-sras dKra-shis stob-rgyas [bKra-shis stog-rgyal], educ. privately. Appointed as Khri-thog-pa under the Jumla authorities. Succeeded is re-establishing the principality, ca. 1560. A great patron of literature, religious sculpture and the building of stupas. m. a joint wife with his younger brother, sDe-pa bKra-shis-'od-'bar [bSod-nams bKra-shis] [A-ham rGyal-po]. He d.s.p.
 
15xx - 1580 A-ham bSod-nams bKra-shis-'od-'bar, Lo rGyal-po, younger son of Khri-thog-pa dKra-shis stob-rgyas [bKra-shis stog-rgyal], educ. privately. Appointed as sDe-pa by his elder brother ca. 1560. Succeeded on his death. m. a joint wife with his elder brother. He d. ca. 1580, having had issue, three sons:
 
1580 - 1594 A-ham Don-grub-rDo-rje, Lo rGyal-po, second son of A-ham bSod-nams bKra-shis-'od-'bar, Lo rGyal-po, educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his father ca. 1580. He did much to revive the fortunes of the state, constructed palaces and strong forts, and recovered authority over Serib, Gelung and Khangkar. He d. 1594, having had issue, two sons:
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1594 - 1609 A-ham dSam-grub rDo-rje, Lo rGyal-po, eldest son of A-ham Don-grub-rDo-rje, Lo rGyal-po, educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his father 1594. He d. 1609, having had issue, an only surviving son:
 
1609 - 1655 A-ham A-mgon dSam-grub rab-brtan phyogs-thams-cad-las rnam-par rgyal-ba, Lo rGyal-po, only surviving son of A-ham dSam-grub rDo-rje, Lo rGyal-po, educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his father 1609. Abdicated in favour of his third son, 1655. m. Nyi-zla rGlay-mo (d. after 1663), a princess from Ladakh. He d. after 1663, having had issue, four sons:
 
1656 - 1710 A-ham Sa-dbang dSam-grub dPal-'bar, Lo rGyal-po. b. ca. 1639, third son of A-ham dSam-grub rab-brtan phyogs-thams-cad-las rnam-par rgyal-ba [A-mgon], Lo rGyal-po, educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his father 1655. Fought several wars against Jumla, regaining his independence through military help from Ladakh several times during his reign. Lost the Thak-Panchgaun region to Parvat in 1687. Abdicated in favour of his son 1710. He had issue, an only son:
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1711 - 1723 A-ham Tshe-dbang-Ihun-grub [Phun-tsong-gtsug-rgyam nor-bu] [Amgon Tshe-dbang-bsam-grub], Lo rGyal-po, only son of A-ham [Sa-dbang dSam-grub dPal-'bar], Lo rGyal-po, educ. privately. Succeeded on the abdication of his father 1710. He d. before 1725, having had issue, five sons and a daughter:
 
1723 - 1728 A-ham bKra-shis rnam-rgyal, Lo rGyal-po, eldest son of A-ham Tshe-dbang Ihun-grub [Phun-tsong-gtsug-rgyam nor-bu] [Amgon Tshe-dbang-bsam-grub], Lo rGyal-po, educ. privately. m. ca. 1722, Nor-dzin bde-legs dbang-mo (d. after 1735), Regent for her son 1728-1734, daughter of Nyi-ma rnam-rgyal, King of Ladakh. He d. ca. 1728, having had issue, one son and one daughter:
 
1728 - 1750 Amgon bSod-nams bsTan-'dzin dbang-rgyal, Lo rGyal-po, only surviving son of A-ham bKra-shis nam-rgyal, Lo rGyal-po. b. ca. 1717, educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his father 1728. Reigned under the regency of his mother, until he came of age and assumed full ruling powers, 1734. m. ca. 1734, He d. ca. 1750, having had issue, one son:
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1760 - 1797 A-ham [Chos-rgyal dBang-rgyal rDo-rje], Lo rGyal-po [Sri Sri Sri Raja Wanggyal Dorje, Raja of Mustang]. b. ca. 1738, only surviving son of Amgon bSod-nams-bsTan-'dzin dbang-rgyal, Lo rGyal-po, educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his father ca. 1750. Entered into an alliance with the Nepalese to defeat his overlord, the Raja of Jumla, in 1788. Accepted Nepalese sovereignty in 1790, and secured the return of lands annexed by Jumli, including lower Lo, Manang, Nyishang, Phug, Nubri, Rui, Namjar, and Dolpo. Thereafter recognised as a tributary ruler (sirobujhaunya rajya) with the hereditary title of Raja of Mustang. Received a crown recognising his new status from the Maharajadhiraja of Nepal. Granted a gold and plumed crown by the Emperor of China, now forming part of the rTog-gsum or regalia of the principality. He was a religious and cultural reformer who renovated monasteries and monuments, built several temples and a modern palace, and invited learned lamas to settle in Lo. He d. 1797, having had issue, three sons:
 
1797 - 1815 A-ham bKra-shis-snying-po phyogs-las-mam-par-rgyal-ba'i-sde, Lo rGyal-po [Sri Sri Sri Raja Krathis Nyingpo, Raja of Mustang], eldest son of A-ham [Chos-rgyal dBang-rgyal rDo-rje], Lo rGyal-po [Raja of Mustang], educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his father 1797. Abdicated 1815. He had issue, a son:
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1815 - 1837 A-ham 'Jam-dpal-dgra-'dul [Theg-mchog-seng-ge], Lo rGyal-po [Sri Sri Sri Raja Jampal Traldus, Raja of Mustang], only son of sPrul-pa'i-sku rDo-rje-'prin-las, Zhabs-drung, educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his paternal uncle, 1815. A religious minded man who spent long hours meditating with his Lamas in remote caves and other holy places. m. rGyal-mo Padma bu-khrid (d. after 1857), a highly educated who assisted her husband and son in the government and visited Katmandu on his behalf several times, from the family of the rNying-ma-pa Master, Rig-'dzin rGod-kyi idem-khru-can, of g'Tsand-phu Bla-brang, in Shigatse. He d. at Monthong Palace, 1837, having had issue, an only surviving son:
 
1837 - 1857 A-ham Kun-dga'-nor-bu, Lo rGyal-po [Sri Sri Sri Raja Kunga Norbu, Raja of Mustang], only surviving son of A-ham 'Jam-dpal-dgra-'dul [Theg-mog-seng-ge], Lo rGyal-po [Sri Sri Sri Raja Jampal Traldus, Raja of Mustang], educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his father, 1837. Served in the Nepalese War against Tibet in 1855. m. rGyal-mo bKra-shis bu-khrid, a lady from a noble Tibetan family. He d. 1857, having had issue, three sons:
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1857 - 1863 A-ham 'Jam-dbyangs dbang-dus [Khams-gsum dbang-dus], Lo rGyal-po [Sri Sri Sri Raja Jamyang Wangdi, Raja of Mustang], eldest son of A-ham Kun-dga'-nor-bu, Lo rGyal-po [Sri Sri Sri Raja Kunga Norbu, Raja of Mustang], educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his father, 1857. Reigned under the regency of his mother. Never installed or crowned and thus addressed in some local chronicles as rGyal-sras (prince) only. m. rGyal-mo Tshe-mchog sGrol-ma (m. second, her brother-in-law, the Lama of Tsarang, and d. suddenly, at Montsong Palace, winter 1871), Regent for her brother-in-law 1863-1868. He d.s.p. at the Monthong Palace, 1863.
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1863 - 1893 A-ham dNgos-grub-dPal-'bar, Lo rGyal-po [Sri Sri Sri Ngodup Palbar alias Siddhisrjvala, Raja of Mustang], second son of A-ham Kun-dga'-nor-bu, Lo rGyal-po [Sri Sri Sri Raja Kunga Norbu, Raja of Mustang], educ. privately. Became a monk in early life, rising to the office of Tsarang Zhabs-drung. Succeeded on the death of his elder brother, and gave up his monastic life, 1863. Reigned under the regency of his sister-in-law 1863-1868. Came of age and assumed full ruling powers, 1868. He d.s.p. in late 1893.
 
1893 - 1935 A-ham 'Jam-dbyangs-rgyal-mtshan] ['Jam-dybangs-dPal-'bar], Lo rGyal-po [Sri Sri Raja Jamyang Palbar, Raja of Mustang], son of Sa-dbang dBang-rgyal-nor-bu, educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his paternal uncle, 1893. He d. at the Monthong Palace, 1935, having had issue, two sons:
 
1935 - 1955 A-ham bsTan-'dzin 'jam-dpal dgra-'drul, Lo rGyal-po [Sri Sri Sri Raja Angun Tenzing Trandul, Raja of Mustang] (first time) - see below.
 
1955 - 1958 Captain H.H. A-ham dBang-dus snying-po, Lo rGyal-po [Sri Sri Raja Angdu Nyingpo, Raja of Mustang], eldest son of Colonel H.H. A-ham bsTan-'dzin 'jam-dpal dgra-'drul], Lo rGyal-po [Sri Sri Sri Raja Angun Tenzing Trandul, Raja of Mustang], educ. privately. Appointed as Heir Apparent by his father and invested with the title of rGyal-chung. Succeeded on the abdication of his father, 1955. Hon. Capt. Royal Nepalese Army 1955. Rcvd: Coron. medal (1956). He d. at the Monthong Palace, 1958, having had issue, two daughters:
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1935 - 1955 & 1958 - 1964 Colonel H.H. A-ham bsTan-'dzin 'Jam-dpal dgra-'drul, Lo rGyal-po [Sri Sri Sri Raja Angun Tenzing Trandul, Raja of Mustang]. b. at the Monthong Palace, 1923, younger son of A-ham 'Jam-dbyangs-rgyal-mtshan] ['Jam-dyangs-dPal-'bar], Lo rGyal-po [Sri Sri Raja Jambian Pelbar, Raja of Mustang], educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his father, 1935. Abdicated in favour of his eldest son, 1955. Resumed the throne after his death 1958. Mbr. Raj Sabha and Co-ordinator of local panchayats 1962-1964. Hon. Col. Royal Nepalese Army 1958. m. Rani Kelsang Choeden, of he Zhalu Kushang family of the Che clan, elder sister of H.E. Ngawang Khyenrab Thupten Lekshe Gyatso, 18th Chogye Trichen Rinpoche, of the Phenpo Nalanda Monastery in Tibet. He d. at Phre-mkhar Palace, 1964, having had issue, three sons and five daughters, including:
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1964 -  Lieutenant-Colonel H.H. A-ham 'Jigs-med dpal'bar ['Jig-med rdo-rji dgra-'drul], Lo rGyal-po [The Rt. Hon. Sri Sri Raja Jigme Prabal Bista, Raja of Mustang]. b. at the Monthong Palace, 1930, third and youngest son of Colonel H.H. A-ham bsTan-'dzin 'jam-dpal dgra-'drul], Lo rGyal-po [Sri Sri Sri Raja Angun Tenzing Trandul, Raja of Mustang], by his wife, educ. privately and at Shigatse, Tibet. Appointed as Heir Apparent by his father, invested with the title of rGyal-chung in 1959 (recognised by the Nepalese authorities). Succeeded on the death of his father as Head of the Royal House of Lo and to the titular rank and dignity of Lo rGyal-po and Raja of Mustang, 1964. Mbr. Raj Sabha 1964-1990. Hon. Lieut-Col. Royal Nepalese Army 1964. Rcvd: Coron. medals (1975 and 2002). m. at Shigatse, Tibet, 195x, H.H. rGyal-mo Srid-sgrol dPal-'bar [Rani Sahiba Sidol Palbar Bista], a  lady from a noble family of Shigatse, Tibet. He had issue, an only son who died aged eight years, and subsequently adopted his nephew, the son of his elder brother, as his own son and heir - see above.
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END.
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MUSTANG 1 MAIN
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