Sultan Muhammad Shams ud-din Zarb fi'l-Mahli, Sultan of
Land and Sea, Lord of the twelve-thousand islands and
Sultan of the Maldives, b. at Hama, Syria, as
Sayyid Muhammad Shams ud-din al-Hamawi, son of Sayyid
'Abdu'r-Razzaq al-Hamawi, by his wife, Sayyida Khadija, educ.
El-Azhar Univ., Cairo. Invited to the islands by Sultan
Muhi ud-din in 1691 and proclaimed as Sultan one day
after his death, 19th February 1692 n.s. A
very religious ruler who continued to preach and give
religious instruction even after his accession. m.
shortly before his death in 1692, Maryam Kabafa'anu
(m. fourth, 1693, H.H. Sultan Muhammad II Svasti
Sri Kula Ranmani Maha Radun, Sultan of the Maldives), who
refused to give up the palace after her husband's death
until forcibly evicted in November 1692, former wife of
Grand Vizier 'Ali Funadhu Khatib Thakurufa'anu and
of H.H. Sultan Muhammad Muhi ud-din ul-Adil, daughter of
the VelanaThakurufa'anu of Fenfuri. He d.
from dysentery at Malé, 10th July 1692 n.s. (bur.
beside Sayyid Murutala, within the Medu Ziya'araiy,