THE MALDIVE ISLANDS

The Hilalii Dynasty

(The Titular Kings)

GENEALOGY

contiunued from the previous page.
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1549 - 1584 H.H. Dom Manoel, by the grace of God, King of the Maldive Islands and of the three patanas of Cuaydu, and of the seven islands of Pullobay, of the conquest and navigation of all the coats of Sumatra, and of the Strait of Manacuma, etc. b. at Malé, 1531, son of Prince Ahmad Manikufa'anu Kalaminja, by his wife, Golavehi Aisha Rani Kilege, educ. privately. Usurped the throne from his half-brother, before before 2nd May 1549. Installed as Sultan Hassan IX Svasi Sri Dhirukusalokya Maha Radun. Fled to Cochin in 1551 (two years and nine months into his reign) where he accepted Portuguese protection and converted to Catholicism on 1st January 1552 o.s. Thereafter styled "His Highness Dom Manoel, by the grace of God, King of the Maldive Islands and of the three patanas of Cuaydu, and of the seven islands of Pullobay, of the conquest and navigation of all the coats of Sumatra, and of the Strait of Manacuma, etc. Restored as suzerain by the Portuguese 19th May 1558, but remained under their protection at Cochin. The islands being governed in his name by regents appointed or approved by the Portuguese authorities in Goa, including Andreas Andre [Andiri Andirin] and Muhammed Bodu Thakurufa'anu Khatib of Uteemu. No Portuguese vessels were permited to trade nor foreign subjects permitted to travel to or engage with the islands without Dom Manoel's license. m. (first) at Malé, Dona Maria, who also became a Christian but d. before 1553. m. (second) at Goa, 1554, Dona Leonor de Ataíde, daughter of Dom Heitor de Sousa de Ataíde, a Portuguese nobleman who served in Gujarat, Cochin, and the Maldives He d. at Cochin, before 10th July 1584 n.s. aged over 50, having had issue, three sons and at least two daughters:
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1584 - 1604 H.H. Dom João Sri Kathiri Maha Radun, by the grace of God, King of the Maldive Islands and of the three patanas of Cuaydu, and of the seven islands of Pullobay, of the conquest and navigation of all the coats of Sumatra, and of the Strait of Manacuma, etc. b. at Cochin, ca 1560, as Dom João de Malvidas, second and elder surviving son of H.H. Dom Manoel, King of the Maldive Islands, etc, by his second wife, H.H. Queen Dona Maria, educ. at Cochin. Proclaimed as titular King of the Maldives under the Portuguese in 1584, following the death of his father (apparently including the title Sri Kithiri Maha Radun). His conducted at Cochin was regarded by the Portuguese King as "so outrageous and scandalous that it were better not to speak of them", who ordered his removal to Goa as an alternative to facing execution pronounced by the Rellação. Kept at Goa under the surveillance of the Viceroy from 1591. m. at Cochin, before 23rd November 1587 n.s., H.H. Queen Dona Francisca de Vasconcelos (or Vasconellos) (d. at Goa, after 1639), who went out to the Indies with the orphans under the command of her uncle Captain Mathias Leite Pereira in 1584, sister of Captain António Teixeira de Macedo, and daughter of Captain Jerónymo Teixeira de Macedo by his wife, a lady from the family de Vasconcelos Sotomayor. He d. in semi-confinement at Goa, ca 1601-1604, having had issue, a son and a daughter:
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1604 - 1639 H.H. Dom Felipe Sri Kathiri Maha Radun, by the grace of God, King of the Maldive Islands and of the three patanas of Cuaydu, and of the seven islands of Pullobay, of the conquest and navigation of all the coats of Sumatra, and of the Strait of Manacuma, etc. b. at Goa, 1593, as Dom Felipe de Malvidas, only son of H.H. Dom João, King of the Maldive Islands, etc, by his wife, H.H. Queen Dona Francisca, educ. privately at Goa. Proclaimed as titular King of the Maldives by the Portuguese following the death of his father (apparently with the title Sri Kathiri Maha Radun), 1604. He spent a good deal of his time petitioning the King of Portugal and the colonial authorities for his effective restoration, increases in his share of the Maldive revenues, appointments for his followers and his relatives. Rcvd: Knt of the Order of Christ (June 1618). He d.s.p. unm. at Goa, before 1639.
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1639 - 1656 H.H. Dom Luís, by the grace of God, King of the Maldive Islands and of the three patanas of Cuaydu, and of the seven islands of Pullobay, of the conquest and navigation of all the coats of Sumatra, and of the Strait of Manacuma, etc. b. at Goa, 1612, as Dom Luís de Souza, elder son of Captain Sebastiâo Tavares de Souza, by his wife, Infanta Dona Inez de Malvidas, only daughter of H.H. Dom João, King of the Maldive Islands, etc, educ. privately at Goa. Succeeded his maternal uncle as titular King of the Maldives, ca 1639. Visited Portugal in 1641 and received by King Joâo IV, who treated him with great honour and confirmed him in the style of Highness. He joined the Portuguese expedition sent to the Maldives in 1650 and was wounded during the attack on Malé, then reurned to Goa with the rest of the fleet. Involved in the attempted overthrow of the Portuguese Viceroy of India, Count de Obidos in October 1653. Arrested and imprisoned at Mormugão until 10th November 1655, after which he was sent to Portugal. He d. unm. on board the 'Nossa S. de Graça, off the coast of Mozambique in 1656. He left no legitimate successor; but named the King of Portugal as his heir to the Eleven Thousand Islands. He may have left two natural children by the daughter of Agostinho Pais Couceiro, including a son:
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continued on the next page.
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MALDIVES 1 MALDIVES 2 MALDIVES 3 MALDIVES 4
MALDIVES 6 MALDIVES 7 MALDIVES 8 MALDIVES 9
MALDIVES 10 MALDIVES 11 MALDIVES 12 MALDIVES 13
MALDIVES 14 MALDIVES 15 MALDIVES 16 MAIN
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