THE MALDIVE ISLANDS

The Hilalii Dynasty

GENEALOGY

contiunued from the previous page.
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'Abbas al-Hilal, from a family originally from Malabar (Ibn Batuta was received by one Hilal, Governor of Teim (Utimu) in 1343, perhaps the father of this 'Abbas). He had issue, two sons:
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1389 - 1397 Sultan Hassan al-Hilali Sri Dhiru Buwana Maha Radhun, Sultan of the Maldives, elder son of Dori Kuja alias Kuliveri Hilalu Kaivulanna Kaloge [Hilali Kalo], of Hulule, Noth Malé Atoll, by his wife, Golavehi Kabulo, educ. privately. Deposed and exiled the aged Sultan Usman al-Fehendu, before 1st February 1389. Ascended the throne as the first ruler of a new dynasty, the Hilali. He d. before 24th September 1397, having had issue, four sons:
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1397 - 1388 Sultan Ibrahim I al-Hilali Sultan Hassan Svasti Sri Dhammara Vira Maha Radun, Sultan of the Maldives (first time) - see below.
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1398 - 1408 Sultan Husain al-Hilali Svasti Sri Loka Vira Maha Radun, Sultan of the Maldives, younger son of Dori Kuja alias Kuliveri Hilalu Kaivulanna Kaloge [Hilali Kalo], of Hulule, North Malé Atoll, by his wife, Golavehi Kabulo, educ. privately. Guardian and Regent to his young nephew 1397, whom he soon deposed and whose throne he usurped later that same year, before 13th September 1398. m. Kabafa'anu Rani Kilege. He d. before 17th May 1409, having had issue, a son:
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1409 - 1409 Sultan Nasir ud-din al-Kalavahi Svasti Sri Vira Abaruna Maha Radun, Sultan of the Maldives, educ. privately. Styled Gola'avahi Nasir ud-din before his accession. Tradition relates how he and another boy arrived on a vessal from Chittagong but slipped ship and remained on the island when it sailed. One of these boys gradually rose to occupy various important appointments until he reached the pinacle of power and usurped the throne after the death of Sultan Husain I, before 17th May 1409. Killed or deposed after a reign of three months, in August 1409*.
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1409 - 1410 Tradition relates that Sultan Nasir ud-din was succeeded for a time by his unnamed daughter, though the supreme power was exercised on her behalf by her husband, the Grand Vizier, and until deposed by a Sultan Hassan who was eventually supplanted by Mafuri Eduru Koja Hassan. The official tarikh remains silent upon all these facts.
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1410 - 1411 Sultan Hassan II ibnu Mayin Svasti Sri Dhammara Buwana Maha Radun, Sultan of the Maldives, son of Al-Amir Nain Rannabanderi Kilege. Deposed the daughter of Sultan Nasir ud-din and proclaimed himself ruler before 3rd August 1410. He was drowned in a tank within the palace grounds at Malé, after a reign of nine months, before 25th April 1411.
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1411 Sultan 'Isa ibnu Mayin Svasti Sri Buwana Sundara Maha Radun, Sultan of the Maldives, son of Al-Amir Nain Rannabanderi Kilege. Succeeded after the murder of his brother, before 25th April 1411. Deposed after a reign of three months, before 23rd July 1411.
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1397 and 1411-1420 Sultan Ibrahim I al-Hilali Sultan Hassan Svasti Sri Dhammara Vira Maha Radun, Sultan of the Maldives, eldest son of Sultan Hassan al-Hilali Svasti Sri Dhiru Buwana Maha Radhun, Sultan of the Maldives. Succeeded before 24th September 1397 and reigned under the regency of his uncle, until deposed by him before 13th September 1398. Restored after the deposition of Sultan 'Isa, before 23rd July 1411. He d. at Malé, before 17th January 1420.
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1420 Sultan Usman II ibnu Sultan Hassan Svasi Sri Dhammara Loka Maha Radun, Sultan of the Maldives, second son of Sultan Hassan al-Hilali Sri Dhiru Buwana Maha Radhun, Sultan of the Maldives, educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his elder brother, before 17th January 1420. Reigned for three months. He d. before 17th April 1420.
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1420 - 1421 Sultan Danna Muhammad ibnu Khadim Yusuf Svasi Sri Raja Buwana Maha Radun, Sultan of the Maldives, son of Khadim Ma'a Banderi Yusuf Handegiri, educ. at Addu Atoll. Appointed Fadiyaru by his first cousin, Sultan Husain I. Succeeded on the death of his first cousin once removed, before 17th April 1420. Deposed, before 6th January 1421. A very pious, learned and noble soul. m. Amina Kabafa'anu. He had issue, a daughter:
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1421 - 1443 Sultan Yusuf II ibnu Sultan Hassan Svasi Sri Loka Ananda Maha Radun, Sultan of the Maldives, third son of Sultan Hassan al-Hilali Svasi Sri Dhiru Buwana Maha Radhun, Sultan of the Maldives, educ. privately. Succeeded on the deposition of his first cousin once removed, before 6th January 1421. Emperor Yung Lo received an embassy from Y-su-fu in February 1421. m. (div.) Amira Bulau Ma'ava Kilege (m. second, Sultan 'Abu Bakar I ibnu Sultan Hassan I Svasi Sri Buwana Suriya Maha Radun, Sultan of the Maldives). He d. before 2nd May 1443, having had issue:
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1443 - 1443 Sultan 'Abu Bakar I ibnu Sultan Hassan Svasi Sri Buwana Suriya Maha Radun [Abukuru Rasgefanu], Sultan of the Maldives, youngest son of Sultan Hassan al-Hilali Svasi Sri Dhiru Buwana Maha Radhun, Sultan of the Maldives, educ. privately. Proclaimed on the death of his elder brother, before 2nd May 1443. He reigned for seven months. m. (firat) Reki Kamana, of Kadudu, Kolumadulu Atoll. m. (second) (div.) Amira Bulau Ma'ava Kilege, former wife of Sultan Yusuf II ibnu Sultan Hassan Svasi Loka Ananda Maha Radun, Sultan of the Maldives. He d. at Malé, before 24th November 1443 (bur. there at Bodugalu Miskiy), having had issue, two daughters:
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1443 - 1469 Sultan Haji Nasir ul-Mukhatib Hassan III Svasi Sri Radha Vira Maha Radun, Sultan of the Maldives, educ. privately. Qazi under Sultan Danna Muhammad. Proclaimed on the death of his uncle and step-father, before 24th November 1443. He made two pilgrimages to Mecca and brought back 70 slaves. During his second trip in 1466, he left his son as Regent and the government in charge of his senior ministers. However, Sayyid Muhammad seized control in 1467 and exercised full powers until deposed by the Sultan on his return later that same year**. m. Golararu Golavehi Sanfa'a Rani Kilege. He d. from an agonizing desease, before 11th July 1469, having had issue:
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** Although several accounts lists show Sayyid Muhammad as Sultan, the absence of a formal title suggests that although he may have exercised the supreme power, he was never installed as Sultan.
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1469 - 1479 Sultan Haji Muhammad al-Hafiz ibnu Sultan Nasir ul-Mukhatib Hassan Svasi Sri Buwana Abaruna Maha Radun, Sultan of the Maldives, educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his father, before 11th July 1469. m. Golavehi Rani Kilege. He d. 23rd September 1479 (bur. Lonu Ziyarat), having had issue:
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1479   Sultan Hassan IV ibnu Sultan Muhammad Sri Radha Loka Maha Radun, Sultan of the Maldives (first time) - see below.
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1479 - 1485 Sultan Umar II ibnu Yusuf II Svasti Sri Loka Sundara Maha Radun, Sultan of the Maldives, younger son of Sultan Yusuf II ibnu Sultan Hassan I Svasti Sri Loka Ananda Maha Radun, Sultan of the Maldives, educ. privately. He deposed his young grand-nephew and usurped the throne, October 1479. m. (first) Amira Ma'ava Kilege, of Fehendu, Goidu Atoll. m. (second) Amira Laru Ma'ava Kilege. m. (third) Sitti Rani Kilege, a maternal half-sister of Sultan Abu Bakar I. He d. before 18th January 1485, having had issue, three sons:
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1485 - 1486 Sultan Hassan V ibnu Sultan Umar II Svasti Sri Radha Ananda Maha Radun, Sultan of the Maldives, eldest son of Sultan Umar II ibnu Yusuf II Svasti Sri Loka Sundara Maha Radun, Sultan of the Maldives, educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his father, before 18th January 1485. m. Fatima Rani Kilege. He d. before 28th December 1486, having had issue, a son:
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1479 and 1486-1490 Sultan Hassan IV ibnu Sultan Muhammad Svasti Radha Loka Maha Radun, Sultan of the Maldives, son of Sultan Haji Muhammad al-Hafiz ibnu Sultan Haji Hassan Svasti Buwana Abaruna Maha Radun, Sultan of the Maldives, educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his father, 23rd September 1479. Reigned for one month only, before his deposition in October 1479. Restored on the death of Hassan V, before 28th December 1486. He d. at Malé, before 14th November 1490.
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1490 - 1491 Sultan Hassan VI Svasti Sri Radha Fura Vira Maha Radun, Sultan of the Maldives, son of Talamedi Kilege, by his wife, Princess Kaba Dio, daughter of Sultan 'Abu Bakar I ibnu Sultan Hassan Svasi Sri Buwana Suriya Maha Radun, Sultan of the Maldives, educ. privaely. A learned shaikh before his accession. Proclaimed before 14th November 1490. He d. before 9th June 1491.
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1491 - 1492 Sultan Ibrahim II ibnu Sultan Hassan Svasti Sri Buwana Fura Sudha Maha Radun, Sultan of the Maldives, son of Sultan Hassan V ibnu Sultan Umar Svasti Sri Radha Ananda Maha Radun, Sultan of the Maldives, educ. privately. Proclaimed before 9th June 1491. Reigned for eight months, before his deposition in favour of Hilali Kalu Muhammad, before 31st January 1492.
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1492  Sultan Muhammad ibnu Sultan 'Umar Svasti Dhammaru Buwana Maha Radun [Kalu Muhammad], Sultan of the Maldives (first time) - see below.
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1492 - 1493 Sultan Yusuf III ibnu Sultan Umar Svasti Sri Vira Ananda Maha Radun, Sultan of the Maldives, second son of Sultan Umar II ibnu Yusuf Svasti Sri Loka Sundara Maha Radun, Sultan of the Maldives, by his second wife, Amira Laru Ma'ava Kilege, educ. privately. Seized the throne after deposing his younger half-brother, before 23rd October 1492. m. Sanfa'a Rani Kilege. He d. after a reign of two and a half months, before 3rd February 1493, having had issue:
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1493 - 1496 Sultan 'Ali IV Svasti Sri Auda Vira Maha Radun, Sultan of the Maldives, son of the Kaulanna Kalo Kilege, educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his cousin, before 3rd February 1493. Deposed by Kalu Muhammad after a reign of two years and four months, before 9th September 1496.
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1496 - 1510 Sultan Muhammad ibnu Sultan 'Umar Svasti Dhammaru Buwana Maha Radun [Kalu Muhammad], Sultan of the Maldives (second time) - see below.
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1510 - 1511 Sultan Hassan VII ibnu Sultan Yusuf Svasti Sri Singha Vira Maha Radun, Sultan of the Maldives, son of Sultan Yusuf III ibnu Sultan Umar Svasti Sri Virananda Maha Radun, Sultan of the Maldives, by his wife, Sanfa'a Rani Kilege, educ. privately. Deposed his uncle and assumed power, after 10th April 1510. He d. before 31st March 1511.
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1511 - 1513 Sultan Ahmad Svasti Sri Sunda Buwana Maha Radun, Sultan of the Maldives. b. at Mecca, Arabia. The Arab party at court had been gaining ascendancy during the last months of Sultan Hassan's reign, and then placed their own nominee on the throne at his death before before 31st March 1511. Styled Sharif Ahmad Rasge before his accession. He d. after a reign of two years and nine months, before 29th November 1513.
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1512 - 1513 Sultan 'Ali V Svasti Sri Loka Ananda Maha Radun, Sultan of the Maldives, younger son of Al-Amir Muhammad Farina Kilege Kalo Mavadi Koya, of Himiti, by his wife, Princess Rekka, Kamanafa'anu Hirratu Ma'ava Kilege, elder daughter of Sultan 'Abu Bakar I ibnu Sultan Hassan Svasti Sri Buwana Sundara Maha Radun, Sultan of the Maldives, educ. privately. Styled Al-Amir Dombula 'Ali Farina Kilege before his accession. Proclaimed as ruler following the death of Sharif Ahmad, before 29th November 1513. He was k. by Huludali Don Yusuf, at the instigation of his elder sister, Buraki Rani, after reigning for 9 months, before 27th February 1514.
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1492, 1496-1510 & 1514-1530 Sultan Muhammad ibnu Sultan 'Umar Svasti Dhammaru Buwana Maha Radun [Kalu Muhammad], Sultan of the Maldives, youngest son of Sultan Umar II ibnu Yusuf Svasti Sri Loka Sundara Maha Radun, Sultan of the Maldives, by his third wife, Sitti Rani Kilege, a maternal half-sister of Sultan Abu Bakar I, educ. privately. Styled Raddeba Magu Kalu Muhammad Manikufa'anu before his accession. Succeeded on the deposition of his paternal nephew Sultan Ibrahim II before 31st January 1492, but deposed by his elder half-brother Yusuf, after a reign of just nine months, before 23rd October 1492. Allied himself with the Ali Raja of Cannore and seized the throne frome his cousin, before 9th September 1496. Deposed by his nephew Hasan VII after a reign of fifteen years, after 10th April 1510. He revived his alliance with the Ali Raja who agreed to provide him with arms and soldiers. The alliance was extended to include the Portuguse, who demanded a large annual tribute before the united fleet sailed for Male and seized the throne for Kalu Muhammad for the third time, before 27th February 1514. m. (first) … m. (second) at Malé, 1513 (div.) Buraki Rani, elder daughter of Muhammad Farina Kalo Mavadi Koya, by his wife, Amira Rekka Kamanafa'anu Hirratu Ma'ava Kilege, daughter of Sultan Abu Bakar I ibnu Sultan Hassan I, Sultan of the Maldives. m. (third) before 1519, Fatima Dio, a former slave of the Fadiyaru and originally from Shiraz in Persia. m. (fourth) Amira Aisatu Kilege, daughter of Korari Kinage. He d. before 25th August 1530, having had issue:
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1530 - 1547 Sultan Hassan VIII as-Shirazi ibnu Sultan Muhammad Svasti Sri Manirana Loka Maha Radun, Sultan of the Maldives, eldest son of Sultan Kalu Muhammad ibnu Sultan 'Umar Svasti Dhammaru Buwana Maha Radun, Sultan of the Maldives, by his third wife, Fatima Dio, educ. privately. Proclaimed on the death of his father, before 25th August 1530. He d. before 17th January 1547.
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1547 - 1549 Sultan Muhammad ibnu 'Umar Svasti Sri Singha Buwana Maha Radun, Sultan of the Maldives, son of Prince 'Umar Ma'afai Kilege ibn Sultan Muhammad, by his wife, Golavehi Aisha Rani Kilege, educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his paternal uncle, before 17th January 1547 (or according to the Tarikh, incorrectly 955). He was k. by his half-brother Hassan, after a reign of two years and four months, before 2nd May 1549 (or according to the Tarikh, incorrectly 957AH).
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continued on the next page.
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MALDIVES 1 MALDIVES 2 MALDIVES 3 MALDIVES 5
MALDIVES 6 MALDIVES 7 MALDIVES 8 MALDIVES 9
MALDIVES 10 MALDIVES 11 MALDIVES 12 MALDIVES 13
MALDIVES 14 MALDIVES 15 MALDIVES 16 MAIN
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