KELANTAN

GENEALOGY

The dates that appear on this page are best described as "traditional". Alhough some of the relationships can be verified from sources other than those from Kelantan, the individuals flourisged a century or more later.
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Ca. 1233 Maharaja Srimant Trailokyaraja Mauli Bhushana Varma Deva* (Brahma), Maharaja of Imbang Jaya or Sambugita. He d. ca. 1233, having had issue:
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* Probably the same as Shrimant Tribhuvana Raja Dharmasena Mauliya Varmam Deva Parameswara (fl 1347) of the Palembang succession lists and ancestor of the Malacca Royal House.
** Fl 1324 - 1372 - see Malaysia (Malacca).
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1233 - 1253 Maharaja Suran, Maharaja of Jawaka. Succeeded on the death of his father, ca. 1233. He d. ca. 1253, having had issue:
 
1253 - 1267 Raja Sakranta [Raja Zainuddin], Maharaja of Jawaka, son of Raja Tilam, Maharaja of Malayur. Succeeded on the death of his grandfather as Maharaja of Jawaka, 1253. He d. ca. 1267, having had issue:
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1267 - 1339 Paduka Sri Sang Tawal, Raja of Lankasuka, elder son of Raja Sakranta, Maharaja of Jawaka, educ. privately. Defeated by the Siamese in 1295 and fled from Ligor after losing Singgora, finally settling in Kelantan ahere he established a new capital. He d. 1339, having had issue:
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*** Probably the same as Raja Sulaiman Shah of Kota Mahligai, who had issue, a daughter named Tuan Putri Kamar ul-'Aja'ib. m. Raja Ahmad, Raja Besar Muda (d. ca 1424), son of Paduka Sri Sultan Iskandar Shah*, Sultan of Malacca. She had issue - see Malaysia (Malacca).
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1339 - 1362 Paduka Sri Sultan Mahmud ibnu 'Abdu'llah, Raja of Lankasuka and Kelantan, son of Paduka Sri Sang Tawal, Raja of Lankasuka, elder son of Raja Sakranta, Maharaja of Jawaka, educ. privately. Appoined as Raja of Chermin during the reign of his grandfaher. Became Raja of Lankasauka on the death of his father, 1339. Expanded his kingdom over a large area, taking-in parts other parts of the peninsular, including Perak and Kedah, parts of nothern Sumatra and Champa in Vietnam. Defeated by the Siamese in 1345, forced to accept their suzerainty and pay tribute to Sukhothai. Converted to Islam and assumed the title of Sultan Mahmud Jiddah Riayath Sa'adat us-Salam. Removed his court to Bukit Panau, where he established the new capital of Jiddah Riayath Sa'adat us-Salam ('jewel'). Submitted to Majapahit after Gajah Mada defeated the Siamese in 1357. He d. ca. 1362, having had issue, three sons and a daughter:
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1362 - 1418 Sultan Baki Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Mahmud, Raja of Chermin, eldest son of Paduka Sri Sultan Mahmud ibnu 'Abdu'llah, Raja of Lankasuka and Kelantan, son of Paduka Sri Sang Tawal, Raja of Lankasuka, educ. privately. Appointed as Raja of Tanjungpura and Chermin during the lifetime of his father. Succeeded his father, 1362. He d. ca. 1418, having had issue, two sons and one daughter:
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1418 - 1429 Paduka Sri Sultan Sadik Muhammad Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Baki Shah [Maulana Ninggiri], Raja of Kelantan, eldest son of Sultan Baki Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Mahmud, Raja of Chermin. Succeeded on the death of his father as Raja of Kelantan in 1418. Established his capital at Ninggiri. He d. at Nenggiri, 1429.
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1429 - 1467 Paduka Sri Sultan Iskandar Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Baki Shah, Raja of Kelantan-Majapahit, younger son of Sultan Baki Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Mahmud, Raja of Chermin. Styled Sang Ajit Jayaningrat, and Raja Kemas Jiwa, before his accession. Succeeded on the death of his elder brother, 1429. Proclaimed his state as a second Majapahit, with his capital at Kota Mahligai (Patani), 1432. Forced to flee to Champa after the Siamese invaded and conquered his kingdom in 1467. m. 1427, a princess from Majapahit. He d. in Champa, after 1467, having had issue:
 
14xx - 1522 Paduka Sri Sultan Mansur Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Iskandar Shah, Raja of Kelantan-Majapahit, son of Paduka Sri Sultan Iskandar Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Baki Shah, Raja of Kelantan-Majapahit, educ. privately. Succeeded his father and re-established the kingdom, following the Siamese withdrawal, sometime after 1467. Kelantan was conquered by Malacca in 1499 and several members of the Royal family were carried off. m. (first) after 1467, a daughter of the Raja of Champa. m. (second) a daughter of the Raja of Trengganu. He d. before 30th November 1522, having had issue, two sons and five daughters:
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1522 - 1526 Paduka Sri Sultan Gombak ibni al-Marhum Sultan Mansur Shah, Raja of Kelantan. b. after 1499, eldest son of Paduka Sri Sultan Mansur Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Iskandar Shah, Raja of Kelantan-Majapahit, educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his father before 30th November 1522. He d. 1526, having had issue, two sons:
 
1526 - 1547 Paduka Sri Sultan Ahmad Shah ibni al-Marhum Raja Mansur, Sultan of Kelantan, son of Raja Mansur ibni al-Marhum Sultan Gombak, educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his grandfather, 1526. m. Raja Sri Dewi binti al-Marhum Sultan Mahmud Shah, educ. privately. Appointed as Heir Apparent by his grandfather and invested with the title of Raja Muda, ca. 1522. Succeeded on his death as Sultan of Kelantan, 1526. m. Che' Banum, daughter of Sri Nara di-Raja, a cousin of Raja Husain of Pahang. He d. 1547, having had issue:
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1547 - 1561 Paduka Sri Sultan Mansur Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Ahmad Shah, Raja of Kelantan, son of Paduka Sri Sultan Ahmad Shah ibni al-Marhum Raja Mansur, Sultan of Kelantan. Succeeded on the death of his father, 1547. He d. 1561, having had issue:
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1561 - 1565 Paduka Sri Sultan Ibrahim ibni al-Marhum Sultan Mansur, Raja of Kelantan (first time) - see below.
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1565 - 1570 Raja Umar bin Raja Ahmad, Raja of Kelantan, son of Raja Ahmad ibni al-Marhum Raja Muhammad, Raja of Trengganu, by his first wife, Raja Kamala Dewi binti al-Marhum Sultan Mahmud Shah, daughter of Paduka Sri Sultan Mahmud Shah I ibni al-Marhum Sultan 'Ala'uddin Ri'ayat Shah Shah, Sultan of Malacca and of Johor. Installed as Raja of Kelantan in 1565, but abdicated and returned to Johor to assumed the regency, later succeeded as Paduka Sri Sultan Ali Jalla 'Abdu'l Jalil Shah II ibni al-Marhum Raja Ahmad, Sultan of Johor - see Malaysia (Malacca-Johor).
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1561-1565 and 1570-1579 Paduka Sri Sultan Ibrahim ibni al-Marhum Sultan Mansur, Raja of Kelantan, son of Paduka Sri Sultan Mansur ibni al-Marhum Sultan Ahmad, Raja of Kelantan. Succeeded on the death of his father, 1561. He d. 1579, having had issue:
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1579 - 1597 Paduka Sri Sultan Adil ud-din ibni al-Marhum Nik Jamal ud-din, Raja of Kelantan (first time) - see below.
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1597 - 1602 Paduka Sri Sultan Muhammad ibni al-Marhum Sultan Ibrahim, Raja of Kelantan, son of Paduka Sri Sultan Ibrahim ibni al-Marhum Sultan Mansur, Raja of Kelantan. Succeeded on the death of his father, 1597.
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1579-1597 and 1602-1605 Paduka Sri Sultan Adil ud-din ibni al-Marhum Nik Jamal ud-din, Raja of Kelantan, elder son of Nik Jamal ud-din bin Wan Abul Muzaffar, Timbalan Raja of Champa and sometime Datu Kelantan. He d. 1605, having had issue, two daughters:
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1605 - 1616 Paduka Sri Sultan Samir ud-din ibni al-Marhum Nik Jamal ud-din, Raja of Kelantan, younger son of Nik Jamal ud-din bin Wan Abul Muzaffar, Timbalan Raja of Champa and sometime Datu Kelantan. Succeeded on the death of his elder brother, 1605. He d. 1616, having had issue:
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1616 - 1637 Paduka Sri Sultan 'Abdu'l Kadir ibni al-Marhum Sultan Samir ud-din, Raja of Kelantan, eldest son of Paduka Sri Sultan Samir ud-din ibni al-Marhum Nik Jamal ud-din, Raja of Kelantan. Succeeded on the death of his father, 1616. He d. before 26th May 1637, having had issue:
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1637 - 1649 Raja Sakti I ibni al-Marhum Sultan 'Abdu'l Kadir, Raja of Kelantan-Utara (Jembal) and Kelantan-Patani, son of Sultan 'Abdu'l Kadir bin Sultan Samir ud-din, Raja of Kelantan. Appointed as Raja of Jembal, before 26th May 1637. Became Raja of Patani before 4th January 1650. m. Tuan Putri Mani Kemiyan, adopted daughter of Raja Bersiong, from Kedah. He d. 1662, having had issue, three sons:
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1649 - 1663 Raja Loyor bin Raja Sakti, Raja of Jembal, fourth son of Raja Sakti I bin Sultan 'Abdu'l Kadir, Raja of Kelantan-Utara (Jembal) and Kelantan-Patani, by his wife, Tuan Putri Mani Kemiyan, educ. privately. Succeeded his father as Raja of Jembal, before 4th January 1650. m. Nang Chayang. He d. 1663 (bur. Masjid Kedai Lalat), having had issue, a daughter:
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1663 - 1667 ???
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1667 - 1671 Tuan Putri Mariam [Sa'adong] binti Raja Loyor, Putri Vijaya Mala, Raja of Jembal, daughter of Raja Loyor bin Raja Sakti, Raja of Jembal. Succeeded her father, as Raja of Jembal, 1663. Installed as Raja of Kelantan, 1667. Captured by the Siamese and forced to become a concubine of the King of Siam. m. (first) her cousin, Raja 'Abdu'llah bin Sultan Samir ud-din Bahar, Raja of Kelantan-Selatan (Jembal) (d. at Kota Mahligai, 1671, bur. Padang Halban, Melor), second son of Sultan Samir ud-din bin Jamal ud-din, Raja of Kelantan. m. (second) 1671, Sultan 'Abdu'l Rahim bin Sultan Samir ud-din Bahar, Sultan of Kelantan (d. 1675), younger brother of her first husband, and son of Sultan Samir ud-din bin Jamal ud-din, Raja of Kelantan. She d. or disappeared at Bukit Merak, after 1671.
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1671 - 1676 Paduka Sri Sultan 'Abdu'l Rahim ibni al-Marhum Sultan Samir ud-din Bahar, Sultan of Kelantan, youngest son of Paduka Sri Sultan Samir ud-din ibni al-Marhum Nik Jamal ud-din, Raja of Kelantan. Raja of Jembal in succession to his elder brother 1646-1649. Became Sultan of Kelantan, after the death of his elder brother, 1671. m. 1671, as her second husband, Tuan Putri Sa'adong binti Raja Loyor, Putri Wijaya Mala, Raja of Jembal, widow of his elder brother, and daughter of Raja Loyor ibni al-Marhum Raja Sakti, Raja of Jembal. He was k. on the banks of the Tasek Lalayang Mandi, before 16th March 1676 (s.p.?).
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1676 - 1721 Paduka Sri Sultan 'Umar ibni al-Marhum Raja Sakti, Sultan of Kelantan, third son of Raja Sakti I ibni al-Marhum Sultan 'Abdu'l Kadir, Raja of Kelantan-Utara (Jembal) and Kelantan-Patani. Seized Patani and expelled his cousin but was himself overthrown, 1670. Proclaimed as Sultan of Kelantan after inheriting Jembal, before 16th March 1676. He d. at Fort Kubang Labu, before 22nd October 1721 (bur. Masjid Kedai Lalat), having had issue, three sons and one daughter:
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continued on the next page.
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KELANTAN 1 KELANTAN 3 KELANTAN 4 KELANTAN 5
KELANTAN 6 KELANTAN 7 KELANTAN 8 GLOSSARY
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