TERNATE

GENEALOGY

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1535 - 1570 H.H. Paduka Sri Sultan Khair ul-Jamal [Hairun Jamilun] ibni al-Marhum Sultan Bayana Sirru'llah 'Abu Lais, Sultan of Ternate. b. at Ternate, 1522, as Kyai Chili Haiyur, eighth son of son of H.H. Paduka Sri Sultan Bayana Sirru'llah 'Abu Lais [Bayangu'llah] ibni al-Marhum Sultan Zainal Abidin, Sultan of Ternate, by a Javanese lady, educ. at a Seminary at Goa, Portuguese India. Raised to the throne by the Portuguese on the deposition of his elder brother, 1535. Briefly deposed in favour of his elder brother Tabaraji but soon re-instated when he the latter died at Malacca, 20th June 1545. Signed a treaty of friendship with the Portuguese shortly before his death. m. (first) H.H. Jou Ma Boki Tanjung, eldest daughter of H.H. Paduka Sri Maha Tuan Sultan 'Ala ud-din I, Sultan of Bacan. m. (second) a lady from Sula. m. (third) 1540, a daughter of H.H. Paduka Sri Maha Tuan Sultan Amir ud-din Iskandar Zulkarnain, Sultan of Tidore. m. (fourth) 1546, a daughter of the Sangaji of Gam Konora. He was k. by the Portuguese, at Fortress of Sao Joao Bautista, 28th February 1570, having had issue, six sons and three daughters:
 
1570 - 1583 H.H. Paduka Sri Sultan Babu'llah Datu Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Khair ul-Jamal, Sultan of Ternate. b. at Ternate, 10th February 1528, as Kyai Chili Baru, eldest son of H.H. Paduka Sri Sultan Khair ul-Jamal ibni al-Marhum Sultan Bayana Sirru'llah 'Abu Lais, Sultan of Ternate, by his first wife, H.H. Jou Ma Boki Tanjung, educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his father, 28th February 1570. After a siege of five years, his forces captured the Portuguese Fortress of Sao Joao Bautista on St Stephen's Day 1575, and made it into his principle residence. Received Sir Francis Drake on the Golden Hind, 1579. Conquered Bacan in 1577 and established control over Butung, Banggai and Tobungku, assuming the title of 'Lord of Seventy-Two Islands' in 1580. m. (first) Bega, a lady from Sulawesi. m. (second) 1571, a sister of H.H. Paduka Sri Maha Tuan Sultan Miri Tadu Iskandar II Amir ul-Muzlimi, Sultan of Tidore. He d. at Gammalamma Castle, Ternate, 25th May 1583, having had issue, two sons and three daughters:
 
1583 - 1606 H.H. Paduka Sri Sultan Ni’matullah Sa’id Sa’adat Shah Zillu’llah fi’l-‘alamin ibni al-Marhum Sultan Babu’llah Datu Shah [Sahid Barakat*], Sultan of Ternate. b. at at Gammalamma Castle, Ternate, 1563, second son of H.H. Paduka Sri Sultan Babu’llah Datu Shah ibni al-Marhum Sultan Khair ul-Jamal, Sultan of Ternate, by his first wife, Bega, educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his father, 25th May 1583. Received the first Dutch traders under Van Neck in 1599. Surrendered the Fortress of Sao Joao Bautista to the Spanish, 28th March 1606. Removed to Manila after having been forced to appoint two brothers as regents, 4th May 1606. m. (first) H.H. Jou ma-Boki Ainal Malamo (d. 1627), daughter of his uncle, Kaicili Tolo. m. (second) a princess of Jailolo (poisoned by her father for her infidelity with Kaicili Gariolano). m. (third) Sirikaya, daughter of the Sangaji of Motir. m. (fourth) a daughter of the Soa Tomagola. m. (fifth) 1605, a daughter of the Sangaji of Ngofagita or Makian. He d. at Manila, Philippines, 1628, having had issue, three sons and one daughter:
 
1607 - 1627 H.H. Paduka Sri Sultan Muzaffar Shah I ibni al-Marhum Sultan Said ud-din Barakat Shah, Sultan of Ternate. b. at Ternate, 1595, as Kyai Chili Muzaffar, third son of H.H. Paduka Sri Sultan Ni’matullah Sa’id Sa’adat Shah Zillu’llah fi’l-‘alamin ibni al-Marhum Sultan Babu’llah Datu Shah [Sahid Barakat*, Sultan of Ternate, by his first wife, H.H. Jou Ma Boki Ainal Malamo, educ. privately. Raised to the throne with Dutch help, ca. 13th May 1607. m. (first) 1612, a daughter of the Sangaji of Sahu. m. (second) 1616, a daughter of the Datu of Sarangani, in Mindanao. m. (third) 1623, a daughter of the Sangaji of Gam Konora. m. (fourth) 1624, a daughter of the Heir Apparent of Tidore, and granddaughter of H.H. Paduka Sri Maha Tuan Sultan Jamal ud-din, Sultan of Tidore. m. (fifth) 1626, a daughter of the Sangaji of Ngofakiaha. m. (sixth) a lady from Soa Kalamata. m. (seventh) Bina, a lady from Soa Tobolu. m. (eigth) a lady from Kulaba. He d. at Ternate, 16th June 1627, having had issue, five sons:
 
1627 - 1648 H.H. Paduka Sri Sultan al-Hamza Hajah Amir ul-Mu'minin Barfi ul-Alam Illahi Shah Musalih un-Nasir ud-din ibni al-Marhum Kyai Chili Tolu Suki, Sultan of Ternate, fourth son of Kyai Chili Tolu Suki, Kapita Laut, by his first wife, a lady from Kampung Jiko, educ. by the Jesuits at Manila. Baptized a Roman Catholic with the name 'Don Pedro de Cunha'. Proclaimed on the death of his cousin, 16th June 1627. Converted back to Islam, 1627, but continued to claim that he was either a Christian or a Muslim as the occasion demanded. m. (first) 1603, a daughter of the ruler of Mindanao, possibly Datu Bwisan, Datu of Magindanao. m. (second) at Manila, Philippines, before 1627, a Christian lady. m. (third) 1623, a daughter of the Sangaji of Sahu. m. (fourth) at Ternate, 1628, a daughter of the Sangaji of Ngofakiaha. m. (fifth) a daughter of the Sangaji of Kayoa. m. (sixth) at Tidore, 1635, …(d. 1642), a daughter of H.H. Paduka Sri Maha Tuan Sultan 'Ala ud-din [Ngana Malamo] ibni al-Marhum Sultan Jamal ud-din, Sultan of Tidore. m. (seventh) at Ternate, 1638, a daughter of Kyai Chili of Luhu. m. (eigth) at Ternate, 1643, a lady from Makian. He d. at Ternate, May 1648, having had issue, at least three sons.
1648 - 1650 H.H. Paduka Sri Sultan Mandar Shah [Manlarsaha] ibni al-Marhum Sultan Muzaffar Shah, Sultan of Ternate (first time) - see below.
1650 - 1655 H.H. Paduka Sri Sultan Manilha ibni al-Marhum Sultan Muzaffar Shah, Sultan of Ternate, third son of H.H. Paduka Sri Sultan Muzaffar Shah I ibni al-Marhum Sultan Said ud-din Barakat Shah, Sultan of Ternate, by his eighth wife, a lady from Kulaba, educ. privately. Proclaimed Sultan in opposition to his brother Mandar by the Portuguese, in concert with the Fala Raha, 2nd August 1650. Deposed by the Dutch 26th June 1655. m. Ito, daughter of Peliri, of Makian. He had issue, three sons, including:
1648-1650 and 1655-1675 H.H. Paduka Sri Sultan Mandar Shah [Manlarsaha] ibni al-Marhum Sultan Muzaffar Shah, Sultan of Ternate, second son of H.H. Paduka Sri Sultan Muzaffar Shah I ibni al-Marhum Sultan Said ud-din Barakat Shah, Sultan of Ternate, by his seventh wife, Bina, educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his grand uncle, May 1648. Installed 19th June 1648. Deposed in favour of his younger half-brother, 2nd August 1650. Restored with Dutch assistance, 26th June 1655. m. (first) Poki. m. (second) at Tidore, December 1651, a daughter of H.H. Paduka Sri Maha Tuan Sultan Magian Said ud-din ibni al-Marhum Sultan 'Ala ud-din, Sultan of Tidore. m. (third) 1652, Wa Ode …, a daughter of H.H. La Saparagau, Sultan of Butung. m. (fourth) at Tidore, 1656, another daughter of H.H. Paduka Sri Maha Tuan Sultan Magian Said ud-din ibni al-Marhum Sultan 'Ala ud-din, Sultan of Tidore. m. (fifth) at Ternate, 1663, Maya, a lady from Ternate. m. (sixth) Lawa, younger sister of Maya. m. (seventh) Mariam, daughter of the Sangaji of Sahu. m. (eighth) Ainun, daughter of Miru, a Malay from Sahu. m. (ninth) 14th August 1672, I-Asseng Tani' Lo'mo' Singara', youngest daughter of H.H. I-Mannuntungi Daeng Mattula Karaeng Ujung Karaeng Lakiung Paduka Sri Sultan Muhammad Malik us-Said ibni al-Marhum Sultan 'Ala ud-din, Sultan of Gowa. He d. at Ternate, January 1675, having had issue, six sons and eight daughters:
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* The Dutch renditions of his name (Sahid by Tiele, Sultan Berkat by Robidé van der Aa, Sahid Berkat in Valentijn and de Jonge, and Saioedin by Van der Crab) appear to be incorrect. A letter from him to the Portuguese Viceroy at Goa, India, dated 1596 where his signature clearly reads Ini alamat Sultan Ni'mat Allah (or Ni 'matullah) Sa'id Sa'adat Syah or “this is the sign of Sultan Ni'matullah Sa'id Sa'adat Syah”. Biblioteca Nacional, Códice 1975, fol. 374v. I am grateful to Annabel Gallop of the British Library, St Pancras, London, and Pedro Pinto of the Centro de Estudos Históricos of the Universidade Nova de Lisboa, for bringing my attention to this fact.
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