TANJORE

(Thanjavur)

 

The Bhonsle Dynasty

GENEALOGY

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1787-1793 and 1798-1832 H.H. Choladesadhipati Shrimant Rajasri Maharaja Kshatrapati Sri Serfoji II [Sarabhoji] Raje Sahib Bhonsle Chhatrapati Maharaj, Raja of Tanjore. b. 24th September 1777, educ. privately at Madras. Adopted by H.H. Choladesadhipati Shrimant Rajasri Maharaja Kshatrapati Sri Tuloji II [Tulajaji] Raje Sahib Bhonsle Chhatrapati Maharaj, Raja of Tanjore on 23rd January 1787 and succeeded on his death later that same year. Reigned under the Regency of his adoptive uncle, until his adoption was declared invalid by the Governor of Madras in 1793, and his uncle proclaimed as ruler in his stead. Restored and formally installed at Tanjore Fort, 29th June 1798. Resigned the administration of his principality in perpetuity to the HEIC in return for a pension of 100,000 star pagodas and one fifth of the land revenues, together with jurisdiction over the fort and palace areas, 26th November 1799. A polymath, proficient in Tamil, Telugu, Sanskrit, Urdu, Persian, English, French, German, Danish, Greek, Dutch and Latin. His interests lay more in intellectual, literary and scientific pursuits than in the cares of administration. He greatly expanded the historic treasure of the Saraswati Mahal library, established printing presses, published a number of books on a variety of learned subjects, studied medicine, treated medical complaints and practised surgery, including pioneering eye treatments and cataract operations. Mbr. Royal Asiatic Soc. (MRAS), etc. m. two wives, including (a) H.H. Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Avubai Chhatrapati Maharani Sahiba (d. after 1855). He also had twenty-four concubines. He d. at the Sadar Mahal, Tanjore Fort, 7th March 1832, having had issue, one son and five daughters:
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1832 - 1855 H.H. Choladesadhipati Srimant Rajasri Maharaja Kshatrapati Sri Shivaji Raje Sahib Bhonsle Chhatrapati Maharaj, Raja of Tanjore, only son of H.H. Choladesadhipati Srimant Rajasri Maharaja Kshatrapati Sri Sarabhoji [Serfoji] II Raje Sahib Bhonsle Chhatrapati Maharaj, Raja of Tanjore, by his second wife, H.H. Srimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Avubai Chhatrapati Maharani Sahib, educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his father to the titular dignity of Raja of Tanjore, 7th March 1832. Installed on the gadi at the Durbar Hall, Tanjore Fort, 17th March 1832. He patronised scholars, embellished the Saraswati Mahal Library, and promoted the temple and religious art. m. (first) before 1827, H.H. Srimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Saidambabai Chhatrapati Maharani Sahib (d. at Tanjore Fort, 1848), daughter of Sri Mesjirao Sahib Mohite, by his wife Srimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Rajammabai Raje Sahib Mohite, second daughter of H.H. Meherban Srimant Maharaja Sri Sarabhoji [Serfoji] II Bhonsle Chhatrapati Maharaj, Raja of Tanjore. m. (second) before 1832 (never consumated), H.H. Srimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Matusri Umambabai Chhatrapati Maharani Sahib (d.s.p. at Tanjore Fort), daughter of Sri Abajirao Ghatge, Serjirao, by his wife, a daughter of H.H. Meherban Srimant Maharaja Sri Sarabhoji [Serfoji] II Bhonsle Chhatrapati Maharaj, Raja of Tanjore. m. (third) at Tanjore Fort, 1833, H.H. Srimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Matusri Chimambabai Chhatrapati Maharani Sahib (d.s.p. at Tanjore Fort, 1842). m. (fourth) at Tanjore Fort, 1852, H.H. Srimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Matusri Gouramabai Chhatrapati Maharani Sahib. m. (fifth) at Tanjore Fort, 1852, H.H. Srimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Matusri Jijambabai Chhatrapati Maharani Sahib (d. after February 1909). m. (sixth) at Tanjore Fort, 1852, H.H. Srimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Matusri Ramakumarambabai Chhatrapati Maharani Sahib (d. after February 1909). m. (seventh) at Tanjore Fort, 1852, H.H. Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Matusri Dipamba Bai Chhatrapati Maharani Sahiba. m. (eighth) at Tanjore Fort, 1852, H.H. Shrimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Matusri Kamakshiamma Bai Chhatrapati Maharani Sahib. m. at Tanjore Fort, 1852, at the same ceremony as his previous five wives, twelve other ladies. He d. suddenly at Sadar Mahal, Tanjore Fort, 29th October 1855, having had issue, two daughters:
Maharaja Shivaji Bhonsle Chhatrapati Maharaj also left issue, six natural sons and eleven natural daughters.
Maharaja Shivaji Bhonsle Chhatrapati Maharaj, adopted a son and successor:
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1855 - 1885 H.H. Srimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Chiranjiva Vijaya Mohana Muktambabai Ammani Raje Sahib Chhatrapati, Princess of Tanjore, CI (1.1.1878). b. at the Sadir Mahal, Tanjore Fort, 1846, youngest daughter of H.H. Choladesadhipati Srimant Rajasri Maharaja Kshatrapati Sri Shivaji II Raje Sahib Bhonsle Chhatrapati Maharaj, Raja of Tanjore, by his first wife, H.H. Srimant Akhand Soubhagyavati Rani Saidambabai Chhatrapati Maharaj Sahib, educ. privately. Recognised as titular successor to her father, 30th October 1855. Granted a personal salute of 13-guns, 8th December 1874. Rcvd: Prince of Wales's (1876) and KIH (1877) gold medals. m. at Tanjore Fort, March 1860, H.E. Vazratmoh Raja Sri Sakharamrao Sahib Chavan Mohite [Mapillai Sahib], Amir Rao, Prince Consort of Tanjore (d.s.p.), widower of her elder sister, Princess Sri Rajasha Baja Ammani Rajuraj Bai Sahib. She d.s.p. at the Sadar Mahal, Tanjore Fort, 31st January 1885, having adopted a son and successor:
 
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TANJORE 1 TANJORE 2 TANJORE 3
SATARA KOLHAPUR MAIN
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CopyrightęChristopher Buyers, January 2001 - August 2008